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A Brief Introduction to Important Vessel Mooring Techniques

   As it comes quite clear from the title of this publication prepared and released by the MarineInsight team, it was designed to provide some introduction to the basics of the ship mooring techniques. The book will serve as a reference tool to be used by the ship crew members and deck officers. The booklet has been arranged in seven major chapters. The first one is introductory, explaining the process of mooring the vessel in general. The second chapter of the book is dedicated to the so-called Mediterranean mooring of the vessel, while the following one is about the Baltic mooring. Obviously, each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. The remaining chapters of the publication deal with the single- and multiple point mooring of vessels, ship-to-ship mooring, and also what is the running and standing mooring. In short, this training book is an excellent reference source for every person involved in subject operations, either in planning or in actual mooring. The book also provides readers with the relevant terminology and definitions that all crew members and deck officers shall be aware of in order to perform the mooring safely and effectively. We really recommend to have this booklet readily available on board.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 531 | | Comments (0)

Bridge Procedures Guide

   The latest release of the widely acknowledged and world popular marine industry Guide to the bridge procedures issued by ICS with the intention to provide such valuable guidance to the ship Masters, officers on watch, shipping companies and various training entities. The present publication is often referenced in the footnote of many IMO conventions. This is the revised edition of the Guide, that continues the established tradition to cover all internationally recognized industry standards as well as the recommendations that have been adopted by the IMO; moreover, this edition also addresses the 2010 amendments to the IMO STCW. This convention introduces the enhanced BRM (standing for the Bridge Resource Management) training for all ship officers who are considered to be in charge of the navigational watch. In addition, this volume contains the very useful bridge and emergency checklists that would be very helpful to the crew members, including the checklists for ECDIS familiarization. The authors of the publication have paid particular attention to the growing importance of the voyage planning process. We would definitely recommend that one copy of the Guide is carried on the navigation bridge of every marine ship and some copies are there in the technical departments of the shore offices. For sure, this document does not need any introduction...

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 995 | | Comments (0)

Bridge Watchkeeping - A Practical Guide

   The Nautical Institute presents one of the best and classical guides on Bridge Watchkeeping prepared to serve the officers of the watch and designed to pass on practical advice by senior officers. It is perfect for self-study and it's aim and major objectives are to enhance applicable standards of watchkeeping by means of the assessment program covering bridge operations, proper use of equipment, application of reliable procedures, support for the bridge team, tasks to be performed etc. By working methodically and very carefully through this guide officers on watch will definitely have a better appreciation of their duties and the way to support the Master and become more efficient and responsible member of the ship bridge team.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1725 | | Comments (0)

Control of Ships and Underwater Vehicles

   This book belongs to the Springer's Advances in industrial Control series. Here are the main chapters included in it - Introduction; Mathematical tools; Modeling and Control Properties of Ocean Ships; Control of Underactuated Vessels and Underwater Vehicles. The publication offers readers the latest results in the control of underactuated ocean ships as well as numerical simulations of the control systems and efficient designs for their implementation.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 822 | | Comments (0)

Handling Ships in Ice - A Practical Guide to Handling 1A and 1AS Ships

   Some ships, especially the so-called powerful "1A Super" class, are designed and built to operate in heavy ice conditions. The very nature of their design, speed and power has die perverse effect that, when not carefully handled, the risk of collisions in ice, grounding, sustaining damage due to extreme loads on their mid-bodies in harsh ice conditions and so on is very high. Deficiencies regarding communication, organisation, operational instructions and routines related to navigation in ice can also be identified as some of the causes of accidents, damage to hull and machinery and serious commercial loss. Although one's own vessel may meet all requirements as to its ice-class, one's own performance will be closely watched by the pilots and ice-breaker staffs. Moreover, reports about this performance are prepared by them and sent to local maritime administrations, which could decide, based on those reports, that a particular vessel is not suited for winter navigation as it is causing unacceptable delays to odier vessels. Hence the importance of having ice-experience which, combined with the ice-breaking capabilities of ones own vessel, will result in building up credit' with the ice-breakers and a good reputation with the administrations, pilots, operator and/or charterer.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1157 | | Comments (0)

Offshore Support Vessels - A Practical Guide

   This practical guide was writtento demonstrate to the readers the whole range and scope of OSV activities and provide necessary guidelines for safety manamement necessary because of the complexity of the activities in which the offshore support vessels are involved. The chapters of the Guide address following major topics - Offshore Support Vessel design; Dive Support Vessels (DSV); Construction Vessels; ROV Support Vessels; Pipe Lay Vessels; Diving Operations; Construction Operations; ROV Support Vessel Operation; DPS; ISM Code and ISPS Code; Shipboard Safety; Environmental and Ballast Management. An appendix at the end of the books provides some information on the saturation diving systems and remotely operated vehicles and the history of their development.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1073 | | Comments (0)

Mooring of Ships to Piers and Wharves

   This Manual was prepared and published with the ultimate goal to provide readers with some general guidance on how they can determine forces which act upon wharves, piers, and all other fixed structures due to berthed ships and also to provide some necessary background for safe and efficient fixed mooring design practice. The intention of the authors was to provide ships with a "safe berth" with sound and adequate mooring arrangements and structures. However, this book is not to be considered a standalone mooring analysis and pier design document since the subject matter is very complex and the variety of ships and other marine facility types with specific requirements is very wide.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 2160 | | Comments (0)

Manned Model Shiphandling Course

   Some notes on shiphandling which will definitely be of great use for crew members involved as well as to future mariners. The authors of the publication tried to address the most importants aspects of handling the ship, including the explanation of the pivot point, turning the ship and slow speed control, showing the effects wind has on the vessel, giving details of the anchor work, the use of tugs and ship's bow thrusters, special vessel propellers and rudders, twin screw work. In addition, ship to ship and SBM operations are covered.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1539 | | Comments (1)

The Shiphandlers Guide

   The skill of a good shiphandler should never be underestimated. This is because they can achieve consistency in performance and control even though no two dockings are ever exactly the same. Similarly the range of variable considerations which have to be taken into account when planning, predicting, monitoring and manoeuvring means the shiphandler is constantly having to reassess progress. The competent shiphandler has to be aware of wind and weather, current and tidal changes. In most berth approaches, shallow water and interaction effects will also have to be taken into account. There is the range, type, availability and efficiency of tugs to be considered. Also, the availability and aptitude of the personnel on each ship has to be assessed for their ability to handle tow lines and mooring lines. All these factors effect ship manoeuvres which in a tidal regime have to be completed within limited time windows: so adding to the sense of anxiety should anything go wrong. We can start to see that the qualities demanded of a good shiphandler are considerably greater than those required in other modes of transport. They must be competent in the sense that they are trained and know what they intend to achieve. They must be able to exercise judgement and be flexible in their outlook to adjust to changing circumstances. They must be able to communicate effectively: they must be able to stay calm under pressure and solve problems with authority when the situation requires it, and they have to be experienced. Shiphandling is teamwork and for teamwork to be successful there has to be a general understanding amongst pilots, masters, tug masters, ships officers and dock masters about the principles of shiphandling and the factors which influence manoeuvring.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 4205 | | Comments (1)

Tug Use in Port - A Practical Guide

   When ships are assisted by tugs, experience, teamwork, communication and above all insight into the capabilities and limitations of ships and attending tugs are essential for safe and efficient shiphandling. This applies to the tug captain and his crew as well as the shipmaster and pilot, particularly nowadays as older conventional tugs are increasingly being replaced by modern types with larger engine powers and increased capabilities. Reputable shipyards build good tugs, and designers can predict how well their tugs will perform. However, they do not handle ships themselves and have not experienced the tug assistance required: not in a river, channel or port approach nor in a confined harbour basin, not during a storm or in strong currents nor in the middle of a foggy night. Not even during nice, calm weather. These are the situations and conditions in which pilots and tug captains have to handle ships. So it is essential that they know what can be expected from a tug in any specific circumstance. Only when these professionals are fully aware of the capabilities and limitations of the various types of tugs in general and of an individual tug, including the effects on an assisted ship, are they able to utilise tugs in the safest and most effective way and in harmony with a ship's manoeuvring devices.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 4810 | | Comments (3)

Behavior and Handling of Ship

   In order to know the possibilities and limitations of the big tankers, one should have an opportunity to try (hem out without a risk. Such an opportunity does, in fact, exist at the Shiphandling Training Center at Port Revel near Grenoble. France, where a fleet of model tankers in scale one to twenty-five is operated on a lake. Not only do ship models offer a unique opportunity to handle scale replicas of big tankers under different conditions, but they also offer an instructive overall view on the manoeuvre in a protracted time. As a consequence of working in scale, there is a lot of shiphandling in this miniature world in a comparatively short time, as the action—in the one to twenty-five scale—is five times faster than in real life. While I was observing and analyzing the manoeuvres on the lake, it became clear to me that the position of the pivot point plays a crucial role in explaining the ship's behaviour. When the actual pivot point is taken into account, every movement of the ship can be seen as a logical result of the effect offerees acting on the ship. Scale model and prototype are affected in the same way insofar as forces under control, the natural element water and the capriciousness of wind-force and wind direction are concerned. There is. of course, the difference in size and time scale, but the outcome of the manoeuvre is the same, in performance as well as in sensation. Sidon, Lebanon, offered me an opportunity to come back to the real ships. And, I experienced again the similarity of the real ship to the model as I had before experienced the similarity of the model to the real sliip when I came from the busy oil-handling port of Aruba to the Ship-handling Training Center. Although I had never handled a ship in a conventional sea berth, the operation was familiar to me because of practice on the lake at Port Revel...

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 2307 | | Comments (1)

Handbook for Inspection of Ships and Issuance of Ship Sanitation Certificates

   Glossary; Acronyms; Introduction; Scope; Inspection system requirements; Checklists for ship inspection; International health regulations; Algorithm for issuance of ship sanitation certificates and handling of re-inspections/affected conveyances; Sequence of inspection areas; Model documents for ship inspection; Personal protective equipment (PPE) for inspectors and crew; Technical equipment and model documents used during a ship inspection; Evidence Report Form; Instructions for completing the ERF.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 984 | | Comments (0)

Advances in Berthing and Mooring of Ships and Offshore Structures

   These proceedings contain invited lectures and other written contributions basically as presented by the authors. The articles have been judged and accepted on their scientific quality, and language corrections may have been sacrificed in order to allow dissemination of knowledge to prevail. It is my hope that the editing done has not altered any content or intention of the authors. The Institute dealt both with highly theoretical models and approaches as well as the practical application. Throughout the Institute lectures were followed by discussions often including prepared written contributions. This gave a unique opportunity to share with the other participants one's own experience and work, and to relate one's own activities with corresponding activities elsewhere. Particularly the possibility of combining highly theoretical work with practical experiences and demands was very engaging and promising for the developments to come. Previous developments and research are often of vital importance to the understanding and ability to achieve further developments. This was underlined throughout the Institute. Attention was given to the relation between tendering and mooring and resulting damages and failures, furthermore environmental conditions of importance were discussed. An integrated system approach in designing berthing, mooring and tendering facilities and berth structures was emphasized and this resulted in useful discussions on this topic. To achieve optimum results, a combined effort of theoretical work, physical model tests and field observations should be introduced. The more theoretical part dealt with the environmental conditions, the basic theories involved in calculating fender forces related to ship impact and fender and berth structures, and the forces related to the motion of ships when moored at the berth. Station keeping systems and basic principles in design were also included. Practical application examples of the Institute involved both field and laboratory measurements and analysis as well as practical design work and equipment and prcedures suitable for increasing safety in the berthing process and for the ships when moored at the berth. Developments of fender systems with lower recoilability are in progress and combined fender and mooring action show promising results for future developments .

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1494 | | Comments (0)

Advanced Shiphandling

   The experienced seaman and ship designer know jus! what the sea at its worst can do to the structure of a ship. Overwhelmed by the sea is a warning to both seafarer and architect that such unforgiving force must never be underestimated, and may not yet be fully understood. Let us look at a large cargo ship on a winter passage across the North Atlantic from Europe to North America. Her Master will have received regular weather reports and will have plotted his route in an effort to minimize the effects of heavy weather, but such is the depth and frequency of the giant depressions that remorselessly track across the Western Ocean in winter, that it is unlikely that he can avoid their effects entirely. Sooner or later the ship will find itself laboring against the worst that nature can throw at it. It is on such occasions that the complex structure of steel and systems which make up the modern ship will be tested to the limit. While the Master can adjust his speed and course to minimize the effects of the storm, his job is to get to his port of destination without too much delay, balancing the risk of damage against the cost of a late arrival, trusting in his skill as a ship handler and the strength of his ship.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 2837 | | Comments (1)

Maritime Communications and IMO SMCP

   Maritime communications - introduction; Conduct of maritime radiotelephone conversations; Distress, urgency and safety procedures; Search and rescue operations; Routine voice communications; Universal AIS transponder; DSC and DSC operational procedures for ships; MMSI; IAMSAR manual - communications; COMSAR/CIRC/21; Ship reporting systems; GMDSS; VTMIS glossary of terms and abbreviations.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1375 | | Comments (0)

Collision and Grounding of Ships and Offshore Structures

   The purpose of accident modeling is to learn more about accidents in order to prevent them in the future. Probabilistic accident models, depending on the underlying theoretical accident model type used, quantitatively describe accident causes, mechanisms, event chains, or system variability. Such a model could be utilized within a cost-benefit analysis, risk management or safety-related decision making. However, a ship, and further the marine traffic system as a whole, can be considered as a complex socio-technical system. In such a system an accident is hardly ever a result of a single cause or a chain of events. On the other hand, accidents are low probability events and thus relatively little data about accidents exists. Therefore, the lack of data combined to the complexity of the problem might result in unreliable or invalid probabilistic models. This paper discusses the feasibility of ship accident data for probabilistic collision and or grounding modeling purposes. In addition, as incidents or near-misses occur more frequently than accidents but might be partly governed by the same underlying mechanisms and thus could provide additional information about marine traffic accidents, also incident data is considered. The study is based on examining the data itself when available, reviewing relevant literature, and a case study of evaluating accident data feasibility to learning a Bayesian network model of the dependencies between the reported accident causes. The examination is limited to accident databases providing categorical information on the accidents, accident investigation reports, a near-miss reporting database, and Vessel Traffic Service violation and incident reports. Other potential data sources such as Port State Control inspection data, occupational safety data, data from insurance companies or classification societies are not addressed. The systems and practices of accident or incident reporting or the corresponding data formats might differ from country to country. Here the emphasis is on data describing the marine traffic in Finland.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1377 | | Comments (0)

DP Operators Handbook

   This handbook issued bu The Nautical Institute is intended for ship masters and mates and also to anyone who wishes to get some knowledge on the dynamic positioning principles. The book covers such an important matters as dynamic positioning principles and systems, redundancy and differenct classes of DP equipment, operations of the vessels with DPS installed on board, watchkeeping and operational planning, position reference systems, power plant, propulsion units and thrusters, human factors to bear in mind, DPS operator training. There is guidance provided for masters on how to properly assess the cmpetency of DPS operator candidates. In addition, the handbook is supplemented with a Glossary of terms and abbreviations related to dynamic positioning.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 3375 | | Comments (0)

Mooring - Do It Safely

   This publication prepared and released by the Danish Shipowners' Association together with DMA, containd information on the following topics: How to Moor Safely - Preparing for mooring, Running out lines, Hauling in lines, Snap back zones, Using the drum and capstan, Using a stopper, Spooling; How to Prevent Accidents - Risk assessments, Repairs and maintenance, Near miss review, Instruction, Safety culture and behavior; Tools to Improve Safety Culture - Pre-arrival meeting - check list, Evaluation - check list, Instruction session, Safety culture session, Ongoing focus on the safety culture; Appendix.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 2024 | | Comments (0)

Deck Officers Handbook - A Resource Guide to Nautical Science

   In general, this publication by MarineInsight team shows the reader the nautical science opposed to marine engineering making it easier for him to compare and choose. You will see the engine and deck departments compared to each other, learn how to become deck officer, get familiarized with the common hierarchy in deck department, get knowledge on the important documents, courses and books for deck officers as well as further studies options, know some operation and ship navigation resources.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1850 | | Comments (0)

Anchoring System and Procedures

   This official OCIMF publication was intended to supersede the first edition of their "Anchoring Systems and Procedures for Large Tankers" which was released in 1982. It will provide reader with all necessary guidance and relevant recommendation in order to promote the safe operation as well as satisfactory performance of anchoring systems on board ships.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 4637 | | Comments (0)

Motion Control in Offshore and Dredging

   This book is meant for designers of new drive mechanisms; however, it also gives a practical explanation of the way in which the different mechanisms described here work. The book contains interesting chapters covering hydraulic energy converters, hydraulic energy control (conductive part), piping and fluids of the conductive part, hydraulic accumulators and fluid conditioners, AC induction machines, control technology, open-loop and closed loop linear drives, heave compensation, rotation drives, subsea drives, and safety design rules.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1907 | | Comments (0)

DP Power and Thrusters

   This last part of DP Training presentations addresses the dynamic positioning systems power and thrusters. It covers the main types of thrusters, popellers, rudder effectiveness, alternative rudder, Becker rudder, Flap rudder, Schilling rudder, controllable-pitch propellers, azipod basics, the principle of the azipod, azipod propulsion history. It has many examples and is well illustrated to serve as a good training manual.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1875 | | Comments (0)

Supply Operations In Ice Conditions

   It comes without any discussions that any activities in adverse weather conditions, especially in ice, imply higher level or danger. It means that the crew dealing with supply operations in such conditions must have some additional knowledge in this field. The present publication briefly describes the offshore supply operations in Caspian Sea. The reader will know how the local fleet has been developed and what is now to be expected in the nearest future. The possibilities in other areas have been discussed as well, supplemented with some examples of possible ship concepts.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1374 | | Comments (0)

DP Incidents

   This training presentation contains some interesting reported system incidents. It is very useful to watch such case study and alalyze them in order to get some more knowledge of what can happen when dynamic positioning system is improperly used or when the DP fails for any other reason. For instance, the BHN disasted is discussed as well as other cases.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1850 | | Comments (0)

DP Control Systems

   This official training manual was released by Kongsberg some years ago. It contains valuable information of the dynamic positioning systems. It is well known that dynamic positioning is a rapidly developing technology and maintaining and controlling such system requires high level of knowledge. Go through this manual and you will definitely improve your DP control skills.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 1779 | | Comments (0)

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