The crude oil is maybe the most important cargo of those transported by sea over the last century. It provides people with the energy necessary to drive virtually everything. The present book was written by Captain P. Armitage with the ultimate intention to serve as a mandatory training for the second officers willing to move up to the position of Chief Officer - in fact it will be useful to every single ship officer working on a tanker and standing a cargo watch.

The content of this volume is covering absolutely everything starting from the fundamentals of the crude oil chemistry and up to the economics of today's oil market. Loading and discharge operations are deservedly treated as the critically important activities. When carrying out loading and discharge of the shipboard cargo, the accidents may seriously compromise the safety of the crew members, the ship herself as well as the environment.

Well developed and carefully reviewed plans supplemented with the standing instructions and established emergency procedures will significantly contribute to the success of the cargo operations and provide additional flexibility to the commercial operators. This volume puts decades of the practical experience into a quite concise format which is technical but still reader friendly. A copy of this book shall be in the library of every tanker officer for easy and ready reference at all times.

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This is the official training course developed by the specialists of the JUMBO company to cover the heavy cargo handling matters. The material of the course is arranged in three major sections. The first section is dealing with the stability of the ship while the second section has been devoted to lifting heavy cargoes. the last section of the training volume addresses seafastening of the cargo carried on board JUMBO ships.

The booklet opens with the summary of the information related to the ship's stability theory including all associated calculations; the loading and discharging checklist has also been provided. Another issue covered in this section is the incorrect use of the stability pontoons for anti-heeling, and the so-called Kahn Rule for determining the stability when lifting heavy loads.

The second section contains information about stability of lifted cargoes, the stability moment and range, using lifting beams, asymmetric lifting systems, forces in lifting wires and shackles, spreader beams including those connected by means of shackles... This is not even the half of the topics covered in the pages of this useful training booklet. We would definitely recommend this volume to all persons engaged in transportation of the heavy cargoes on board marine vessels, and particularly on JUMBO ships.

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The official 2011 edition of the CSS Code, including the revised guidelines for the preparation of the CSM (Cargo Securing Manual). The correct securing and stowage of the cargo transported on board ships is of the critical importance for the safety of the vessel and the crew at sea.

Wrong stowage or securing of the cargo has already resulted in so many casualties, causing numerous injuries and deaths - and some of them happened not at sea but also ashore, at the terminals, in the course of the loading and discharge operations. In the attempt to reduce the number and significance of hazards and problems that arise from the improper securing and storage of the cargoes on vessels, the IMO has released the Guidelines that may be either in the form of Assembly resolutions, or in the form of circulars adopted by MSC...

The purpose of this CSS Code is to provide the workers of the shipping industry with the recognized international standard in order to further promote the safe stowage/securing of the transported cargoes by drawing due attention of ship operators and owners to the need to ensure that the vessel really suits for the purpose, and by providing practical instructions on how to make sure that the vessel has been equipped with all required means of securing cargo...

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An excellent and very useful guide providing the information to be appreciated by all people engaged in cargo handling. The booklet is mainly intended to raise awareness of the people including FTA members and other participants such as haulers and shippers whose day to day work is connected with maritime container operations. Since the early days of so-called containerization subject concept of transportation freight has eventually turned into a truly global industry.

All links forming a worldwide supply chain are suing containers at one time or another. The use of the containers has resulted in the reduction of the freight handling costs. From the other side, the variety of different specialist containers has also grown. However, a regular general-purpose container is still considered best suiting a widest range of the items to transport.

The authors of the present booklet strongly hope that it will enable the participants of the shipping industry to discuss commonly used practices when using containers and this will significantly contribute into the overall safety of the maritime container shipping environment. This compact document not only covers general practices of cargo handling but also addresses the associated risks.

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The so-called "heavy indivisible loads" are commonly defined as the weights which cannot be handled by means of the normal gear normally available on board vessels or on the quay, due to their mass or shape. Since the traditional ships are usually equipped with five-ton or maybe even ten-ton cranes or derricks, the handling of a standard twenty-foot container may be treated as heavy lift.

In the meantime, same container on ships equipped with specialist gear, for instance container feeders, will be handled swiftly and as merely routine. So, the definition of "heavy lift" will therefore mainly depend The definition of heavy lift is therefore very much depend on the type of the vessel and the gear installed on board as well as the facilities available on the quayside. The present publication will cover all important aspects of heavy load lifting.

The authors start with the description of the ship types and shipboard cranes and derricks, and then proceed to the stability calculation giving readers brief introduction. Lashing equipment used for heavy lift is dealt with in a separate section. The other sections of the volume are dealing with the loading and lifting operations, lashing cargo and securing it, and associated documentation, such as the Cargo Securing Manual.

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Container Operations

Computerized Container Operations

The organization and efficient execution of the loading and unloading operations of a containership is a complex task. Careful coordination and planning of both manpower and equipment is required to obtain the most economical results. Because of its complexity, computer-based data processing and handling technology is of great assistance to the human operator in the efficient execution of this task.

Certain programs were created and installed on the General Electric Mark III Network for use by U.S. Flag operators in the United States. In addition, communication satellites provide U.S. operators access to the same programs and data banks from many maritime jurisdictions including Puerto Rico, Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, and Western Europe. The only user equipment required is an interactive computer terminal, a telephone, and a GE user's number.

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The objective of the present document is to provide the workers of the chemical industry with the best practice recommendation that shall be taken into consideration at the time of the inerting process as well as during the future revisions of the associated legislation and chemical industry guidelines. It is directed towards anyone involved with chemical tankers - crew members, shore personnel, marine surveyors, charterers and inspectors, and others.

Though this booklet is not directed towards the other types of vessels, the greater part of the information contained in the document may be applicable to them, as well, in case the nitrogen is used. Today, it is expected that the use of N2 in the maritime industry will continue to increase, and this will definitely lead to the increase in the accidents that usually happen when the nitrogen is not handled properly.

We recognize that the implementation of the recommended practice might have an impact on the operational and commercial aspects of both ships, terminals, and the shipping industry as a whole, which, in turn, may cause the other changes to help mitigate such impacts. Have a look into this paper and you will have a lot of practical technical information that you will find useful.

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Another Standard Club publication providing valuable information and guidelines on handling different kinds of cargo. This one is dealing with the preparation and cleaning of the bulk cargo holds. The intention of the authors of the whole Standard Cargo series of papers is to focus on the best practices to be applied when transporting cargo by sea.

The document is aimed to provide required assistance to the masters and cargo officers of the ships as well as to the chartering managers and shore support personnel including superintendents, to get better understanding of the preparation of the cargo holds prior to loading. Note that preparation of the holds is one of the most important parts of the process. It is not only concerned with the sweeping and cleaning of the holds or washing them.

There are numerous other matters to be considered. Failure to follow good practice and recommendations may eventually result in serious claims. Another problem can be lack of knowledge and this is something the present publication will help you with - the booklet covers use of chemicals and drying cargo holds, inspection of holds, bilge wells and line testing, cleaning equipment, master's duties and many other aspects. Apart from the general information, the document also contains several case studies analyzed and included for illustrating the content.

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