GUIDE FOR CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF SHIPS BALLAST WATER TO MINIMIZE THE TRANSFER OF HARMFUL AQUATIC ORGANISMS AND PATHOGENES
|D O W N L O A D|
The results obtained during the studies that have been conducted in several countries show that different species of plants, bacteria and marine animals will survive in the ballast water commonly carried in the tanks of marine vessels, and they will be alive even after the marine journeys lasting several months or more.
The discharge of the shipboard ballast water or sediment upon arrival of the vessel at port may eventually result in establishing various pathogenes and aquatic organisms that are actually harmful. This, in turn, may lead to serious threats to the human, plant and animal life - and to the marine environment in general.
The potential negative effects of the discharge of shipboard ballast water have already been recognized by the IMO and WHO paying due attention to how the ballast water may contribute into spread of the epidemic bacteria. The present IMO guidelines shall not be treated as the certain solution of the above mentioned problem.
In fact each part of the document would better be viewed as a instrument which will help to improve the situation and minimize all risks commonly associated with the discharge of ballast water, of course when applied correctly...
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