The official manual for the P615 high speed separators produced by Alfa Laval. The content of the manual is arranged in six chapters with the first one dedicated to safety. The second chapters provides the very basic information on the separator covering its design features and functions plus definitions used.

The chapter providing service instructions covers the maintenance of the separator, cleaning and oil change, vibration matters, periodical checks etc. Then the chapters come focusing on the assembly and dismantling, technical reference including drawings, description of the interface, lubrication materials, water quality etc. The closing chapter covers the operating instructions, including routine operations and all others.

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Let us find out today, what is it that makes our ships fully operational and what it is that makes the vessels safe to operate? Rules and regulations? Certainly. Proper management systems? Those too. Reliable well maintained machinery and equipment? Essential, obviously. But... you know there is something else that maritime industry relies on, and this is maybe most important thing of all - this thing is called "communication", and communication is something that will be communicated in the present fourteenth issue of Alert.

The ability of the people on board to effectively and properly communicate in writing and/or through verbal conversation is so important to both safety and wellbeing of the vessel's crew, ship passengers and visitors. We have to clearly understand that communication is not only something about talking and writing - it is about exchanging ideas, information and knowledge between individuals and between crew and management ashore, and for problem solving. Owners and operators of the ship provide tools for communicating on board, such as the phones, e-mail and internet facilities that should allow the crew members to keep in touch with their families... This short video film is to supplement the associated release of the Alert bulletin dedicated to the same problem.

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Alert 10 - Regulation - For the guidance of wise men and the blind obedience of fools. Wherever we are, we are sourrounded by rules and regulations - of course, rules are for our benefit, they are designed to protect us from danger, stops us from getting hurt, or worse...

In our business, along with regulations, we have got standards, recommendations, conventions all designed to protect us, the machines we use, our systems and the environment. But the accidents at sea still happen - while no one is suggesting the regulations are not important, there is one important question that has to be answered - do rules and regulations take account of the human element?

That is what we will be looking at in this issue of Alert. The video supplements this training booklet addressing same matters.

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Alert 9 - Operations - It is time to stop pretending... Welcome to this issue of Alert, the forum for discussing a whole range of human element issues in the maritime industry. What are the absolutely key issues? The need for ship owners and operators to recognize the needs of the end user, the seafarer, during the design and build stages... Treat this video as the supplement training to the booklet addressing the same topic.

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If you have visited us before, you would know that Alert focuses on the human element in the maritime industry. In this program we are going to consider three of the most important human element issues, namely education, training and career development. When it comes to the recruitment and training of seafarers, ship operators should adopt best industry standards and ensure that seafarers receive the training they need to carry out their duties.

They must also be regularly updated, tested and drilled through various programs. The people involved in the front line of the shipping operations ashore must also be properly trained, adequately experienced, skilled and competent. But then so must be the tutors - it is essential that maritime college lecturers are properly qualified to teach the competencies for which they are employed to teach. They need to have the up-to-date understanding of the new technologies aboard ships and, of course, knowledge of the modern day ship operations. One of the problems today is that a gap sometimes exists between available skill levels and what the ship industry requires from the seafarers, which is why there is a need for the company to step in the training.

Shore-based company training can be provided at in-house institutes and during annual seminars. On-job training can be conducted by auditing and training superintendents who can then ensure that any shore comments can be rectified through education and training. This video supplements the corresponding Alert Issue 20.

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One more issue of Alert... This one is mainly dedicated to the education, training and development, as well as to the recognized occupational standards. In the past, most of the people going to the sea, did so because of their wish to become a captain of chief engineer of a vessel, while others just wanted to work at sea. Only few of those people had the aspirations towards building a career ashore.

Nowadays, there is a constantly increasing number of sophisticated and technically advanced vessels and systems which, when combined with the global labor force made up by so many nationalities, can definitely present serious challenges in the education of the seamen, their training and development of their careers. The STCW Code says that all seamen shall be duly qualified for the positions they work at on board, and the ISM Code obliges the Company to define the authority, responsibility and also the competence level required to be possessed by each of the crew members. In turn, all of the instructors and supervisors, and also assessors shall be "appropriately qualified".

However, these minimum sets are definitely not sufficient to cope with all systems on board many of the vessels today. That is why the ship owners and managers shall adopt the best shipping industry standards related to the recruitment and training of their employees... Best if supplemented with this short video.

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Issue 5 of the Human Element bulletin contains the updates on such important matters as building the shipping company culture, a total quality lifecycle, investing in quality as investing in people, consolidating international standards of the maritime labor, corporate social responsibility in the today's maritime industry, PSC reports, sustainability reporting in the shipping sector, etc. We often define the term "quality" in the context of the customer-supplier relationship as a measurement of how a products or offered services meet or exceed customer's expectations. But, the quality of management in ship operations impacts on the way in which the master and his crew conduct their business.

Not all ship operators aspire to the highest levels of quality. Port State Control reports record that some shipowners are failing to comply with international conventions, such that the condition of the ship or the quality of its crew falls below the required standard. There are some companies whose focus is on profit - at the expense of quality and of a safety culture. Their compliance with regulations aspires only to the acceptable, particularly in respect of crew working and living conditions, safety of life at sea and accident prevention. Better if used together with this short video film addressing same topics.

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The twenty-fourth issue of Alert human element bulletin. The good design of the vessel performed bearing in mind the human element is considered critically important for the safe and also efficient operation of any vessel together with the systems, as well as to the health and safety of the crew members and their wellbeing.

The naval architects and designers of the shipboard systems shall be in close touch with the professionals working and living aboard vessels. They shall also have the understanding of the fact that nowadays the vessels are operating with the crews consisting of males and females, and people representing different nationalities, cultures and looking different - it actually means that the ship design features may be considered good for one group of crew members but will not necessarily be highly appreciated by others.

The designers shall also be able to perform the proper identification and provide clear descriptions of the social and physical concepts in which the products and systems they design is expected to be used, noting the nature of the work to be carried out and implications of the design they work on, for the crew members. They must have a clear and thorough understanding of the main principles of the HCD, standing for the human-centered design, addressed in the seventh issue of our bulletin...

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