| Publisher||CRC Press|
| Size||13.4 Mb|
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The sea includes a wide variety of ecosystems, species, and habitats.
When looking at the effects of oil spills, it is convenient to divide
these into fish, plankton, benthic invertebrates, epontic organisms,
marine mammals, intertidal and shoreline organisms, marine plants, and
special ecosystems. Many freshwater biota respond to oil in a manner
similar to their salt water counterparts. Although freshwater studies
have not been as extensive as those for marine situations, few
differences were noted. While oil is less soluble in freshwater, this is
largely offset by the fact that many freshwater bodies are much
shallower than oceans. A spill in a slough or pond can easily result in
toxic concentrations throughout the entire water column. The high water
circulation in most rivers, however, means that hydrocarbon
concentrations in the water are diluted quickly.