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This booklet presents the fifth part of the Entry Into Enclosed Spaces series developed by Videotel in collaboration with Mines Rescue Marine. This particular volume is highlighting the emergency and rescue procedures that shall be considered prior to commencement of any task where the entry into confines space is involved. The volume opens with overview of the rescue techniques and instructions for preparation to the rescue operations.

Then the main content of the document is dealing with the equipment used during rescue operations, responding to the emergencies, attending to the casualties, rescue exercises and other issues. Again, there are several control questions with correct answers included for tracking training progress and appendix with additional information. Use the booklet with the accompanying training video.

The previous four parts cover Awareness, Preparation and Procedures, and Equipment, and Enclosed Space Entry. In short, all parts of this training series is highly recommended to all people working on board any vessel or offshore installation, with no exceptions, as well as to the people intending to start working at sea and willing to do their work safely.

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This is a training video supplementing the booklet for the part five of the Entry Into Enclosed Spaces series and this part is dealing with the emergency procedures and rescue. Of all the hazards faced by seafarers, enclosed spaces are maybe the most deadly because in most cases entry procedures are not been properly followed and the consequences are normally fatal.

Of the majority of people who died is not those who first entered the space and then get into the difficulty; it is those who attend to rescue them. They die because they are not trained; because instinct takes over and becomes more powerful that the knowledge gained from training. They die because instinct kills. An emergency rescue has to be carried out by people who know exactly what they are doing, and success is easily measured - the people they are taking out of the enclosed space are either alive or not.

What often makes the difference is the degree of planning and preparation that should take place days, weeks and months before. Recognition that the provision of the safety in the enclosed spaces requires proper management plan... The video supplements this training booklet. And the other four parts of the series cover Awareness, Preparation and Procedures, and Equipment, and Enclosed Space Entry itself.

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Hull Material Properties and Tests

A major change in ship construction occurred over 100 years ago when steel was introduced to replace iron and wood as a hull material. Subsequent important developments in materials and ship construction were the all-welded ship and the application of concepts of toughness for the prevention of the brittle hull fractures experienced with the all-welded steel ships of the 1940's.

Over the past thirty years, many new designs have been introduced such as container ships, liquefied gas carriers, high speed surface-effect ships, and mobile and fixed offshore structures. To meet requirements for such designs, high strength-to-weight ratio alloys and alloys intended for low temperature service have been introduced into shipbuilding. The complex networks of intersecting members in offshore structures require that consideration be given to material properties when the applied tensile loads are perpendicular to the plate surfaces. The increasing size of ships, such as the VLCC tankers, and the concern for economy, stimulated automation of fabrication processes.

Hull Material Properties and Tests - 2

 The relatively simple concept of toughness developed to answer the brittle fracture problems in ordinary strength steel hulls required refinement and extensive development before it could be applied to the newer hull materials and structures. For some structures increased consideration had to be given to such factors as fatigue and corrosion. Accompanying all these changes, was an increased demand for the designer to provide for quality assurance by nondestructive methods. To meet the challenges presented by these new developments, the designer had to become familiar with metallurgy, welding engineering, nondestructive testing, and the materials sciences. An appreciation of the basic principles of these fields will provide more efficient and reliable hull designs through selection of appropriate materials, joining, and quality assurance requirements...

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The officially released DNV GL recommended practice for the offshore leak detection. The experience gained from the offshore industry incidents have resulted in the increased concerns and closer attention to the operations of the offshore oil and gas fields with the particular focus on the detection of leaking hydrocarbons. It should be clearly understood that the earlier the leak is detected, the easier it will be to prevent an occurrence from its escalating into a serious accident.

Therefore the operators shall implement a good and effective leak detection system; such system shall be reliable and shall allow detection of the leaks with due level of certainty. In addition, the system shall of course meet the requirements of all regulatory documents. The content of the present recommended practice has been specifically developed to be used for the planning and design of such systems, their integration and operation offshore.

However, it shall be noted and remembered at all times that application of the leak detection system shall never be considered a reason for reduction in safety level on any other system installed on the installation in terms of their design and manufacture etc.

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The training booklet of the fourth part of the popular Entry Into Enclosed Spaces training series considered best practice in the shipping industry. It is very important that the procedures established by the company for entry into enclosed spaces are followed at all times and by all people on board ship. Everyone shall understand the hazards associated with entering enclosed spaces and working there.

Therefore the training shall be provided to all people on board on a monthly basis in order to minimize the possibility of any incidents. The booklet starts with the general overview of the enclosed spaces, which is followed by the instructions on the so-called "on the spot" risk assessment to be performed prior to entering into such space. The next three sections are providing all necessary information and practical tips on the safe entry into confines spaces, dealing with the emergencies and leaving the spaces.

Traditionally, the volume includes a number of questions for tracking your training process, supplemented with the correct answers for re-checking. Some additional information is there in the appendix. Note that the booklet goes together with this training video. The previous parts cover Awareness, Preparation and Procedures, and Equipment.

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One has to be very careful in the enclosed spaces since we know that such spaces can kill. A recent studies suggest that over the last fifteen years or so maybe up to a thousand seafarers have died in enclosed spaces. We know that what really determines the safety of people working in the enclosed spaces is not what goes on when they are in them but what should have been taken care of well before.

So you have got to be very careful and there are so many things to think about, a lot to consider and you want to live you simply cannot afford to let it go wrong... The present training video supplements the booklet addressing the enclosed spaces entry. They both make the part four of the training series developed to provide seafarers with the necessary information about such spaces and techniques/procedures to be used when entering them.

The previous three parts of the series are dealing with the Awareness, Preparation and Procedures, and Equipment; note that they are all available at Libramar. We recommend all our visitors to have a close look in each booklet and video to get fully prepared to entering and working in the enclosed spaces safely as this is the first thing they all should do - care about their own safety.

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These CCS guidelines have been prepared and released with the intention of the authors to provide required assistance to the relevant parties including owners of the vessels, ship construction yards and suppliers willing to get better understanding of the subject and planning to implement the HK Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships.

It will also provide the guidance concerning the uniform implementation of ship survey and certification requirements for the CCS surveyors attending the vessels with the GP, i.e. Green Passport, classification notation assigned. The content of the guidebook opens with the brief introductory information about the control of hazardous materials on board ships and the IHM itself.

The general survey and certification information including general requirements, assignment of the associated notations and issuance/endorsement of the certificates is there in the second chapter while the third and fourth chapters are dealing with the development of the IHM for newly delivered and existing ships, covering general requirements and material declaration, supplier's declaration, application for the survey and other aspects.

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This classic volume is the original work first presented more than a century ago. Though so much time has passed since the date of its original release, the content of the book retains importance and self-descriptiveness. Created by the prominent experts of the past times, the volume provides useful information and tells readers about the things that are quite difficult to be found explained in most of the other available publications.

The style of explanation is very clear allowing the material to be easily understood and followed for the people with little to no sailing experience at all. The main content of the book is arranged in six sections covering the trigonometry, the mariner's compass, the sailings, construction of charts, terrestrial magnetism, the propeller wheel, explanation of the tables, traverse table, nautical sines/cosines, tangents/cotangents, secants/cosecants.

As you can see, the layout of the publication remains intact - in fact, this is the digitized original version of the useful manual which will be of great practical interest even to the modern navigators and students since the author addresses the very basic, fundamental knowledge on which any contemporary navigation technique are built.

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