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Nowadays, the major focus in shipping is considered to be "human element" issues, such as safety management and training. Society at large demands high performance standards from the entire transport sector, and the adoption and further implementation of good employment practice is a necessary part of meeting those demands. The performance of individual seafarers, shipping companies and the industry- as a whole is as dependent on adherence to good employment standards as it is on compliance with technical regulations. The shipping industry was amongst the first to adopt comprehensive international employment standards following the establishment of the International Labour Organization in 1919. Maritime employers, co-ordinated by ISF, have actively participated in the development of those standards since the first ILO Conference, and continue to do so today. The great majority' of shipping companies provide terms and conditions of employment to their seafarers which match, and in most cases comfortably exceed, best practice ashore. Seafaring is a unique profession, and the industry" offers well-paid regular employment and an interesting and rewarding career to seafarers of all nationalities. The members of ISF intend to ensure that the industry's high standards of employment are maintained. It is with these thoughts in mind that these Guidelines on Good Employment Practice have been produced for the assistance of the shipping industry.