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Fitness-for-Service and Integrity of Piping, Vessels, and Tanks

   This book is an exploration of failure in tanks, vessels, and pipes. This is done from an engineer's perspective, which means that it has to be usable to make run-or-repair decisions, to decide whether the component is still "fit for service," or whether it should be repaired or replaced. Fitness-for-service is the understanding of why, when, and how tanks vessels, and pipes fail. The answer is at the crossroads of mechanical design and analysis, metallurgy, welding, corrosion, inspection, and a good grasp of operations. These disciplines have to merge into a succinct and clear answer, preferably a single number: how much longer can the component operate safely. In answering this question, the engineer will have to rely on experience and science, and will have to reach a quantitative answer in the form of time to failure or margin to failure. This book is a modest addition to the many documents that address the interesting question of fitness-for-service. Foremost among publications dealing with the topic is the American Petroleum Institute's Recommended Practice API 579 Fitness for Service, a document which through its elegance, completeness, and practical value remains unmatched. The reader is urged to apply the API practice and other codes and standards referenced in the text, as they are the authoritative references to be used in making fitness-for-service and run-or-repair decisions.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 937 |

Heat Transfer

   The present book was written with the single aim is to provide the industry professionals with the capability, tools, and confidence so that they are able to easily solve various real-world heat transfer problems. This textbook differs a lot from the other heat transfer books - it includes numerous topics that are not usually included, e.g. various mathematical solution methods etc., so it should actually be considered as a graduate textbook. But it should be noted that the book does not presume any previous expertise or professional knowledge. The amount of the training material contained in this publication allows it to be used at any level of study; alternatively, it may be used for self-education.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 631 |

Abrasive Erosion and Corrosion of Hydraulic Machinery

   This publication is one of the several volumes of the Book Series on Hydraulic Machinery which was released by the International Editorial Committee. It mainly deals with the technical aspects of the abrasive erosion and corrosion of the various hydraulic machinery. The theoretical information and practical subjects were taken by the authors from the engineering reality. We know that the abrasive erosion damage is among the most important technical problems for the hydraulic machinery. The book is divided into seven chapters covering fundamentals of the erosion theory, calculations, analysis and numerical simulation of the two-phase flows, hydraulic machinery design, erosion-resistant materials, corrosion, and interaction between abrasive erosion and cavitation processes.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 457 |

Steam-Turbine Principles and Practice

   The very first edition of the "Steam- turbine principles and practice" dated 1923. This classic book is one of the most popular in the marine engineering industry. Though published almost a century ago, it still remains actual since it is able to provide readers with the fundamental knowledge of steam turbine principles, turbine classification and nomenclature, their installation, types and construction matters, shafts, bearings and packing glands, couplings and reduction gear, regenerators, condensers, valves and governors, lubrication etc. The propers operation, maintenance and testing of the steam turbines have also been covered in this publication, together with the economics and selection.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 751 |

Gear Motor Handbook

   Introduction; The Dynamics of Solids and Strength of Materials; Stresses and Materials; Geometry and Gears; Mechanical Gears; Gear Measuring; Gear Calculation; Shafts; Fits Between the Hub and the Shaft; Bearings; Lubricants and Lubrication; Housings; Standard Gear Units; Vibrations and Noises; Thermal Power of the Gearing; The Manufacturing of Gearboxes; Applications; Hydraulic Motors and Variators; The ISO Standards Relating to Gears; Definitions and Standards Applicable to the Electric Machines; Electric Machines; Direct-Current Machine; Converters and Direct Current·Machine Control; Three·Phase Alternating Current·Machines Signal Flow Graphs; Synchronous Machine; Inverter Drives; Control of Rotating Field Machines - Basic Considerations; Permanent Magnet Machines; Outline of Total Quality Management; The QC Viewpoint; Quality Assurance; Main Quality Control Activities...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 792 |

Know and Understand Centrifugal Pumps

   Although the authors of this book, Larry Bachus and Angel Custodion, mostly addressed centrifugal pumps, they also managed to cover all other major types of pumps. The book starts with the very basics of the pumping techniques. The publication may be considered an excellent resource for troubleshooting pump failure problems. Note that the book is written in plain English. Among the topics covered in the book there are basic pump principles, Net Positive Suction Head - NPSH; the Affinity Laws, pump efficiency and its useful work, classification of pumps, cavitation and many more...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1196 |

Hydrodynamics of Pumps

   This book was written by Christopher Brennen from California University of Technology and was intended as combination of reference material for experts and a monograph for students who are interested in basic problems related to tahe pumps. It addresses following important topics - basic principles of pumps, two-dimensional performance analysis, cavitation parameters, bubble dynamics, influence of cavitation on pump performance, vibration, unsteady flow, rotordynamic and radial forces.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 946 |

Detection of Electrical Discharges in Bearings

   This document was prepared and released by SKF Maintenance Products professionals; it contains some useful information relating to the detection of electrical discharges in the bearings. Contents as follows - Introduction; Electrical erosion; Details of the generation of high frequency circulating currents; Damage that may be caused by electrical erosion and the ways used in the past to detect electrical erosion; Solutions available today to detect electrical discharges; Prevention against electrical erosion; Conclusion.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 725 |

Bilge Water and Waste Oil Operation Management Course

   The present training course program was designed specially for deck officers and marine engineers who are involved in the operation and management of BMW (bilge water treatment) systems on board vessels. The program in intended to update trainees' knowledge on existing treatment techniques and regulationsrelated to bilge water. There are practical exercises on the proper operation and management of bilge water provided in the course in order to demonstrate expertise as well as full understanding on the disposal and treatment processes of bilge water. The training program addresses such important topics as regulatory framework on oily water separation, correct entries in ORB (oil record book) Part 1, different oily waste treatment techniques, bilge water on-line monitoring system, PSC inspection, site assessment -faults and remedies, and, finally, roles and attitudes of the seafarers in pollution prevention.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 972 |

Rudder Propeller and Hull Interaction by RANS

   In ail attempt to increase the safety at sea more attention has been focused on the requirements of the education of the officers sailing the ships and of the maneuverability of the sliips. Tliis has of course increased the interest in the numerical maneuvering simulators, which are a strong tool for investigation of the maneuverability of the ship and for the training of the crew members. Consequently, the increased interest lias resulted in stronger requirements of the quality, accuracy and reliability of the maneuvering models behind the simulators. The simulators are doing well today, but there are still areas where additional knowledge could be useful to improve the models. One of these areas is the interaction between the rudder, propeller and hull, which plays an important role for successful modeling of the maneuvering problem. Today the state of the art in maneuvering simulation covers the full mission simulators based on numerical solution of the equations of motion in conjunction with experimental hydrodynamic data which is mainly determined by means of captive model testing techniques like the planar motion mechanism (PMM). A study of the maneuvering model and the PMM model testing technique applied to the data generation revealed that a comprehensive set of experimental input data was required in order to perform a maneuvering simulation and model the rudder, propeller and hull interaction.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 936 |

Shaft Grounding Rings - Protecting VFD Driven Motors from Bearing Currents

   When pulse width modulation (PWM) Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs) were developed using insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), this new technology was used to control electric induction motors in industrial and commercial applications. The advantages were obvious: Torque and motor speed could now be precisely controlled to optimize both process and energy requirements, The potential to save energy by operating motors at only the needed speed while maintaining torque requirements could potentially result in a 20% to 50% energy savings, Processes could be optimized and controlled by computer processing systems to achieve productivity increases or energy savings.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 623 |

Dual-Fuel Diesel Engines

   The rate of consumption of the energy resources available continues to increase in spite of the significant progress being made to enhance the efficiency of their usage. Contributions to this increase in consumption include the rise in world population, improvements in the average standard of living, and the increase in average life expectancy. It is expected that the combustion of fossil fuels will continue to be the prime source to rely on for energy for some time to come. This will be constrained, however, by the continued depletion of crude petroleum resources of quality, the need for ever-cleaner exhaust emissions, and the rapid progress being made in the development of renewable resources. On the other hand, it is becoming increasingly evident, especially more recently, that the availability of natural gas, as well as other gaseous fuels, is increasing. This has come about mainly as a result of the improvements in the long-range transportation of gas and the increased availability of unconventional sources, such as those of shale gas, biogases, and coal bed-derived gases. Moreover, the increased exploitation of unconventional resources of liquid hydrocarbon fuels, such as tar sands, is bringing with it the potential production of large amounts of gaseous fuel mixtures, albeit of varied quality and having lower heating values than those of the conventional processed pipeline natural gas. On this basis, there are many opportunities to increasingly exploit such gaseous fuel resources while at the same time economizing on the consumption of other nonrenewable type liquid fossil fuel resources. Such approaches would need to develop further new means for the production of power while continuing the overall reduction of exhaust emissions, including those associated with their contribution to global warming.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1662 |

Modelling and Observation of Exhaust Gas Concentrations for Diesel Engine Control

   In spite of the economic crisis of transport sectors such as the aerospace or naval, the automotive sector is facing a really challenging time. The trends in this sector during the past years had been focused on minimizing the pollutants, namely NOs, CO, HC or PM. However, the efforts in the next years are moving towards the C02 reduction, and thus minimizing the fuel consumption without worsening the pollutants. In the case of gasoline engines, the emissions problem is relatively solved since years by the three-way catalyst but for diesel, the use of different after-treatment systems as well as new combustion systems and control improvements are necessary. At the same time, the introduction of new fuel types and the development of the electric or hybrid vehicles introduce indeed new possibilities to the engineers. The diesel engine requires a renewal of the number of information sources available in order to monitor and control all the variables that affect the correct performance of this complex system. A good example is the on-board diagnostics algorithms necessary to monitor the NOx emissions, required for the urea dosing of the selective catalyst reduction systems or useful for the development of direct NOs control. Within this framework, this book intends to give solutions to real problems on the topic of the online estimation of the exhaust engine variables in diesel engines. The reader will find a number of methods and algorithms that cover the main possibilities for inferring the exhaust variables on-board...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 702 |

Pumping Machinery Theory and Practice

   The consumption of energy taking place in pumping systems accounts for approximately twenty per cent of the world's electrical energy demand. Moreover, the operational cost of pumping machinery tar outweighs their capital cost. Accordingly, engineers strive for optimum equipment performance for achieving economic operation, and a thorough understanding of the components and operating principles of these machines will provide an opportunity to dramatically reduce energy, as well as operational and maintenance costs. Reducing energy consumption will also complement the current thrust towards protecting our environment. This book is intended to be a basic reference on theoretical foundation and applications of various types of pumping machinery. In view of the great importance of pumps and compressors in almost every engineering system, this book presents the fundamental concepts underlying the flow processes taking place in these machines and the transformation of mechanical energy into fluid power. Special emphasis is given to basic theoretical formulation and design considerations of pumps and compressors in addition to improving problem-solving skills. This is achieved through the presentation of solved examples of applied nature using analytical means and/or basic engineering practices. The book consists of ten chapters covering two main themes: the first smoothly introduces the essential terminology, basic principles, design considerations, and operational-type problems in pumping machinery. This part is supported by a good number of worked examples plus problems at the end of each chapter for the benefit of senior undergraduate students and junior engineers. This is considered a key feature of this book because other books in this area rarely provide enough worked problems and exercises. The second theme focuses on advanced topic such as two-phase flow pumping systems targeting practicing field engineers and introductory research scientists.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1686 |

Diesel Engine - Combustion, Emissions and Condition Monitoring

   This book was prepared by many contributors, all of them being industry professionals. Saiful Bari, the editor, compiled all material into one publication. It contains ten chapters addressing various aspects of diesel engines. However, three major parts of the publication cover combustion and emissions, exhaust fas after treatment and EGR, and engine control and conditioning monitoring systems. The book was published by InTech in 2013.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 2412 |

Audel Pumps and Hydraulics   This handbook was prepared with the intention to provide readers with good understanding of the fundamentals of pumps and their control devices as well as with the fundamentals of the hudraulics science. Today, due to the very large number of applications of pumping equipment, a thorough knowledge of these items is very important. The authors explain the practical features and applkied principles of hydraulics and pumps in detai, covering many different oiperations, installations and maintenance instructions. The materials contained in this book will be useful for engineers, students and designers, maintenance and installation technicians, mechanics and for self-education and advancement.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1337 |

Compressed Air Operations Manual

   The purpose of this book is to provide a basic understanding of the compressed air systems, equipment, and technologies that are available on the market today. You might have many years of experience with a specific compression system, but the catalogs and sales literature just aren't providing you with the information you need. Maybe you've just been assigned the compression system as part of your responsibilities and you have no experience whatsoever with this type of equipment. Oftentimes, the compressors are the bastard child of a company's capital equipment and no one in particular is responsible for them. If you head up the company's maintenance department, the compressors probably fall under your responsibilities. You may be a salesman who works with pneumatic-powered equipment and, from time to time, are asked to comment on your customer's compression systems. In any case, this book will give you the baseline information that will allow you to make well-informed decisions about specifying, expanding, or assessing a compression system. Like many technical people, I felt that I had a clear conceptual understanding of air compression, I mean, what's to know? You suck in some air, you smash it into a tank. Simple! I even built an air compressor from an old auto AC pump and a piece of pipe when I was in high school.юю

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1606 |

Fire Pump Handbook

   NFPA 25 was introduced in 1992 to promote these activities and certain sections specifically pertain to fire pumps. NFPA recognizes that an installation standard such as NFPA 20 or maintenance document such as NFPA 25 must be suitable for enforcement and, as a result, must be concise and without explanatory text. Additionally, it must be acknowledged that such standards cannot be written to cover every situation that could be encountered. Therefore, NFPA 20 and NFPA 25 must be applied with judgment, the application of good sense, and an awareness of the rationale for the requirements. To assist in this task, NFPA, in partnership with the NFSA, has developed the Fire Pump Handbook. The present publication is intended to provide users of NFPA 20 and applicable portions of NFPA 25 with background information on certain requirements. The book also contains some suggestions on how certain provisions of the standards can be implemented effectively. The contents of the handbook are intended to provide users of NFPA 20 and NFPA 25 with a better understanding and appreciation of the documents. However, the reader is cautioned to look upon the commentary and other supporting information as views of the editors and contributing authors. Only the contents of NFPA 20 and NFPA 25 are considered the official position of NFPA.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 913 |

Valve Handbook

   This is the third edition of the Valve Handbook by Philip L. Skousen. It was revised in order to include all important details on the very latest industry technologies and now includes one new chapter dedicated to the green technology and an overview of the the important environmental global standards. The design, selection, performance, application and operation of the valves are discussed in this book. In this edition of the handbook such important matters as manual and check valves, valve selection criteria, control and pressure relief valves, common problems, green technology, manual actuators and operators, smart positioners and valves, sizing of valve and actuator, and issues related to the purchsing of valves, have been addressed.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 2682 |

The Coen & Hamworthy Combustion Handbook

   The last Coen & Hamivorthy Combustion Handbook was written by Arthur H. Light in 1920.' In the late 1980s, Coen authorized the publication of a new combustion handbook at the request of its customers, but day-to-day work never allowed time for the book. The origins of this book started during a business trip. In early 2000, one of the editors (Steve) was on a trip to visit a major Coen customer with a young Coen application engineer. During dinner, the engineer told Steve a story of a number of engineers debating the units of molecular weight for hours. It was at this moment that Steve decided a unique kind of book was needed that did not exist for combustion engineers. The book needed to be all inclusive and cover the very basics in building block form up to more complex combustion topics for everyone involved in combustion systems to use. This book is designed for all engineers and professionals involved in the field of industrial and utility combustion systems. It is roughly divided into two parts, consisting of a total of 17 chapters, sequentially covering relevant and important combustion engineering basics and then specific computations and applications. Each chapter is roughly organized from simple to more complex, thus allowing the reader to absorb as much as they may need before moving on to the next chapter. Practical examples are also included.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1218 |

The Guide to Slow Steaming on Ships

   Generally speaking, slow steaming is a process of delierately reducing the ship's speed with the purpose of cutting down fuel oil consumption as well as carbon emissions to the atmosphere. This Guide prepared by MarineInsight team is aimed to help marine engineers and all persons dealing with the engine part of the ship. Its chapters tell the reader what the slow steaming is and what its benefits are, provides some brief history, explain why marine engineers are concerned, show how to test the main engines for slow steaming, describes the process of optimization of the marine engines, and different types of slow steaming without the modification of the engine itself. In addition, precautions and checks for slow steaming are provided at the end of the book.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1246 |

The Basics of Pipes and Bends on Ships

   The publication by MarineInsight Team addressing basics of bends and pipes on board ships - it will be useful for crew members, marine students, and any other people involved in design, construction, everyday use or periodic maintenance and inspection of piping systems on board vessels. This publication prepared by professional and experienced marine engineer contains following chapters - Basics of pipes; Bends and elbows; Types of elbows, nipple, adapter, and tee; Miscellaneous fittings.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 1698 |

Centrifugal Pumps

   The pumps, icluding centrifugal type pumps, are widely presented in ship hull systems. It means that every professional desling with the design of pumps has to have very good theoretical knowledge and fully understand how they work. But that is not enough, and they should be familiar with the practical application of pumps and engineering correlations for flow phenomena. This book is intended to be of use to pump designers as well as crew members dealing with the day-to-day operation and maintenance of pumps. The chapters of this publication cover such interesting and important topics as various pump types and their performance data, fluid dynamic principles, physical concepts and pump hydraulics, various performance characteristics, partload operation, cavitation and suction capability, design of the various hydraulic components, vibration and noise, hydraulic forces, pump operation, general characteristics of turbine operation, selection of materials exposed to high flow velocities, influence of the medium, pump selection and quality considerations, and pump testing.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 2227 |

Maritime Engineering and Technology

   Here is a very good compilation of the articles related to the maritime engineering and maritime technology. There are nine main parts in this book covering such areas as ship control and propulsion, ship design, onboard systems, ship traffic, resk and reliability, ship structures, ship dynamics and hydrodynamics, renewable energy, wave and wind modeling. For more than twenty-five years, the Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering branch of the Portuguese Association of Engineers and the Centre for Marine Technology and Engineering of the Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon, have been organizing national conferences on Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture. Such meetings had the objective of bringing together Portuguese professionals and giving them an opportunity to present and discuss the ongoing technical activities. They have been attended by up to 200 participants. The papers presented in these meetings have been collected in a series of books written in Portuguese. At the same time, as the conferences have become more mature, the international contacts have also increased and the industry became more international in such a way that the fact that the conference was in Portuguese started to hinder its further development with wider participation. Therefore, for the session that was planned for 2010, a decision was made to experiment with having also papers in English, mixed with the usual papers in Portuguese. The national meetings have normally taken place around the month of November but, given that IST was completing 100 years of existence in May 2011, another decision was made to postpone this Conference to 10-12 May 2011 so as to associate it also with the commemorations of the 100 years of IST...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 3713 |

Boiler Operator's Handbook

   This book is aimed to be used by boiler operators, operating engineers or stationary engineers by title, having enough theoretical knowledge and practical experience with operating boilers but would wishing to know moге and be able to operate their boiler plants wisely. The book is simple enough to be understood by beginner operators. This publication can also be used by the superintendent or manager who wants to have a reference to understand what his boiler plant operators are talking about. It would be fair to warn a reader that this book that it assumes a certain amount of experience and knowledge already exists. The day I mailed the contract for this book to the publisher I sat across a table from a boiler operator who said, "Why hasn't somebody written a book for boiler operators that isn't written for engineers?" I've tried to do it with this book, no high powered math and minimal technical jargon. There are two basic types of operators, those that put in their eight hours on shift while doing as little as possible and those that are proud of their profession and do their best to keep their plant in top shape and running order. You must be one of the latter and you should take pride in that alone...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 5514 |

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