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Commercial Management for Shipmasters

   The Masters of the ships carry the huge responsibility. While in the distant past their vessels were relatively small-sized and could only carry some limited amounts of cargo, nowadays the Masters are in command of the passenger vessels, VLCCs, large container ships, Panamax-size bulk carriers controlling huge capital assists with the cargoes worth dozens of millions. Such responsibility assumes great importance as the today's community demands much higher standards and, consequently, the P&I Clubs make the larger provision for the liability insurance. The Masters have a crucial role in managing the risks associated with the marine transportation. In order to be effective as commercial managers, the Masters shall have a thorough knowledge of the trading terminology and detailed appreciation of all provisions that are expressed and also implied in the shipping contracts; in addition, they shall be confident during the communications with the contracting parties in order for the best results to be achiever for their companies. For sure, today the job of the Master is much more complicated that it used to be say a decade back. While the modern communication equipment allows much quicker information exchange, this enables the shipping companies to control their subcontractors in new ways. This often results in the Master having to handle quite a complex relationships and making decisions relating to the conflicts of interest to support the owners...

Category: MARINE ECONOMICS & BUSINESS | Views: 66 | | Comments (0)

Load Lines 2005 Edition

   This official IMO publication does not need any specific introduction. This is the consolidated edition of the ILLC, standing for the International Load Line Convention. The main text of the subject Convention is included in the very first part of this volume, supplemented with four annexes providing the regulations for determining the load lines of the vessels, including general regulations, conditions of freeboard assignment, freeboards and special requirements applicable to the vessels with the timber freeboards assigned, zones, areas and also seasonal periods, and, finally, the certificates commonly issued under the present IMO Convention to the vessels gully complying with all its requirements. The second part contains the articles of the 1988 Protocol while the third part contains the Load Line Convention, as it was modified by the 1988 Protocol - again, together with all annexes as in the first part. The remaining three parts of the volume provide the amendments to the Protocol of 19888 mentioned above that haven't been yet accepted by sufficient number of states and therefore still not in force, UI, i.e. Unified Interpretations of the provisions of this Convention, and the specially established Form that shall be used for recording of condition of load line assignment. Needless to say that this IMO Convention is there in the list of the mandatory shipboard publication, i.e. the document required to be carried on board of any vessel...

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 45 | | Comments (0)

Celestial Navigation in a Teacup

   The original intention of the author of this volume was to prepare a book that would be used as the useful self-teaching instrument for the people having a desire to learn more about the celestial navigation from both academic and practical points of view. The content of this volume will for sure interest the experienced marine navigators who have got tires of "turning the crank" with the navigation tables and who are willing to have some better technical knowledge of the subject. The author has intentionally not covered the old-fashioned methods implying utilization of the sight reduction tables together with the pre-computed solutions, taking into account the wide usage of the electronic calculators and computers. The reference has been made by the author to the H.O. 229 and H.O. 249 methods and the author presented the fundamental background as well as the equations enabling readers to perform their own calculations and come to the correct answers having a proper understanding of the process and using only the calculator, note that the scientific one will be required having the trigonometric and inverse functions. The book starts with the historical overview and some basic information, followed with the description of the concepts of celestial navigation, using the sextant, corrections commonly made to the measurements, sight reduction, lunars, star identification, and other topics considered important.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 72 | | Comments (0)

Warfare at Sea - 1500-1650 - Maritime Conflicts and the Transformation of Europe

   The content of the present book is mainly focusing in the maritime conflicts looked at as one of the parts of the process of transformation that took place in Europe from the end-XVIII century to the mid-XVII century. The main lines of the subject transformation are quite well-known, Looking from the maritime perspective, some of the parts of this transformation process were considered particularly important. The long-distance maritime trade has significantly increased and the role of the capitalist entrepreneurs in human society has become much more important in Europe. In the whole Mediterranean area, in the Ottoman and Spanish empires dominated in the beginning of the XVI century. The last decades of the XVI century and early decades of the XVII century showed the rapid rise of both political and economic power of the north-western Europe and stagnation of the Mediterranean... In this publication, the author has emphasized the role of the maritime conflicts in the naval history and transformation of Europe, in particular. It starts with the clear description of the important role of the warfare, followed by the major technology as well as tactics and strategy, information on changing maritime societies, maritime wars, organizations and states, maritime state formation and Atlantic warfare, galley navies, major sailing navies and wealth of other important and valuable historical information.

Category: NAVAL HISTORY | Views: 767 | | Comments (0)

Q-Ship vs U-Boat 1914-18

   In 1914 Britain's Royal Navy was completely unprepared to tackle Germany's U-boats. Thanks to their ability to submerge and stalk their adversary unseen, submarines represented a new and particularly potent threat. Before the war Winston Churchill, the First Lord of the Admiralty (the politician in charge of the Royal Navy) and Admiral of the Fleet John 'Jacky' Fisher, the former First Sea Lord (the Royal Navy's professional head) had both warned of the danger posed by the submarine. Although Churchill spoke of it in 1912 as a characteristic weapon for the defense', he also noted that the Germans were building 'larger classes which would be capable of sudden operation at great distance from their base' (quoted in Lake 2006: 32—33)- Indeed, the submarine's ability to defeat surface vessels was starkly illustrated on 22 September 1914, when three British cruisers — Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy — were sunk in quick succession by one U-boat, U 9. While aware of the threat to warships, Churchill thought using torpedoes or even gunfire without warning to sink merchantmen crewed by civilian seamen would never be done by a civilized power' (quoted in Lake 2006: 33)- The Prime Minister, H.H. Asquith, concurred. There were others, including Fisher, who had a different view and in July 1914 the retired Royal Navy officer Admiral Percy Scott warned the British public that the U-boat 'introduced a new method of attacking our supplies' (quoted in Botting 1979: 19)-But they were in a minority. Overall, there was a lack of foresight about how Germany could use U-boats in a war on commerce, in part because of the presumption about their adversary's moral stance, but also because there was no appreciation of how long the conflict would last and how important attacking commerce would become.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1007 | | Comments (0)

Allied Coastal Forces of World War II - Fairmile Designs and U.S. Submarine Chasers    The authors of this excellent volume, John Lambert and Al Ross, have specifically prepared its content to cover the coastal ships of the Allied forces in the Second World War. The content of the publication is covering all ships in detail, providing all required technical information, including the narrative text, ship line drawings and photos. In their work, the authors has been principally concerned with the famous wooden naval warships that were constructed by the FMC, standing for the Fairmile Marine Company. The very idea of the mass-production of minor warships constructed of wood during the war, was  the idea of the founder of Fairmile Company. Each vessel type has been designed and further built in a kit form, allowing the assembly of the ship at different small shipbuilding facilities both in the country and abroad. The ship designs developed by the Fairmile also features the utilization of the basic construction materials, and they were relying on the many newly established and non-naval industries, providing the required materials without actual interference with the product flow from the specialist manufacturers. During the War, the success of the attacks conducted by the submarines of the German Navy and significant increase in minelaying, forced the British Royal Navy to find a method of combating subject threat...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1645 | | Comments (0)

Struggle for the Middle Sea - The Great Navies at War in the Mediterranean Theatre, 1940-1945

   Enrico Ricciardi was a young midshipman fresh from the Livorno Naval Academy serving aboard the light cruiser Eugenio di Savoia, flagship of Rear Admiral Luigi Sansonetti's 7th (Cruiser) Division. Eugenio di Savoia was about to fight in Italy's first fleet engagement against Great Britain. Ricciardi  remembered his admiral's reaction when combat commenced: "When we saw the first salvo, even before the sound reached us. Admiral Sansonetti excitedly placed his hand on my shoulder and said to me these exact words. 'Take a log sheet and note this down: at 1520 on 9 July 1940 on the Ionian Sea an Italian battle fleet fired its first gunshots against the English.' He added, 'This is a historic moment, and you. young man. should be proud to be living it.'" Aboard the British warships, similar excitement reigned when the signal "Enemy battle fleet in sight" fluttered up HMS Neptune's halyards. The British commander. Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham, noted this was the first time such a signal had been seen in the Mediterranean since the time of Nelson. Italy declared war on 10 June 1940. nine months into the conflict that became World War II. The Action off Calabria, as this engagement is known in English histories, was the war's first fleet clash and Britain's first attempt to establish sea control in the central Mediterranean. Accordingly expectations ran high, but rather than leading to a crushing naval victory, like Trafalgar. Calabria proved to be just the opening round in a protracted and bitter campaign that ultimately enmeshed five of the world's six great navies and dragged on to the very end of the European war...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 760 | | Comments (0)

Another Great Day at Sea - Life Aboard the USS George H. W. Bush

  An excellent historical volume prepared by the famous author, the world recognized expert Geoff Dyer. The author's account of his stay on board the vessel has been appreciated by the readers and has been found to be blissful and full of curiosity, featuring the real admiration for the ship crew and very difficult and dangerous work performed by the crew members. The content of the publication is truly remarkable making this book so funny starting from the very beginning and up to the end. According to the readers, it is moving, very generous and fresh. The author of this volume is deservedly considered maybe the most inquisitive writer of today, an excellent stylist and charming reporter, and this work has actually proven this fact. The readers of this book will definitely learn more about the aircraft carriers even that they ever expected. The antic, inventive and anxious mind of the author and his approach of presenting the information makes the book very popular and interesting. The content of this book is as concentrately fascinating and funny as any other publication by this author. Just have a look and we do promise you will not get disappointed as you will be impressed with the story...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 890 | | Comments (0)

Carlsons Marine Raiders - Makin Island 1942

   In 1942 the US were battling trying to change the course of the Pacific War. Several months after the Japanese attacked the Pearl Harbor, the American nation had undertaken staggering blows, namely the loss of the Wake Island and Guam, together with the surrender of the Corregidor Islands and fall of the Philippines. The BC, i.e. British Commonwealth, suffered the equally disastrous losses throughout the entire geographical region; in addition to that, the Dutch East Indies featuring really vast natural resources, fell under the control of Japanese army. It was the year 1942 when the Japanese conquest reached the fullest extent. Since the road back was expected to be extremely difficult, Americans had to use the every single opportunity to inflict the damage. In 1942 they launched the Doolittle bomber which inflicted not too much of the real damage on Tokyo; this, however, proved to be a truly morale boost to the whole American nation. Even before the fall of the Philippines, the defense forces of America started to occupy the South Pacific islands not yet occupied by the Japanese who have originally intended to proceed with their conquests across the South Pacific. The strategy of the Japanese forces was to starts with the Midway and then move to Fiji, Samoa and New Caledonia, that were all defended by the Allied forces...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 671 | | Comments (0)

The Royal Warship Vasa

   The book is covering the construction and embellishment plus the armaments and rigging of the famous Swedish warship Vasa. Throughout the major part of the XVI century, marine warfare comprised actions at close quarters with the quite small-caliber cannons, boarding plus hand-to-hand combats. Only galleys, with their few but heavy cannon, could sink enemy vessels, but a galley was at a disadvantage if an action led to boarding. In very light winds or flat calms, when other vessels lacked steerage-way. galleys had an edge on their opponents. The area of their operations was principally the Mediterranean, and then only during the summers, when winds were light; the French had both Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts, and it is quite possible that they introduced galleys in actions in the English Channel. We know-that galleys were built in England in the mid-sixteenth century, but they never acquired any real importance in the windswept waters of north-west Europe. In the beginning, namely first half of the XVI century, carracks were the largest warships that still relied only on the wind as a motive force. Originally they were straightforward roundships that had gradually developed from the cargo vessels of antiquity; they were seriously differing from the relatively small roundships of the northern Europe and Mediterranean primarily in their size and also armament...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1205 | | Comments (0)

Coastal Forces At War - The Royal Navy's Little Ships in the Narrow Seas 1939-45

  I joined MTBs early in January 1940 and then spent nearly seven years either in the boats or on the staff or in the Admiralty, doing jobs connected with Coastal Forces After I was invalided out of the Royal Navy in 1956, I spent more than 20 years working for Vosper, one of the major designers and builders of small, fast warships. So I have been involved with Coastal Forces for much of my working life, and I have, naturally, a special affection for these warships, and some knowledge of them and their history. For a naval officer, the main attraction of small ships is the marvelous opportunity which they give for command at a young age. For both officers and men there is also the sense of belonging to a team, living in close company, and with everyone playing an important part. A worked-up, efficient Coastal Force craft in wartime was a really very special team of shipmates and friends. Since Peter Scott wrote his excellent Battle of the Narrow Seas in 1945, there have been a number of books published describing the boats, the people, and the battles. Some have been good, and some less so - but every accurate history is valuable in helping to keep the record straight for the future. David Jefferson has written an excellent and well-researched record, which is specially valuable in that it includes a number of pieces of the story which have been little reported elsewhere, in particular regarding the landing of agents and small raiding units in Brittany and other places, mainly by the 15th MTB Flotilla, and the story of the return of the 1st MTB Flotilla from Malta to the UK through the canals of France late in 1939. I commend this book to everyone who is interested in the story of Coastal Forces.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 768 | | Comments (0)

US Heavy Crusiers In Action

   When the Japanese attacked Hawaii on 7 December 1941, almost the entire US Pacific Battle Fleet was at anchor in Pearl Harbor. The aerial attack denied the US Navy of their most powerful asset - the battleships. The heavy cruisers were called upon to take their place. The design of the cruiser was conceived during the early days o( the exploration of the Americas, when a need arose to protect the heavily laden commercial ships plying the world's oceans. Cruisers were expected to protect their charges and defend themselves. During the American War Between the States (Civil War) of 1861-65, the US Federal Navy was the first to design and build ships that would be classified as cruisers. The resulting WAMPANOAG class cruisers were ineffective as fighting ships and were soon withdrawn from service. These vessels were built with a wooden hull and were equipped with a full set of sails, coal fired boilers, and one screw (propeller). The early cruisers were equipped with both sail and boilers for power. The early boiler/engine combinations were not reliable and the coal fuel look up much space. The sails required additional crew to handle the canvas and ropes. The additional spaces for the fuel and crew caused the early cruisers to grow in length and beam. The WAMPANOAG class cruisers of 1868 were 335 feet (102.1 M) long and displaced 4100 tons (3719.5 MT). The later armored cruiser PENNSYLVANIA (later PITTSBURGH) class of 1899 grew to 503 feet (153.3 M) in length and over 15,000 tons (13.608 MT) full load displacement.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 848 | | Comments (0)

U.S. Battleships In Action

   The ideas that brought about cruiser designs were developed during the 1600s when it became apparent that trade ships would need protection from marauding pirates. These new ships, known as frigates, were up-gunned and carried a full rig of sails. Conceivably, any ship they could not outrun, they could outfight. By the beginning of 19th Century, frigates roamed the world's oceans in search of pirates and perhaps just as often — other frigates. During the transition period of the late 1800s, two types of cruisers were being constructed 'protected' and "armored". The British were the first to construct a protected cruiser HMS ESMlRALDA. The protected cruiser carried both belt (side) and deck armor, while the armored cruiser carried only deck armor, By the beginning of World War I, most cruisers under construction were of the armored type. The first US ships to be classified as cruisers were the WAMPANOAG class of the Federal Navy during the American Civil War (1861-1865). The WAMPANOAG class were built of wood and powered by both sail and steam. The sails provided a long range, while the steam provided speed and maneuverability. This combination gave the cruisers the choice of fighting or retiring to engage at a more advantageous time...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 757 | | Comments (0)

Steam Steel and Shellfire - The Steam Warship 1815 - 1905

   This is the fourth title in an ambitious programme of twelve volumes intended to provide the first detailed and comprehensive account of a technology that has shaped human history. It has been conceived as a basic reference work, the essential first stop for anyone seeking information on any aspect of the subject, so it is more concerned to be complete than to be original. However, the series takes full account of all the latest research and in certain areas will be publishing entirely new material. In the matter of interpretation care has been taken to avoid the old myths and to present only the most widely accepted modern viewpoints. To tell a coherent story, in a more readable form than is usual with encyclopedias, each volume takes the form of independent chapters, all by recognized authorities in the field. Most chapters are devoted specifically to the development of ships, but others deal with more general topics like "Guns and Armour" or "Machinery" that relate to many ship types, thus avoiding repetition and giving added depth to the reader's understanding of the factors influencing ship design. Some degree of generalization is inevitable when tackling a subject of this breadth, but wherever possible the specific details of ships and their characteristics have been included (a table of typical ships for each relevant chapter includes a convenient summary of data from which the reader can chart the evolution of the ship type concerned). Except for the earliest craft, the series is confined to seagoing vessels; to have included boats would have increased the scope of an already massive task. The history of the ship is not a romanticized story of epic battles and heroic voyages but equally it is not simply a matter of technological advances. Ships were built to carry out particular tasks and their design was as much determined by the experience of that employment - the lessons of war, or the conditions of trade, for example - as purely technical innovation. Throughout this series an attempt has been made ю keep this clearly in view, to describe the what and when of development without losing sight of the why. The series is aimed at those with some knowledge of, and interest in, ships and the sea. It would have been impossible to make a contribution of any value to the subject if it had been pitched at the level of the complete novice, so while there is an extensive glossary, for example, it assumes an understanding of the most basic nautical terras. Similarly, the bibliography avoids very general works and concentrates on those which will broaden or deepen the reader's understanding beyond the level of the History of the Ship. The intention is not to inform genuine experts in their particular area of expertise, but to provide them with the best available single-volume summaries of less familiar fields.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1000 | | Comments (0)

Essex Class Carriers In Action

   During the WWII the USA built three major types of the aircraft carriers, namely the Essex class heavy fleet carriers (CVs), addressed in detail in the present publication, the Independence-class light carriers converted from cruiser (CVLs), and, finally, "escort" carriers - these have been converted from tanker or merchant hulls (CVEs). The twenty-four Essex-class vessels were not remarkable for any innovation in their design, but essentially they often were there in the right place at the right time - at the end of the day, they all did well the task history gave them. Fourteen of them saw action against Japanese navy fleet in the period 1943-1945, and all but the two most severely damaged in the war saw extensive postwar action as anti-submarine carriers, fleet carriers and amphibious assault ships and training carriers. But, despite all its success, the Essex class was still considered unsatisfactory in many respects. It was based on a class of ships restricted in treaty, the design was handicapped by a lack of proper operational experience, and it was forced to handle massive increases in aircraft size, anti-aircraft armament and crew, all of which resulted in serious overloading and overcrowding. Let us have a closer look...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 973 | | Comments (0)

U.S. Light Carriers In Action

   US naval aviation begun with the launch of an aircraft flown by Eugene Ely from a temporary flight deck constructed on the light cruiser BIRMINGHAM (CL-2), followed by a launch from a similar jury-rigged deck on the armored cruiser PENNSYLVANIA. The United States Navy experimented with floatplanes during WW One, but by the end of that war it had become quite clear that the future of naval aviation as an offensive weapon required ships that could launch and land combat aircraft while at sea. The United States Navy's first step was to obtain an official authorization to convert a collier - the ex-USS JUPITER (AC-3) - into its first aircraft carrier, the USS LANGLEY (CV-1). By the time the LANGLEY was ready for operation in 1922, the Navy had acquired two more vessels for conversion into carriers, namely the incomplete battlecruisers SARATOGA and LEXINGTON. The huge battlecruiser hulls were available due to the 1921 Washington Conference's stringent limitations on capital ship construction - those limitations required all battleships and battlecruisers then under construction to be scrapped, with the only exception of two ships per nation, which could be converted into aircraft carriers. LANGLEY did not join the fleet until the end of 1924, and LEXINGTON and SARATOGA not until 1928, by which time the Navy had to decide how to utilize the remaining 69,000 tons of additional carrier construction available under the Treaty. Based on the belief that more numerous, but smaller carriers were better, the 13.800 ton (12.519.4 mt) USS RANGER (CV-4) was authorized in 1930. RANGER was the Navy's first carrier designed as such from the keel up. She was to have been the first of five similarly sized carriers, but experience soon showed that she was too small for effective operation. Consequently, the tonnage reserved for the next three carriers was instead divided between the 20.000-ton (18.144 mt) YORKTOWN (CV-5) and ENTERPRISE (CV-6). both authorized in 1933. The remaining tonnage was allocated in 1935 for construction of WASP (CV-7). Although WASP was similar in size to the earlier RANGER. WASP was built to an improved design. The Washington Treaty lapsed in 1938. and plans began for a class of 27.100 ton (24.585.1 mt) improved YORKTOWNs. Until new plans could be drawn up. HORNET (CV-8) was authorized in 1938 as an improved YORKTOWN - essentially a stopgap measure - leaving ESSEX (CV-9) to be lead ship of the new class. During the interwar period, the Navy also made plans for the rapid expansion of the carrier force in the event of war by drawing up plans for converting existing merchant ships to carriers. These ship conversions, designated "XCVs," were to be used for transporting aircraft to the battle zone as part of the Navy's 'Orange" war plan. The conversions, similar to those eventually undertaken by Japan during the war and resulting in the light carriers НIYО and JUNYO, never left the drawing board in the US, where they were quickly replaced by plans for the "emergency-built" Escort Carriers (CVEs) and Light Carriers (CVLs).

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1025 | | Comments (0)

All The World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905
   The period 1860-1905 witnessed an unprecedented advance in warship design, but the interest in this development has always been hampered by the lack of a reliable single source. In fact there is very little information in print, and not even an accessible class list before the advent of the famous yearbooks towards the end of the period. Even these are often inaccurate and, of course, cannot benefit from hindsight in their evaluation of ship designs. All the World's Fighting Ships was originally designed to fill this need for a very basic list of classes and their particulars, but it soon became obvious that far more information could be uncovered. With the documentary material now available it has been possible to give accurate assessments of many ship designs for the first time and to put the rapidly-changing technology into a proper historical context. Unlike the contemporary naval annuals, the treatment of each class in this book is related to the size of ship and the importance of the navy, rather than taking the form of a similar and sketchy reference for every vessel. The result, we feel, is a substantial reference work.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 2103 | | Comments (0)

HMS Vanguard - 1944-1960 - Britain's Last Battleship

   A perfect publication prepared by Neil McCart and published by Maritime Books some years ago. As the name of this book implies, it has been fully dedicated to the last battleship of the British Navy Fleet, HMS Vanguard. This title will tell the readers about the brilliant service history of the subject vessel, starting from the construction phase. Many great photographs are supplementing the technical and historical parts of the book. HMS Vanguard is the very last British battleship; unfortunately, subject ship was towed away and got scrapped about forty years ago and is now lost forever. It was the decision made by the Royal Navy to dispense the vessel. The book we are now presenting to your attention features a truly superb combination of narrative part and images effectively describing the entire eighteen year career of the ship starting from the day of her launching and to the final destination point at the breaking yard for scrapping. The book not only presents an overview of these years of brilliant service but also provides a very detailed description of the vessel at sea, as the author of the book gathered so many excellent illustrations and other supporting materials to make the book practical and easy to use.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 2746 | | Comments (0)

All The World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946
   This volume is the second of a series begun by Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905, which dealt with a period for which there was little existing published material. Therefore it was only necessary to explain how - rather than why - the subject was covered. For the 1922-46 period there are already many reference books on warships, and so a few words about the aims of this volume are in order. Available published works fall into three basic categories, all of which have some positive disadvantages from the point of view of the student or enthusiast: 1 - Yearbooks and annuals. These have virtually no access to primary sources; they are also subject to security restrictions and, often, intentionally misleading official information put out for propaganda purposes. Yearbooks naturally concentrate on what is new, and so there is rarely any incentive to correct data in retrospect. 2 - Pocket-books on navies or ship types. These are little more than fleet-lists, with no space to devote to the design background or general naval developments. 3- Monographs and detailed studies. This category contains many fine works of extreme importance in their own right, but by no means all navies and ship types have benefited from such studies (very few of the smaller navies have been covered, and even US cruisers are still without a definitive technical history). Therefore, even if an avid enthusiast could afford to collect all available books, there would still be gaps in their coverage...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 1350 | | Comments (0)

japanese destroyer fuyuzuki vs american destroyer bagley

   The present informative technical publication belongs to the famous and popular Yellow Periscope series. As it is quite clearly implied in the title of this paper, it is mainy intended to address two remarkable naval vessels of the past, namely the American destroyer USS Bagley, and Japanese destroyer Fuyuzuki. The content of this publication has been compiled by three world recognized and respected naval history and warfare experts. The document provides all interested readers with the technical information related to each of these two destroyers, including main characteristics, dimensions of the vessels, their machinery installations, armament and complement. Numerous photographs are supplementing the text part and ship plans provided in the book. For example, the first photo shows the battleship Yamato and destroyer Fuyuzuki at the time of their action near Okinawa in the April of 1945. Looking at the photographs, all readers may track the history of both Fuyuzuki and Bagley destroyers. Some photographs of the sister vessels has also been provided, e.g. of the Harutsuki and Yoizuki destroyers. The people interested with the naval warfare of the past may used the information included in this document to compare the characteristics of these famous destroyers.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 2017 | | Comments (0)

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