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The relationship of a structure to its surroundings is one of fundamental engineering requirements and design cohesion. A value system is also conveyed by both structure and surroundings. In addition, the component materials used convey visual and tactile meaning. When water is included as a design element, it becomes an essential ingredient and even the quality of the water must be taken into account. An appreciation of the water amenity will reinforce a concern for natural water forms, such as streams, rivers and oceans and the life-support system that they provide. Respect for water from an architectural point of view confirms man's essential responsibility for the ecological functions that water fulfils. The term 'aquatecture* is adopted for architecture associated with the water element, either in the utilitarian, symbolic, therapeutic, leisure or visual context. Water provides a dynamic, reflective or experiential element for the built environment.