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MARINE AND INDUSTRIAL BIOFOULING

Marine and industrial biofouling
 
 Author(s)                

H. C. Flemming, P. Sriyutha Murthy, R. Venkatesan, K. E. Cooksey
 Publisher
Springer
 Date
2009
 Pages
333
 Format
pdf
 Size
19.6 Mb

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   This book describes the state of the art in antifouling measures using both conventional biocides and some advanced approaches. Related to biocides, the concept of the "Biocide Product Directive" of the European Union is presented as an example of an administrative instrument for curbing excessive use of environmentally undesirable products that may cause ecological damage. Biofouling is defined as the unwanted accumulation of biological material on man-made surfaces. This definition includes biofilm-forming microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae as well as fouling by macroorganisms like hydroids. barnacles, tubeworms and bivalves on submerged surfaces. The problem is site-, season-and substratum-specific and the control methods effective at a given geographical location may not hold good elsewhere. The definition is clearly operational, as not every biofilm or barnacle is equivalent to biofouling but only after the effect exceeds an arbitrarily given threshold of interference with a technical process. It is impossible to have an immaculately clean surface and the time has come for realization of the fact that we have to "live with biofilms and biofouling". It is for the plant managers to determine the tolerable threshold of interference, critical to plant operations, and select a biocidal dose and regime to keep biofilms/biofouling at bay.
Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 1489 |
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