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CDI Best Practice Recommendation Regarding the Use of Nitrogen

   The objective of the present document is to provide the workers of the chemical industry with the best practice recommendation that shall be taken into consideration at the time of the inerting process as well as during the future revisions of the associated legislation and chemical industry guidelines. It is directed towards anyone involved with chemical tankers - crew members, shore personnel, marine surveyors, charterers and inspectors, and others. Though this booklet is not directed towards the other types of vessels, the greater part of the information contained in the document may be applicable to them, as well, in case the nitrogen is used. Today, it is expected that the use of N2 in the maritime industry will continue to increase, and this will definitely lead to the increase in the accidents that usually happen when the nitrogen is not handled properly. We recognize that the implementation of the recommended practice might have an impact on the operational and commercial aspects of both ships, terminals, and the shipping industry as a whole, which, in turn, may cause the other changes to help mitigate such impacts. Have a look into this paper and you will have a lot of practical technical information that you will find useful.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 2074 | | Comments (0)

Oil Spill Risks from Tank Vessel Lightering
   It is well known that the lightering a very cost-effective and efficient method of delivering crude oil from various locations to refineries all over the world and an excellent method of transportation of petroleum products. As the huge supertankers often used to transport oil, are too deep and too wide to enter ports, lightering appears to be the most practical option. Of course, the oil spills are the real danger while carrying out lightering operations and everyone has to take care of marine pollution. This study sheds some light on the basic aspects of safety during lightering operations. As a common shipping practice, the lightering was first emerged in United States waters, particularly in the Mexican Gulf, more than thirty years ago. Historically, the safety of lightering operations has almost never been questioned, despite of the obvious risks arising when the liquid cargo is being transferred between two ships, underway or drifting, or anchored. But, congressional attention has been drawn to the lightering operations in recent years, by the general public concerns about the marine oil spills and environment pollution. This publication contains some kind of lightering primer with the very basic information, it also tells the reader about the lighering ships, systems and environment, describes the most important procedures and practices, and explains how the human factor may affect.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 2484 | | Comments (0)

Hatch cover maintenance and operation

   Well, it is very difficult to exaggerate the huge importance of duly maintained and secure ship hatch covers to the sea - and cargo-worthiness. The steel hatch covers were first introduced more than sixty years ago and their introduction immediately solved nearly all problems associated with the old-style tarpauline and wood arrangements. However, some new problems appeared - we are now talking about the ingress of sea water. Nowadays, the hatch covers are quite large and complex, and what it means is that even small defects or errors may potentially result in extremely damaging effects. The leakage occurring to the hatch covers results in substantial costs as it directly damages the cargo. The present guide book provides info in quite simple way to the crew members and shore supporting teams and sets out to improve the understanding of what the hatch covers are and how their work, the day-to-day maintenance of hatch covers on vessels, and methods used when operating the hatch covers. Apart from the leakage issues, all statutory requirements relating to the weather-tightness have also been described. The recommended procedures contained in this guide are not complicated at all and will be easy to understand for everyone.  

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 5243 | | Comments (2)

Dangerous & Difficult Bulk Cargoes - Best Practice and the IMSBC Code

   The possible hazards that are associated with transportation of the bulk cargoes by sea are not usually restricted just to handling them correctly during the loading and discharge. Such cargo itself can present very serious risk, especially if the cargo is undergoing some changes in the make-up during the hold on passage - because it gets too hot, or too wet, or not ventilated enough. The consequence of such changes may be a loss of the vessel, or of lives of people on board. We would recommend you to begin your training with this video film which is considered the basic learning tool. The present guide is intended to serve as a textbook and reference source covering the basic principles governing the carriage and handling of the bulk cargoes of all types. Unfortunately, there are too many examples showing us that the bulk cargoes must be treated with the critical respect. The risks are real and you will find some of the examples in this guide. You will find the recommended practices and useful instructions in this training booklet. Significant part of the book is dedicated to the IMSBC Code released by IMO to codify the best bulk cargo transportation practice, and its requirements. This publication is to be present on board every bulk carrier and the requirement contained in the Code are to be followed as necessary.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1514 | | Comments (0)

When One Thing Leads to Another - Safe Container Operations

   The main objective of this training document is to reduce any possible risk arising at the time of the container stow collapsing or when any other container-related accident occurs to the ship. The ultimate aim is to get the deck officers and involved crew members properly trained so that they can identify any possibly unsafe freight container of stowage practice which may result in the accident, at an early stage. The author of the training programme focuses on the issues related to the stowage and lashing of the containers on the ship's deck. It is obvious that the number of accidents involving freight containers on board ships is rising along with the increasing number of containers being transported. Every year many containers are damaged due to the stows collapsing, and this is becoming a true hazard to the shipping industry and the environment. Sometimes such accidents cause fires and explosions on board ships; moreover, there is a danger of serious injury and death to seamen and stevedores. The author also aims to set a menu of discussion, info- and instruction topics related to the safe stowage of the containers for the deck crew and officers in order for them to better understand safe and correct procedures of container handling and securing.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1391 | | Comments (0)

Methanol Safe Handling Manual

   This informative training booklet provides the basic required info and necessary instructions to follow on safe handling of the methanol cargo during the sea transportation - it was prepared and released by the professionals of the world recognized Methanol Institute, which established more than a century ago and serves as the global trade association for the world Methanol Industry; it directs product stewardship activities and initiates marker development efforts. The readers will get all critical information of the marine transportation of methanol, including properties of methanol, understanding the risks involved, managing the health risk, methanol inhalation toxicity data, methanol ingestion, treatment for exposure, personal protection, detection of methanol, detector tubes, electronic instruments, absorbent tubes, biological monitoring, managing fire risks etc. The booklet starts with the several accidents occurred during the transportation of the methanol - these case studies give the idea how dangerous the substance may be to the people and the environment when handled improperly. You definitely have to go through this booklet if you intend to get involved in any related activities. There is also a nice training video film which can be used in addition to this booklet.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 643 | | Comments (0)

Tanker Operations - A Handbook for the Person-in-Charge

   This 4th updated edition of "Tanker Operations" has undergone substantial change since it was last revised in 1992. The text has been completely reorganized with the addition of new subject material, illustrations, review questions, and a glossary of key acronyms and terms. As many readers of Tanker Operations can attest, this text is - and will always be - a work in progress as long as the design, equipment, regulations, and operational procedures on tank vessels continue to evolve. I must admit that underestimated the magnitude of this project and, as a result, have a much greater appreciation for the efforts of Greg Marton in producing the original work in 1978. This text is intended primarily for individual» entering the tanker industry. However, seasoned tanker mates, barge tankermen, and many of the ashoreside staff may find the information in this edition of practical value. In recent years, the rules governing the minimum qualifications for personnel dealing with the service of tank vessels have changed both domestically and internationally. In addition to obtaining practical sea experience, individuals working on tank vessels must now complete an approved training program In cargo handling and fire fighting. With these requirements in mind, it seemed appropriate for this edition of Tanker Operations to serve as the standard reference for this specialized cargo training...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1724 | | Comments (1)

Seagull AS CBT - Tankerman Highest Grade - Oil

   The oil transportation by sea was the indirect though obvious result of the development of the first oil well. The oil had been known to be there deep below the earth surface for quite some time. The indications are there saying that the Chinese people obtained relatively small quantities of mineral oil from shallow mines long time (several thousand years) ago; however, since the quantities were insignificant, the Middle East people of those times never used to justify the time and energy required to developing it as a fuel for the multitude of various purposes - the situation quite opposite to the one we have today, in the Industrial Age. The very first mineral oil well was sunk in Pennsylvania in June 1859 with its depth of some 17 feet. The Elizabeth Watts is usually credited with being the very first vessel to transport a full cargo of mineral oil across the Atlantic ocean. The career of this remarkable ship in 1861; however, there were several factors involved that tended to retard the development of the early tanker; even then the oil was regarded as a very dangerous cargo. Leakages happening to the barrels stored in the cargo holds resulted in the areas located straight below the deck permeated with the gas slowly making its way into the living quarters. With the introduction of the iron ship hulls these difficulties have been more or less eliminated. Some of the newly built tankers were fitted with the separate oil tanks...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 922 | | Comments (0)

Seagull AS CBT - Tankerman Highest Grade - Gas

   Here is another part of the computer-based training (CBT) programme by Seagull AS. It is intended to cover the requirements for levels 1 and 2 training as required by Chapter 5 Reg. V/1 & Sec. A-V/1 1.2, 2.2 of the STCW 95. The course addresses the topics vitally important for the safe carriage of the liquefied gas by sea - physics and chemistry of the gases, health hazards, all applicable regulations and rules, ship design, cargo containment and handling systems, safety of the ship and crew, various cargo handling operations, emergency operations and some other related information. The material contained in this booklet will help readers improve their skills and get some additional knowledge of the subject; this, in turn, will definitely result in safer transportation of the gases by sea. Trainees who have satisfactorily completed this section will have a thorough knowledge of the production of liquefied gas and its composition, actual gas cargoes, qualification standards as per the STCW Code, condensation of the LNG and plat flow diagram, chemical gases, GTL (gas to liquid) option, sea transportation of LNG and latest technological developments in this field, and some alternative solutions for LNG handling.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 833 | | Comments (0)

Seagull AS CBT - Tankerman Highest Grade - Chemical

   The transportation of chemical cargoes by sea commenced together with the rapid progress in the chemical industry after the World War Two. initially, chemicals were transported in drums or bottles on dry cargo vessels; in case of larger quantities such cargo was transported in bulk in deep tanks. With the increase in the demand for chemicals, it was evident that there was a need for a completely new type of seagoing vessel. The first chemical ships were the old American oil tankers (T-2, war-built). The conversion scope included adding some bulkheads in order to provide more tanks extending the ship's line systems, and adding some more cargo pumps. This course is the part of the CBT by Seagull AS. It is developed to cover all requirements for levels 1 and 2 training as required by Chapter 5 Reg. V/1 & Sec. A-V/1 Regs. 15-21 of the STCW Convention. The booklet starts with the introduction, followed by course description and main text. The chapters of the book address such the important aspects of chemical cargo transportation as chemistry and physics of cargo, associated hazards, applicable rules and regulations, vessel design and cargo containment, cargo handling systems, ship safety and marine pollution prevention issues, ballast operation, tank cleaning operations, ship/shore interface, cargo compatibility chart, and other information...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 884 | | Comments (0)

Cargo Handling and the Modern Port

   There were two main objectives which the author of this nice book did bear in mind when he was preparing it for release. Firstly, it was his attempt to define the main functions of a sea port in general; his second aim was  to explain to the readers how these functions were affected by the silent revolution that has taken place in the major ports of the world since 1945. All ports are different and it was very difficult task to write a book that would set out every variation of port management and practice in a readable manner. Robert Oram set out the very basic principles applying to the majority of ports. As a result, this book is easy to read and understand and will definitely be considered a nice reference book for everyone involved in the shipping industry. All ports are different and their layout is determined by geographical factors. From the administrative point of view, ports differ even within the same country. You know, even if it was possible to prepare a publication that would set out in detail every variation of practice and management in the port, it would definitely be unreadable. The author of this book used the alternative approach - he set out the very basic principles applicable to majority of the ports. As declared by him, this approach was used with the intention to make the book readable.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1433 | | Comments (0)

Cargo Liquefaction - Nickel and Iron Ores

   This publication by Gard consists of selected articles addressing the cargo liquefaction, namely happening to the nickel and iron ores cargo. It sheds some light on such the important aspects of this problem as liquefaction of unprocessed ores, describes shifting solid bulk cargoes, provides some update on the latest publications by Intercargo as well as IMSBC Code amendments; the insurance position is also dealt with. In this booklet some of the important technical issues behind the disasters involving the transportation of unprocessed natural ores and nickel ore are considered. Liquefaction of the mineral ore cargo ay result in the cargo shift which, in turn, leads to the loss of stability. This has been one of the major causes of marine accidents for decades. The main cause of the near misses and even casualties is the poor compliance of the seamen with the certification and testing requirements designed in order to ensure that those cargoes have been loaded with the moisture content being low enough to avoid the liquefaction during the voyage. The cargoes containing even a small number of fine particles and moisture, are considered to be at risk of liquefaction, though they are not necessarily appearing wet.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 848 | | Comments (0)

Cargo Access Equipment for Merchant Ships

   The cargo access equipment used on board vessels include hatch covers, ramps and elevators, doors (bow, stern and side) as well as movable decks, and all of them serve the purpose of facilitating the cargo loading and discharging operations. In total, the equipment listed above may account for about ten percent of the initial cost of the ship. And, despite of the huge importance, which is enhanced by the developing Ro-Ro shipping, no decent publication n this matter has ever been released. In this publication, we are trying to deal with all aspects of shipboard cargo access, including the description of the basic equipment, design requirements, economic aspects of selection and operation of the cargo access equipment, ad, of course, performance in service issues. Some useful material relating to the weights and stowage requirements, has also been added to the contents of the book. Apart from that, there is some background information included on vessel types and cargo handling techniques. Note that the authors did not confine it to MacGregor products - the material included was drawn from all over the world. Though the editors are not specialists in this sort of equipment, their experience in ship design and operation and their engineering background make this book very helpful and practical

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 2316 | | Comments (0)

Bulk Mineral Cargo Liquefaction

   As it is required by SOLAS, each ship must comply with the requirements of the IMSBC Code, as applicable - the purpose of the subject Code is to provide necessary technical guidance on the procedures that have to be adopted during the transportation of various solid bulk cargoes, and it applies to all solid bulk cargoes, with the sole exception of grain. Nowadays, the cargoes falling in the category of liquefaction risk continue to be transported. Liquefaction related accidents cost the marine insurance industry more than hundred million dollars in the period 2010-2013. All details of the mineral cargoes are listed in the Appendix 1 to the above stated Code together with the info related to their properties and handling and carriage peculiarities. The Code draws the attention of the shippers to the hazards that are associated with the transportation of damp/wet mineral cargoes. Such cargoes often have high density - thus, their distribution in the cargo holds of the vessel must be specifically considered since any error may inevitably lead to the structural damage of the ship. In addition to that, these cargoes are often loaded at a quite fast pace and such loading may stress the plating of the cargo hold.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1629 | | Comments (0)

Design and Operation of Automated Container Storage Systems

   The sea trade has always played a significant role in both the business success of shipping companies and the welfare of the nations. The container storage yard is the geographical and operational centre of the container terminals in most seaports. As a result, it is very important and plays one of the major roles for the trade and transportation flows. One of the very latest developments in the operations relating the storage of the containers is the implementation of the automated rail mounted gantry crane system offering the very dense stacking of the units and lower labour costs. This publication was written with the purpose to investigate if the operational performance of the above mentioned seaport container terminals is influenced by the design of the storage systems and find out to what exactly extent this performance is affected by the framework conditions at the terminal. In addition, it is discussed the strategies applicable to the crane scheduling and stacking of the containers. The authors present a very detailed simulation model in order to compare the performance effects of some other storage designs as well as innovative planning strategies. This is a very useful and informative publication for people involved in storage and transportation of the shipping containers. 

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1669 | | Comments (0)

Container Terminals and Automated Transport Systems

   The maritime container transportation has grown significantly in the last forty plus years. As a result of that, it become an important mode of the intercontinental cargo traffic. Container terminals always played a major role as the multimodal interfaces between land and sea transport. The dimensions of the container vessels have dramatically increased during the last decade, in order to benefit from the scale economy. Some of the large container vessels may require thousands of lifts in a seaport cargo container terminal during a single call. Taking into account the fact that the container carrier involves huge capital investment as well as high daily operating costs, customer service is now a critical issue for the seaport terminals - as a results, so many terminals are making attempts to improve the throughput and reduce the turn-around time. The containerization is growing constantly, and the number of port terminals is increasing, correspondingly. As it is meant by the name, the aim of this publication is to reflect the major latest developments and also to present the most important insights; in addition to that, the efforts were made by the authors to check the various successful solutions to the existing operational problems of the transportation systems and terminals. ​

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1596 | | Comments (0)

ABB Code of Practice for Marine and Cranes

   The present Code of Practice was developed by the ABB professionals in order to provide necessary technical guidance on proper safety planning for the operations on site. The authors did their best to produce the booklet giving the practical direction to the personnel involved in the crane works and make them achieve the ABB health & safety standards. The book is mainly focused on site operations; however, the requirements that are set down also apply as a baseline for other operations. The material presented in the book shall be used for training purposes, and the requirements included therein, must be implemented as necessary. It may be used by project managers and sales when tendering for projects, and making the agreements with different parties. Note that the document presents the ABB's minimum standards; it bases on the ILO Code of Practice. In case a national legislation (or customer requirements) set a higher standard, then the higher of the  standards must be used. It shall also be noted that some of the H&S risks may not be covered by this document. However, the paper is very useful to everyone willing to improve the safety awareness and get better idea of the crane operations on site.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1778 | | Comments (0)

Tanker Handbook for Deck Officers

   With the expansion that happened to the world energy over the past century the oil has become the major player, capable of meeting all the energy needs. Before that, coal used to be the main fossil; however, oil started to play more and more important role as it is easier to store and handle. This revised and updated edition of the Handbook addresses the most important developments in oil tankers and the equipment utilized for handling the oil; the chemical and LNG tankers are also covered. Nowadays, marine transportation of oil is a vast industry and the importance of safety matters caused a huge number of national and international regulations to be developed and implemented. All those regulations are updated on the regular basis and all crew members are obliged to be familiar with them and get all necessary training in order to meet the requirements. Quite a lot time passed since first edition of this book was released; the author tried to retain most part of the material related to the older ships even in the new releases of the Handbook, for broader view and proper understanding of the subject. In this latest edition the COW systems have also been covered due to their input in the environment protection.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 3952 | | Comments (0)

Container Terminals and Cargo Systems

   This publication with quite self-explanatory title prepared by the duet of authors, namely Kap Hwan Kim and Hans-Otto Gunther, presents the latest insights and most successful solutions to the operational problems related to the auto cargo systems and container terminals. It comprises a number of reports addressing the situation in the container shipping industry of today, different applications of the various quantitative methods, simulation results and various case studies. The authors have divided this useful publication into three main parts - the first part is introductory while the other two parts are dedicated to the container terminals and cargo systems. Today, the logistics and cargo transportation involve the computer-based simulation and various optimization techniques, playing truly invaluable roles in analyzing the design and operation options. The authors made a good attempt to focus on such important matters as the design issues, operations management and logistics control as applied to the seaport container terminals. As the result, this publication may provide readers with a perfect overview of the latest developments in these areas and shall be used as the resource for those looking for the effective scientific solutions to the existing problems as well as by the researchers trying to reveal the potential problems...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 2137 | | Comments (0)

BBC Guideline - Safe Solutions for Project Cargo Operations

   All instructions and provisions contained in this Guideline conform to international recommendations and regulations, in particular with the IMO Code of Safe Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing in its 2009 edition. The units and symbols used in the publication correspond to the Systeme International d'Unites (SI-units). The BBC Guideline further complies with all provisions contained in other official documents released by BBC Chartering. It will, in particular, provide guidance to the interpretation of, but not override the approved Cargo Securing Manuals of specific ships. Whilst the BBC Guideline offers a safe solution for handling project cargo, in special cases there might be customer requirements that require additional lashings and a lower friction factor. If this is the case this will be specified in the planning process. 8BC will not accept under any circumstances whatsoever, any variation from the methods set in this Guideline, which would result in lower level of safety in regards to cargo handling and securing. Where any variation from the methods is deemed necessary, the methods in this Guideline should be viewed as minimum requirements. If required, the bedding principles outlined in the book provide a safe methodology for distributing the weight of cargo items whilst maintaining the safe structure of the vessel. During pre-planning, these principles might be overruled and bedding undertaken by another means if an in-depth calculation demonstrates that an alternative method is safe. In principle, all shipments of heavy and/or sensitive project cargo units are pre-planned by BBC Chartering. The technical shipping procedures are in some cases laid down in a "loading manual", which is provided to the master of the vessel. This does not limit in any way the responsibility of the master for the appropriate application of all relevant procedures. The master has the overriding authority to deviate from the "loading manual" if the safety situation or nature of cargo requires this. BBC Chartering should always be contacted if a change to the planned operation is required. If there is а 3rd party surveyor present and BBC is obliged by contract to seek his approval of procedures, the field staff must obtain written confirmation from the surveyor in attendance that the changes have been agreed. The principle above also applies to instructions given in this Guideline. Where no instruction, recommendation or technical rule is provided, the reader should support the master who is responsible and obligated to take deviating decisions if the safely of personnel, cargo or vessel so demands. Safety is always our highest priority. Any person using this Guideline as a reference who has any questions relating to this Guideline, or has any doubts when handling cargo for BBC, should contact the BBC Port Captain department for guidance...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 2195 | | Comments (0)

Carriage of Steel Cargoes - Guidelines for Members, Masters and Surveyors

   This training booklet is a part of the Skuld training programme developed to help people reduce the number of claims and to offer practical advice on how to improve safety and efficiency of the ships. it shall not be treated as the pure scientific study; at the same time, it is not a legal textbook. The author tried to prepare a useful and handy reference book to be used by masters and mates, marine surveyors etc. It may serve as a practical guidebook for use on the navigation bridge, on the deck, or on the quayside. The booklet was written having a number of objectives in mind. The first one was to reduce the risk of the cargo damage, while the second aim was help people protect themselves against various financial penalties that may result from circumstances they cannot control, for instance pre-shipment damage. In addition to that, these guidelines will be useful for the people responsible for the improvement of the safety and efficiency. It is clear that proper handling of steel cargoes and due awareness of the possible hazards of different cargoes make the cargo handling activities much safer and faster. This book contains valuable guidelines on the subjects mentioned above; try and follow them to significantly reduce the chance of claims.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1819 | | Comments (0)

Best Practice for the Safe Packing and Handling of Cargo To and From Offshore Locations

   Incidents happening at the time of cargo handling are deservedly l being identified as the root cause of numerous injuries to people - they happenevery year despite very strict industry approved packing and handling guidelines put in place. Ten years ago an incident took place which resulted in a crew man being crushed by a choke valve when it fell out of a container. In the course of the investigation it emerged that there was a huge need for commonality of working practices/standards to eliminate the risk to all personnel in the supply chain from cargo handling incidents. All parties must recognise that they have a legal responsibility to protect all staff working within the supply chain as well as members of the general public, that includes but is not limited to vendors and service companies, haulage contractors and logistics service providers, ship and offshore operators etc. There are still several instances where packaged equipment has had to be rejected by supply chain companies and which has highlighted: packaging standards across the industry still differ, pre-dispatch checks that some companies have in place are still not robust enough, and paperwork, documentation, or certification packages are incomplete or not sufficient. The new revision of the Oil & Gas UK Best Practice for the Safe Packing and Handling of Cargo to and from Offshore Locations is Issue 5, published in November 2011 includes enhanced section on dropped objects, cargo packing section includes information from previous appendices, new Offshore Waste Control Pack,slight amendments to Cargo Summary Tickets, new Audit questionnaire also on the disc, and cosmetic updates and paragraph re-numberings...

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 3425 | | Comments (0)

Safe Transport of Containers by Sea - Guidelines on Best Practices

   This present Guide book was developed by the ICS, standing for the "International Chamber of Shipping" - the organization concerned with the operational safety of vessels, together with the WSC, i.e. World Shipping Council, who are representing one of the leading container lines in the world. The opportunity was taken by the authors of these guidelines to undertake a thorough review of the established best practices in the world's containership industry. Their efforts resulted in the present Guidelines, aimed to be helpful to all people involved in marine transportation of the containers. The instructions that have been included in this book will for sure contribute to the efficiency of container transportation and protection of cargo; however, it shall be kept in mind that the main and most important objective of this booklet is to ensure that the operational safety remains on top. The guidelines were prepared using the best info available. Note that it is used on the risk of the user. Apart from the intro, the book contains eight chapters addressing the regulations governing the transportation of the containers, giving some overview of the containers, explaining the shipping line stowage co-ordination, container stuffing and marine terminal operations, etc. The responsibilities of the ship's crew and master have also been covered. 

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 3421 | | Comments (0)

Transportation of Liquid Bulk Chemicals by Tankers in the Baltic Sea

   The up-to-date information on all major aspects of transportation of the harmful substances is required in order to eliminate any possibility of accidents involving such type of cargoes. It means that we must always take into account the information on what exactly substances are being handled, what are the amounts and on what routes they are transported. The present publication was released to encompass stats related to the chemical liquids transportation in the Baltic Sea area some years ago. The data for the research have been taken from the main sea ports of the area in question. However, please note that the amount and quality of the information may vary from port to port. Moreover, some of the ports are quite reluctant to provide the information on the chemicals they transport. That is why even after this research we cannot be sure that the statistics on the liquid chemical transportation in the subject area may be considered comprehensive enough. The handling of chemical cargoes is a very demanding task, and, in case of an accident, information on the characteristics and amounts of the chemicals shall be immediately available. Maritime safety in the Baltic Sea area has significantly improved as a result of the decisions taken at the regional and global level. 

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1939 | | Comments (0)

The Safe Use of Fork Lift Trucks Onboard Ship

   Forklift trucks are invaluable on board ship for moving cargo, lashings, securing devices, trestle horses, machinery, ship's stores, garbage or dunnage. But they can be dangerous - even fatal - to drivers and personnel in their vicinity, if not driven safely or maintained correctly. They can also cause serious damage to equipment and property. The most common accidents from forklift trucks happen when the truck turns over, the driver falls from the truck, passengers fall off, a person is in the vicinity of a forklift truck and is not seen by the driver, or the driver travels too high, too fast or too light. The accidents involving forklift trucks mainly occur because the established safe operating procedures are not adequate or not enforced properly; it may also happen that there is some complacency since the procedure is automated. In addition to that, drivers are sometimes not trained enough to operate the machine, or they may be under significant pressure. This booklet is mainly aimed at operators of these trucks and may be used as a refresher to familiarize them with the equipment. It will also be helpful for crew members who may appear in the vicinity of the area where forklift operations take place.

Category: CARGO HANDLING | Views: 1730 | | Comments (0)

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