||Andres Hugo Arias, Maria Clara Menendez
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The world is rapidly changing. In recent decades, technological progress has been impressive in fields such as communications, computers, robotics, development of high precision acoustic instruments, diving equipment, etc. This modern technology has undoubtedly improved our ability to explore oceans and coasts, and get solid and reliable information about their ecology. At the same time, we have been gradually experiencing the effects of the global climate change: sea ice declination, receding of glaciers and permafrost, increased snow melt and runoff, shifted ranges for plants and animals, changes in populations, timing of many life-cycle events—such as blooms and migration-, decoupling of species interactions, damages due to droughts and floods, etc. The global ocean is no exception, and due to its extent, it is the largest, though silent ecosystem(s) under change. In a broad sense, ecology is the study of organisms in relation to their surroundings. This book aims to cover the classic topics on marine ecology and the changes and deviations induced by climate change that modify the preexistent natural laws that govern the entire spectrum from species to ecosystem. With contributions from an impressive group of Argentinean and German oceanographers, Marine Ecology in a Changing World brings a comprehensive analysis of a discipline facing a turning point in recent history. The book begins with an overview of the fundamentals of marine ecology: ecosystem stability, water quality and biodiversity in the context of the documented world changes. The following chapters are organized in accordance with the major biological orders, from primary producers to large marine mammals, through to the primary consumers, benthic communities, seaweeds, wetlands and fisheries. This information will provide students and researchers from the international scientific community with a wide view and present cutting-edge information about the marine life presently facing deviations from the classical theorv.