- - - - - - download - - - - - -
This is a briefing presentation that was prepared by Jonathan Earthy and Bernard Twomey, Lloyds Register Electrotechnical. Much publicity of the threat to the maritime sector from various malicious attacks of organisations and systems via information technology. Threat is real, and loss is relating to the use and misuse of systems that have software as a key component. Today's presentation is dedicated to the consequences of insufficient maturity in the maritime industry using this technology. We do hope to inform a good discussion on how exactly the marine insurance industry can address such risks. This document covers components and lifecycle, issues and causes, effects, mitigations, and some examples. The booklet stats with an overview followed by the chapters addressing user understanding, unexpected behavior and unsafe requirements, insufficient testing, system upgrade - technical, financial and environmental risks as well as risk to reputation, cyber security, components of a software intensive system - basics, controlled systems, protocols, programs and data, lifecycle and responsibilities, various issues relating to the information technology/cyber systems, cause of problems and effects in the marine context, mitigations and preventions...