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Arctic Shipping - An Analysis of the 2013 Northern Sea Route Season

   The booklet released by the Arctic Institute. Nowadays, the NSR, standing for the Northern Sea Route, is considered a niche marine trade route with quite limited number of true ship transits. In fact, the existing export of the hydrocarbons, mainly from Russia, and their transportation along the Northern Sea Route is now expected to be growing in the nearest future. This fact will not, however, establish the Northern Trade Route as a true trade route; it is going to increase the emphasis made on the traffic from west to east. The navigation season addressed in the present publication did commence on 28 June when the Varzyga vessel flying the flag of the Russian Federation, entered the route at Cape Zhelanya, and concluded on 28 November same year when the Bukhta Slavyanka ship flying same flag exited the route at Cape Dezhnev. The traffic on the Northern Sea Route connected the sea ports from Vancouver to Ammasalik. The ships traveling along this route called in total forty-seven ports in fourteen countries. The Russian Murmansk port was considered a key transportation hub with twenty-four ships carrying nearly half a million of tons. Among the other important sea ports we should mention Rotterdam, Mongstad and Hammerfest in Europe, Yosu, Ulsan, and Chiba in Asia...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 136 | | Comments (0)

The Adlard Coles Book of Navigation

   We all have to be navigators since navigation is the sort of science or even art of controlling the travel. As soon as we start learning how to walk, at the same time we start learning how to navigate properly. For sure, we all start from the very simple journeys where we are able to see the destination point even before we have set-off... This book by Tim Bartlett is an excellent reference for people who follow the navigation course by RYA. It very practical - the author explained absolutely everything the readers need to know in order to safely and accurately navigate their yachts or motorboats from port to port. The reader is offered a number of very clear and informative data diagrams, examples and color images. Each stage of the navigation has been dealt with, including everything related to the electronic navigation matters. It is one of the best available textbooks and the bestseller. The book will be particularly helpful for the newcomers, people with little to no experience in navigation. We would say it is a true must-have for any yachtsman due to the amount and importance of the information included by the author, and the simple and easily understandable way this information has been presented to the readers. The publication has been highly-ranked by several recognized magazines such as Yachting Monthly and The Nautical Magazine.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1909 | | Comments (0)

Learn to Sail - The Simplest Way to Start Sailing

   "Learn to Sail" is the perferct reference book for any newcomer to dinghy sailing. This step-by-step guidance presented in the jargon-free format will take reader through every single thing they need to know. The book is designed to help them get afloat with minimal fuss. It also provides necessary advice on launching, rigging, safety on board etc. The author follows the basic structure of the national sailing courses. It is excellent one for a start as it provides a nice and easy to understand introduction.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1156 | | Comments (0)

The Ice Navigation Manual

   Here is one of the most popular and valuable publications on the ice navigation. This truly comprehensive Manual was prepared by the leading experts in the field with the intention to combine all theoretical and practical aspects of the ship navigation in iced waters and to provide readers with some information on the ice condition in the various areas of the planet. The authors did their best to describe all risks related to ice and information/reposrting systems available today. In addition, they provide, in a very detailed manner, the necessary understanding and instructions for the special conditions a seafarer may experience, as well as the necessary individual preparations prior to entering those conditions onboard specific vessel types.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1479 | | Comments (0)

Tanker Operation in Ice and Sub-Zero Temperatures - Guide for Operators

   The operation of vessels in severe ice conditions and sub-zero temperatures presents many challenges. These challenges include issues related to the construction, outfitting, and operation of vessels and the ability of the crew to work in a difficult environment. In addition to the Ice Class and Polar Class notations, which are largely dealing with structural reinforcements to withstand the ice pressure on the hull, machinery and winterization issues need to be addressed in order to ensure safe navigation in ice and cold weather. Ice-class notation does not cover ships suitability from the standpoint of operational ability in low temperatures, ice navigation and/or icebreaker escort or ship staff training. As the unique demands imposed on vessels operating in polar regions, due consideration should be given to appropriate preparations prior to proceeding in to areas of sub-zero conditions whether the vessel is designed with the intention of the trade or is an occasional caller in such areas. This process should allow for adequate time for vessel personnel to prepare the vessel for safe and efficient operations in anticipated conditions. Operations in ice-covered waters and subzero temperatures should take due account of factors such as: ship class, environmental conditions, icebreaker escort, prepared tracks, short or local routes, crew experience, support technology and services such as ice-mapping, communications, safe ports, repair facilities and other ships in convoy...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 788 | | Comments (0)

Passage Planning Practice

   The passage plan shall be prepared for all vessels and would normally cover the whole voyage from berth to berth; the plan should adhere to all applicable national/international regulations - in addition, is should comply with any Company Standing Orders and gollow navigational advice and standards within the Company's SMS, as appropriate. The passage plan described in this book written by Abdul Khalique and Captain Nadeeni Anwar, has not been prepared to any specific company instructions. In this publication, the authors provided a fully worked example of the passage plan and checklists, trying to make a guide that would build upon the sound principles of proper passage planning...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2788 | | Comments (1)

Lookout Training Handbook - NAVEDTRA 12968-D

   Here is the special publication provided by the Naval Personnel Development Center - it is intended to give proper guidance on the lookout training. We all know that lookouts are teh eyes and ears of the ship, and their alertness and skill will ensure the safety of the ship. This manual discusses the Rules of the Road, visual search & contact reporting procedures, MOB procedures, special signal flags, recognition and identification of ships, special sea detail and Marine Species Awareness, etc.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1312 | | Comments (2)

Marine Radio Operators Handbook

   The present handbook was released by the Australian Maritime College with the intention to provide necessary guidance of radio operators on Australian ships which are compulsorily or voluntarily titled with marine radiotelephony, marine radiotelephony with DSC capability, and/or Inmarsat communications, as per the State or Territory government legislation or at Limited Coast Stations, in particular those operated by marine rescue organisations. We recommend this book for candidates who are going to undertake examination for the Marine Radio Operators Certificate of Proficiency (MROCP) and the Marine Radio Operators VHF Certificate of Proficiency (MROVCP). All requirements and procedures outlined in this volume are based on the International Radio Regulations formulated by the ITU and on provisions that govern the use of radio transmitters in Australia as laid down in the Radiocommunications Act 1992, and on radiocommunications station licence conditions set by the ACMA. It is essential and very important to carefully observe all the procedures that have been covered by this publication to efficiently exchange communications in the marcom service, in particular when the safety of life at sea is concerned...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2325 | | Comments (0)

The Dynamics of Marine Craft Maneuvering and Seakeeping

   This book is intended to shed some light on the most important aspects of the maneuvring and seakeeping of the marine crafts. It is aimed to be used mainly by the students of naval architecture or any related field of the levels from introductory to upper-undergradate. In fact, this is not a book dealing solely with the marine vehicles design; instead, the authors tried to address the question of how can the dynamics erformance of the marine vehicle with given physical characteristics be predicted. It means that the material contained in the book will be very interesting to ship designers.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1752 | | Comments (0)

USCG - Celestial Navigation

   The primary purpose of this pamphlet was to provide enough knowledge for the readers to correctly observe and plot celestial lines of position, as well as to obtain any information required in order to complete a celestial navigational day at sea. The degree of proficiency that readers can actually reach in celestial navigation would require experience. However, if you use the knowledge you acquire here as a foundation, it should make the art of celestial navigation a more satisfying experience. It should be noted, however, that this text has been compiled for training purposes only and should not be used in place of official directives or publications. The text information is current according to the references listed. You should, however, remember that it is your responsibility to keep up with the latest professional information available for your rate or grade...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 3428 | | Comments (0)

Navigation - Principles of Positioning and Guidance

   Several years ago, I decided to extend my teaching activities beyond the high-precision geodetic methods by including navigation. To cover this wide area, a combined effort of several persons was necessary to offer the first course on navigation. These lectures were tuned and matured year by year. When producing the manuscript for the students, the idea of writing a book on navigation began to develop. In 1998, Herbert Lichtenegger, Manfred Wieser, and I worked out the first structural concept together with an ambitious time schedule. Significant administrational duties at our university prevented a proper progress. Particularly Herbert Lichtenegger, already close to his retirement, was strongly involved in management tasks of our institute. A delay of the intended book release was the consequence. Even more, when Herbert Lichtenegger had retired, he asked for a replacement by another author. Klaus Legat, a young scientist, took over not only Lichtenegger's university position but also his tasks concerning the book - with one exception, the chapter on celestial navigation. We, the new triple of authors, could convince Herbert Lichtenegger that we need his experience for a contribution on this topic. Even more, we managed to involve him as an overall supervisor.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 3205 | | Comments (0)

Mariners Guide For Hurricane Awareness In The North Atlantic Basin

   Intro and purpose of this publication - the book is intended to help mariners facing the danger of the hurricanes in North Atlantic area. The authors of the book addresss the basics of the tropical cyclones, explain hurricane motion, genesis regions and climatological tracks, provide the ways to monitor NA tropical cyclones and give guidance for hurricane evasion in that area. Two appendices contain necessary documents to be used by crew, namely the Mariners Tropical Cyclone Risk Assessment Checklist, and Atlantic Basin Hurricane Tracking chart; In addition, at the end of the book the Glossary of terms used has been provided.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1051 | | Comments (0)

International Straits - Concept, Classification and Rules of Passage

   For some years, "the acceleration of History" has been felt very strongly in Public International Law, in general, and in International Law of the Sea, in particular, by making changes which have meant a substantial transformation of the existing legislation. The focus of this is undoubtedly the straits used for international navigation which, with the introduction of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of December 10, 1982 - in particular. Part III -, have undergone a complete change as regards the navigation legislation in force, codified in article 16.4 of the Geneva Convention on Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone of April 29, 1958. In this area, we should point out that the progressive development of International Law in opposition to established rules is normally the result of new interests and needs. The legislation on navigation through the straits used for international navigation is sound proof of this. Strategic and military interests, and air deployment together with the needs arising from the development of commerce and communications are factors which have encouraged, or rather, "imposed", a change in the rules of the game. There is no doubt that the straits have always played a fundamental role in international life. In fact, without exaggerating, we can even state that one of the most important legal questions concerning maritime navigation has always involved passage through international straits. Thus, it is not surprising that, since ancient times, straits have been the cause of many controversies and, even, wars. Some even believe1 that the objective of the Trojan War was the interest the Trojans had in controlling the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (Hellespont). Moreover, no one can deny that Messina, Sicily and Gibraltar played a decisive role in the wars between Rome and Carthage.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1282 | | Comments (0)

Astronomical algorithms

   This is the second edition of the "Astronomical algorithms", in which several errors and misprints have been corrected. There are some principal change in the present edition such as the addition of new material like expressions for the times of the stations of the planets, a list of constants, expressions for the heliocentric coordinates of the giant planets from 1998 to 2025 provided in the Appendix. Some new chapters have been added about the Moslem and Jewish Calendars, and the satellites of Saturn...

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 5386 | | Comments (0)

The Evasion of Tropical Cyclones

   This book is intended to be a practical guide of measures, which should be taken to evade Tropical Revolving Storms, and if found inadvertently near or in the centre of such a storm, how to "ride it out" with the least possible damage. Only a limited number of the first edition by Captains Vergroesen and Ellens were printed. This was soon regretted as it became evident that this book filled a long felt need. Not only for the traditional navigators of the Merchant and Royal Navies, but also for the steadily increasing number of seamen and workers in other oceanic enterprises. Through their special circumstances they are even more in need of practical guidance about which measures can, and should be taken to minimise the danger and damage a T.R.S. can inflict. This category of mariners is a comparatively new appearance on the high seas and include for instance: International Towing Services; Off-Shore Operations for Oil Production; Drilling Rigs and Drilling Ships and the Logistic Operations. The majority of The units used in these operations are smaller, slower and far less seaworthy than modern cargo and containerships. Through their special circumstances, they have only a limited freedom of movement and are therefore more in need of practical guidance to help them to take the correct measures and make the right decisions, without the need of "time consuming studies." Ships with relatively low power, handicapped by enormous deckloads, or with slow and unwieldly "tows" should, in planning their voyage, set out strategic courses to evade dangerous cyclone areas during the cyclone seasons. A first requirement is noticing the first basic indications. A barometer-reading below normal and an abnormal wind-direction, give the first warning of the presence or the threat of a tropical cyclone. Every trained navigator knows which information is needed, but to compile these and draw conclusions without a "method" is difficult and time consuming. To make this easier, the authors of this booklet have brought all the necessary information of the normal conditions and the regular cyclone tracks together in one chart for each (or part of) month for all tropical cyclone areas. They used information from the weather-maps of the Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI); US Pilot Charts and the British Admiralty Sailing Directions. With the aid of the enclosed models one can determine the ships position relative to the T.R.S., from the abnormal winddirection, the barometer reading below normal, consequently the distance and direction of the storm centre.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1660 | | Comments (0)

Squat Interaction Manoeuvring

   When two vessels come close to each other, one of them is usually apt to "feel", to some degree, the presence of the other, and this may cause the involuntary and even catastrophic speed and course changes which, in turn, may lead to grounding or collision. It is definitely wise to avoid such sudden and unexpected occurrences by leaving plenty of sea room between ships. However, this is not always possible, because ships in a long narrow approach channel have to pass each other and some vessels like tugs and pilot launches, must go in close to the ships they are attending. Interaction is the hydrodynamic phenomenon which causes ships in close proximity to exhibit such kind of behaviour. The present paper is intended to address the causes and effects of this phenomenon. The authors of the book look at the causes and provide practical aspects inclining toward operations in confined or shallow; they also consider some famous examples of interaction.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2284 | | Comments (0)

Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation - Miscellaneous Problems in Maritime Navigation, Transport and Shipping

   The contents of the present shipping industry book are partitioned into seven major parts as follows - weather routing, ice navigation, meteorological aspects, ship construction, propulsion, fuel efficiency, safe shipping and environment in the Baltic Sea Region, oil spill response. The contents of the first part of the book have been partitioned into six chapter covering elements of procedure of avoiding tropical cyclones, ice navigation in Baltic in XXI century, storm surges indicator for the Baltic Coast of Poland, various unfavorable weather conditions for port operation in Polish sea ports, analysis of different hydrometeorological characteristics in Port of Kulevi zone, and the coast of Montenegro. The second part deals with ice navigation. The contents of this part of the publication part were divided into three parts: Ship's navigational safety in the Arctic un-surveyed regions, Methods of iceberg towing, and Ice management - from conception to realization.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2104 | | Comments (0)

Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation - Methods and Algorithms in Navigation

   The materials provided in the present book have been partitioned into five parts. It shows the origins of navigation and how techniques, methods, and systems have been developed. Certainly, this subject may be seen from different perspectives. The first part deals with methods and algorithms. The second part deals with collision avoidance. The principles of anti-collision, and correspondmg methods, models and scenarios are described in general and with some particular samples of applications. The third part deals with geodetic problems in navigational applications. The fourth part deals with route planning in marine navigation - here the different kinds of ocean route optimization, weather routing and route planning methods are presented. The last, fifth part, deals with aviation and air navigation.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1919 | | Comments (0)

Admiralty Manual of Navigation - BR45(1)(1) - The Principles of Navigation

   Part 1 - Position & Direction on the Earth's Surface; The Sailings - Basic Calculations; An Introduction to Geodesy; Projections & Grids; More Complex Calculations; Charts & Publications - Overview; Chartwork; Visual Fixing; Aids to Navigation; Tidal and Tidal Streams; Appendices; Inter-Glossary of Terms. Part 2 - Coastal Navigation; Pilotage and Blind Pilotage; Anchoring; Radar Theory & Application; Navigational Errors; Relative Velocity; Hydrographic Surveying for Non-Surveyors; Bridge Organisation & Management.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 5384 | | Comments (0)

US Navy Course - Machinist's Mate 3 & 2 NAVEDTRA 14151

   Here is the self-study course has been prepared by US Navy. It is intended to help readers improve their military and professional knowledge. This training material can also be used when preparing for the Navywide advancement-in-rate exams. It contains very useful information on day-to-day operational skill and knowledge requirements and includes text and tables, supplemented with illustrations for better understanding. Following major topics have been addressed in this book: Intro to the Machinist's Mate Rating, reduction gears and associated equipment, steam turbines, pumps, lubrication, air ejectors, heat exchangers, engineering operations and administration, piping, air conditioning, refrigeration, compressed air systems, auxiliary Equipment, propulsion boilers, their instruments, fittings and automatic controls, feedwater and boiler water treatment and test.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 1723 | | Comments (0)

A Guide to Ship Navigation Techniques

   This Guide to Ship Navigation Techniques was released by MarineInsight team. It covers such an important aspects of marine navigation as navigation with wind and current, use of thruster, stopping distance, tug assistance, berthing without tugs and with anchors. This is very useful and informative publication for mariners.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 4216 | | Comments (0)

Lectures on Ship Manoeuvrability

   A set of lectures on ship manoeuvrabilty by Nikolai Kornev from Rostock University. Amond the topics covered withing this publication, there are general differential equations of ship dynamics and equations of ship manoeuvring with three degrees of freedom, steady manoeuvring forces and their calculation using slender body theory, added masses, forces acting on ship rudders, transversal forces and yaw moment on propeller, yaw stability, experimental studies, influence of different factors, application of computational fluid dynamics, stability and dynamics of wing in GEC - ground effect craft, theory of irrotational flow, and mirror principle.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2679 | | Comments (0)

Navigation with a Pilot

   The authors of the present publication addressed the navigation with a pilot which - in fact, this is referred to as one of the key resources for navigator when approaching the harbour and entering. The presence of professional pilot is extremely important for safe harbour navigation and is often required by local regulations. The pilot is not actually a bridge team member, but he always remains one of the most important bridge resources. He is an advisor to the ship's Master, however the Master still retains all responsibility for the ship safety, except for Panama Canal and Suze Canal where pilot have been given full navigational responsibility.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2606 | | Comments (0)

World Cruising Routes

   Since this book was first published in 1987 I have received many positive comments and also some very valuable suggestions from sailors using it. Although in recent years I have not been able to sail as much as I would have liked, mainly because of my involvement with the various sailing events which I organise, it is this very involvement with all those hundreds of active sailors which has provided a rich and constant source of information on new cruising areas, unusual weather conditions, or less frequented sailing routes. I have also benefitted from the first hand experience gained during the first EUROPA Round the World Rally, some of which I sailed in my own La Aventura. All this information, gained both directly and indirectly, has been incorporated in this revised and expanded edition. By far the most important change that has occurred since this book was first published is the almost total dependence on satellite navigation in offshore sailing. Therefore all routes have been thoroughly revised in light of the ascendancy of satellite navigation. To simplify the planning of individual routes essential waypoints are listed. Several new routes have also been added as boats venture further afield and new cruising grounds are being discovered. Landfall information, as well as main ports of entry are also included to assist the planning of each passage from the beginning to its successful end. In many places routes have been regrouped by bringing together all routes originating from the same country or group of islands. For the sake of clarity, every such group has its own sketch map, so all sketch maps have been redrawn and now show not just the route itself but also the main distances.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 8573 | | Comments (0)

Navigating in Ice

   This workbook aims to raise awareness and improve ice navigation safety procedures. It covers a wide range of issues associated with navigating in ice including: the different types of ice and icebergs; preparing the voyage; your ship's capabilities; how to ensure safe passage through ice; and how to work with an icebreaker. The training package will help make your crew aware of the dangers they may meet and will also help you train them to follow the correct safety measures at all times.

Category: NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP | Views: 2731 | | Comments (0)

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