The present issue of the Bulletin is intended to introduce the second phase of our project having the purpose of improving the awareness of such important factor of the maritime industry, as the Human Element. This project is planned to be running for another 3 years being sponsored by Lloyd's Register.

Through all the first twelve issues of the Alert bulletin, the author tried to focus on the various areas involving one or more elements of the vessel's lifecycle - this was some kind of reminder that the considerations relating to the Human Element shall not be treated as one starting at the design stage and finishing at the time when the ship is delivered; they shall rather be applied throughout the working cycle of the vessel, with the particular attention being paid at the time when its role or the manning philosophy is updated; this may also be the time of retro-fitting new ship systems or equipment.

In the next nine issues of the bulletin the authors will mainly focus on the proper application of the knowledge that has been accumulated, in order to cover the specific HE issues of effective communication, slips/trips/falls, fatigue, safety, wellbeing, information management, alarm and automation management, education and training, complacency matters etc. We are trying to represents the professional views on all sectors of the marine industry... This training video supplements the booklet.

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Another issue of the Human Element bulletin. Inside this one the reader will find info on the safety in the ship newbuilding and ship repair industry, in particular, addressing the human factor during the new construction process, and various human factors relating to the engineering deficiencies. The actual need for a more robust vessels has also been addressed; in addition to the above, the authors included some info about building platform management systems based on the UCD - user centered design - concept. Once they reach their new vessel, their expectations are of a ship that is 'fit for purpose' - that is, designed and constructed having the user and the operational task in mind and, of course, noting environmental conditions that it will encounter during its working life.

Few, if any, of the crew members are involved in the process of design and build, yet these are the people who are going to work and live within the ship. It is the crew - and not just the senior officers - who will first spot those irritating design errors, some of which may not be readily identified until sea trials; but which could so easily be rectified before commissioning, such as: critical lines of sight obscured by machinery or equipment pieces, various furniture; poor leads for ropes and wires; tripping hazards around the decks; doors that open onto narrow working alleyways; handrails installed too close to the bulkhead; poor access and removal routes for the machinery and equipment, etc... This short training video may be used as the useful supplementary material.

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Alert Issue 23 continuing the "Knowledge and Skills" topic which was started within the Issue 22. The companies should demonstrate their commitment to development through not only economic, but also environmental and social performance.

The SCR, standing for the "corporate social responsibility", shall be there right in the center point of what the people responsible for the financial sides of the vessel operation are dealing with, and it's concerned with the organization responsible for the impact on the employees, customers, community and surrounding environment, and that's why the CSR principles commonly apply to the shipbrokers, charterers, financiers and insurers. Talking about the human element, this is regardless of whether in chartering or brokering of the ships, fine balance will always be there between costs and investments.

The insurers are also playing a major role in the process by highlighting the issues related to the human elements, during the assessment and prioritizing the risks as well as raising the awareness of the threats leading to the insurance claims plus determination of the control measures that should be in place to get the number of claims reduced. This would note mean, however, that everyone shall be expected to be a human element expert...

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Alert Issue 22. Regulation is absolutely necessary to provide the safe and secure maritime shipping and clean oceans; it is also considered important of the setting of the commonly established and recognized standards for both design and building of the vessels and their systems, plus for the education and further training of the stakeholders plus operational procedures.

The seamen also need to be protected through the regulatory documents ensuring the secure and safe environment to work in on board their ships, conditions of life and work, fair employment terms etc. People directly engaged in the working out of the regional and also national/international regulatory instruments relating to the safety of human life as well as property at sea together with the environment protection required to take this human element into account. In IMO Res. A.947(23) the human element was defined as a complex issue affecting all above mentioned issues involving the whole spectrum of the activities performed by the crew members, management ashore, legislators, shipyards and other parties.

The associated checklist has been developed and released by IMO to be completed by all bodies of Organization prior to the approval/adoption of the required amendments to the relevant IMO tools. Continued in the Issue 23.

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We are all glad to welcome all participants of the international maritime shipping industry to the opening edition of the new Alert Bulletin released with our ultimate intention to raise the awareness of all people of the Human Element matters since they directly affect the commercial shipping. The present campaign presents a result of a three-year project run by the respected Nautical Institute under the sponsorship by Lloyds Register.

The development of the technology has actually revolutionized the way in which the vessels and the systems installed on them are designed, handled and maintained; however, there is still a serious demand for the human involvement at different stages of the process despite all automation commonly installed on the vessels. Nearly eighty percent of all accidents occurring at sea can be attributable to the human error, often referred to as operator error.

While the operator errors might be considered the immediate causes of the accidents, the root causes can be traced back to the people's influences on the design/operation of the vessels and systems. What it means is that the human element shall definitely be treated as a really critically important feature of all aspects of design/operation of the vessels and their systems. The aim of the authors of these bulletins is to capture the attention of the readers to the human element issues. This first issue of Alert is supplemented with the short video film.

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We are continuing the Human Element series with this second issue of the Alert! project, which is developed by the Nautical Institute and sponsored by the Lloyd Register, with the declared aim of it being the improvement of the awareness of the human element in the maritime industry as well as any other adjacent industry. In this release the team of authors intends to address such important matters, as the class societies' view on the issues related to the human element; Some thoughts from the sharp end - an article by the chief engineer working on the OSV and sharing his experience; Improving the application of the COLREGs (IMO Collision Prevention Regulations); Exploring Human Factors - Person - Job - Organization & Management; ISM Code and Port State Control matters; I am Afloat; Accident Investigation Reports; Various investigation reports and case studies.

Some thoughts have been shared by the expert on the container vessels, cargoes and the human element involved. Particular attention has been paid by the authors to the impact of the International Safety Management Code on marine practices and its general relevance. We have supplemented the publication with this short yet interesting and informative video film for better illustration of the articles.

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The ninth issue of the International Maritime HE Bulletin sponsored by LR and published by the Nautical Institute. This issue is dedicated to the actual ship operations at sea and to the human element involved. Among the topics discussed there are stress experienced at sea, crew claims and P&I Club's perspectives, vital importance of the communication skills to safe operations, good working practices. It is clear and obvious that no ship in the world can run without a crew on board that ship, that is the reason why it is very important to consider people who are going to be operating the ship that you are designing and building.

There are so many different and complex systems installed on any vessel for various purposes - for sure, all of them are complying with the very strict standards and installed as per allowable tolerances. However, their reliability and efficiency may be undermined in case their set-up is incorrect or if they are not monitored and maintained properly, the way they should be, and these tasks are undertaken by the human element of any system, so we are talking about seafarers... As usual, there are also some news and incident reports, and a short supplementary video film.

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The core part of this work has actually been developed based on the content of several interesting lectures and we would say it will be useful for students at all levels to serve as the set of supplementary appropriate materials related to geophysics of the sea ice together with the planetary boundary layers.

The polar geo-regions are currently undergoing quite unprecedented and fast changes, being the reason why it is considered so important to properly understand the current exchanges of momentum and heat-and-salt at the interface of ice-ocean.

The publication draws on the fundamental theoretical principles together with the results obtained during the extensively conducted observations to develop a concise yet thorough and informative description of the impacts that are caused by the stress, buoyancy plus rotation on the turbulence scales controlling the ocean-atmosphere exchanges in the iced ocean condition.

The authors have used several  valuable and truly unique observation data sets to better illustrate numerous important aspects of the interactions between ocean and ice. Definitely interesting and useful publication for any persons interested in oceanography, climate changes, environment protection and other relevant areas, from enthusiasts and students to experts.

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