One of the most important conventions by IMO, i.e. International Maritime Organization. MARPOL Convention is devoted to the protection of the environment. The introductory general part of the Convention is outlines in the Protocols opening the document. The main provisions of the Conventions are contained in six Annexes to it.

The first Annex provides regulations for prevention of marine pollution by oil including requirements applicable to the machinery spaces and cargo areas, oil pollution incidents and reception facilities, special requirements that normally apply to the floating/fixed platforms, transfer of oil etc.

The second and third Annexes govern prevention of pollution by noxious liquid substances carried in bulk and by harmful substances carried in packaged form. The fourth and fifth Annexes deal with the sewage and garbage pollution while the last Annex solely addresses atmospheric pollution from the ships including emission control, operation and maintenance of the diesel engines, incinerators and other shipboard equipment, as well as availability and quality of the fuel oil. Each of the Annexes is arranged in standard form starting with the chapters with general information and regulations concerning survey, certification and control.

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The present training booklet together with the accompanying video film shall serve as an excellent and very informative introduction to the hatch covers giving the overall view. It will be best when used in conjunction with the hatch cover operating manual of the particular vessel as this would allow crew members to get specific assistance with the inspection of the hatch covers, their operation and periodical maintenance.

The content of the booklet opens with two chapters dealing with the properties, type and structures of the hatch covers including operating systems and component parts. There the chapters come devoted to the inspection and maintenance of the hatch covers, their safe operation including operation in extreme weather such as hot and cold weather, high winds and heavy rains, methods of testing the hatch covers for water- and weather-tightness including hose testing an ultrasound testing, air and choke test, and hatch covers at sea issues like use of sealing tapes and high expansion foams.

The assessment questions have been provided and supplemented with the correct answers to track the learning progress. There are also two appendixes, the first one lists IMO regulations governing hatch covers while the second one provides the hatch cover inspection list. Absolutely recommended training for all crew members of the vessels equipped with hatch covers.

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Hatch covers are considered a major cause of shipboard accidents causing serious injuries to the crew members and dock personnel as well as to the cargoes transported by the vessel. In some cases when the operational/maintenance procedures are not duly followed this may even lead to the loss of ships. These dangers have been highlighted by the several fatal accidents involving hatch covers deservedly treated as hazardous equipment.

Since the modern hatch covers are very complex and sophisticated, many of them have been covered within this training. Note that the training set consists of this video and associated booklet. All of the associated peripheral items including rubber packing and bearing pads, compression bars and hatch cover cleats have been illustrated and clearly explained; the authors of this training video have emphasized how these items contribute to the overall tightness of the hatch cover assembly and preserve cargo from ingress of water.

The content of the video features detailed professional analysis of the typical problems together with the recommendations for the routine inspections of the hatch covers and corrective actions where necessary. This training set will definitely help in increasing awareness of the crew members and provide them all with the required knowledge.

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This is the updated official release of Coating Reference Handbook by world famous and respected Hempel. The intention of the authors of the document was to put together all relevant information in order to assist readers looking for the best performing paints. The publication was originally developed as an instrument to be used by the Hempel's Coating Advisers; however, much broader audience can actually benefit from the references, equipment, practical advise, technical data and standards that are commonly used in the industry.

The book is in everyday use by the Coating Advisers of the company and has already proven to be very valuable. It starts with the information about different substrates to be coated, such as aluminum and stainless steel, concrete, metalizing and galvanizing, followed by the section dealing with the standards established to provide assistance when defining appropriate procedures and results concerning selection of proper method, surface preparation, quality of the result obtained etc.

The other sections address the equipment used for application of the paint, check points as applicable to the steel and concrete, guidelines on blasting and use of abrasives, preparation grade, roughness, shop primers etc. Some useful data tables are also provides for easy reference.

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This official UK P&I Club publication is devoted to delivery of the cargo transported by ships without original bills of lading. It is quite common to accept and LOI, standing for the letter of Indemnity, for a lot of trades including oil and bulk cargo transportation. It should be noted, however, that even these Letters o Indemnity are usually accepted, thee can be serious consequences of this non-performance.

The P&I cover will be prejudices should the cargo be delivered against such Letter and claims arise in connection with mis-delivery of the cargo. That is why it is considered absolutely essential to get the correct wording of the Letter; it is also critically important for the Members to ensure that there are proper procedures in place and implemented for demonstration of compliance with the Letter.

All counter party risks concerned with accepting a Letter shall be considered as well. In fact, the Letter is only as secure as the party that provides it. It is now quite normal practice to have an LOI and deliver a cargo without Bill of Lading, though it is not recommended. However, the original bills may not be available in many cases due to the delays in documentation and other issues.

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There are so many measures in place implemented to ensure safe transportation of passengers oil as well as chemical cargoes, following the disasters of Exxon Valdez, Scandinavian Star and Herald of Free Enterprise which eventually led to new technological decisions such as the hatchcoverless design of the vessels. One of them, Norasia Fribourg was delivered at the very end of 1993 and that is why was not included in the present listing.

Therefore, the Significant Ships of 1993 would be better described as a consolidation year, mainly talking about the innovative design of ships. The owners and builders of tanker vessels had quite difficult time attempting to anticipate the extent of the internationally recognized requirements - some of those designs reflect the results of the individual interpretation of the necessary issues.

This release of the magazine provides the information and supplementary data for such famous vessels as the Arosa, Cosmo Delphinus, Eleo Maersk, Eos, Glenross, Knock Glune, Windward, New Vitality, Siam and New Wisdom crude oil carriers, Caledonian Isles, Juan J. Sister, Kong Harald, Spirit of British Columbia and Silja Europa passenger/vehicle ferry, Polar Eagle LNG carrier, Tokyo Senator container ship and many others.

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The sixth technical information paper issued by ITOPF organization, this one is devoted to the oil recognition on shorelines. When the oil spilt from the ship eventually arrives on the shore, it is the first indication of the pollution incident. Then, depending on how much oil is there and what type of oil it is, appropriate response measures shall be organized in order to remove it and prevent remobilizing of oil and affecting any of sensitive areas around.

It is critically important to report on this as soon as possible and estimate the pollution extent to properly determine the scale of the clean up operations and arrange enough manpower and equipment to perform the task. Note that it is difficult to estimate the amount of oil with due accuracy and even to identify its type can be a complex task, especially in cases where the oil has weathered in the extensive manner.

Of course, if the sill is large, the source of oil can be easier to determine; however, the identification is also required when small amounts of oil are involved and when compensation for the damage or clean up costs incurred is sought. The purpose of the present TIP is to provide assistance to the readers in recognizing both quantity and type of oil on shorelines...

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The latest edition of the DNV GL standard released to specify the fundamental principles and general requirements and guidelines for the site specific technical design of lifeboats of the free-fall type together with their launching appliances including davits, release units and skids. There are three main areas of focus in this document.

The first is the structural safety covering the safety of the lifeboat hull and canopy against any sort of structural damage, The second area is the human safety addressing the limitation imposed on the human body acceleration. Finally, the third area of concern is the headway, meaning enough forward speed of the lifeboat after launching.

The standard provides internationally recognized safety standard for this types of lifeboats, defining the minimum applicable requirements for the lifeboat design and construction materials, operation, maintenance, repair and requalification.

The document may serve as a valuable technical reference containing necessary information about the design that will be useful for the lifeboat designers, contractors/purchasers and regulatory bodies. All main aspects have been covered including environmental conditions and design philosophy, structural design, load effects, basic design principles and many others.

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