The official 2011 edition of the CSS Code, including the revised guidelines for the preparation of the CSM (Cargo Securing Manual). The correct securing and stowage of the cargo transported on board ships is of the critical importance for the safety of the vessel and the crew at sea.

Wrong stowage or securing of the cargo has already resulted in so many casualties, causing numerous injuries and deaths - and some of them happened not at sea but also ashore, at the terminals, in the course of the loading and discharge operations. In the attempt to reduce the number and significance of hazards and problems that arise from the improper securing and storage of the cargoes on vessels, the IMO has released the Guidelines that may be either in the form of Assembly resolutions, or in the form of circulars adopted by MSC...

The purpose of this CSS Code is to provide the workers of the shipping industry with the recognized international standard in order to further promote the safe stowage/securing of the transported cargoes by drawing due attention of ship operators and owners to the need to ensure that the vessel really suits for the purpose, and by providing practical instructions on how to make sure that the vessel has been equipped with all required means of securing cargo...

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Today, the number and amount of the dangerous cargoes carried by sea is increases every year. The newly established international technical standards have been adopted as an obvious result of the serious worldwide concern with the transportation risk which is posed by the significantly increased frequency of transportation events. In addition to all stated above, the environmental awareness and recent concern with financial implication of marine casualties resulted in the new regulations of compensation and liability.

The maritime transportation of such goods focuses mostly on damage or loss of cargoes. For sure, there are so many popular books, technical articles and discussions on this matter; however, the issue of damage or loss from the goods has always been paid little to no attention. The six major chapters of this book address the regulations related to the carriage of the dangerous goods, meaning of such goods, duties of all parties involved in the cargo transportation, their liabilities and rights, limitation of liability and insurance, and 3rd-party liability for the damage that is arising from the marine transportation of HNS, i.e. hazardous and noxious substances.



The history of marine transportation of dangerous cargoes is very old and the dangers involved have grown with the development of new technologies and with the passage of time...



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The crude oil is maybe the most important cargo of those transported by sea over the last century. It provides people with the energy necessary to drive virtually everything. The present book was written by Captain P. Armitage with the ultimate intention to serve as a mandatory training for the second officers willing to move up to the position of Chief Officer - in fact it will be useful to every single ship officer working on a tanker and standing a cargo watch.

The content of this volume is covering absolutely everything starting from the fundamentals of the crude oil chemistry and up to the economics of today's oil market. Loading and discharge operations are deservedly treated as the critically important activities. When carrying out loading and discharge of the shipboard cargo, the accidents may seriously compromise the safety of the crew members, the ship herself as well as the environment.

Well developed and carefully reviewed plans supplemented with the standing instructions and established emergency procedures will significantly contribute to the success of the cargo operations and provide additional flexibility to the commercial operators. This volume puts decades of the practical experience into a quite concise format which is technical but still reader friendly. A copy of this book shall be in the library of every tanker officer for easy and ready reference at all times.

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This publication with quite self-explanatory title prepared by the duet of authors, namely Kap Hwan Kim and Hans-Otto Gunther, presents the latest insights and most successful solutions to the operational problems related to the auto cargo systems and container terminals.

   It comprises a number of reports addressing the situation in the container shipping industry of today, different applications of the various quantitative methods, simulation results and various case studies. The authors have divided this useful publication into three main parts - the first part is introductory while the other two parts are dedicated to the container terminals and cargo systems. Today, the logistics and cargo transportation involve the computer-based simulation and various optimization techniques, playing truly invaluable roles in analyzing the design and operation options.



  The authors made a good attempt to focus on such important matters as the design issues, operations management and logistics control as applied to the seaport container terminals. As the result, this publication may provide readers with a perfect overview of the latest developments in these areas and shall be used as the resource for those looking for the effective scientific solutions to the existing problems as well as by the researchers trying to reveal the potential problems...



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The present publication developed and officially reversed by one of the most respected entities in the modern international maritime shipping industry, will provide all necessary instructions for the ship-to-ship, or STS, operations including valuable guidelines related to the reverse lightering, or topping-off. This is the operation where a laden ship, which would usually be an Aframax or Suezmax tanker, is being brought close to the partially laden vessel, normally ULCC or VLCC to transfer the cargo from smaller vessel to a larger one.

This is what differs the reverse lightering from the other ship to ship transfer operation where the maneuvering ship is ballasted. It is very important to pay all due attention to the fender selection as it becomes critical for the provision of the safety of STS operations. In addition to that, all aspects shall be thoroughly considered including, but not limited to the stand-off distances and energy absorption.

The publication is quite compact but it contains all necessary information. First two sections are covering the procedures to be followed when selecting the fender, and characteristics of the energy absorption by the fender. Three other sections are dealing with the approach velocities, availability of the equipment used in the course of the operations, and stand-off distances mentioned above.

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This is a very useful glossary providing any people involved in cargo handling with the good explanations of the basic terminology. The cargo handling process is a complicated process that would not permit simple definitions. That is why is it very important to know and understand all of the terms commonly used during the cargo handling activities.

All of the terms selected by the authors for inclusion on the glossary have been listed in alphabetical orders and accompanies with the brief but clear explanations. Having this book readily available at all times will allow avoiding any undesired situations that would otherwise be arising as a result of improperly used wording. There are some normally accepted variations in the use and meaning of some of the terms from one port to another, depending on the established and traditionally followed practices.

That is the main reason why it is not possible to list absolutely all terms in a single volume. There are so many processes involved in any cargo handling operation that come and go and the associated terminology changes from one generation of the professionals to another. Have a copy of the glossary available at all times as a good reference source.

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Numerous researches conducted in the field of container safety, particularly their packing, resulted in the conclusion that there are so many good guidelines to the packing of the containers. Those books have been in use for quite a long time; however, the incidents keep happening and include poor securing and/or overweight containers.

Most of the guidance books used today are mainly based on the provisions of the Guidelines for Packing of CTUs, i.e. Container Transport Units. Significant portion of that document still needs to be revised to include updates related to the very latest technological advances in the established container packing practices. The present publication was prepared to fill in the existing gap in information.

Due consideration has been given by the authors to producing the good and easy to implement guidance for the supply chain so that it can be used in any transport mode and not limited to the marine transportation of the container units. In fact, the contents of this book includes a perfectly worked summary of the available volumes with the guidance on container packing and as such will be great practical use to all people involved in container transportation.

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Forklift trucks are invaluable on board ship for moving cargo, lashings, securing devices, trestle horses, machinery, ship's stores, garbage or dunnage. But they can be dangerous - even fatal - to drivers and personnel in their vicinity, if not driven safely or maintained correctly.

They can also cause serious damage to equipment and property. The most common accidents from forklift trucks happen when the truck turns over, the driver falls from the truck, passengers fall off, a person is in the vicinity of a forklift truck and is not seen by the driver, or the driver travels too high, too fast or too light.

The accidents involving forklift trucks mainly occur because the established safe operating procedures are not adequate or not enforced properly; it may also happen that there is some complacency since the procedure is automated. In addition to that, drivers are sometimes not trained enough to operate the machine, or they may be under significant pressure.

This booklet is mainly aimed at operators of these trucks and may be used as a refresher to familiarize them with the equipment. It will also be helpful for crew members who may appear in the vicinity of the area where forklift operations take place. The booklet shall be used together with the video training lesson.

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