This book by Ronald Love is representing a remarkably useful survey of the European expansion and exploration that took place during the early modern historical period and thorough examination of this development. The text contained in this volume combines the factual historical information with the analysis and interpretation; as a result, the book become very informative, easy- and interesting to read. Apart from the main text, there are lots of supplementary information included in the publication, for example biographical profiles, excerpts fro the important historical documents, and even the glossary. For sure, students and all people with the interest in the naval history will definitely find this book very useful when searching for the information or conducting researches on the maritime exploration. The author has described the early Portuguese expeditions that were taken along the coast of Africa; in addition, he also addressed the discovery of Americas by Spanish mariners, exploration of the Pacific, and the expeditions made to search for a northern marine passage to China. The narrative chapters of the book will guide the readers from the exploration of Mongol Empire by Marco Polo to Magellan's travel around the globe and all other historically important events. This is a treasure for any naval history enthusiast.
As it comes quite clear from the title of this publication prepared and released by the MarineInsight team, it was designed to provide some introduction to the basics of the ship mooring techniques. The book will serve as a reference tool to be used by the ship crew members and deck officers. The booklet has been arranged in seven major chapters. The first one is introductory, explaining the process of mooring the vessel in general. The second chapter of the book is dedicated to the so-called Mediterranean mooring of the vessel, while the following one is about the Baltic mooring. Obviously, each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. The remaining chapters of the publication deal with the single- and multiple point mooring of vessels, ship-to-ship mooring, and also what is the running and standing mooring. In short, this training book is an excellent reference source for every person involved in subject operations, either in planning or in actual mooring. The book also provides readers with the relevant terminology and definitions that all crew members and deck officers shall be aware of in order to perform the mooring safely and effectively. We really recommend to have this booklet readily available on board.
Here is the fifteenth issue of he Human Element Bulletin addressing the important matters related to the automation. The topics that have been dealt with by the authors of this release include trust and dependability of ship automation, increasing the manageability of the automated alarms, perspectives of the chief engineer, automation, electronics officers and STCW Convention, staying cool in the liquid natural gas business, mitigating human errors in the use of automated systems that are installed on board marine vessels, meeting various operator's needs, breakdown of the machinery and fire that can subsequently occur onboard a container ship, and others. The systems that are installed on board ships are protected with the very rigorous standards for design, and redundancy, as well as with the feedbacks activating the alarms. Both reliability and efficiency of subject shipboard systems can be significantly decreased if they have not been properly set up and if they are not duly maintained including regular monitoring - and all these tasks are to be performed by the seafarer, i.e. the human element of the system. The technological revolution that occurred in the past decades totally changed the way of interaction between people and systems. In the today's shipping industry, such human element became an endangered species, and that is mostly because of the increasing number of automation arrangements... This booklet shall be supplemented with this short video.
When you look at our business, there are one or two things that are absolutely clear. It is a business responsible for over ninety percent of the world commerce, a business operated by skilled professional people; it is also clear that it is a business experiencing rapid changes, massive technological advances, including automation. But when we look at the impact automation has on the ship's personnel, the people who actually make the business work, the things may not be so clear, and that is something we will be looking at in the present issue of Alert. If you are familiar with this series, you will know that Alert is the forum for discussing the many human element issues in the maritime industry and it features contributions from maritime professionals around the world. So, what about automation?... Well, it should make life easier for the seafarer, and it should make operations safer. But what happens if the automated system is not fit for purpose, what happens if it is not set-up correctly and properly maintained? This could result in huge losses after ship's grounding, ships delaying due to the engine failure, record insurance call follows high risk year... At sea, operators of equipment and systems need to be constantly aware of anything not being exactly alright. This short video is intended to supplement the relevant Alert booklet.
The present publication has been prepared to serve as a reference tool covering numerous important aspects of SPM, standing for the single point mooring systems. Such systems are widely used to keep a marine facility stationed at one particular fixed location. The vessels to be fixed could be FSO or FPSO. Nowadays, there are hundreds of SPM systems operational. The opening part of this volume gives some brief historical background of the origins of oil and gas exploration and the supply and demand for oil in today's situation. In addition, this publication also shows the history of the development of the SPM systems, addressing some of the important aspects of designing these systems. The author of this volume also goes into details of the hydrodynamics and loadings acting on these facilities by waves and wind together with the behaviour of various types of mooring systems. The historical overview is followed by the chapter describing the basic technical characteristics of FPSOs and relevant terminology as well as fundamental design considerations. There is a separate chapter dedicated to the weather conditions, i.e. current, wind, waves including simulation, and hurricane conditions. Mooring elements and risers are described in the next chapters. The book is also dealing with such aspects as riser analysis, hydrodynamic forces, particulars of VLCCs, wind and current loads acting on FPSOs and VLCCs, first and second order wave forces, roll and pitch, viscous forces, signal analysis, mat equations, model testing and so many others.
Let us find out today, what is it that makes our ships fully operational and what it is that makes the vessels safe to operate? Rules and regulations? Certainly. Proper management systems? Those too. Reliable well maintained machinery and equipment? Essential, obviously. But... you know there is something else that maritime industry relies on, and this is maybe most important thing of all - this thing is called "communication", and communication is something that will be communicated in the present fourteenth issue of Alert. The ability of the people on board to effectively and properly communicate in writing and/or through verbal conversation is so important to both safety and wellbeing of the vessel's crew, ship passengers and visitors. We have to clearly understand that communication is not only something about talking and writing - it is about exchanging ideas, information and knowledge between individuals and between crew and management ashore, and for problem solving. Owners and operators of the ship provide tools for communicating on board, such as the phones, e-mail and internet facilities that should allow the crew members to keep in touch with their families... This short video film is to supplement the associated release of the Alert bulletin dedicated to the same problem.
An excellent video training officially provided by Walport International and covering the key points of the management and particularly treatment of the ballast water. We are all aware of the IMO requirement of "ninety-five percent volumetric exchange" of the ballast water in the ocean - and there are three IMO approved ways in which requirement can be met. First, by the "sequential" method - here, the ballast tank is first emptied, and then it is filled with replacement ballast water. The second method is called the "flow-through" method - here, they pump the water into the ballast tank and allow it to overflow; note that pumping through three times the tank's volume is considered to meet that ninety-five percent target of exchanged water. Third - the "dilution" method - in this one, a constant level of water in the ballast tank is maintained while water is both pumped in at the top and simultaneously discharged from the bottom. Again, three times a tank volume is usually considered sufficient to meet IMO standards. The IMO BWM Convention addressing the issues of management and control of ballast water provides captains with another option - on board treatment of the ballast water. Filter out those bio-stowaways with some other IMO approved treatment system and you can forget about ballast water exchange. Maybe, but not yet... The system is still coming and it is getting closer, and what it means is that in some ten years the ballast exchange will be a thing of the past... A very good supplementary material for training of crew members and all people involved in the BWM, i.e. ballast water management.
The present booklet was prepared by the specialists of the Liquid Natural Gas Ship Fuel Safety Advisory Group and then published by SIGTTO together with SGMF on behalf of the Group. The twenty-two members of the Group possess huge professional experience in the LNG industry and include shipbuilders, marine class societies, vessel and terminal operators, makers, regulators and other parties. The primary objectives of the above stated Group is the promotion of the use of LNG as a safe marine fuel friendly to the environment, retaining meanwhile a level of safety that would be considered equivalent to the safety level of the large scale liquid natural gas transport industry as well as the identification of the key issues and providing necessary technical guidance and valuable relevant information basing on the professional experience of the members. They also try to provide required assistance to SIGTTO in developing of practical policies concerning the implementation of the natural gas as a fuel. This booklet does not have the standards themselves; it has been rather developed to provide the users with the list of the industry guides and recognized standards to be references so it will still be useful to the people in the shipping industry.
The very latest tenth edition of the publication issued this year and incorporating eighty-six jurisdictions. This document was intended to provide all interested parties with the guidance through the commonly known issues that usually arise from the arrest of the marine vessel and to offer them all information required to unravel the procedures in eighty-six countries of the world. This paper has become a must-have one for the maritime industry of today. It is annually updated and revised in order to continue serving as a very handy reference tool to assist the shipping community in proper understanding of the applicable procedures as well as the associated practical matters arising from the arrest/release of a vessel all around the world. The ultimate aim of the network is to defend the interest of the ship owners and crew members in any procedures relating to the ship arrest. The book contains a very practical ship arrest questionnaire providing immediate answers to the most common questions related to the arrest and release procedures, claims, applicable laws etc. Then, the procedures in each of the eighty-six countries are described - from Algeria to Vietnam. The appendices contain the articles of the 1952, convention on the arrest of sea-going ships, 1999 convention on arrest of ships, unification of certain rules of law related to liens and mortgages 1926, and 1993 convention on maritime liens and mortgages...
The latest release of the widely acknowledged and world popular marine industry Guide to the bridge procedures issued by ICS with the intention to provide such valuable guidance to the ship Masters, officers on watch, shipping companies and various training entities. The present publication is often referenced in the footnote of many IMO conventions. This is the revised edition of the Guide, that continues the established tradition to cover all internationally recognized industry standards as well as the recommendations that have been adopted by the IMO; moreover, this edition also addresses the 2010 amendments to the IMO STCW. This convention introduces the enhanced BRM (standing for the Bridge Resource Management) training for all ship officers who are considered to be in charge of the navigational watch. In addition, this volume contains the very useful bridge and emergency checklists that would be very helpful to the crew members, including the checklists for ECDIS familiarization. The authors of the publication have paid particular attention to the growing importance of the voyage planning process. We would definitely recommend that one copy of the Guide is carried on the navigation bridge of every marine ship and some copies are there in the technical departments of the shore offices. For sure, this document does not need any introduction...
This official publication is the Chemicals Supplement to the IMGS published by the WHO and shall be considered a medical first aid guide (MFAG) to be used in case of accidents involving dangerous goods; the book was released to cover the substances as well as materials and articles that are addressed by the IMDG Code plus the materials that are covered by the Appendix B of the BC Code. The intention was to provide the necessary technical advice for the initial management of potential poisoning by chemicals and diagnosis within the limits of the marine facilities. It shall be used together with the info that is provided in the BC Code, IMDG Code, EmS, IBC Code, and IGC Code. The treatment that is recommended in the pages of this document is particularly specified in the appropriate data tables and is more comprehensively presented in the Appendices. Subject treatment cater for the possible consequences of the transportation of the dangerous cargo on board marine vessels. Please take into account that this paper is not intended to cover intentional ingestion; it is understood that the accidental ingestions of the toxic substances during the sea voyage are obviously very rare. This is a really useful and practical must-have book to be held on board of every ship involved in the transportation of the dangerous cargoes by sea.
There are a great variety of ships at sea today whose many technical specifications of engineering installations. The one thing that is common to all of them is that they all require the use of water - one way or another. It may be used for steam production or engine cooling, or simply for consumption by the officers and crew. In fact, water will be used on board in considerable quantities. Fortunately, there is always plenty of it available in the form of a sea water; they can pump it and use it straight away for washing the deck, for example. But if you try and use this water in a boiler, or for cooling your main engine, in a few days catastrophe will hit the ship - the boiler could blow up or the main engine get damaged. This is because sea water is contaminated by dissolved and dispensed solids, namely sodium chloride, calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate and calcium sulphate. These form deposits which can cause overheating and mechanical breakdown, making it unsuitable for use in boilers and in engine cooling systems, just like it is unsuitable for drinking by human being. that is why the cleaning and treatment of water on board the vessel is so important for the ship's efficient operation - and that is where chemical treatment plays a vital role by preventing internal corrosion and scaling formation...
Here is the sixth release of the world known reference guide used to order the items commonly used on board marine vessels - maybe the most popular in the marine industry. The present guide has been specifically designed to be equally easily understood by and friendly to the people belonging to the different cultures and different native language, and one of the aims of the document is to promote the business between all such people. The items contained within this volume have all been coded and supplemented with the informative illustrations for their easier identification between the crew members, owner of the ship and suppliers. Needless to say that the Guide is the absolutely must have item for any ship supplier. Note that the person dealing with the ordering of the products, shall clearly specify the code number, description of the product, unit and, finally, the quantity to be ordered, to avoid any sort of misunderstandings. Traditionally, IMPA Guide is deservedly considered the marine industry standard for the ship supply chain. This sixth edition includes more than three thousand new codes bringing the total number of the products to well above forty thousand. The ever-growing content of the publication has been aligned with all relevant technological advances. Numerous completely new lines were added in order to duly reflect the changing demands of the shipping industry. In short, this is an invaluable reference source for all players of the commercial shipping.
The present publication is dedicated toxins in the sea water and fresh water; it is intended to present the structure of the main toxins having the aquatic origin - the reader will find information relating to the distribution of subject toxins, producing various species and vectors, some of the important toxico-kinetic properties, regulatory management aspects etc. The main species of those associated with the injuries have also been addressed in this volume. Among the marine toxins that have been covered within this publication there are ciguatoxina, equinatoxins, brevetoxins and some others - note that all of them could be lethal. Nowadays, both sea- and fresh water environments are considered new frontiers of humanity; however, the continuing increase in economic and tourist activities is provoking some nasty encounters between people and aquatic animals. The swimmers, surfers, divers and fishermen are becoming main victims. Unfortunately, today it is still not possible to adequately identify, know and treat the envenomations that are commonly caused by the poisonous and venomous animals. Plus, it shall be underlined as necessary that we are still not fully aware of the huge potential of the pharmacologic effects their toxins may have. That is why it does make sense to go through the chapters of this volume to have better idea of this subject quite important any marine scientist.
Here is a book prompting questions - and providing some answers - relating to the behaviors' of the wind in different situations. Note that it is not intended to cover absolutely all circumstances because of its limited volume, but the author of this publication still hopes that it will be very helpful to the readers who require a bit deeper insight into the subject that it is usually provided by the official weather forecasts. It is not actually a sort of textbook on the wind; however, some of the explanations have been provided in the book, but that is a minimum required to make the content of the publication understandable to all readers who may not be professionals. Such approach is expected to appeal to all people daunted by the long wind explanations. The book is a good choice for the average reader since it does not require them to possess any deep knowledge of the meteorology and associated terminology. This new release of the popular volume has been seriously updated with numerous informative images and data tables in comparison to the previous edition. There are several completely new chapters such as the one dedicated to the micro wind shifts or the winds that are considered specific to the Mediterranean region...
The present book is one of the excellent volumes making the popular Control Engineering Series. Nowadays, the freight transportation is really vital to the safe and effective functioning of the human societies and it shall be noted that the transportation chain has already considerably expanded. One of the greatest challenges of the modern cargo transportation industry are increasing capacity at sea ports and movements in the supply chain while attempting to be compliant with the applicable economical, environmental, political and other important requirements. It is becoming quite obvious that the solutions that were traditionally applied in the past, cannot be considered feasible any longer. However, it should also be taken into attention that the latest advances in IT, data management, telecommunications as well as computation tools, could definitely provide the participants of the industry with some new and promising approaches. The publication by Petros Ioannou was released with the declared intention of the author to touch the most important aspects of the majority of issues that usually affect throughput for the large container ports. The book is remarkably well-organized and very reader-friendly; it consists of seventeen chapters addressing the key aspects of intelligent freight transportation, such as port choice and competition, automation of terminals, various environmental issues etc.
Despite the title of this volume, it is not the one that would enable the readers to accomplish what the meteorological services scattered all around the world are struggling to do; the book has been rather designed to instantly forecast when exactly the storm is due. What the author of this publication, professional sailor and meteorologist Alan Watts, tried to do was point out the key factors that people should consider when the pro- forecasters have made their storm predictions - and sometimes even if the professionals have not. This volume brings the sky and science together and is full of very useful tips on how to properly determine what is coming. The book is very easy to use and is packed with numerous color images that perfectly illustrate various types of weather fronts and allow reader to understand what they would bring. The author has also included so many practical explanations and data table to make the theoretical text more understandable for the average user. The instructive images show the cloud formations and all other supplementary material has been added with the ultimate purpose to enable readers involved in outdoor activities assess their chances of being caught in a storm. Note that actually no other author of the forecasting-related texts uses the hands-on approach applied by Alan Watts...
We are introducing maybe the most popular and very highly respected publications on mechanics. This world recognized publication is mainly focusing on the development of the correct understanding of the fundamental principles rather than just addressing the specific methodologies. The author of this volume, Irving Shames, has covered all basic principles instead of applying the "cookbook" approach and his also did his best trying to make this book more readable. This release of the volume is the latest available one and it includes more than five hundred completely new technical problems that have all been checked for accuracy by the author, very carefully and rigorously. The topics of the book related to statics are covering the basics of mechanics, vector algebra and quantities, equilibrium equations, some introductory information on structural mechanics, and all other related topics, while the part of the book dedicated to the dynamics addresses particle dynamics, kinematics of rigid bodies including plane motion, dynamics relating to same, vibration matters etc. The text presented by the author is deservedly considered as invaluable source of technical reference for students of mechanical engineering; they way material is presented makes the volume so reader-friendly and numerous examples allow the students understand the theory much easier.
One of the training videos forming a Videotel course. Unfortunately, accidents are not rare and can happen any time when you are sailing on any ship. If any unexpected event does happen, crew members shall always be ready and know what is expected of them. Drills are the mandatory part of shipboard life. They shall help build teamwork and confidence. But eyewitness reports from port state authorities have discovered that too often crew members are unfamiliar, hesitant, unaware or use wrong techniques in such situations. That is why holding effective drills is considered so important. If drills are carried out realistically, the knowledge attained will enable crew members to handle real emergency situations promptly and ensure a positive income. Crew members shall remember that holding effective drills is not just a task undertaken to conform to regulations. Effective drills are designed to save lives. Of course, simulating real emergency situation if difficult and can be dangerous. A drill is a way to test the knowledge and preparedness of the crew members and reveal the areas for further training. With a number of sea incidents involving vessels it is becoming evident that the ship have not always been effective, crew members were not responding effective enough, they used wrong techniques and lack of proper understanding of their role...
This publication has been specifically designed and published to teach the English language of both discussion and conversation. The author has tried to make a prediction of the words and frequently used phrases required for the students of English to effectively participate in the conversations. That is why this book should definitely be considered the perfect training material to be used for conversation courses. The publication is a genuine treasure trove of very useful expressions that all students would better have in their vocabulary to speak fluently. The way material is presented in the book makes the learning process very enjoyable for the students. The authors of the book have applied a so-called "lexical phrase" approach. The units that are contained in this volume are quite simple and provide a wide range of commonly used expressions that students will have to learn and memorize. Among the skills that have been covered within this publication there are expressing opinions, responding to people with sympathy and disagreeing with someone, back-channeling and others. There are some practical exercises supplementing the theory given in each of the units. The teachers who have used this book during the teaching process have already found this volume very useful and practical and consider this book a truly great grammatical resource.