The publication contains the proceedings of the international conference dedicated to the marine pollution by oil. Man has always influenced the surrounding environment, but at the very beginning the traces of people's activities were almost not noticeable and the effects of those activities to the equilibrium of the eco-system were not serious at all. As soon as the human started to use the tools, people were able ti influence their surroundings in much more drastical way, and that is actually the time when the things started to go wrong. The environment condition we have today is the result of people's activities. The first section of the title is dealing with chemical/physical behavior of oil in marine environment and with the associated biological processes, while the second chapter addresses the effects of oil and its compounds on the eco-systems, populations and species. The third section of the volume provides readers with the results obtained during the monitoring of both biotic and abiotic compartments of marine eco-systems. And the fourth section is dedicated to the several specific cases of the risk management and analysis on the basis on existing scientific technical knowledge. Definitely recommended title for those willing to be up-to-date with all happenings in the field of marine science.
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This publication by The Royal Institute of Naval Architects contains all materials of the Marine CFD - The Fourth International Conference of Marine Hydrodynamics held in 2005. It includes very interesting articles and researches by the world famous professionals. Among the topics addressed by the participants of the event there were dynamic mesh simulations of unsteady hydrodynamics of the ship, numerical simulation of yaw effect and free surface wave induced separation, scale effect influence on the propeller's hydrodynamic characteristics, prediction of the torque and thrust performance, various considerations on deviation in prediction of the torque, practical boundary element code development for hydrodynamic analysis, free-surface elevation around a moored vessel etc. We all know that hydrodynamic aspects play a critical role in the quality of a vessel. The powering performance and hull resistance are considered dominant criteria for the ship hull form design. Moreover, vibration and noise that may seriously affect the passenger and crew comfort, often have the hydrodynamic origins and may be caused by stemming resulting from the operation of the propeller.
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The present excellent collection of documents has been made of the selected papers and presentations of the IMO-WMU Global R&D Forum relating to the Emerging BWM Systems held some years back in Sweden. Nowadays, the great demand is there within the maritime industry for the development of the environmentally-friendly and also efficient BWM systems. Taking this demand into account, the today's technological community has been dealing with the active developing of the various BWM systems to be able to cater to the emerging market of the ballast water technology, The systems in question have to undergo various applicable approval processes including the testing as per the established testing procedures, in compliance with the requirements of the BWM Convention plus the Guidelines. While several systems are currently under development or approval process, testing among the BWM system TF, i.e. test facilities worldwide shows the gaps in the harmonization and methodology. This has significantly contributed to the confusion and lack of confidence among the people involved in the development of the subject systems, and also among the ship owners. Therefore, it is really imperative that the end-users of the BWM systems have enough confidence that consistent and reliable testing methodologies are applied.
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The volume is a result of the collective efforts by the world leading and recognized experts in the industry, bringing together numerous valuable assorted contributions that were presented in the course of the OS-017, standing for the Ocean Science Session, and the Joint Assembly that were both held in Singapore some years back. The chapters of the present publication are dealing with the modeling and the assessment of the dispersal communication incoming with SGD in the coastal areas affected by tsunami, numerical simulation applied to the coastal sediment transport by the earthquake tsunami which occurred in Tohoku-Oki in 2011, database of the tsunami events, raw/processed water level information, simulations of the tsunamis in the Western Pacific Ocean and in the East China Sea aroused from the earthquakes that took place along the Nankai-Suruga trough, various negative consequences of tsunamis on the ecosystem services, discussion related to the interaction of tsunami with fringing coral reef, effects of the wave erosion caused by tsunamis on the natural landscapes, concatenated hazards, floods, tropical cyclones and climate change, vertical evaluation system, contribution of the multiple wave arrivals to the duration of the tsunami and the damage caused, and so many other relevant and indeed critically important topics.
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This volume has been released with the intention of it's editor, J. Nihoul, who prepared it trying to compile in a single volume, all proceedings of the XIX International Colloquium on the problems of ocean hydrodynamics. The program of the subject conference was focusing on the relationships existing there between large- and small-scale features, together with the associated processes and transports. The volume presents the valuable articles covering the different methods of parameterization of small-scale turbulent mixing as applied to the numerical ocean models, the presentation of subject papers has been specifically encouraged by the editor, and the application of the subject approach has finally resulted in significant portion of the articles presented during the Colloquium, dealing with the current problems of parameterization. Note that some of the presented docs demonstrated the direct results obtained during the modeling. The volume is well reflecting the above stated proportion and emphasizes the whole importance of the researches oh small-scale turbulence for the practical applications, such as the forecasting and ocean modeling. The book will be equally useful, practical and informative for persons willing to be in the loop of any latest happenings in the subject field.
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The publication contains the proceedings of the Seventh Conference on Robotic Sailing which was held in 2014; the volume includes numerous interesting works presented by the researchers from all around the world relating to both future and current challenges in the development of the various autonomous sailboats. The autonomous sailing robots are the boats that only use the wind force for propelling with neither any actual human assistance nor any sort of remote control. The type of sailing in question offers the great potential of long-term and range autonomous solar, wind- and wave-propelled devices that are also carbon neutral. Such devices would greatly contribute to the monitoring of various important data, for example ecological, hydrographic, environmental conditions and other. Moreover, such robots could also be utilized for monitoring the traffic, assistance, surveillance, security plus rescue purposes. However, they are still very dependent on the wind and sea conditions that are subject to the rapid change, and this is what in fact presents a serious challenge for the route planning, control of stability and avoidance of possible collisions. We recommend to treat the book as a definitely interesting and also quite informative publication for every robotic sailing enthusiast willing to be kept updated with the very latest technological developments and advances in the subject field.
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Though the Robotic Sailing conference held in 2011 was only the fourth in a series of robotic sailing conferences, the organizers of this important event have noticed a significant increase in the number of people working on and interested in the field of robotics sailing. This official publication contains the proceedings of the Fourth conference and was released with the intention to duly summarize the state of the art in this area. The first introductory part of the volume provides all interested parties with a good review that illustrates the history as well as very latest developments in robotic sailing. It is very important to clearly understand that possessing a reliable and robust boat shall be considered a basic and key requirement - this is what the part two of the book is mainly focusing on. The proposed boat designs are ranging from smaller one-design boat for development of the algorithms to the ships able to sail across the Atlantic Ocean. Part three of the book discusses some technical aspects of the system design and validation. The other papers that have been included in this part concentrate on algorithmic issues. The remaining parts of the book deal with the approaches applied to collision avoidance, localization and route planning.
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People have always tried to utilize the forces of wind and water to generate the power. The sailing ships and boats of the past used the wind for propulsion. You should agree that it was quite untrivial task to maneuver a sailing vessel to some destination point under frequently and seriously changing weather, sea and wind conditions. Moreover, seamen always have to sail through very narrow passageways and through areas with dense traffic. The proceedings of the Eighth Robotic Sailing conference contained in the present publication, have been divided into three major parts. The opening part of the book has been devoted mostly to different technical hardware solutions newly developed for the autonomous sailing platforms - the design and construction, test sailing have been addressed, together with the application of various devices. The second part is intended to introduce some new ideas relating to the mission planning, localization and avoidance of obstacles. Finally, the last part of this volume is dealing with the design and modeling of controllers and sensors, including their evaluation. Note that some of the papers contained in this collection may treat more than one of the aspects mentioned above.
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