The objective of the present document is to provide the workers of the chemical industry with the best practice recommendation that shall be taken into consideration at the time of the inerting process as well as during the future revisions of the associated legislation and chemical industry guidelines. It is directed towards anyone involved with chemical tankers - crew members, shore personnel, marine surveyors, charterers and inspectors, and others. Though this booklet is not directed towards the other types of vessels, the greater part of the information contained in the document may be applicable to them, as well, in case the nitrogen is used. Today, it is expected that the use of N2 in the maritime industry will continue to increase, and this will definitely lead to the increase in the accidents that usually happen when the nitrogen is not handled properly. We recognize that the implementation of the recommended practice might have an impact on the operational and commercial aspects of both ships, terminals, and the shipping industry as a whole, which, in turn, may cause the other changes to help mitigate such impacts. Have a look into this paper and you will have a lot of practical technical information that you will find useful.
It is well known that the lightering a very cost-effective and efficient method of delivering crude oil from various locations to refineries all over the world and an excellent method of transportation of petroleum products. As the huge supertankers often used to transport oil, are too deep and too wide to enter ports, lightering appears to be the most practical option. Of course, the oil spills are the real danger while carrying out lightering operations and everyone has to take care of marine pollution. This study sheds some light on the basic aspects of safety during lightering operations. As a common shipping practice, the lightering was first emerged in United States waters, particularly in the Mexican Gulf, more than thirty years ago. Historically, the safety of lightering operations has almost never been questioned, despite of the obvious risks arising when the liquid cargo is being transferred between two ships, underway or drifting, or anchored. But, congressional attention has been drawn to the lightering operations in recent years, by the general public concerns about the marine oil spills and environment pollution. This publication contains some kind of lightering primer with the very basic information, it also tells the reader about the lighering ships, systems and environment, describes the most important procedures and practices, and explains how the human factor may affect.
Well, it is very difficult to exaggerate the huge importance of duly maintained and secure ship hatch covers to the sea - and cargo-worthiness. The steel hatch covers were first introduced more than sixty years ago and their introduction immediately solved nearly all problems associated with the old-style tarpauline and wood arrangements. However, some new problems appeared - we are now talking about the ingress of sea water. Nowadays, the hatch covers are quite large and complex, and what it means is that even small defects or errors may potentially result in extremely damaging effects. The leakage occurring to the hatch covers results in substantial costs as it directly damages the cargo. The present guide book provides info in quite simple way to the crew members and shore supporting teams and sets out to improve the understanding of what the hatch covers are and how their work, the day-to-day maintenance of hatch covers on vessels, and methods used when operating the hatch covers. Apart from the leakage issues, all statutory requirements relating to the weather-tightness have also been described. The recommended procedures contained in this guide are not complicated at all and will be easy to understand for everyone.
The possible hazards that are associated with transportation of the bulk cargoes by sea are not usually restricted just to handling them correctly during the loading and discharge. Such cargo itself can present very serious risk, especially if the cargo is undergoing some changes in the make-up during the hold on passage - because it gets too hot, or too wet, or not ventilated enough. The consequence of such changes may be a loss of the vessel, or of lives of people on board. We would recommend you to begin your training with this video film which is considered the basic learning tool. The present guide is intended to serve as a textbook and reference source covering the basic principles governing the carriage and handling of the bulk cargoes of all types. Unfortunately, there are too many examples showing us that the bulk cargoes must be treated with the critical respect. The risks are real and you will find some of the examples in this guide. You will find the recommended practices and useful instructions in this training booklet. Significant part of the book is dedicated to the IMSBC Code released by IMO to codify the best bulk cargo transportation practice, and its requirements. This publication is to be present on board every bulk carrier and the requirement contained in the Code are to be followed as necessary.
The main objective of this training document is to reduce any possible risk arising at the time of the container stow collapsing or when any other container-related accident occurs to the ship. The ultimate aim is to get the deck officers and involved crew members properly trained so that they can identify any possibly unsafe freight container of stowage practice which may result in the accident, at an early stage. The author of the training programme focuses on the issues related to the stowage and lashing of the containers on the ship's deck. It is obvious that the number of accidents involving freight containers on board ships is rising along with the increasing number of containers being transported. Every year many containers are damaged due to the stows collapsing, and this is becoming a true hazard to the shipping industry and the environment. Sometimes such accidents cause fires and explosions on board ships; moreover, there is a danger of serious injury and death to seamen and stevedores. The author also aims to set a menu of discussion, info- and instruction topics related to the safe stowage of the containers for the deck crew and officers in order for them to better understand safe and correct procedures of container handling and securing.
This informative training booklet provides the basic required info and necessary instructions to follow on safe handling of the methanol cargo during the sea transportation - it was prepared and released by the professionals of the world recognized Methanol Institute, which established more than a century ago and serves as the global trade association for the world Methanol Industry; it directs product stewardship activities and initiates marker development efforts. The readers will get all critical information of the marine transportation of methanol, including properties of methanol, understanding the risks involved, managing the health risk, methanol inhalation toxicity data, methanol ingestion, treatment for exposure, personal protection, detection of methanol, detector tubes, electronic instruments, absorbent tubes, biological monitoring, managing fire risks etc. The booklet starts with the several accidents occurred during the transportation of the methanol - these case studies give the idea how dangerous the substance may be to the people and the environment when handled improperly. You definitely have to go through this booklet if you intend to get involved in any related activities. There is also a nice training video film which can be used in addition to this booklet.
This 4th updated edition of "Tanker Operations" has undergone substantial change since it was last revised in 1992. The text has been completely reorganized with the addition of new subject material, illustrations, review questions, and a glossary of key acronyms and terms. As many readers of Tanker Operations can attest, this text is - and will always be - a work in progress as long as the design, equipment, regulations, and operational procedures on tank vessels continue to evolve. I must admit that underestimated the magnitude of this project and, as a result, have a much greater appreciation for the efforts of Greg Marton in producing the original work in 1978. This text is intended primarily for individual» entering the tanker industry. However, seasoned tanker mates, barge tankermen, and many of the ashoreside staff may find the information in this edition of practical value. In recent years, the rules governing the minimum qualifications for personnel dealing with the service of tank vessels have changed both domestically and internationally. In addition to obtaining practical sea experience, individuals working on tank vessels must now complete an approved training program In cargo handling and fire fighting. With these requirements in mind, it seemed appropriate for this edition of Tanker Operations to serve as the standard reference for this specialized cargo training...
The oil transportation by sea was the indirect though obvious result of the development of the first oil well. The oil had been known to be there deep below the earth surface for quite some time. The indications are there saying that the Chinese people obtained relatively small quantities of mineral oil from shallow mines long time (several thousand years) ago; however, since the quantities were insignificant, the Middle East people of those times never used to justify the time and energy required to developing it as a fuel for the multitude of various purposes - the situation quite opposite to the one we have today, in the Industrial Age. The very first mineral oil well was sunk in Pennsylvania in June 1859 with its depth of some 17 feet. The Elizabeth Watts is usually credited with being the very first vessel to transport a full cargo of mineral oil across the Atlantic ocean. The career of this remarkable ship in 1861; however, there were several factors involved that tended to retard the development of the early tanker; even then the oil was regarded as a very dangerous cargo. Leakages happening to the barrels stored in the cargo holds resulted in the areas located straight below the deck permeated with the gas slowly making its way into the living quarters. With the introduction of the iron ship hulls these difficulties have been more or less eliminated. Some of the newly built tankers were fitted with the separate oil tanks...