THE SHIPPING INDUSTRY, OCEAN GOVERNANCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL LAW IN THE PARADIGM SHIFT
|Author(s)||Tafsir Johansson, Patrick Donner|
International environmental law has been augmented during the past few decades, and in consequence there has been an emergence of several quintessence principles that in turn provide for a framework of customary environmental law. These core principles, though the list of responsibilities is not exhaustive, arising from state practice, have been incorporated in international environmental instruments. They comprise the underlying framework for global marine environmental protection which extends to the Arctic as well. International law in the Arctic has been inspired by areas beyond national jurisdiction and by Coastal States' rights in the offshore regions and other rights regarding resources and navigation. Hence, the forms in which Arctic states administer their territories have been increasingly influenced by international law principles relating to prescriptive coupled with enforcement jurisdiction and environmental protection.
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