A constantly increasing number of the merchant vessels find themselves chartered to operation in Arctic waters, creating a real and significant demand for the newly constructed ice-classed vessels. Subject requirement is commonly applicable to the vessels that operate in the low temperatures or in the iced waters, with their crew duly trained to man such sort of vessels, and it has already brought about by numerous factors including likelihood of the shipping trade routes that are opening up in the Arctic region, coming on-stream of the terminals in northern regions, and a significant increase in cruise traffic in Arctic region.
All above mentioned factors are directly contributing to the requirements for the ship crews to have access to all required and available technical knowledge from the ice pilots and navigators. Operating a vessel in iced sea required higher standards of training combined with the practical experience. This combination will allow the required development of the skills and professional knowledge and proper understanding in order to competently and efficiently manage the safe passage of the vessel.
Safe navigation of the vessel in ice comes as a result of the experience in the winter navigation combined with the ability of the crew to perform the proper interpretation of the available reports and select the best route on the basis of the behavior and characteristics of the ice...
The passage plan shall be prepared for all vessels and it shall cover the complete voyage starting from the berth of departure and up to the berth of the arrival. Subject plan shall be prepared in strict compliance with the recognized international/national standards and to the standing orders of the shipping company. The content of the plans shall also be following the navigational practices and standards established within the SMS, i.e. safety management system of the company. The vessels of particular company will most probably use the same format when preparing their passage plans, though the variations commonly cause by the types of cargo and of the vessel, as their as of the commercial agreements are also possible. The passage plan that has been used within this publication is not compliant with the instructions of any specific shipping company and has been presented to serve as an example of preparation. The passage plans usually differ with their layouts. Generally, the documents specific to the particular shipping company are used when preparing the voyage plans. The authors of this work have used the general layout for the plan, balancing on the information on the charts with the other documents relating to the passage plan. Do not forget to use all documents related to the passage plans together with the navigational charts...
The book was written by Adam Weintrit in collaboration with Tomasz Neumann, who arranged the content of in the five major parts, addressing main areas of the marine navigation, and particularly common methods and algorithms, avoidance of the collisions, different geodetic problems existing in navigational applications, aviation/air navigation plus route planning utilized in the marine navigation. The compilers aimed to clearly demonstrate to the reader marine navigation origins and also to explain how exactly various techniques, navigational methods plus the associated systems were technically developed. The book starts with the part which deals with the methods and algorithms and covers the Fuzzy-neuron model, application of the CFD methods to the maneuverability assessment for the different marine vessels sailing in the shallow waters; it also covers the asymptotic stability of the 2D linear systems, and Kalman-Bucy observer design, various established numerical/experimental methods when to calculating the hydrodynamic profiles and evaluating the insurance expediency, etc. The second part of the volume focuses on the collision avoidance, covering the anti-collision principles with the relevant methods, scenarios, models, including various methods of assessment of the causation factor, safe ship control sensibility, experimental researches, collision zone definition, route similarity analysis...
The content is arranged in seven big sections; first one deals mainly with weather routing and major meteorological aspects, including the tropical cyclones, Baltic navigation in iced sea conditions, Polish sea ports and storm-surges indicator for the Baltic coast of Poland, analysis performed of the hydro-meteorological characteristics of the Montenegrin coast and in Port of Kulevi zone. The second one focuses on the ice navigation, covering the navigational safety in the unsurveyed regions of Arctic, ice management and different methods used for the iceberg towing. The third section covers the ship construction aspects, namely investigations of the improvements to the marine safety by means of the HMS, i.e. health monitoring systems, replacement of the x-ray test of the welding with the ultrasonic testing, diagnostic evaluation of the ship, determination of the dynamic heel angle of the vessel on the basis of the model tests, propulsive/stopping performance analysis applied to the cellular container carriers etc. The next part addresses the vessel propulsion and fuel efficiency matters, including hybrid propulsion systems and their optimization, PMS, i.e. power management systems plus their modeling with Petri Nets, plus data transmission modules, and so many other important aspects...
The original intention of the author of this volume was to prepare a book that would be used as the useful self-teaching instrument for the people having a desire to learn more about the celestial navigation from both academic and practical points of view. The content of this volume will for sure interest the experienced marine navigators who have got tires of "turning the crank" with the navigation tables and who are willing to have some better technical knowledge of the subject. The author has intentionally not covered the old-fashioned methods implying utilization of the sight reduction tables together with the pre-computed solutions, taking into account the wide usage of the electronic calculators and computers. The reference has been made by the author to the H.O. 229 and H.O. 249 methods and the author presented the fundamental background as well as the equations enabling readers to perform their own calculations and come to the correct answers having a proper understanding of the process and using only the calculator, note that the scientific one will be required having the trigonometric and inverse functions. The book starts with the historical overview and some basic information, followed with the description of the concepts of celestial navigation, using the sextant, corrections commonly made to the measurements, sight reduction, lunars, star identification, and other topics considered important.
Though the electronic systems of marine navigation are commonly considered extremely reliable, it shall always be taken into account that, should they fail while the vessel is at sea, their repair on board will most probably be not possible at all. In addition, they require constant supply of electricity. What if it fails as well, leaving the vessel with no means of finding the position and chart plotting? Having no means of route planning, how will modern navigators continue their voyage in a safe manner? The present publication has been written in a very reader-friendly manner, providing interested readers, and in the first turn navigators, with a clear and practical yet quite simple to understand description of the navigation techniques which can be utilized in case the electronic navigation systems installed on their yachts fail. The book will demonstrate how to understand the core principles standing behind the techniques they are using, see those techniques explained with no complicated math required, employ these techniques and put them into practice, i.e. use every opportunity to make the passage safe and seamanlike. The content is pretty well-illustrated presenting a variety of classic marine navigational methods the sailors can use and showing how some simple devices can be made by the voyagers.
The content of the present handbook has been originally produces to provide the ship radio operators with all required technical information and data they shall use when performing their everyday duties. Prepared and released by the specialists of the AMS, standing for the Australian Maritime College, this useful source has been treated as a recommended textbook to be used by the candidates who are planning to undertake the exams for the MROCP and MROVCP. All applicable requirements and established procedures contained in the present volume are mainly based on the IRR, i.e. International Radio Regulations, that are formulated by the ITU on provisions that govern the utilization of the radio transmitters in Australia plus on the radio-station license conditions outlined in the ACMA. It is essential and critically important to carefully observe all of the procedures addressed in this volume to reach to the efficient communication exchange in the field of maritime communication, and in particular, the cases where the safety of human life at sea in involved. The operators shall also pay special attention to the section of the publication that deal with the distress/urgency/safety. This release of the handbook is reflecting the newly implemented arrangements of the MCS, i.e. maritime communication stations, including changes made to the frequencies for safety and distress...
The dinghy sailing is considered one of the best known and most popular ways to learn sailing. It will teach the beginners all required skill that they will later apply not only to the yacht sailing, but also to the wind- and kyte-surfing. There are so many designs available today, the dinghy remains suiting the practical needs of every person, from very stable boats for the newcomers to really high-performance machines for the professional racers. We all know that sailing is a really fantastic sport. The author of the book has been a keen sailor since he was fourteen sailing offshore yachts, dinghies and windsurfers; he is a qualified senior dinghy instructor of the RYA teaching people of all ages how to sail. The approach applied by the author is to help trainees enjoy sailing. The publication offered to your attention is an excellent partner for both the beginners to the dinghy sailing and also to the more experiences sailors willing to refresh their knowledge prior to sailing. The text of the book is rich with the colorful photographs taken from the remote cameras. The book starts with the general information about the boats, followed by the description of the most commonly used knots. The next two chapters address the safety f the sailing and environment, and basic rules of the road. The rest of the chapters cover the rigging and reefing, sailing points, launching and recovery of beach and pontoon, and a real wealth of other important and useful knowledge.