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The present booklet is dealing with the sea rescue and is intended to provide the marine industry with the required guidance concerning the main principles and established practice applied to the refugees and migrants. Nowadays, sea-borne refugees and migrants shall not be considered as a sort of a new phenomenon. People have always and everywhere risked their lives sailing aboard the ships that were not seaworthy enough or using other crafts that could not provide the required level of safety. The SAR - standing for the search and rescue - services allover the world depend on vessels, mostly merchant, in order to be able to assist people in distress. Today, the signals of distress can be transmitted by means of the satellite as well as terrestrial types of communication both to the vessels in immediate vicinity and to the SAR authorities located ashore. This would allow the rescue operation to go smoothly and well-coordinated. This document was worked out by the IMO together with the UNHCR and is intended to provide all interested people, including crew members, owners, masters, insurance companies, government authorities, flag administration and PSC officers and others, with the guidelines addressing the legal provisions and procedures in order to ensure that the disembarkation of the rescued human goes smooth, and to propose effective measures to meet all specific needs of the survivors...