This is a briefing presentation that was prepared by Jonathan Earthy and Bernard Twomey, Lloyds Register Electrotechnical. Much publicity of the threat to the maritime sector from various malicious attacks of organisations and systems via information technology.
Threat is real, and loss is relating to the use and misuse of systems that have software as a key component. Today's presentation is dedicated to the consequences of insufficient maturity in the maritime industry using this technology. We do hope to inform a good discussion on how exactly the marine insurance industry can address such risks. This document covers components and lifecycle, issues and causes, effects, mitigations, and some examples.
The booklet stats with an overview followed by the chapters addressing user understanding, unexpected behavior and unsafe requirements, insufficient testing, system upgrade - technical, financial and environmental risks as well as risk to reputation, cyber security, components of a software intensive system - basics, controlled systems, protocols, programs and data, lifecycle and responsibilities, various issues relating to the information technology/cyber systems, cause of problems and effects in the marine context, mitigations and preventions...
The main objective of this popular technical publication prepared by Lloyd's Register Group in collaboration with theand University College London was to unravel the whole landscape of marine fuels that are intended for commercial shipping over the next sixteen years or so. It includes following chapters - Foreword; Executive Summary; GloTraM, standing for the Global Transport Model; Scenarios; Technologies and fuels for deep sea shipping; Fuel prices vs. technology cost/performance; Marine fuel mix and demand 2030; Energy Efficiency Design Index and design vs. operational speeds; Emissions 2030; Postscript; The GMFT2030 Team; Acronyms; References. We all may observe the transformation that the maritime industry is undergoing.
Today, the vessel operators face the "big decisions" of tomorrow, together with the managing high operational costs and trying to achieve compliance with all strict requirements of the regulations concerning environment protection. Such decisions are relating to the future fuels, technologies and the possibility to "future-proof" their fleets as well as other assets. At Lloyd's Register society, we do our best trying to provide our Clients with the technical advice to support the commercial decision making - obviously, all technical decisions must be of some commercial sense...
Ethane is produced from natural gas (on an industrial scale) and is actually treated as the by-product of oil refining process. The global production of this gas was at about 55 million tonnes level in 2013, the majority being in the United States and Middle East. It is primarily used in the chemical industry, namely in the production of another gas, ethylene. In turn, ethylene is further used in the production of PVC, polyethylene, styrene and ethylene glycol.
Throughout the history, ethane gas has been carried in the small ethane/ethylene carriers that were specifically designed for transportation of ethylene, taking into account its boiling point of -104C, ethane and other LPG cargo. The present report consists of two parts. In part A the authors look at the most important factors influencing the expected future demand for the transportation of the ethane cargoes from the United States.
It is assumed that such increasing demand will require larger ships (with capacity more than 400000 cub.m.) and it means that these ships will most probably be too large for the containment systems that have been in use up to today. This is what the second part of this report is dealing with - what the new containment systems may look like. /span>
Another release of the popular Maritime Impact magazine issued by DNV GL for their customers and business partners. This issue was published under motto - Uncovering the Potential. Have a look in this paper and you will find so much interesting inside.
The first part of the publication contains some news on the innovation and technology, fleet performance, environment protection, latest energy studies, LNG bunkering issues, green shipping etc. this block is followed by the updates in the cruise market and standardization, ship security and international conferences. There is a separate article dedicated to the new classification notation developed and offered by DNV GL - GAS READY, and about the Barzan container vessel, the first one to be delivered with this new notation.
Significant part of the paper deals with the environment protection - we all know and understand that speed shall no longer be considered the only thing that matters in the shipping industry - the increasing importance of the sustainability is something to be discussed. The optimization of the fuel consumption is also one of the trending matters of today's industry - and the technical expertise, huge experience and many solutions enhancing the efficiency, that were proposed by DNV GL professionals, are playing a serious role.
In the relatively near past, it was the established tradition that the vessels, once they had left the port, were almost completely isolated from any type of communication with the shore. This situation continued to be true until the radio installation on ships have been introduced - we are now talking about the very beginning of the twentieth century. Since that time, the capacity as well as the coverage of communication between vessels and the shore bases has been evolving.
However, it shall be noted that we are currently experiencing significant changes in this field, with the introduction of the digital signals - their advantage is that they are easily transferred from shore to the vessel and in the reverse direction, at quite significant rates and, what is very important, this can be done independent on the location of the vessel. In this document the editors try to describe the technical updates and developments as well as the implications that such developments can have for the shipping industry of the nearest future.
Four major parts of the present DNV GL paper cover historical and current drivers, modern communication and future developments in this field, ship connectivity - how it will be in the future, and opportunities ahead...
It is a great pleasure for us to greet our readers in the pages of our Magazine. We believe that the marine industry of the nearest and distant future will be very data-smart and the technology is mature so now it is high time to embrace the ICT-supported shipping. Today, the vessels are getting smarter and the systems used to optimize both onshore and onboard performance are getting more and more sophisticated.
The release of the present issue of our Magazine coincides with the famous Marintec China exhibition taking place in Shanghai city and some latest developments in the industry have been presented there and also found their reflection in this release. Here is the brief contents of what is inside this issue of Maritime Impact - The DNV GL Magazine for customers and business partners. In this issue: Customer Focus - You will Never Sail Alone - Fleet expansion - LNG bulkers - Widening - Oil tankers - Specialized ships - Jacking gear - Classification - LNGreen - Cruise market - Customer support - Ship breaking - Smart shipping - Business intelligence - Ship connectivity.
This magazine contains the updates related to the maritime industry and will be useful for those willing to be in the loop of all latest happenings in the industry.
This booklet is dedicated to the new and revolutionary technology. The study of the technical design and economic feasibility for an electric-driven ULCV capable of transporting twenty thousand container units, with an LNG-fuelled combined cycle gas & stem turbine power plant, was conducted by GT, CMA CGM, CMA Ships and DNV GL Classification Society.
The vessel is equipped with the LNG membrane tanks for one full return voyage between Europe and Asia. The high-level research work performed by the above stated entities addresses the fuel efficiency and contains preliminary economic assessment. It is quite clear to everyone that LNG may be treated as the perfect fuel for gas turbines. It is very clean and allows to increase the turbine inlet temperature and, in turn, its efficiency. In addition, increased temperature at the turbine outlet allows to install the high-efficient steam turbine cycles using the exhaust gas coming from the turbine.
That is why COGAS, standing for the COmbined Gas and Steam Turbine way of generating power is considered one of the most effective ways - the efficiency of the power plants working on the LNG may achieve 60% which is unachievable level for the diesel engines, reaching to that 52% max.
Well, last year has proven to be very difficult for the offshore industry all around the world. However, this year have been predicted to be ever more challenging for all of us. The cost saving affects the oil and gas exploration and production activities, and the demand for the offshore supply and support ships is reducing. In some areas the percentage of the laid-up fleet reaches unbelievable ten percent.
The low oil prices force charterers to focus on reducing their costs. In the present release readers will find some interesting articles explaining how the three major factors, i.e. safety, availability and reduced cost may be combined. It shall be noted that operational savings are not only coming from onboard activities but rather from proper planning of various related activities, effectiveness of logistics and some other factors. One will have to perform quite a deep analysis to find out how to reduce the consumption of fuel and get to know how new technologies may help in improving the operational performance of the vessels.
In addition to all above, this publication contains some recommendations on improving the performance of the OSVs, managing proper lay-up of the ships, addresses some economical and business aspects etc.