Navigation & Seamanship


Well, the title by Nigel Calder, who is also the author of the Instant Handbook of Boat Handling, Navigation, and Seamanship, is quite self-explanatory. This small yet very useful publication was released with the final intention to be used by people as a quick reference source - it is, in fact, the on-board guide to the basic symbols and notations that are used on the various nautical charts.

We all know that the nautical charts contain a huge amount of useful information but it is very important to know how to decipher them, otherwise the charts are next to useless pieces of paper. In order for the chart to get bewildering, a key is to be found to its symbology. This nice and helpful booklet was prepared by Nigel Calder, who is one of the most respected boating authors of today, and he did his best to help readers make sense the very complex system of graphic elements and signs used on the nautical charts.

We would definitely recommend this publication for practical use because it is so compact yet very rich with useful information. At the same time, it will be very good for people who are not intending to go to the sea and use it right now, but rather need some simple and small book to get familiarized with the nautical signs and graphs in order to be able to use the nautical charts when they are finally on board the vessel.

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A constantly increasing number of the merchant vessels find themselves chartered to operation in Arctic waters, creating a real and significant demand for the newly constructed ice-classed vessels. Subject requirement is commonly applicable to the vessels that operate in the low temperatures or in the iced waters, with their crew duly trained to man such sort of vessels, and it has already brought about by numerous factors including likelihood of the shipping trade routes that are opening up in the Arctic region, coming on-stream of the terminals in northern regions, and a significant increase in cruise traffic in Arctic region.

All above mentioned factors are directly contributing to the requirements for the ship crews to have access to all required and available technical knowledge from the ice pilots and navigators. Operating a vessel in iced sea required higher standards of training combined with the practical experience. This combination will allow the required development of the skills and professional knowledge and proper understanding in order to competently and efficiently manage the safe passage of the vessel.

Safe navigation of the vessel in ice comes as a result of the experience in the winter navigation combined with the ability of the crew to perform the proper interpretation of the available reports and select the best route on the basis of the behavior and characteristics of the ice...

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The present publication is covering all stages that shall be undertaken when preparing a good passage plan for your ship. The authors have explained all steps involves, from appraisal to the monitoring, in a logical and detailed manner. The volume shall be readily available on the bookshelf of all bridge team members regardless of their skills and professional experience, and it shall be referred to at all times.

The authors made every effort to present the relevant techniques very clearly, making the content easily understandable even to the people with not too much of the practical experience, so it is something to start with. Right now, the national and international requirements have been developed and are available for application to the passage planning. However, this volume provides a ready check sheet to be used by the bridge team to ensure that the high competency standards are met.

The document shall be used together with the Passage Planning Practice by the same authors. The fully worked example has also been provided for illustration. The passage planning using the electronic charts is covered in a separate chapter. There is also a glossary explaining the terminology used throughout the text of the publication.

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The passage plan shall be prepared for all vessels and it shall cover the complete voyage starting from the berth of departure and up to the berth of the arrival. Subject plan shall be prepared in strict compliance with the recognized international/national standards and to the standing orders of the shipping company. The content of the plans shall also be following the navigational practices and standards established within the SMS, i.e. safety management system of the company.

The vessels of particular company will most probably use the same format when preparing their passage plans, though the variations commonly cause by the types of cargo and of the vessel, as their as of the commercial agreements are also possible. The passage plan that has been used within this publication is not compliant with the instructions of any specific shipping company and has been presented to serve as an example of preparation. The passage plans usually differ with their layouts.

Generally, the documents specific to the particular shipping company are used when preparing the voyage plans. The authors of this work have used the general layout for the plan, balancing on the information on the charts with the other documents relating to the passage plan. Do not forget to use all documents related to the passage plans together with the navigational charts...

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The content of this navigation textbook is primarily aimed at modern navigators working under significantly increased workload which demands very clear working methods as well as concise but comprehensive instructions. Note that the working methods that have been selected for inclusion in this volume are quite easy to understand for both students of maritime colleges and schools and for people working onboard vessels.

The text of the book is supplemented with numerous worked examples and informative plots, and there are also many exercises to allow navigators gain some fundamental and advanced marine navigation skills. The publication covers regulatory requirements and provides instructions on proper passage planning, ocean routeing and sailing, bridge procedures to be implemented and followed, celestial and radar navigation, extreme weather issues, e-navigation, tidal streams, marine communications including GMDSS, AIS and reporting systems, SAR activities and many other important aspects.

There is also a brief glossary of terminology used throughout the volume. As noted above, the book is highly recommended to the future navigators as well as for the professionals willing to improve their marine navigation skills.

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This volume by A. Saunders was released to serve as a valuable reference tool for the students of navigation. It will be equally useful for the professional experienced mariners and the novices. The publication will provide both categories of readers with the detailed and understandable explanations supplemented with the hundreds of informative illustrations and nautical charts to make sure that the learners have duly grasped the essentials of marine navigation.

The text part of the volume presents all required info so the readers will find all they need in the pages of a single title. The beginners will appreciate the information provided on the use of the basic shipboard equipment as well as the navigation rules, usage of the nautical equipment and charts etc. the more experienced boaters, in turn, will definitely like the update on the advanced piloting techniques and many other useful information.

Having started with the basic navigation rules and regulations, the readers will then proceed to the buoyage systems, compass, nautical charts and compass errors, maintaining the log and performing elementary plotting activities, and after that the chapters covering the running fixes, review of the positioning, sextant, etc. will follow.

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This compact booklet was prepared to provide readers with the absolutely basic information about the celestial navigation. In fact, we can say that the essential principles of the subject science are quite simple. Of course, when it comes to the more detailed calculations, you will have to apply good mathematics.

The document shall be used to get some understanding of the calculations and should be used by the people making their first steps in the celestial navigation. Note that it is based on the celestial mechanics, which is a pretty precise. What it means is that it will be possible to precisely determine the location of the bodies at any given time. Well, and once you know the star position, and make other measurements using the ship’s sextant – it will be sufficient to determine the coordinates, i.e. longitude and latitude of your position.

Of course, one should not treat the present publication as a textbook of celestial navigation, but it will still give reader some idea of what it is. Take some time going through the pages; as you can see, it will only require not more than one hour to read it from the beginning to the end, and you will definitely get to know something new and apply it whenever needed.

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The present volume was released with the intention of the authors to cover the knowledge requirements for the certificate of competency. It opens with such basic topics as the courses, position lines, the Earth, relevant formulae, nautical charts, sailings, and the associated navigation tools including sextant. Then the readers will proceed to the altitudes definitions and corrections, followed by the useful information on the stereographic projection.

The Earth-Moon system and Solar system have been covered in detail. Apart from that, the attention was paid by the authors, who are two professional sea captains, to the star recognition and great circles, ex-meridians, tidal theory, stars and star identity, composite great circles, latitude by Pole Star, and many other topics – it is very important for the ship navigators to have sound understanding of the theory of the celestial navigation.

There are many exercises included for tracking the learning process, and all of them have been provided with the answers, making a book good even for studying at home. Even today, in a world of electronic navigation means, the navigators should still be familiar with the basics of the celestial navigation.

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