The content of this European Standard was developed by the specialists of the Technical Committee "Environmental Management" no. IO/TC 207 and has subsequently been given a status of the national standard. The main purpose of the standard is to provide all organizations with a framework to achieve better protection of the environments and to properly respond to the environmental conditions keeping due balance with the current socio-economic demands. The document is specifying all applicable requirements enabling organizations to achieve the desired outcomes set for their EMS, standing for the environmental management systems.
The systematic approach applied to the environmental management will provide the management with all required information used to build overall success and also create different options to contribute to the development by means of protection of the environment, mitigating potential effects, providing assistance to the organizations in meeting compliance related obligations, getting the environmental performance enhanced.
This would also include control of the design of the products and services of particular organization and influence them, achieving various operational and financial benefits, communicating related information to the interested parties etc.
The present publication officially released by the American Welding Society, i.e. AWS, is a glossary of the technical terms that are normally used in the welding industry. The purpose of this standard is to establish standard welding terminology to aid during the communication of the relevant welding information. Taking into account that it has been originally intended to serve as a compilation of the welding terms as well as non-standard items in common use.
The terms included in the volume have been arranged in alphabetical sequence. The document defines nearly 1400 welding terms supplemented with almost sixty informative illustrations supporting and clarifying the definitions. In addition to that, the standard includes classification charts together with the corollary information associated with the various welding processes.
All of the terms contained have been prior approved by the AWS; note that this does not apply to the non-standard terms. The decision was made by the authors not to include trademark names and proprietary brands, following the official AWS policy, it means that only generic terminology and definitions have been included. A must-have standard for any person dealing with welding in any way.
The official ASTM publication devoted to the standard test methods used for determining the Rockwell hardness of metals. The test methods covered in the document address the determination of the Rockwell hardness/superficial hardness of metals using the principles of indentation hardness. The publication was released to provide necessary requirements for the hardness testing machines as well as the procedures established for performing such testing.
Some additional information has been included in the annexes to the main part of the standard - they are dealing with the verification of the testing machines, standardizing machines, standardization of the indenters and hardness test blocks, correction of the hardness values obtained during the testing of the convex cylindrical surfaces; finally, the provide guidelines on how to determine the minimum thickness of the test pieces.
Some of the non-mandatory technical information such as the examples of the procedures to determine the uncertainty of the Rockwell hardness of the metallic materials has also been provided for easy reference. The volume will be useful for the people dealing with the mechanical properties of metallic construction materials.
The present API Specification is intended to provide the coverage of the minimum technical requirements applicable to the design, fabrication and subsequent testing of the oil and gas separators of oil-field type as well as of the oil-gas-water separators; the content of the document covers the vertical and spherical separators as well as the single/double barrel separators.
The volume starts with the introduction where the scope of the Specification is outlined and some general information is given, which is necessary for understanding of the rest. The definitions used throughout the document have been provided in the same section. The next chapter of the Specification is dealing with the materials, their proper selection and associated corrosion consideration. Then a chapter comes fully devoted to the design of the separators and covering their sizing, temperature/pressure ratings etc.
Sample calculation is also provided in this chapter. The rest of the chapters address marking including API and ASME Code nameplates and stamping, inspection and rejection issues including ASME inspection. Six annexes to the main content supplement it providing corrosion guidelines and process considerations, calculations, design information etc
The American National Standard officially provides all applicable requirements to the dry seal pipe threads. Subject threads are based on the American pipe thread but they significantly differ from USA pipe thread because they are commonly designed to seal the pressure tight joints without having top use additional sealing components. In order to accomplish this purpose, some modification shall be made to the form of the thread and greater manufacturing accuracy shall be reached.
The roots of the internal and external threads truncate more than crests so their flats are slightly wider than crests. This results in the metal to metal contact occurring at the roots and crests either at the time of flank contact or prior to that... This document addresses different types of threads, notations and designations, applications, assembly limitations, tolerances and forms, basic dimensions of the threads and many other information and data.
Three appendices deal with the symbols and formulas, suggested tap drill sizes, specific pipe threads such as special and special-extra short and others. Data tables at the end of the standard provide additional information on basic dimensions, recommended assembly limitations etc.
This is the official release of the BS ISO 19018-04 standard. The publication is divided into several chapters. The first one defines the scope of the document, the following ones address related normative references and special units applicable to the maritime navigation; the others are as below - Course, heading, track and speed; Bearings; Corrections; Influence of currents and winds; Geographical coordinates, positions, lines, graphical symbols; Waypoint navigation; Terms of time; Astronomical navigation; Depth of water and tides; Terrestrial magnetism; Radar navigation; LORAN-C; Global Positioning System.
This team of authors and editors who prepared on this standard, made their best trying to include the maximum possible number of important and relevant abbreviations, maritime terms and graphical systems - they are all frequently used in marine navigation on board vessels. It shall be noted, however, that the abbreviations listed in this paper should not actually be used in math formulae; the symbols that are allowed to be used in formulae are mentioned. The navigation itself if the process of finding the exact position of the ship; it also includes the planning, recording and controlling of how the vessel is moving from one position to another.
This technical code was prepared to address the conditions pertaining to the UK and; note that local conditions may also necessitate some modifications. The reference is actually made to BS not ES due to the most relevant European Standards being in the pre-standard form. The user shall apply some engineering judgement to properly determine if the recommendations of this code shall be followed and, if so, when they shall not.
The present code is intended for use by the industry engineers having some basic knowledge of the subject. This standard consists of the several parts, first one is the code of practice for general criteria, followed by design of quay walls, jetties and dolphins - design of drydocks, locks, shipways, shipbuilding berths, shiplifts, dock and lock gates - code of practice design of fendering, mooring systems, dredging and land reclamation - design of inshore moorings, floating structures, and breakwaters. Note that the offshore structures are not covered by this Code.
Same applied to the structures in inland waters. Additionally, note that this Code does not provide any guidance on the financial criteria though it is understood that proper economic evaluation shall be made for each project associated with the engineering criteria addressed by this Code.
The classic British Standard related to one of the most reliable and popular methods of nondestructive evaluation. The chapters making this document introduce the reader to the magnetic particle flaw detection, define the scope and provide the references and basic definitions, address the equipment used during the inspection, detecting media, all associated procedures (preparation, magnetization, current flow/threading bar or cable/rigid coil techniques, flexible cable technique, magnetic flow, induced current flow techniques, viewing and recording of indications, proper reporting, demagnetization and, finally, cleaning.
The Appendixes at the end of the publication provide some necessary supplementary data. In fact, the application of this method of nondestructive evaluation has already been described within several BS standards over the past years and it was considered necessary to prepare a separate basic standard that would address this particular method. And this is how the present BS 6072 standard has been developed and subsequently released - it provides people with a very detailed info on this method; however, we have to mention that some slight variation in the regular technique might be required for a number of particular applications.