The present Encyclopedia can definitely be treated as the most comprehensive and authoritative book on the ocean science of all those available today. This brilliant work was written by the recognized experts and features the valuable contributions from the world known scientists working in the field of marine science, and addresses all physical processes driving the oceans of the world together with the relevant disciplines.
In addition to that, the content of the volume also deals with the topics like global programs and ocean technology, as well as the marine policy and regulatory framework. The impact of the environment pollution is covered together with the climate change. The users will benefit from the easily arrange access to hundreds of interesting articles, cross-referenced and supplemented with the numerous photographs.
Each of the articles is devoted to one specific topic and is written in the way allowing undergraduates to follow the explanations. The active researchers and professionals in the field will appreciate the information on the very latest technical advances. The document will also be interesting to the non-professionals and general readership.
During the past twenty years, the coastal areas endured several geophysical and oceanic disasters. However, people keep failing to establish the connection between the environmental and both human and non-human calamities. Nowadays, the conservation of the coast line is not considered a matter of casual governance anymore but is rather treated as a part of survival measure.
The South Asia region ranking high in the vulnerability due to the lack of the supply of governance, low resilience and other factors shall be paid ultimate attention. The publication is reflecting the author’s holistic approach to the disaster management and is a truly perfect reading for the people engaged in the research and administration activities in the field, and those assigned responsibility for the decision making in connection with the disaster prevention.
Seven parts of the volume provide all necessary information on the regulatory framework, conservation of the marine fauna and flora, preparedness and the EWS, standing for the early warning system, processing the relevant data etc. Numerous case studies provide additional information and are presented in a separate part, with the detailed analysis.
The main idea of this publication is to link the environments of the South Pacific islands with the tropical cyclones in the region. It covers the climatology as well as the impacts of the tropical cyclones in the subject area. The author starts with describing the main characteristics of the cyclones and their behavior. In addition to that, the assessment of the outlook of the potential climate changes is provided.
Due attention has been paid by the author to the hydrological and also geomorphological responses – they are analyzed and explained in detail, with the numerous examples provided. The first three section of the book are dealing with the structure of the tropical cyclones, climatic influences, formation and development of the tropical storms on their early and mature stages, storm decay etc. after that, the patterns and behavior of the cyclones are addressed, together with the meteorological conditions, such as the low pressure, winds, sea flooding and others.
The impacts of the cyclones are covered in the second half of the publication, dealing with the mass movements, slope stability, coastal erosion and deposition, etc. – note that the theoretical information has been supplemented with the case studies.
There are so many discussions today about the water availability and the future of this in light of the greenhouse effect. That is quite understandable, considering the critical importance of the water for the life and the actual existence of the mankind. What are the perspectives, what will happen in the future, will anything change or remain same?
Dozens of profound questions are to be addressed and answered by the governments of all countries, being treated as top priority. The proper and careful planning traditionally bases on the water supply estimation through application of the information contained in the historical precipitation data together with the projection of the future demands of the humans. The main challenge here is that the above mentioned historic data is subject to the changes due to the greenhouse effect.
The scientists involved in this issue are using the climate models when trying to forecast how exactly the availability of the water can change in the near and distant future. This Atlas will provide all necessary information and data in this regard, based on the IPCC AR 4 climate models, presented in the form of informative tables and diagrams, duly updated and ready for use at any time.
The seas are commonly subjected to the pollution in different forms. In the text of the relevant UN Convention of 1982 the marine pollution has been defined as the one involving either direct or indirect introduction of pollutants resulting in the negative effects to marine life. The present volume contains the results of the scientific assessment of the pollution and covers the general marine pollution by both organic and inorganic pollutants.
The content was developed on the basis of the valuable contributions provided by the group of the recognized and experienced professionals in the field. Starting with the overview of the general marine pollution in the different ocean zones, the content then proceeds to the black tide issue, and oxygenation of the waters. After that, the causes and subsequent effects of the harmful blooms are dealt with.
Note that there is a separate color plate section providing the supplementary information in a very colorful and easy to understand way due to the illustrations. The volume will provide interested readers with the very latest research of the ocean pollution matters and as such will be useful to those dealing with the subject problem.
The publication was released to present the ongoing trends in the scientific researches related to the underwater acoustic wave inverse/direct problems. We consider the "ocean-seabed" system an acoustic wave guide, and in fact this volume is the only one treating the inverse problems. The authors of the title treat the acoustic wave propagation for different seabed types and consider the direct/inverse problems in realistic environments of the ocean.
They have emphasized the computation of the Green's functions and have added some completely new material relating to the poro-elastic and elastic types of seabed. They have also addressed numerous areas of the practical interest mainly relating to the underwater acoustic imaging, covering the ecological cleanup and surveys, means of protection of the open-water harbours, proper maintenance of the offshore oil-and-gas enterprises, together with other relevant and important areas of concern. It shall be treated as an excellent math treatise.
The book will be very useful because of the information contained - note that the waveguide inversion problems are not actually addressed in too many reference books and this book is also intended to fill the gap in the information with this regard, with particular attention paid by the authors to the forward scattering problem.
This valuable and informative plus interesting title presented today was prepared with the sole purpose to define the fundamental engineering principles relating to environmental reaction, for example design of the reactor, being applicable to the developing of the relevant processes that provide any environmental benefit.
Touching the matters of prevention of the pollution impacting the surrounding environment, the main accent was placed by Martin Abraham and Robert Hesketh - on newly presented technologies minimizing the production of various undesirable side products causing pollution; however, they have also considered the matters of application of the reaction engineering to the treatment of wastes commonly produced by other means.
The opening section of this title mainly concentrates on the environment-friendly combustion, with the three articles addressing the existing methods of reduction of the NOx and PAH formation and it also covers several combustion products sensitive to the environment.
The following section of the book includes a good collection of contributions involving the utilization of catalysts to support the reactions. Then, there section comes dedicated to the use of the fluid solvents. Remaining parts of the book contain numerous interesting documents, dealing with some novel reactor designs.
This interesting and rare monograph has been written by the recognized professional and experienced oceanologist; it was released with the sole intention to provide the today's industry with the correct results of the developments, as well as practical solutions worked out by the author in the course of formulating the major principles of ecological geography of the sea.
The first chapter of this monograph states the key methodological principles of visualization of ecological data for the dissemination between the users; this would result in the development of the geo-and-eco model of the sea basin. The second chapter of the document considers both ecological and geographic sides of math modeling f the marine eco-systems, together with the key features and capabilities of some relevant models. The other six chapters of the monograph have been dedicated to the history of formation of the hydrological structure, summer suffocation causes, potential impact the sea fish farms, self-purification from the pollution caused by oil spills, consequence of the various economic activities, etc.
The theoretical part of the book has been supplemented with numerous very informative examples illustrating it. The closing chapter of the monograph sheds some light on the major world problems associated with the exploitation of the marine resources.