We are introducing the completely revised and significantly updated release of the famous Thomas Stowage publication first published many years ago with the ultimate intention to provide quick yet comprehensive reference to the established practices of cargo handling as well as to the common procedures, taking into account the very latest developments in this area.
We would treat this book as the essential reading for ship agents and owners, operators of the cargo terminals at ports, marine insurers, claims departments; the book is also perfect for training purposes. The book is divided into five parts addressing safety, then techniques and systems, commodities, damage and claims, and, finally, the procedures. The appendixes at the end of the publication provide some supplementary information. The aim of the book, as declared by it's author, is to provide the first-hand advice on the properties and stowage of the so wide variety of the transported cargo.
However, it may also be used as a reference source by people not directly involved in the carriage of such cargoes. The thorough research performed by Robert Thomas reflects his professional expertise and great experience in this field and makes this book so useful for everyone dealing with cargo transportation.
The main objective of this training document is to reduce any possible risk arising at the time of the container stow collapsing or when any other container-related accident occurs to the ship. The ultimate aim is to get the deck officers and involved crew members properly trained so that they can identify any possibly unsafe freight container of stowage practice which may result in the accident, at an early stage.
The author of the training programme focuses on the issues related to the stowage and lashing of the containers on the ship's deck. It is obvious that the number of accidents involving freight containers on board ships is rising along with the increasing number of containers being transported. Every year many containers are damaged due to the stows collapsing, and this is becoming a true hazard to the shipping industry and the environment. Sometimes such accidents cause fires and explosions on board ships; moreover, there is a danger of serious injury and death to seamen and stevedores.
The author also aims to set a menu of discussion, info- and instruction topics related to the safe stowage of the containers for the deck crew and officers in order for them to better understand safe and correct procedures of container handling and securing.
Today, the number and amount of the dangerous cargoes carried by sea is increases every year. The newly established international technical standards have been adopted as an obvious result of the serious worldwide concern with the transportation risk which is posed by the significantly increased frequency of transportation events. In addition to all stated above, the environmental awareness and recent concern with financial implication of marine casualties resulted in the new regulations of compensation and liability.
The maritime transportation of such goods focuses mostly on damage or loss of cargoes. For sure, there are so many popular books, technical articles and discussions on this matter; however, the issue of damage or loss from the goods has always been paid little to no attention. The six major chapters of this book address the regulations related to the carriage of the dangerous goods, meaning of such goods, duties of all parties involved in the cargo transportation, their liabilities and rights, limitation of liability and insurance, and 3rd-party liability for the damage that is arising from the marine transportation of HNS, i.e. hazardous and noxious substances.
The history of marine transportation of dangerous cargoes is very old and the dangers involved have grown with the development of new technologies and with the passage of time...
This 4th updated edition of "Tanker Operations" has undergone substantial change since it was last revised in 1992. The text has been completely reorganized with the addition of new subject material, illustrations, review questions, and a glossary of key acronyms and terms.
As many readers of Tanker Operations can attest, this text is - and will always be - a work in progress as long as the design, equipment, regulations, and operational procedures on tank vessels continue to evolve. I must admit that underestimated the magnitude of this project and, as a result, have a much greater appreciation for the efforts of Greg Marton in producing the original work in 1978.
This text is intended primarily for individual» entering the tanker industry. However, seasoned tanker mates, barge tankermen, and many of the ashoreside staff may find the information in this edition of practical value. In recent years, the rules governing the minimum qualifications for personnel dealing with the service of tank vessels have changed both domestically and internationally. In addition to obtaining practical sea experience, individuals working on tank vessels must now complete an approved training program In cargo handling and fire fighting. With these requirements in mind, it seemed appropriate for this edition of Tanker Operations to serve as the standard reference for this specialized cargo training...
The full name of this document is Survey of Cargo Handling Research Relative to the MOB (Mobile Offshore Base) needs. Subject research was performs and results released by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The MOB management team of the ONR (Office of Naval Research) considered crane development a critical technology required for any feasible mobile offshore base.
Subsequently, they requested the NIST to asses the present-day state of practice in the field of crane automation as well as motion compensation. The present survey report is aimed to set a baseline and identify any further research required in order to satisfy the gaps in the technology, should any of the be revealed. The survey scope includes cranes and any other auto-technology utilized when performing the LO/LO transfer of cargo, including the containers. The authors made the emphasis on the containers transfer between the container vessels and mobile offshore bases.
The issues related to the loading/unloading cargo brought by air are not dealt with in this report. the requirements applicable to the mobile offshore base cranes have mostly be developed in the NIST lab researches; however, some additional input was made by various developers of the MOB concept...
This Guide was developed and released by the professionals of the Wallenius Wilhelmsen company, one of the world leaders in the field of the marine cargo transportation. The booklet is divided into three basic parts, namely Handling, Static Cargo, and Equipment.
The Company carries huge volumes of static cargo all around the world, including machinery items, which require very careful hndling fue to the electronics fitted. The cargo to be transported is usually stowed on rolltrailers; however, the bolsters are also in use for the relatively small cargoes. In turn, bolsters and rolltrailers are secured to the ship's deck. The transporters must give due care and consideration to the details of cargo securing in order to avoid any possible mechanical stress since this can easily result in the damage to the cargo. Please note that this publication shall not be treated as the textbook; this is rather the booklet describing the company's experience and outlining some major static cargo transportation techniques.
However, it will definitely be useful for people involved in marine transportation of cargoes since the techniques contained in it are worth having a look. It also addresses such issues as moving the cargo across land and sea, and bringing distances from shore to the sea
Nowadays, maritime accidents resulting in oil spills are on the very top of the list of public environmental concerns. Such oil spills are extremely difficult to control and they may eventually contaminate the marine environment. Once the oil is spilled, it immediately undergoes significant chemical, physical and biological changes, being degraded by the bacteria. And the most serious problem is that most of the modern technologies of spill recovery, that are used today, are not too effective.
In case of an oil spill, only ten or fifteen percent of the oil is usually recovered with the best rates being about thirty percent - for sure, that is too far from satisfactory figures. The main objectives of the present work are to assess the most important threats that are posed by transportation of the "heavy" oil (i.e. one with the specific gravity >1) by sea and to assess the adequacy of the existing cleanup technologies, to recommend the new researches in order to develop new cleanup techniques, to identify the barriers to the most effective responses to the oil spills and recommend the measures (financial, management or technological) that would assist in promoting prompt and effective responses to the "heavy" oil spills...
This present Guide book was developed by the ICS, standing for the "International Chamber of Shipping" - the organization concerned with the operational safety of vessels, together with the WSC, i.e. World Shipping Council, who are representing one of the leading container lines in the world.
The opportunity was taken by the authors of these guidelines to undertake a thorough review of the established best practices in the world's containership industry. Their efforts resulted in the present Guidelines, aimed to be helpful to all people involved in marine transportation of the containers. The instructions that have been included in this book will for sure contribute to the efficiency of container transportation and protection of cargo; however, it shall be kept in mind that the main and most important objective of this booklet is to ensure that the operational safety remains on top. The guidelines were prepared using the best info available. Note that it is used on the risk of the user.
Apart from the intro, the book contains eight chapters addressing the regulations governing the transportation of the containers, giving some overview of the containers, explaining the shipping line stowage co-ordination, container stuffing and marine terminal operations, etc. The responsibilities of the ship's crew and master have also been covered.