Offshore and deepwater oil and gas production by means of pipelines has
recently gained a stupendous momentum in the industry. At the time of
this writing, the pipeline technologies have been successfully used in
the waters deeper that 6000 feet. Thus and so, it is quite common that
the costs of pipeline construction and management are higher than that
of production and drilling components. The optimization of the pipeline
development process is now an important topic for achieving
cost-effective management in offshore/deepwater pipeline operations.