||Captain Ashok Mahapatra
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Nowadays, the international shipping industry is challenged by so many things not the least of which is the uncertain fall-out from the economic crisis causing rippling effects elsewhere. This shortage cannot be remedied with an instant fix, as seafarers have to man more technologically advanced and sophisticated ships which need well trained and adjusted people who have also gained the required qualifying internship at sea. Safety, security, shipping's environmental credentials and the entire future sustainability of the shipping industry are totally dependent on the development of an adequate pool of capable and effective manpower resource. There is no doubt that manpower training and development and all of the wider issues connected with human resources in shipping, to include manning and to some extent the land-based support system, will become one of the biggest challenges that the industry and all those connected with it will face over the coming years. That of course has direct relevance and significance for your association IMLA. And so my presentation is framed around the relevance of the just completed review and revision of the International Convention on the Standards of Training and Certification of Watchkeeping, the STCW Convention and Code.