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Radar Navigation Course and Operational and Managerial Level

   The present official training course will provide the required knowledge of the fundamental theory and practical use of the radars for students and deck officers who are in charge of the operational watch. The content of the book is mainly based on the related guidance on training on radar observation/plotting as well as on the operational use of ARPA contained in the section 0-1/12 of the STCW Convention. The ultimate intention of the compilers of the course was to meet the prescribed minimum training standards outlined in Table A-III of the subject Convention. Among the aspects covered within the course there are the theory required to gain the proper understanding of how exactly the radar data is obtained and displayed, know the limitations and accuracy of the data, understand how the unwanted responses are formed and recognized, and also get some instructions on the correct usage of the controls in order to obtain an optimal display. The publication also covers the technical descriptions of the different display modes that are available, and also the choice of the suitable display mode for a specific application. Moreover, it is also covering the recognition of the critical targets, bearing and distance measurement and how to use them to fix the position of the vessel and maintain a plot of the movement of other vessel to help avoid the collision...

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 209 | | Comments (0)

Global Positioning Systems, Inertial Navigation and Integration

   This book was prepared by the recognized authorities in the field with the intention to provide all interested readers, including practicing engineers, scientists and just enthusiasts with a good working familiarity with both theory and modern practical applications of the GPS, as well as the INST, standing for the inertial navigational systems, and Kalman filters. In fact, this book is the only one containing required guidance to Kalman filtering together with its applications to the real-world problems of GPS/INS. Throughout the volume, the focus has been made on solving of the live problems and the effective use of the modern integration techniques, and Kalman filters, in particular. The authors of the volume has explored numerous subtleties and common failures, plus inherent limitations of the theory as applicable to the real-life situations; they have also provided many detailed examples of the application. The content of the volume is based on the authors' practical experience with the INS, GPS and Kalman filter, enabling them to present different design and also implementation techniques that are not commonly found in the other books. This would include the original techniques for representing the problems in a math model, assessing the computational requirements, testing the validity of the obtained results, analyzing the performance and monitoring it in operation.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 128 | | Comments (0)

Handbook of Magnetic Compass Adjustment

   Magnetism - Theory of magnetic compass adjustment - Practical procedures for magnetic compass adjustment - Typical deviation curve and estimation of approximate coefficients - Corrector effects - interactions between correctors - Ship's heading - Azimuths - Compass records and reports - Transient deviations of the magnetic compass - Use of the dip needle for heeling adjustments - Use of the horizontal force instrument - Introduction to degaussing - Degaussing compass compensation.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 941 | | Comments (0)

Naval Issues - Background and Operations

   This publication by Anthony Eanuzzi belongs to the Defense, Security and Strategies series and is intended to shed some light on the issues that the U.S. Navy faces - including leases on foreign-built ships, counterterrorism operations, warfare, USN force structure and plans for shipbuilding, and aircraft carrier programs.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 843 | | Comments (0)

Radar and ARPA Manual

   This is one of the most up-to-date books available today - the standard radar and ARPA manyal for professional mariners and yachtsmen - it provides the full coverage of subject systems as well as electronic bridge systems. The publication fully meets educational and professional maritime needs as it addresses both amateus and professional certificate requirements. It definitely has had much more influence on the specifications and operational practice of the radars than any other book since it provides all necessary information for the mariners. Complete radar/ARPA installation is covered within this manual so it can servse as a comprehensive reference on the techniques and equipment for radar observers.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 3011 | | Comments (0)

Transas Navigational Simulators - Ship Models

   The publication contains the full set of ship models for the Transas Navigational Simulators. It was released together with Tallinn Tehnikaulikool Academy and DNV Class Society. The list of ships presented in the book includes bulk carriers, car carriers, container ships, coastal tankers, harbour tugs, chemical tankers, fast ferries, container feeders, crude oil and product tankers, Lo-Ro and Ro-Ro ships, motor yachts, offshore supply and offshore rescue vessels, azimuth tractor tugs, patrol boats, passenger ships and many more.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1447 | | Comments (0)

Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation - International Recent Issues about ECDIS, e-Navigation and Safety at Sea

   This book by Adam Weintrit, Chairman of TransNav and Professor of Gdynia Maritime University, is intended to provide a good overview of the latest international issues concerning electronic charts, electronic navigation techniques and safety of ship at sea - it is mainly addressed to the shipping industry professionals and scientisis, who are involved in research and development activities in the field of navigation and safe sea transportation...

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1178 | | Comments (0)

Radio Handbook - Your Guide to Marine Communication

   The present radio handbook is a very useful practical guidance for the operators of both ship and coastal radio stations, including VHF and SSB radio operators. It is intended to provide necessary information on the following topics - how SAR operations are managed in New Zealand, radiotelephone procedures, coverage area, useful terms and contacts, dstress, urgency and safety calls.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1400 | | Comments (0)

Introduction to Modern Navigation Systems

   The aim of the resent book was to present, in a concise manner, the mathematical blocks required for implementation of the main body of a strapped down INS - Inertia Navigation System, in a way that would provide a mental image of each block's contribution as well as their interrelation. The publication describes the makeup of each of the blocks and provides the derivation of its equations. Towards the objective declared above, should there be need for clarification or justification of a certain idea, same is presented in an appendix in order not to interfere with the flow of the main ideas. Such approach will definitely benefit the novices as well as a practitioners in the subject field.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1570 | | Comments (0)

Global Navigation Satellite Systems, Inertial Navigation and Integration

   Intro; Fundamentals of inertial navigation and satellite navigation systems; GNSS characteristics, signal structure, and info utilization; GNSS antenna and receiver analysis and design; GNSS data errors and differential GNSS; GNSS and GEO signal integrity; Kalman filtering; GNSS/INS integration; Inertial navigation error analysis; Software; Coordinate systems and transformations.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1254 | | Comments (0)

Study of a Due Maritime Navigation Safety

   The purpose of the study is to analyze, for the GTMO 5+5 and the opportunity and the economic and legal feasibility of the implementation of a Safety due of the maritime navigation, as a transit charge to be paid by the ships crossing maritime waters of the coastal States, and to estimate the contribution of such a device to improve the capacity of these countries ui their surveillance of maritime navigation and service aids to navigation, according to a decision of the Ministers of the GTMO 5+5. The objectives of the study were as follows: Diagnosis of the navigation aids systems set up by the coastal States, in particular by the countries of the GTMO 5+5; Analysis of the needs, in particular funding needs, for the development of these means in consideration of evolution of the maritime traffic and the international regulations in this field; Method of an operational approach and legal provision to set up a due as a tool of potential financing of such systems; Impact of the possible implementation of this due for coastal States and for ships; Elaboration, on the basis of the above-mentioned elements of analysis, of an argument allowing to draw the attention of international authorities concerned by the potential interest of this project. All these objectives, excepted the first one, were reached and the provisional final outputs were presented to the group of experts of the GTMO 5-5 in Barcelona on June 8th, 2012. Concerning the diagnosis of the countries of the GTMO 5+5. planned to be based on the feedback of the questionnaire in Annex B) adopted before the start of the study, it appeared necessary, due to the heterogeneous and delayed answers, to replace this part of the study by a more general approach, supported mainly by external information collected from other countries.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 867 | | Comments (0)

Radar Handbook

   Introduction; Radar overview; Moving Target Indicator radar and airborne MTI; Pulse doppler radar and multifunctional radar systems; Radar receivers; Auto detection, sensor integration and tracking; Pulse compression radar; Tracking radar; The radar and solid id-state transmitters; Reflector antennas and phased array radar antennas; Cross section of radar; Sea clutter and ground echo; Synthetic aperture radar; Space-based remote sensing radars; Meteorological radars; Radar digital signal processing; HF over the horizon, ground penetrating, civil marine and bistatic radar; Electronic counter-countermeasures; The propagation factor in the radar equation.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1981 | | Comments (0)

Inmarsat-C Maritime Users Manual

   Introduction to the INMARSAT-C satellite communication system; Commissioning an INMARSAT-C SES; Preparing to use your SES; Distress and safety service; How to access the INMARSAT-C communication services; The EGC SafetyNETSM and FleetNETSM services; Data reporting, polling and SCADA; A technical description of the INMARSAT-C system; A INMARSAT-C SES and LMES manufacturers and type-approved models; INMARSAT-C SES information; Telex/Fax/Phone country codes; Glossary.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1461 | | Comments (0)

Inmarsat - The SafetyNet Users Handbook

   This fifth edition of the present handbook was prepared and released by Maritime Safety Services with the intention to explain the operation of the International SafetyNET service as an element of the IMO GMDSS. SafetyNET is the service for broadcasting and automatic reception of Maritime Safety Information (MSI) via Enhanced Group Call (EGC) system and its receiving capability is part of the mandatory equipment to be carried by certain SOLAS compliant ships. EGC is the system for broadcasting messages via Inmarsat С satellite communications system and supports two services: SafetyNET and FleetNET. This handbook deals mainly with the distribution of MSI via satellite using the International SafetyNET service. SafetyNET offers the ability to address MSI to a given geographical area. The area may be fixed, as IMO defined NAVAREAs and MEAREAs (there are now 21 areas), coastal warning area, or it may be a user defined circular or rectangular area. MSI is submitted for broadcast using three priorities: Safety - Priority 1, Urgency - Priority 2 and Distress-Priority 3. Aboard ships MSI messages are received by Inmarsat С and mini-C type-approved maritime terminals with EGC SafetyNET capability. The handbook also explains how the mariner can use the SafetyNET service to obtain vital Maritime Safety Information (MSI) tailored to the needs of the own vessel.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1377 | | Comments (0)

Inmarsat Maritime Communications Handbook

   This is the fourth edition of the Inmarsat Maritime Communications Handbook, which has been revised to include new Inmarsat systems and operating procedures. The handbook lias been produced to help users of the Inmarsat network understand how the Inmarsat system operates and how to get the most from it. The handbook is divided into chapters, which each cover a specific subject. Chapter 1 introduces Inmarsat and its network of satellites, including a summary of the different Inmarsat satellite communication systems. The chapter explains how calls are routed between a mobile earth station (MES) and a subscriber connected to the public telecommunications networks. Since 1 February 1999 the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) has become a mandatory requirement on all cargo ships of 300 gross registered tonnes and upwards and all passenger ships engaged on international voyages. Chapter 2 explains Inmarsats role within the GMDSS and Chapter 6 describes how the Inmarsat-C system is used for the distribution of Maritime Safety Information (MSI). Chapter 8 explains die operation of the Inmarsat Emergency Position-Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB) service. Inmarsat-E. Chapter 3 describes the commissioning procedures through winch every MES must pass before it is allowed to access the network, whether it is a new installation or a modification. Together with Chapter 3. Chapter 4 explains the accounting, billing and settlement process for Inmarsat-generated traffic for ship-to-shore and shore-to-ship calls. Chapters 5. 6, 7. 8 9 and 10 explain in more detail how the different Inmarsat systems operate. They include operating guidelines and guidance on how best to operate an Inmarsat MES...

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 2032 | | Comments (0)

GMDSS Handbook v2.0

   Handbook on the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System. Version 2.0. Third Edition, August 2001. Intro; Basic concept; Communication systems; GMDSS equipment carriage requirements; Operational procedures; Shore-based search and rescue communication network and operation; Master plan; Maintenance of equipment; GMDSS-related SOLAS amendments, IMO Assembly and MSC Resolutions; Radio equipment; MSI; GMDSS Master Plan; COSPAS-SARSAT; MSC, COM and COMSAR Circulars, Articles and appendices relevalnt to GMDSS...

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 2340 | | Comments (0)

GMDSS Students Handbook

   Preface; Basic Concept of the GMDSS; Regulations and Procedures; Distress, Urgency and Safety Communications; Digital Selective Call; The Inmarsat Satellite Communications Systems; Inmarsat A Satellite Communications System; Telex Over Radio, NAVTEX; EPIRB; SART; Power Supplies; Maritime Mobile Traffic Charges; Test of GMDS Equipment; Abbreviations; DSC Frequency; Selective MID Country Codes.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1463 | | Comments (0)

New Shipboard Technology and Training Provision for Seafarers

   Makers' updates and company circulars provide another source of information for seafarers concerning shipboard equipment and new technology. In this research eight percent of seafarers wrere not aware, at all. of any company circulars or makers' updates being circulated to sea-staff in their current/most recent company. In relation to the responses to tins question, seafarer nationality played a particularly significant role. Having encountered a problem with the operation of a piece of equipment the overwhelming majority of respondents would consult a manual. Additionally, around a half of all respondents would consult colleagues. Department, ship type, seafarer age and nationality, were all found to influence the responses offered to tins question. In relation to the main engine manoeuvring system engineers were very confident about their knowledge and understanding with 83% self-rating their knowledge of this equipment as 'excellent'. Engineers were less confident about their knowledge of oily wrater separators however with only 40% claiming 'excellent' knowledge of tins equipment. Overall engineers were least confident about high voltage equipment and 37% of engineers self-rated their knowledge of this equipment as 'basic' or even 'zero'. Navigation officers were markedly more confident about their understanding of AIS and GPS than they were about their understanding of ARPA, GMDSS, and ECDIS. ECDIS was the equipment which officers wrere least confident about overall, with 9% self-rating their understanding of ECDIS as 'zero1 and a further 21% suggesting it w;as 'basic1. Respondents were more confident about ARPA than they were about GMDSS with four percent self-rating their knowledge of ARPA as 'basic1 compared with 13% self-rating their knowledge of GMDSS as 'basic'. Although only a quarter of seafarers had an input into the identification of their training needs, almost half of respondents were expected to pay towards their training. Nationality, ship type, department, and age, all impacted upon the responses of seafarers to this question. In relation to compensation for lost leave almost half our respondents stated that it was not usual for them to be compensated for leave time lost as a result of required training in relation to new shipboard technology...

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1317 | | Comments (0)

Training and Technology Onboard Ship - How Seafarers Learned to Use the AIS

   The application of new technology has long been utilised to achieve safety and or efficiency improvements. This is very much the case in the maritime industry with ships' bridges and engine control rooms regularly being fitted with new pieces of equipment, many of which seek to improve safe and efficient operations. Recent introductions have included ARPA radar, digital electronic charts, GMDSS, stability programmes, dynamic positioning systems and remote engine machinery monitoring and operating systems. Much new equipment is voluntarily introduced on board. In December 2004. however, an Automatic Identification System (AIS) was made mandatory for all merchant ships over 300 gross tonnes undertaking international voyages. The effectiveness of such systems depends upon the competence of those who operate them. Nevertheless anecdotal evidence suggests that crews are often inadequately trained in the use of equipment installed aboard ships." Indeed, in January 2008 it was reported that the severe listing of the passenger ship Crown Princess and the subsequent injury of 298 passengers in 2006, was due to 'The inadequate training of crewmembers in the use of integrated navigation systems" (NTSB). This report is based on research undertaken as part of a larger study to determine the extent to which crews receive appropriate training when new technology is introduced aboard ships. In particular, the study focuses on the case of AIS. In so doing, it raises questions in relation to maritime training more generally.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1240 | | Comments (0)

RoNoMar GMDSS-GOC Training Course

   The present support course is based by IMO Model Course (GMDSS GOC) 1.25+ Compendium. Radio has been the foundation of the distress and safety systems used by ships at sea since the first instance of the use of radio to save lives at sea more than a century ago. In order to be effective, a radio-based distress and safety' system has to be founded on internationally agreed rules concerning the radio frequencies used, type of equipment and operational procedures. The first international agreements were established under the auspices of the predecessor to the ITU. Many of the operational procedures for Morse telegraphy established at the rum of the century have been maintained to the present day. This publication covers such an important topics as basic concepts of the GMDSS, basic receivers and transmitters, DSC, radio wave propagation, telex procedures, DSC terrestrial distress communications, INMARSAT satellites, MSI, radiotelephony procedures, and many more. In addition, the book is supplemented with a Glossary ot terms.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1335 | | Comments (0)

Automatic Identification System - Frequently Asked Questions

   This short training publication contains answers to the thirty-two most frequently asked questions about Automatic Identification System, in particular related to what the AIS is, onboard installation of the IAS, operating the system, regulatory requirements, security and integrity of AIS data, and other uses of AIS. The reader will most propably find his AIS-related question answered in this book. This training material will be of great use for future ship navigators as well as for the specialists of today.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1178 | | Comments (0)

Connectivity at Sea - A Guide to Advances in Maritime VSAT

   All seafarers know the high importance of responding quickly and appropriately to changing conditions at sea. Likewise, premier commercial maritime operators know the importance of adapting to such changes to keep an enterprise competitive. Nowadays, the biggest change the shipping industry faces is in the realm of technology. Years ago, it was more than enough to have a communications system installed on board for occasional calls or e-mails and emergency use, but today it is necessary to have 24/7 broadband connectivity in order to operate vessels effectively and efficiently. Indeed, affordable broadband connectivity linking ship at sea to shore will provide the ability to duly leverage the efficiency of a globally networked workforce. It goes without saying, that the optimal way to access and process information on a ship today is via fast, reliable broadband connectivity.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1014 | | Comments (0)

An Introduction to GMDSS

   This book was prepared with the intention to a comprehensive theoretical description of the basic features of the Maritime Mobile Services and the Maritime Mobile Satellite Services. Another object of this publication was to meet the requirements outlined in the "Examination Syllabus for General Operator's Certificate" issued by the CEPT RR Project Team, which provides a detailed overview of the theoretical skills which must be attained by students during a GMDSS/GOC training course. An introduction to each of the individual systems used on board ships equipped as per GMDSS requirements is provided in this document.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 2119 | | Comments (0)

FUGRO GNSS Training - OSD 412 Complete Set

   The Starfix Suite had its beginnings about 1997 with its concepts as a highly modular set of Microsoft windows applications all talking together via Message Manager, and synchronised via the Time subsystem. Once the basic backbone and basic modules were in place, it became much faster to bring new applications online, for much of the functionality such as interfacing, displays, logging, time series plotting etc was already written and proven. Two navigation modules were written due to fundamentally differing requirements. Starfix Nav was written and supported by John Chance as a navigation engine sitting on top of their Gulf of Mexico database - this is what was required for their operations. In Perth Australia, the DOS based PCNav/PCBarge which were in wide use around the Fugro companies was replaced by Starfix Seis - basically a classic line running type application. Adherence to Starfix Suite Compliance - a set of rules etc on how Starfix Suite applications talk to each other - by the software developers also then determined how well all the other applications could be used by either Nav or Seis.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1322 | | Comments (0)

Global Navigation Satellite Systems - From Stellar to Satellite Navigation

   The advent of satellites and the advances thereafter of satellite navigation from the early 1960s till now changed the face of our life on Earth; Google maps and GPS car navigation systems are just testimonial of the indispensability of its importance. And yet, men still look to the sky for help. In the past, it was stellar navigation that guided men in their journeys and voyages around the Globe. Radio navigation aids appeared in the late 1930s and matured in the 1940s. Early studies exploring the idea of navigation by satellites were carried out by the US Air and Naval Forces in the early 1960s. The Navy Navigation Satellite System (NNSS or Transit) based on measuring the Doppler frequency of the received radio signal was the first all-weather continuous global navigation satellite system to emerge. The DoD NAVSTAR Global Positioning System program was initiated almost a decade later, through the merger of US Naval and Air Force projects. The first experimental GPS satellite was launched in 1977, while the first GPS receivers were introduced during the 1980s; they were big, cumbersome and expensive, and used a single channel receiver which consecutively locked on to each visible satellite and performed the pseudo-range measurement. By the 1990s, the receivers were multi-channel, more compact and cheaper; thanks to the emergence of the microprocessor. This was the period when GPS started to migrate from aircraft and ships - large and expensive platforms - to become a ubiquitous navigation system in military and civilian applications.

Category: NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT | Views: 1662 | | Comments (0)

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