The coast lines of the world divide sea from land and are deservedly treated as the geo-environments absolutely unique in composition and in the processes that affect them. People have been raising constructions throughout the whole history of mankind at these intersections of the ocean and land. Even though the coastlines were originally used for the commercial and naval purposes, the past decades have shown significantly increased activity relating to the tourism and recreation.
The development of the coastlines is currently resulting in a serious conflicts with the natural processes. The present textbook on coastal engineering is intended to assist readers with getting better understanding of the above mentioned coastal processes and help them develop the effective strategies on coping with the erosion taking place at the shorelines.
The material of the book is divided in four major parts providing a general overview of the modern coastal engineering, giving a consideration of coastal zones covering the storm surges and water waves etc., containing the productive discussion of the coastal responses and depicting various applications, for example coastal armoring, proper shoreline management, mitigation of the coastline erosion and others.
The present volume contains the proceedings of the joint meeting of the geological groups, first group dealing with the marine studies and the second one engaged in petroleum geochemistry. The materials included in the publication have all been arranged in three major parts.
The first two parts of the publication are mainly addressing the environment of the rocks containing oil with the main emphasis being made on the technical concepts and established methods of working with the organic sediments that are normally generated in the course of the so-called anoxic events.
Here you will find the information about the role that the source rocks play in the exploration of petroleum, pyrite formations, characteristics of the rocks, distribution of the source rocks, formation of the deposits, organic sedimentation etc.
The third part of the book provides statistical and graphical data in connection with this and is also dealing with the organic geochemistry and geography, covering different geographical regions and all aspects considered important enough to be included in the volume by the author who compiled the book. The publication will present practical interest and use to the people involved in the offshore exploration of the hydrocarbons.
The present publication provides lots of useful information about the integration of the newly introduced technologies in the field of the ocean observation. The content bases on the valuable contribution by numerous recognized experts ad covers the chemical, physical and biological processes taking place in the oceans from micro and up to macro scale.
The authors have provided the information that will definitely be useful and interesting to both oceanographers and people engaged in the research activities, in fact to all persons requiring efficient solutions to the existing measurement problems. The observational techniques applied to the oceans have shown rapid development in the last decade and one of the intentions of the authors of this volume was to address the requirements for the single overview of today's and future trends in this field. They have elucidated all scenarios of the observational techniques and tools and covered all three observation modes, i.e. deep ocean, upper ocean and surface.
The information related to the data modeling and quality has also been included. The volume collects a good summary of observational methods together with their practical applications. It will be appreciated by the students and specialists in the field of ocean engineering and oceanography; however, it will also present interest to the engineers in the other fields.
One of the main aims of the author in writing this relatively compact textbook was mainly to produce a good and understandable text that would be enhancing the natural enthusiasm of the students for the ocean. It was actually students' request for a readable, engaging, and thorough text that initiated the project a long time ago. Through the nearly thirty years the author has been writing textbooks, and his enthusiasm for oceanic knowledge has increased, forcing his reviewers and editors to weed out an excessive number of exclamations.
However, the enthusiasm does shine through... This clear and current book is considered one of the most popular and also deservedly recognized all around the world. This revision of the publication is including the updated info related to the problem of global warming, and the text of the book is supplemented with numerous informative illustrations. Increased emphasis has been made by the author on the inter-disciplinary idea of the marine science.
The author is bringing the focus to the excitement to the quite complex nature of the world ocean; in addition, he also addresses the interaction of the ocean with other systems. Definitely, this is one of the most important and must-have titles on the bookshelf of literally any oceanography and marine science student, professional or enthusiast.
The book is primarily intended for the students at the undergraduate level, who are studying various disciplines and actually anyone willing to learn a bit more about the marine environment. The publication will allow readers to get immerse in a world of marine biology and quickly get enough technical knowledge.
When working on the publication, the authors have applied the ecological approach that made the text of the volume very practical, providing distinct and comprehensive coverage of all topics, and supplemented with numerous photographs as well as artwork clearly illustrating the very key aspects. The combined efforts of the authors have resulted in the volume making the process of study easier.
The book is featuring a good and comprehensive glossary of terms, together with the questions at the end of each chapter, pronunciations, as well as a list of web resources and relevant articles. We would say that this is one of the best available titles aimed at the students.
The pictures are well-placed and very easy to understand. The text provides readers with valuable professional surveys over all important aspects of marine ecology on all levels, for example evolutionary/ecological levels. You will get the required general introduction on every topic.
This valuable and informative plus interesting title presented today was prepared with the sole purpose to define the fundamental engineering principles relating to environmental reaction, for example design of the reactor, being applicable to the developing of the relevant processes that provide any environmental benefit.
Touching the matters of prevention of the pollution impacting the surrounding environment, the main accent was placed by Martin Abraham and Robert Hesketh - on newly presented technologies minimizing the production of various undesirable side products causing pollution; however, they have also considered the matters of application of the reaction engineering to the treatment of wastes commonly produced by other means.
The opening section of this title mainly concentrates on the environment-friendly combustion, with the three articles addressing the existing methods of reduction of the NOx and PAH formation and it also covers several combustion products sensitive to the environment.
The following section of the book includes a good collection of contributions involving the utilization of catalysts to support the reactions. Then, there section comes dedicated to the use of the fluid solvents. Remaining parts of the book contain numerous interesting documents, dealing with some novel reactor designs.
Suppose for a minute, what if you have been assigned the task to perform the mapping of the general circulation in some completely unfamiliar ocean. The ocean is sub-divided into several basins as well as marginal seas which, in turn, are connected with each others by means of the sea straits. Taking into consideration the possible budget limits for this task, you would most probably choose the sea straits as the starting points for the observation.
To start with, the ocean currents that flow between the basins, over the wide paths that can also be time-varying, are commonly confined to the relatively stable and narrow routes within those straits. Such confinement could result in the profound dynamical consequences, one of them being the choking/hydraulic control; subject process is quite similar to a process by which a dams are regulating the flows from the reservoirs.
Geometry of the funneling may lead to the significantly increased velocities and enhanced tidal modulation, which would in turn lead to the local instabilities, internal bores, plus jumps and mixing, and other events. Shortly, the straits shall be treated as the choke points being dynamically and observationally strategic and containing a broad range of physical processes, all of them being addressed within this book.
This volume prepared by three authors - Giovanni Randazzo, Andrew Cooper and Derek Jackson - is drawing together a series of specific studies related to the geomorphology and temporal evolution of the spits in all areas of the world. The publication offers its readers some of the truly unique insights into the examination of the subject landforms from the scientific viewpoint; the author also addressed how the people impact these landforms and provided a global perspective on the genesis and evolution of the spits.
The spits are treated as the natural environments with their evolution being linked to the coast as well as the supply of the sediments, morphology of the near shore area, changes in the sea level and coastal dynamics. Note that the GMSL, standing for the global mean sea level, has already risen by ten to twenty centimeters over the past century. There were several scientific researches that indicated that the sea levels all around the world have been rising since the early 1990s, and the average rate was about 3.5 millimeters per year.
And this trend, when linked to the ongoing process of global warming, will inevitable be causing significant major changes in the morphology of spits, representing a sort of signature of past changes in the environment and providing a natural landform indicator of the changes to climate.