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Recommendations for Oil Tanker Manifolds and Associated Equipment

   The present fourth edition of this OCIMF publication (first published in several decades ago, in 1971 and subsequently revised three times) in order to reflect the industry developments. This release edition does not contain any significant changes to the content of the document relating to the cargo/bunker manifolds as well as any associated equipment on board. However, the authors of this volume have added a completely new Annex to the main body of the paper, willing to take into consideration the technical requirements that are there in a number of terminals and applicable to the tankers to transfer the cargo vapors to the shore-located facilities. We would also like to underline the fact that those recommendations have been provided with the sole intention to provide the required regulatory guidance to the  operators of the vessels trading to the terminals where the installation of the vapor collection systems is mandatory. The recommendations are supplementing the IMO-developed uniform safety design standards that are applicable to the shipboard marine vapor recovery systems as well as the USCG-issued regulations addressing the same matter. They shall only be treated as relating to the uniform manifold arrangements and shall not be considered applicable in any other cases.

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clean seas guide for oil tankers
   The present Guide was prepared and released in accordance with the relevant technical requirements of the MARPOL Conventions and associated interpretations with the intention to be used together with them. Please note however that this paper is not dealing with the requirements related to the construction/equipment. Under the Annex I of the Convention any discharge of oil or oil-containing mixture is prohibited from the oil tankers,  including the mixtures coming from the bilges located in the cargo pump rooms, within a distance of fifty nautical miles from the nearest land. In addition, the flow and concentration, as well as the quantity of the substances discharges anywhere else are also limited. Obviously, the only way to ensure due compliance with these limitations is to adhere to the oil retention procedures. Those procedures would typically involve the collection and separation of any oily waters appearing as a result of tank cleaning/ballasting operations. These mixtures are to be accumulated in a special tanks to be subsequently disposed of somewhere ashore. This volume is mainly concerned with these procedures and their application; the information contained in this document will be of great importance and practical use to the crew members as well as to all other personnel involved in the above stated operations.

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mooring equipment guidelines
   The technical guidelines that are contained in this publication released by OCIMF, are intended to represent the mooring technology and practice proven most effective. However, it should be taken into consideration as necessary that the information that is provided in the pages of the this volume may not be practical enough to retrofit literally all possible aspects of this technique to all existing systems. The attempt as been made by the authors of this volume to unify, significantly update, and refine the existing mooring guidelines while adding some essential information which has been poorly defines or even omitted before. The authors have exercised remarkable care ensuring the optimization of the design performance of all the associated mooring equipment and arrangements. At the same time, we can see that they have really done their very best to avoid the overlooking such important factors as the ease of handling and also the safety of the involved personnel. As a result, this book represents a recommended minimum of the associated requirements and it will definitely be quite useful to both ship designers and marine surveyors, plus terminal and ship operators. For sure, they are not to inhibit the future innovations of the relevant technological advances in any way...

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Guide to Purchasing High Modulus Synthetic Fibre Mooring Lines

   The intention which has declared by the authors of the present technical document was to give the necessary professional guidance to all people directly involved in the ordering of the HMSF, standing for the high modulus synthetic fiber mooring lines, including the lines that are fabricated from Aramid, LCO and HMPE fibers. The aim is to ensure the due understanding of the particular mechanical properties of these mooring lines, encouraging the processes of adoption of improved technical specifications and quality assurance. We would like to underline that the recognized international standards are there for the construction of the HMPE lines; however, the standards relating to Aramid and LCP fibers are limited. That is the main reason why the information contained in the present publication would definitely be of great practical use to people considering various ordering options. The MHSF lines are considered as a good alternative to the traditional mooring lines that are usually made of the steel wires, due to their mechanical properties, particularly strength-to-weight, as well as the other advantages, for example the ease of handling. After several years of nearly incident-free use of the HMSF lines, the shipping industry has experiences a number of failures, particularly on large LNG carriers...

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Load Lines 2005 Edition

   This official IMO publication does not need any specific introduction. This is the consolidated edition of the ILLC, standing for the International Load Line Convention. The main text of the subject Convention is included in the very first part of this volume, supplemented with four annexes providing the regulations for determining the load lines of the vessels, including general regulations, conditions of freeboard assignment, freeboards and special requirements applicable to the vessels with the timber freeboards assigned, zones, areas and also seasonal periods, and, finally, the certificates commonly issued under the present IMO Convention to the vessels gully complying with all its requirements. The second part contains the articles of the 1988 Protocol while the third part contains the Load Line Convention, as it was modified by the 1988 Protocol - again, together with all annexes as in the first part. The remaining three parts of the volume provide the amendments to the Protocol of 19888 mentioned above that haven't been yet accepted by sufficient number of states and therefore still not in force, UI, i.e. Unified Interpretations of the provisions of this Convention, and the specially established Form that shall be used for recording of condition of load line assignment. Needless to say that this IMO Convention is there in the list of the mandatory shipboard publication, i.e. the document required to be carried on board of any vessel...

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Manual for Use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services
   The main declared objective of this official Manual is to provide the maritime industry with a good professional compilation of the treaty texts, regulatory texts and operational/technical texts worked out and released by the ITU and relating to the maritime mobile/mobile-satellite services to enable all concerned people to possess readily available reference to the subject texts as applied to the relevant procedures of radiocommunication. The vessels have been first required to have this Manual onboard in 1979. The Radiocommunication Bureau together with the international organizations and maritime administrations determines the contents and form plus periodicity of renewal of this publication. In general, the whole content of the Manual is arranged in two big volume, the first volume giving the mariners some practical information related to marine communications, and second one containing the regulatory texts of the Manual. The present pack of documents contains both volumes of the Manual so you do not have to search for anything else. The first volume provides the introduction and them proceeds to the system overview, general GMDSS rules, responsibilities and activities, established radio- and operational procedures, requirements applicable to the radio personnel, use of the radio frequencies, station identification, etc. The second volume contains the official documents.

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A Guide for Correct Entries in the Oil Record Book

   The present Guide was developed by INTERTANKO with the intention to make all ship operators aware of the errors that could be made in the process of logging the information in the ORB. It was noted that erroneous logging of the relevant information into the oil record books was considered one of the main reasons for the growing number of vessels being detained and subsequently seriously fined in the United States. This document contains the instructions and official interpretations on how all related operations shall be recorded in the ORB, i.e. oil record book, in order to be fully compliant with the appropriate provisions of MARPOL Convention; the list of the operations that shall be duly recorded in also included. In addition to that, the authors of the publication have also addressed numerous frequently found mistakes and errors, together with the detailed and informative examples of all operations. The document has been structured to facilitate the use for integration in the document management system of any member of INTERTANKO organization. One of the main objective of the paper is to define the controls and associated activities that are required to ensure that all operations are recorded in the ORB in full accordance with the established and approved format and while being in line with the information logged in the other logbooks.

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USCG - Guide for Administration of Merchant Marine Deck Examinations

   This is the official USCG publication which was prepared and formally released by the USCG with the aim to serve as a thorough guide for the administration of the exams of marine deck officers, or simply deck guide. The document is providing all required guidance for the proctors of the examination rooms and all other personnel directly engaged in the administration of the exams to obtain the license of merchant mariners. All officers-in-charge plus the marine inspection/activity commanders of units shall ensure due compliance will all provisions of this document. The format and layout of the present release of the paper have been changed in order to show in tabular form all modules comprising the recommended professional exam for each of the licenses or document applicants. The partial examinations have been completely eliminated. All procedures and instructions are now combined in a single separate category titled Instructions. The authors of the paper have also consolidated the deck reference and examination materials and some of the critical details have been added to be of practical use for the personnel of the examination room. The volume is also providing a complete list of module codes showing the module name appearing on the test booklet, types of applicant and brief explanation of the number derivation...

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A Guide to the Vetting Process

   And here is the tenth official release of the popular and recognized guide to the vetting process that has already proven to be highly effective and really invaluable tool providing both crew members and the supporting staff working ashore, together with the oil majors and ship charterers with a better and more clear understanding of this process necessary to ensure that the vetting goes in a smooth and effective manner. The Secretariat of the Intertanko organization receives numerous requests for the updated information on the requirements that would apply to the vessel inspection and vetting for oil/chemical companies, underwriters, insurers and other involved parties - serving as a good supplement to the info that pertains to the various PSC requirements. The present volume was compiled with the contribution and help of the vetting departments of several oil companies, PSC inspectors and other representatives of the authorities, marine surveyors, who provided valuable information satisfying all concerns. The present volume is highly recommended by the Intertanko organization to put a copy of the present volume onboard each ship plus in every office ashore in order to assist the crews of the oil tankers plus the personnel who are working in the shore offices for due preparation for the vetting inspections...​

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MARPOL Annex VI - Prevention of Air Pollution From Ships

   The second edition of the training booklet from the leading provider; this publication is best when used together with the corresponding video film. The document contains all required information on how the shipping industry is polluting the planet's atmosphere, and what exactly the regulations contained in the revised Annex VI would mean for your vessel. The program of this training is mainly aimed at the ship masters, shipping company superintendents, deck and engineer officers, PSC inspectors, Flag officials and other people, who, when following the instructions outlined in the content of the book, will gain sufficient knowledge as well as the due awareness of the different emission types, which vessels and marine engines this Annex applies to, how the limits stated in the Annex can be achieved in the real life, understand the purposes of the Annex, know how the pollution of the atmosphere affects the surrounding environment and people's health, get the information on the controls and emission limits and, of course, will see the potential consequences of not complying with the requirements of the Annex. The book is arranged in ten chapters covering the general information, oxides of nitrogen and sulphur, i.e. NOx and SOx, particulate matter, incinerators, fuel oil controls, VOCs, ODCs, and other relevant aspects. There are five appendices to the main course, containing the glossary of terms, VOC management plan, and some other supplementary material.

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Accident Prevention Regulations for Shipping Enterprises

   The compilation of applicable regulations released by the BG Verkehr. The content of the booklet is arranged in seventeen chapter. First chapter contains the general regulations, it provides the scope of application and definitions, describes the general duties of the employees and of insured persons, and also gives some instructions for the implementation. The second chapter contains basic provisions while the third chapters is dedicated to the occupational physicians and also experts for the occupational safety. The next chapter is dealing with the special installation, their construction and equipment, plus operational requirement. The fifth chapter is addressing the hull equipment together with the construction and equipment. This one is followed by the chapter focusing on the machinery and electrical installations plus applicable operational requirements. Remaining chapters of the publication cover the hazardous materials, fire protection and protection against excessive noise and mechanical vibration, catering and galley, closing devices such as shell doors, hatches and ramps, cargo handling arrangements and lifting devices, handling of the dangerous goods, fishing vessels, including stability, fire protection, lifesaving arrangements, mechanical/electrical, fishing and special equipment, diving work, tankers and passenger vessels, medical measures. The final chapter of the book is solely dedicated to the transitional and final regulations.

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ship inspection report program
   The present OCIMF publication starts with a brief historical overview of the programme which was worked out and implemented by OCIMF some decades ago with the sole intention to provide all the members of this organization with the opportunity to release and submit the ship inspection reports for distribution. The participation in the subject programme is fully voluntary. Two revisions were made to this programme in 1997 and 2007 years and they have also been dealt with within the paper, together with the procedure for the uniform vessel inspection. The second section of the book contains the questionnaires to be used during the vessel inspections, as well as the inspector manuals. The third section is mainly dedicated to the VIQ, standing for the "vessel inspection questionnaire", and its availability to ship operators.  The remaining sections cover the conduct of inspections, distribution of the reports, some general notes, certification and associated documentation, management of the ship's crew, ship navigation issues, safety management, prevention of the marine pollution, cargo handling/ballasting systems of the vessel - petroleum/chemical/gas, mooring arrangements, communication, machinery and steering compartments of the vessel, general appearance and technical condition of the ship. All information that has been provided in the present publication was verified to be fully up-to-date and definitely practical.

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SOLAS Consolidated Edition 2014

   The very latest consolidated edition of the most important IMO Convention. The main purpose of the Convention is, traditionally, to provide the maritime industry with a broad range of measures that have been specifically designed with the intention to improve the safety of human life at sea. Note that the SOLAS Convention is also the oldest one, with its initial released officially adopted more than a century ago, namely in 1914, following the famous tragedy - the sinking of the Titanic resulting in the loss of more than 1500 human lives. Since that time, the Convention has been re-issued four times in order to be in line with the technological developments happening in the shipping industry. The present volume contains the consolidated text of the Convention and it was prepared to provide readers with an easy and user-friendly reference to all requirements of this Convention that become applicable since July 2014. All amendments to the requirements that are in effect from July 2014 have also been covered in this volume. Again, there are twelve main chapters in the publication providing the general technical provisions, addressing the structure of the ship, it's subdivision and stability issues, machinery and shipboard electrical installations, fire protection, prevention and firefighting systems, equipment and arrangements, LSA, radio and navigation equipment, transportation of various types of cargoes including dangerous cargo, nuclear ships, safety management, certificates issues to the ships fully complying with the applicable requirements of the Convention, relevant documentation, list of the IMO resolutions and a wealth of other valuable regulatory information.

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COLREG Consolidated Edition 2003

   The ColReg has been formally accepted by many Flag States since the time of its initial adoption in 1972 and entering into force which followed in 1977. It was amended several times, and the present volume was released to include the consolidated text of the above mentioned Convention, taking into account all latest amendments made to the content of the Convention. This official publication opens with the official text of the initial Convention as of 1972, which is followed by the amended version of the Convention. The main content of this document has been arranged in five major parts from A to E - the first part A provides readers with some general introductory information, the second part B has been fully dedicated to the rules for steering and sailing, while the third part C is mainly dealing with the navigation lights plus shapes. Two remaining parts D and E of the volume are addressing the sounds and light signals, and the exemptions that may be granted from the requirements of the Convention. There are four annexes at the very end of this volume that provide the required supplementary information such as the distress signals, additional signals to be utilized by the fishing vessels, various technical details of lights/shapes, and sound signals. Needless to say that this is one of the critically important publications to be carried on the navigation bridge of any vessel...

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GMDSS Manual 2015 Edition

   Please have a look in the publication offered here - the GMDSS Manual is intended to provide, in a single volume, a truly comprehensive explanation of all fundamental principles upon which the whole GMDSS system is based, together with the requirements that normally apply to the radio communications as well as relevant technical recommendations for the implementation and the standards for the operational performance of the associated equipment, it's required technical specifications, established procedures to follow etc. The book features a remarkably detailed description of the concepts of GMDSS systems and their development, addressing also the system components, requirements for the carriage, supporting IMO resolutions plus other regulatory documentation; in addition to that, this document contains all relevant excerpts from SOLAS, ITU-R recommendations and relevant performance standards that have been developed by the IMO, NAVTEX and SafetyNET manuals, GMDSS Master Plan and wealth of other valuable information. The publication has been released to be used y ship masters and personnel involved in radio communications, shore personnel, operators and trainers, marine authorities and regulators and in fact anyone interested. Note that this is the official 2015 edition of the Manual; please also note that the document shall not be treated as a substitution for the ITU Manual or any other mandatory publication...

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Guidelines for the Implementation of MARPOL Annex V

   Since the initial 2016 release of the present Guidelines, the MEPC of the IMO has significantly revised the content of the Annex V to the MARPOL Convention dealing with the marine pollution by garbage. That review incorporated the resolution 60/30 by the General Assembly of UN and the revision of the Annex addressed the need for the revised Guidelines. As a result of the combined efforts, the present Guidelines were officially adopted at the 36th session of MEPC with the intention of the authors and editors to assist the States and maritime industry in proper implementation of the Annex V. Among the main declared objectives of this book are to assist the contracting governments with the development and subsequent enacting of the relevant domestic legislation, to assist the owners and operators of the vessels as well as equipment makers and owners of the cargo in complying with the provisions of the Annex V, and also to assist the operators of ports and terminals in making the assessment of the need for the adequate reception facilities for the garbage that is generated on all types of vessels, and providing them in ports and terminals. The book has been arranged in the sections providing a general regulatory framework.

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 1143 | | Comments (0)

ISM Code and Guidance on Implementations of ISM Code

   This is the electronic release of the complete text of ISM Code released in 2010. Contents - Foreword. IMO SOLAS Chapter IX... Res. A.1022(26) addressing the guidelines on proper implementation of the provisions of the ISM Code by Flag Authorities. MSC-MEPC.7/Circ. 5 containing the guidelines for the proper operational implementation of the applicable requirements of the Code by shipping companies, Circ.6 providing required guidance on the qualifications, professional training and experience required to undertake the designated person's role under the provisions of this Code, and Circ.7 - giving the guidance on reporting of the near-misses. Relevant IMO Publishing resources. Subject Code was made mandatory when 1994 amendments to SOLAS entered into force in 1998, introducing a completely new chapter IX dedicated to the safe operation of the vessels. The associated chapter has also been included in this publication. The origins of this regulatory document are traced back to the 190s, to the times of poor ship management standards. So many major errors have been revealed in the course of the investigations, relating to the management of the ships operations, and that was actually the most important reasons for working on the implementation of strict requirements concerning the safety management.

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The Hovercraft Code

   The present Code was developed to provide requirements to the UK Light and Small Hovercraft as well as to other Light and Small Hovercraft operating within UK waters, with the intention to set standards of safety and protection of people on board. Traditionally, the Code addresses construction and structural strength, propeller and fan systems, stability and freeboard matters, weathertight integrity, electrical arrangements, fire fighting, lifesaving and radio equipment, navigation lights, shapes and other related equipment , anchoring and towing arrangements, personnel protection, safety management issues etc. The primary objective held in mind at the time of developing of the present regulatory document was to set the technical standards of safety and protection of the people on board, with the particular attention being paid to the passengers and trainees. Several organizations well respected and recognized within the maritime industry have participated in the process of developing of the Code. The document is subject to periodical review; it contains all the information required for the design and construction of the hovercrafts, engineering issues, electrical installations, hull systems and fire protection/fire fighting arrangements, LSA, navigation/radio equipment etc.

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 658 | | Comments (0)

Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk

   The present Code has been worked out and officially released aiming to provide the participants of the maritime industry with a recognized internationally used standard for the safe marine transportation of the liquefied gases plus some of the other substances that are listed in chapter XIX in bulk, through prescribing the constructional and design technical features of the vessels that are directly involved in such transportation together with the associated equipment that is required to be carried on board in order to minimize the risks associated with the gas carriage by sea. The provisions of this Code are based in the sound marine engineering plus naval architecture principles and the best marine practices and proper understanding of potential hazards that may be posed by the various products being transported. the brief contents of the Code as follows: General; Vessel survival capability and cargo tank location; Ship arrangements; Cargo containment; Process pressure vessels and vapor, liquid and pressure piping systems; Construction materials; Cargo pressure and temperature control; Cargo vent systems; Environmental control for cargo containment systems; Electrical arrangements; Fire protection; Fire extinguishing; Mechanical ventilation in cargo area; Instrumentation; Personnel protection; Established filling limits for the cargo tanks; Use of cargo gas as fuel; Special requirements; operating requirements; Summary...

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International Code for the Safe Carriage of Grain in Bulk

   The official IMO release - International Grain Code. The provisions of the present Code are intended to replace the Chapter VI of SOLAS containing the regulations concerning the transportation of the grain in bulk form. The reason for such substitution was the growing need for implementation of the broader technical regulations to transportation of the goods posing the hazards to the vessels or their crews. As a result, the decision was made by the IMO MSC to establish a new Code providing more general requirements and placing more detailed provisions on grain carriage. This volume consists of the IMO Res. MSC.23(59) followed by the Annex containing the Code itself and arranged in two parts addressing the specific requirements, general assumptions and calculation of the assumed heeling moments. The Appendix to the document contains the above mentioned Chapter VI of the SOLAS Convention which has been replaced by this Code. Needless to say, one of the most important publication for the crew of any vessel involved in the sea transportation of the grain in bulk. The regulatory information provided in the volume will be very useful and shall be used as necessary also by the people conducting the inspections of such vessels, i.e. marine surveyors, port state authorities etc.

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The Maritime Labour Convention 2006 - International Labour Law Redefined

   With the MLC Convention being in force since 2013, the maritime industry of today is facing the new international convention having quite comprehensive implications across all fields of the industry. The vitally important regulatory text is intended to provide the shipping industry with the timely analysis and thoughtful essays relating to the application of the above mentioned Convention and its practical enforcement. The Convention itself is set to significantly change the field for the key players. The present publication offers its readers very interesting and diverse commentary in connection with the impact of the Convention on key sectors of the maritime industry, identifying the strong and weak sides of the Convention, together with the potential hurdles to overcome. Each of the chapters in this book is focusing on one particular aspect. Special attention has been paid by the authors of the publication to the enforcement done through the examination of various innovative measures that have been provided in the main body of the document. The domestic mechanisms of enforcement of this Convention in particular Flag Administrations has also been discussed. Moreover, in this work the authors try to evaluate whether the MLC Convention has really filled the gaps that are still existing there in maritime labor law...

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Chief Engineer Officer and Second Engineer Officer - Model Course 7.02

   This model course coming under 7.02 number covers four functions, as detailed below. Officers who have completed the course, satisfactorily passed the associated examination and also gained the required experience in watchkeeping, will be considered prepared to take the full responsibility for the vessel's safety and safety of the passengers on board, crew members and cargo being transported. The officers will also be fully aware of their obligations according to the requirements outlined in the international conventions and agreements related to the safety and marine environment protection. Moreover, they will be duly familiar with and prepared to take any necessary practical measures to meet these obligations. One combined training course was prepared for both second - and chief engineer officer. The training material has been set out in a way allowing it to be run separately. As mentioned above, the content has been arranged in four functions, and these functions are the marine engineering, maintenance/repair, ship control and operation and care for the people on board, and electrical/electronic/control engineering - all dealt with at the management level. A really good and useful volume for those willing to get familiar with the arrangement of this model course, pre-requisite training and skills, scope and purpose, etc.

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IMO Publications Catalogue - February 2016

   This release of the document was officially published by IMO Publishing in February 2016 and is actually the latest available. For more convenient and easy use, all IMO publications covered within this volume have been categorized and put in different chapters, addressing maritime safety, basic IMO documents and resolutions, cargoes, legal matters, facilitation of travel and transport, prevention of marine pollution from ships, navigation and rescue, marine technology, IMO model courses, e-reader files and electronic books. The present volume will be of use for persons involved in purchasing of the IMO issued publications. The very last section of the booklet is fully dedicated to the newly developed and implemented IMO Bookshelf software. This application enables it's users to view all electronic purchased publications in a single place and it also allows for easy search through all of them simultaneously. Among the key features of this app are the availability of the installation without the access to the internet, multiple search facilities, the new option allowing to add your own annotations and bookmarks, resizing the text, printing etc. Definitely useful volume which must be possessed on board vessels and in the offices of the companies. 


Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 1373 | | Comments (0)

EMSA Study on Standards and Rules for Bunkering of Gas-Fuelled Ships

   This paper is representing the final formal report released by EMSA and containing the study on rules and standards related to the bunkering of gas-fuelled vessels. The IMO MEPC introduced the emission controls which for sure will significantly affect the international maritime industry over the next decades. The introduction of ECA's, US and also Canadian territorial waters implies that the owners of the vessels shall start considering the arrangements alternative to the traditional HFO, and one of such solutions could be switching to LNG fuel. The document opens with the executive summary, which is followed by the introductory section defining the objective of the paper, limitations to the study and also describing the methodological approach applied. The next chapter has been dedicated to the classification of the bunkering process, describing the elements of the gas supply for the bunkering operations and categorization of the relevant regulatory framework. The remaining chapters cover the recognized standardization bodies, some of the European studies, status of onshore and also maritime regulations relating to the gas supply chain, existing regulatory gaps, references, schedule of the study and associated milestones, stakeholder consultations etc. Some additional useful information is there in the Appendix.

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 954 | | Comments (0)

Exercitium - European Handbook of Maritime Security Exercises and Drills

   Ports are complex places, covering a wide area with many kilometres of quays and involving hundreds of companies and thousands of people. There are just as many points and times when security may be compromised, either through human error or through malicious intent. We cannot afford not to be thoroughly prepared for such occasions. We can do this only by having detailed Security Plans and by exercising these plans in realistic settings. While theoretical knowledge is important, we have to practice the relevant skills so that we know they will work in an emergency. It is therefore no coincidence that European Regulation 725/2004 requires under ISPS Code Part В para. 18.5 and 18.6 that drills and exercises should be held on a regular basis. Drills have to be conducted at least every three months, testing individual elements of the Security Plan. Exercises should be carried out at least once each calendar year. They test communication coordination, resource availability and response of the several services involved in security. These exercises may be full-scale or live, tabletop simulations and seminars or combined with other exercises, such as emergency response or other state authority exercises. This Regulation points the way for ports and port facilities to learn the necessary practical skills, to test the feasibility of their plans and to be ready for the moment that the plan actually has to be put into operation. These security drills are extremely important because they enable us to gain live experience of the importance of networks between people collaborating across the boundaries between levels and organisations.

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 1062 | | Comments (0)

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