Cargo Handling

18.07.2022
SAFE TRANSPORT OF CONTAINERS BY SEA — GUIDELINES ON BEST PRACTICES

This present Guide book was developed by the ICS, standing for the "International Chamber of Shipping" - the organization concerned with the operational safety of vessels, together with the WSC, i.e. World Shipping Council, who are representing one of the leading container lines in the world.

The opportunity was taken by the authors of these guidelines to undertake a thorough review of the established best practices in the world's containership industry. Their efforts resulted in the present Guidelines, aimed to be helpful to all people involved in marine transportation of the containers. The instructions that have been included in this book will for sure contribute to the efficiency of container transportation and protection of cargo; however, it shall be kept in mind that the main and most important objective of this booklet is to ensure that the operational safety remains on top. The guidelines were prepared using the best info available. Note that it is used on the risk of the user.

Apart from the intro, the book contains eight chapters addressing the regulations governing the transportation of the containers, giving some overview of the containers, explaining the shipping line stowage co-ordination, container stuffing and marine terminal operations, etc. The responsibilities of the ship's crew and master have also been covered. 

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31.03.2022
LASHING AND SECURING OF DECK CARGOES

The present publication is aimed not only at seamen but also at the marine surveyors and ship superintendents, as well as the riggers, cargo operators and all other workers engaged in handling the shipboard cargo. The author has managed to cover literally all aspects including but not limited to the materials commonly used for cargo lashing, utilizing ISO containers, cost calculation, welding procedures, conversion factors, and many others.

In fact, the number of the factors to consider is huge, making the task quite complex. The people assigned with the responsibility for cargo handling shall possess sound knowledge of the behavior of the various cargo lashing systems under different circumstances, meaning the loads applied. There are seven main chapters in this volume, covering all required areas, starting with the general information on deck cargo handling, followed with the introduction to the generally used lashing materials.

The strength/lashing arrangements are discussed in the third chapter, while the fourth one is devoted to the timber deck cargo. The remaining chapters cover the ro-ro ships, vehicle carriers, lashing costs and other valuable information.

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31.03.2022
CODE OF SAFE PRACTICE FOR CARGO STOWAGE AND SECURING

The official 2011 edition of the CSS Code, including the revised guidelines for the preparation of the CSM (Cargo Securing Manual). The correct securing and stowage of the cargo transported on board ships is of the critical importance for the safety of the vessel and the crew at sea.

Wrong stowage or securing of the cargo has already resulted in so many casualties, causing numerous injuries and deaths - and some of them happened not at sea but also ashore, at the terminals, in the course of the loading and discharge operations. In the attempt to reduce the number and significance of hazards and problems that arise from the improper securing and storage of the cargoes on vessels, the IMO has released the Guidelines that may be either in the form of Assembly resolutions, or in the form of circulars adopted by MSC...

The purpose of this CSS Code is to provide the workers of the shipping industry with the recognized international standard in order to further promote the safe stowage/securing of the transported cargoes by drawing due attention of ship operators and owners to the need to ensure that the vessel really suits for the purpose, and by providing practical instructions on how to make sure that the vessel has been equipped with all required means of securing cargo...

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15.08.2021
CRUDE OIL TANKER BASICS

The crude oil is maybe the most important cargo of those transported by sea over the last century. It provides people with the energy necessary to drive virtually everything. The present book was written by Captain P. Armitage with the ultimate intention to serve as a mandatory training for the second officers willing to move up to the position of Chief Officer - in fact it will be useful to every single ship officer working on a tanker and standing a cargo watch.

The content of this volume is covering absolutely everything starting from the fundamentals of the crude oil chemistry and up to the economics of today's oil market. Loading and discharge operations are deservedly treated as the critically important activities. When carrying out loading and discharge of the shipboard cargo, the accidents may seriously compromise the safety of the crew members, the ship herself as well as the environment.

Well developed and carefully reviewed plans supplemented with the standing instructions and established emergency procedures will significantly contribute to the success of the cargo operations and provide additional flexibility to the commercial operators. This volume puts decades of the practical experience into a quite concise format which is technical but still reader friendly. A copy of this book shall be in the library of every tanker officer for easy and ready reference at all times.

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16.05.2021
RICKMERS STANDARD FOR STOWAGE AND SECURING OF PROJECT CARGO 4TH ED.

As it is clear from the title of the volume, it contains the Rickmers Standard which is deservedly considered the major reference source for planning and handling of the project cargo handling, as well as stowage, securing and lashing of such cargoes. The main purpose of this Standard is to let all parties involved, including shippers and stevedores, to get informed about the established cargo handling and cargo securing practices that have proven effective.

Following these procedures will contribute in the improvement of the technical and commercial performance and this will be achieved by avoiding or at least minimizing the loss and damage of the cargoes transported on board ships. This all, in turn, will eventually result in the improved safety of the people and cargo at sea together with the improved environment protection.

The content of the Standard is arranged in three big sections, namely pre-shipment info for the shippers and ship agents, standards to be applied to lifting, bedding and securing cargoes, and assessing the shipboard securing and stowage arrangements for their compliance with the provisions of the standard. Four annexes provide some additional information and a glossary of terminology used throughout the Standard.

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16.05.2021
INERT GAS SYSTEMS — THE USE OF INERT GAS FOR THE CARRIAGE OF FLAMMABLE OIL CARGOES

We recommend you to have a look into this compact but quite informative and useful booklet released by the specialists of the world respected OCIMF organization. This document is intended to provide some information to be used by the people involved in marine transportation of the flammable oil cargo. In the pages of this booklet they will find some valuable guidance related to the use of the inert gases - these guidelines are applicable to the tankers of any size.

The content of the document was prepared on the basis of the historical incidents that involved explosions and fires on the tankers, namely in their cargo areas. The idea of the authors was to establish the safety benefits you will get when using the inert gases for prevention of the explosions and fires. note that the document is not supposed to and shall not be treated as the guidebook for the chemical tankers.

The information has been arranged in four sections. The first two sections give the general introduction and legislation background, while the third section provides the professional reviews of the accidents. Finally, the closing section of the volume contains technical guidance as noted above. This is a must-have publication on board any tanker.

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16.05.2021
CARGO WORK FOR MARITIME OPERATIONS, 8TH EDITION

This book shall definitely be treated as the basic reference source to be used by all merchant seamen and providing them with the required guidance to the major characteristics of a very broad range of transported cargoes. The content has been thoroughly revised and significantly updated to cover all aspects of the international maritime shipping, cargo transportation and handling.

The author has provided a good coverage of the main general principles together with the recently implemented regulations affecting all cargo operations, roll-on/roll-off systems, various equipment commonly used for cargo handling, containerization issues, transportation of passengers and many other areas.

The latest provisions contained in the relevant IMO documents have been addressed with their key elements duly explained. The book will be very useful for the students when preparing for the examinations in the relevant disciplines; however, it will also be great when used by the serving crew of the ships. This second edition of the publication features two completely new chapters covering the offshore trades and passenger ships. Recommended to anyone involved in maritime cargo transportation.

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16.05.2021
STOWAGE FACTORS

Here is a truly excellent compilation of stowage factors. The publication was prepared by the industry experts and is providing reader with the necessary information on the stowage factors. One of the most useful reference sources covering literally all classes of merchandise. This sixth edition of the volume has been significantly revised in order to include more useful data such as the stowage factors for bulk shipments of the ore cargo, sweet oil, containerships etc.

The stowage factors presented in the book are in cubic meters as well as cubic feet per ton. The information contained in this publication is the result of combined work of a team of experts and it took years to gather it all. All entries included in the volume are arranged in alphabetical order for easiest reference. There is a separate section addressing measurement and capacity of the shipping containers.

In short, the book is full of up-to-date and useful data arranged in such a way that would allow their immediate use on board any cargo ship so we do recommend having a copy at all times. Several supplementary tables are also there to give some additional data, such as tonnage conversion, salinity and draught adjustment etc.

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