ITOPF HANDBOOK 2012-2013
Over the past half-century the technical staff of ITOPF organization have already responded to almost seven hundred spills from the ships in nearly hundred countries in order to provide participants of the shipping industry with the objective advice on the measures of clean-ups, associated economic and environmental effects, and, finally, the compensation. The most part of the above mentioned spills involved crude oil carriers, however in some of them chemicals, bunker fuel oils and bulk cargoes were spilled from all types of vessels. Though this handbook was published nearly five years ago, the experience and cases contained in its pages are still actual and valuable. Among the topics covered within this booklet there are technical and various information services, statistics of the oil spills occurred, fate of the spills, oil classification table and clean-up techniques, proper organization and planning of the spill response, description of the potential negative effects caused by such spills, status of the relevant international conventions, associated publications, marine spill compensation, including liability and wreck removal matters, national laws, acts, conventions and other recognized documents.
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