Maritime Downloads - Free Maritime Library
Search
Categories
ALERT SERIES
ANATOMY OF THE SHIP SERIES
ASTM & BS EN STANDARDS
BOATBUILDING & BOATING
CARGO HANDLING
CLASS PUBLICATIONS
CLASS RULES & GUIDES
CREW MANAGEMENT
DIGITAL SHIP MAGAZINE
ELECTRICS AND ELECTRONICS
ENGLISH
IACS PUBLICATIONS
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES
LIQUEFIED GASES HANDLING
MARINE ECONOMICS & BUSINESS
MARINE ENGINEERING
MARINE INSURANCE
MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES
MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY
MECHANICS AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
MISCELLANEOUS
NAUTICAL CHARTS & TABLES
NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
NAVAL FICTION
NAVAL HISTORY
NAVIGATION & SEAMANSHIP
NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
NAVY FLEET
OFFSHORE INDUSTRY
POPULAR
P & I PUBLICATIONS
PRODUCT CATALOGUES
SERVICE AND OPERATION MANUALS - NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT & DP
SERVICE AND OPERATION MANUALS - DIESEL ENGINES
SERVICE AND OPERATION MANUALS - OTHER MACHINERY & EQUIPMENT
SHIPBUILDING & REPAIR
SHIPPING INDUSTRY
SHIPPING LAW
SHIP DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION
SHIP HANDLING
SHIP MODELING
SHIP SAFETY & SECURITY
UNDERWATER
YACHTING

V I D E O T R A I N I N G

ALERT SERIES
CARGO HANDLING
ENGLISH
HYDROSTATICS AND STABILITY LECTURES
MARINE ENGINEERING
MARINE POLLUTION PREVENTION
MARITIME LAW
MEGASTRUCTURES SERIES
MIGHTY SHIPS SERIES
NAVAL ARCHITECTURE
NAVAL HISTORY
NAVIGATION LESSONS
NAVY FLEET
OFFSHORE INDUSTRY
PERFORMANCE OF MARINE VEHICLES AT SEA LECTURES
POPULAR
SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA
SHIP SECURITY
SHIP HANDLING
SHIPBUILDING & REPAIR

S O F T W A R E

CARGO HANDLING
ENGLISH
MARINE ENGINEERING
MARINE REGULATIONS
MISCELLANEOUS
NAVIGATION AND SEAMANSHIP
PRODUCT CATALOGUES
SCREENSAVERS
SEAGULL CBT
SERVICE & OPERATION MANUALS
SHIP CONSTRUCTION
SHIP HANDLING/MANAGEMENT
SIMULATORS
Counter
Онлайн всего: 15
Гостей: 15
Пользователей: 0
Welcome, Guest · RSS

· Main

MARINE MINERAL EXPLORATION

Marine Mineral Exploration
 
 Author(s)                

H. Kunzendorf
 Publisher
Elsevier Science
 Date
1986
 Pages
300
 Format
pdf
 Size
10.6 Mb

- - - - - - download - - - - - -


   Mineral exploration has played a major role in the economy of mining companies and by that of many countries, both Industrialised or developing. Exploration includes a number of steps to search for and evaluate a mineral deposit prior to its exploitation. Definition and purpose of mineral exploration are well-defined (e.g. Bailly and Still, 1973). Often, exploration is confused with exploitation and with prospecting, the latter of which is an older expression dating back to the gold rushes. However, even the newly established Law of the Sea still differentiates between prospecting and exploration. Marine mineral exploration could be regarded as a branch of economic geology, comparable to terrestrial mineral exploration. In contrast to the latter, however, marine minerals, over the past years, paid very little attention to the public and the earth science community, for several reasons. Firstly, marine resources in a modern society almost exclusively in the public mind were and still are connected with the fisheries industry. Very few decision-making bodies are aware of geologic marine resources. Secondly, terrestrial mineral wealth favoured the development of techniques to explore and exploit relatively easily accessible mineral deposits on land. A limited search for offshore minerals has been devoted to a few private companies only and little Interest has been shown by governmental Institutions. For these institutions, marine research has always had an image of purely academic efforts with no economic interest whatsoever. It is probably true that we know more about the moon's surface and near space than we do about the ocean floor or the earth's interior. Over a long period of time, therefore, after World War II, no special efforts were made to concentrate governmental research on more economic aspects of the non-living resources of the oceans. As a matter of fact, major national and international oceanographic research up to now was very much devoted to fundamental studies, leaving marine minerals to few oceanographic groups. It could also be argued that the political surroundings of shelf areas and the deep ocean were not in a state to promote exploration for marine minerals...
Category: OFFSHORE INDUSTRY | Views: 1424 |
Total comments: 0
avatar
Copyright Libramar © 2016 Free web hostinguCoz