The possible hazards that are associated with transportation of the bulk cargoes by sea are not usually restricted just to handling them correctly during the loading and discharge. Such cargo itself can present very serious risk, especially if the cargo is undergoing some changes in the make-up during the hold on passage - because it gets too hot, or too wet, or not ventilated enough.

The consequence of such changes may be a loss of the vessel, or of lives of people on board. We would recommend you to begin your training with this video film which is considered the basic learning tool. The present guide is intended to serve as a textbook and reference source covering the basic principles governing the carriage and handling of the bulk cargoes of all types. Unfortunately, there are too many examples showing us that the bulk cargoes must be treated with the critical respect.

The risks are real and you will find some of the examples in this guide. You will find the recommended practices and useful instructions in this training booklet. Significant part of the book is dedicated to the IMSBC Code released by IMO to codify the best bulk cargo transportation practice, and its requirements. This publication is to be present on board every bulk carrier and the requirement contained in the Code are to be followed as necessary.

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The main objective of this training document is to reduce any possible risk arising at the time of the container stow collapsing or when any other container-related accident occurs to the ship. The ultimate aim is to get the deck officers and involved crew members properly trained so that they can identify any possibly unsafe freight container of stowage practice which may result in the accident, at an early stage.

The author of the training programme focuses on the issues related to the stowage and lashing of the containers on the ship's deck. It is obvious that the number of accidents involving freight containers on board ships is rising along with the increasing number of containers being transported. Every year many containers are damaged due to the stows collapsing, and this is becoming a true hazard to the shipping industry and the environment. Sometimes such accidents cause fires and explosions on board ships; moreover, there is a danger of serious injury and death to seamen and stevedores.







The author also aims to set a menu of discussion, info- and instruction topics related to the safe stowage of the containers for the deck crew and officers in order for them to better understand safe and correct procedures of container handling and securing.







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This informative training booklet provides the basic required info and necessary instructions to follow on safe handling of the methanol cargo during the sea transportation - it was prepared and released by the professionals of the world recognized Methanol Institute, which established more than a century ago and serves as the global trade association for the world Methanol Industry; it directs product stewardship activities and initiates marker development efforts.

The readers will get all critical information of the marine transportation of methanol, including properties of methanol, understanding the risks involved, managing the health risk, methanol inhalation toxicity data, methanol ingestion, treatment for exposure, personal protection, detection of methanol, detector tubes, electronic instruments, absorbent tubes, biological monitoring, managing fire risks etc.

The booklet starts with the several accidents occurred during the transportation of the methanol - these case studies give the idea how dangerous the substance may be to the people and the environment when handled improperly. You definitely have to go through this booklet if you intend to get involved in any related activities. There is also a nice training video film which can be used in addition to this booklet. /span>

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This 4th updated edition of "Tanker Operations" has undergone substantial change since it was last revised in 1992. The text has been completely reorganized with the addition of new subject material, illustrations, review questions, and a glossary of key acronyms and terms.

As many readers of Tanker Operations can attest, this text is - and will always be - a work in progress as long as the design, equipment, regulations, and operational procedures on tank vessels continue to evolve. I must admit that underestimated the magnitude of this project and, as a result, have a much greater appreciation for the efforts of Greg Marton in producing the original work in 1978.

This text is intended primarily for individual» entering the tanker industry. However, seasoned tanker mates, barge tankermen, and many of the ashoreside staff may find the information in this edition of practical value. In recent years, the rules governing the minimum qualifications for personnel dealing with the service of tank vessels have changed both domestically and internationally. In addition to obtaining practical sea experience, individuals working on tank vessels must now complete an approved training program In cargo handling and fire fighting. With these requirements in mind, it seemed appropriate for this edition of Tanker Operations to serve as the standard reference for this specialized cargo training...

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The oil transportation by sea was the indirect though obvious result of the development of the first oil well. The oil had been known to be there deep below the earth surface for quite some time. The indications are there saying that the Chinese people obtained relatively small quantities of mineral oil from shallow mines long time (several thousand years) ago; however, since the quantities were insignificant, the Middle East people of those times never used to justify the time and energy required to developing it as a fuel for the multitude of various purposes - the situation quite opposite to the one we have today, in the Industrial Age.

The very first mineral oil well was sunk in Pennsylvania in June 1859 with its depth of some 17 feet. The Elizabeth Watts is usually credited with being the very first vessel to transport a full cargo of mineral oil across the Atlantic ocean. The career of this remarkable ship in 1861; however, there were several factors involved that tended to retard the development of the early tanker; even then the oil was regarded as a very dangerous cargo.

Leakages happening to the barrels stored in the cargo holds resulted in the areas located straight below the deck permeated with the gas slowly making its way into the living quarters. With the introduction of the iron ship hulls these difficulties have been more or less eliminated. Some of the newly built tankers were fitted with the separate oil tanks...

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Here is another part of the computer-based training (CBT) programme by Seagull AS. It is intended to cover the requirements for levels 1 and 2 training as required by Chapter 5 Reg. V/1 & Sec. A-V/1 1.2, 2.2 of the STCW 95. The course addresses the topics vitally important for the safe carriage of the liquefied gas by sea - physics and chemistry of the gases, health hazards, all applicable regulations and rules, ship design, cargo containment and handling systems, safety of the ship and crew, various cargo handling operations, emergency operations and some other related information.

   The material contained in this booklet will help readers improve their skills and get some additional knowledge of the subject; this, in turn, will definitely result in safer transportation of the gases by sea. Trainees who have satisfactorily completed this section will have a thorough knowledge of the production of liquefied gas and its composition, actual gas cargoes, qualification standards as per the STCW Code, condensation of the LNG and plat flow diagram, chemical gases, GTL (gas to liquid) option, sea transportation of LNG and latest technological developments in this field, and some alternative solutions for LNG handling.

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The transportation of chemical cargoes by sea commenced together with the rapid progress in the chemical industry after the World War Two. initially, chemicals were transported in drums or bottles on dry cargo vessels; in case of larger quantities such cargo was transported in bulk in deep tanks. With the increase in the demand for chemicals, it was evident that there was a need for a completely new type of seagoing vessel.

The first chemical ships were the old American oil tankers (T-2, war-built). The conversion scope included adding some bulkheads in order to provide more tanks extending the ship's line systems, and adding some more cargo pumps. This course is the part of the CBT by Seagull AS. It is developed to cover all requirements for levels 1 and 2 training as required by Chapter 5 Reg. V/1 & Sec. A-V/1 Regs. 15-21 of the STCW Convention. The booklet starts with the introduction, followed by course description and main text.

The chapters of the book address such the important aspects of chemical cargo transportation as chemistry and physics of cargo, associated hazards, applicable rules and regulations, vessel design and cargo containment, cargo handling systems, ship safety and marine pollution prevention issues, ballast operation, tank cleaning operations, ship/shore interface, cargo compatibility chart, and other information...

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There were two main objectives which the author of this nice book did bear in mind when he was preparing it for release. Firstly, it was his attempt to define the main functions of a sea port in general; his second aim was  to explain to the readers how these functions were affected by the silent revolution that has taken place in the major ports of the world since 1945.

All ports are different and it was very difficult task to write a book that would set out every variation of port management and practice in a readable manner. Robert Oram set out the very basic principles applying to the majority of ports. As a result, this book is easy to read and understand and will definitely be considered a nice reference book for everyone involved in the shipping industry. All ports are different and their layout is determined by geographical factors. From the administrative point of view, ports differ even within the same country. You know, even if it was possible to prepare a publication that would set out in detail every variation of practice and management in the port, it would definitely be unreadable.

The author of this book used the alternative approach - he set out the very basic principles applicable to majority of the ports. As declared by him, this approach was used with the intention to make the book readable.

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