ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING
|Author(s)||Nils Axel Braathen|
|D O W N L O A D|
The present publication discusses the economic and environmental impacts of so many policy instruments that can be or already can be applied in order to address these impacts and reviews examples of the environmental aspects and also discusses the drivers of port activities.
It particularly draws on findings from case studies of five largest ports, namely Rotterdam, Busan, Vancouver, Los Angeles, and Long Beach; it also provides more ad hoc information regarding other ports. The volume opens with some introductory info addressing the activity levels in sea ports and describing the most important environmental issues that are directly relating to the port activities.
The second chapter is providing several real life case studies while the third chapter is solely devoted to the exhaust emissions, such as the SOx, NOx, particulate matter, VOC, i.e. volatile organic compounds emissions and measures that are commonly taken to cope with the emissions; the fuel quality is also addressed within this chapter.
The rest of the chapters are dealing with the greenhouse gases, other environmental problems, feeder traffic, port state authority and other aspects considered important by the author.
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