||Y. H. Venus Lun, Kee-Hung Lai, Christina W. Y. Wong, T. C. E. Cheng
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Environmentally friendly operations have been widely discussed. As transport service providers that facilitate trade flows in the global supply chain, many shipping firms have begun to respond to environmental concerns by embracing green shipping practices to green their operations. GSPs are environmental management practices undertaken by shipping firms in performing shipping activities. GSPs include calculating the carbon footprint of shipping routes and using alternative shipping equipment with the aim to reduce environmental damage in transporting cargoes. An example is the operations of River Shuttle Containers, a service provided by the CMA CGM to transfer containers between main and feeder ports by ships that have a higher carrying capacity than trucks. Compared with the use of trucks, the use of feeder ships to provide shuttle services reduces carbon emissions...