The publication was released to present the ongoing trends in the scientific researches related to the underwater acoustic wave inverse/direct problems. We consider the "ocean-seabed" system an acoustic wave guide, and in fact this volume is the only one treating the inverse problems. The authors of the title treat the acoustic wave propagation for different seabed types and consider the direct/inverse problems in realistic environments of the ocean.
They have emphasized the computation of the Green's functions and have added some completely new material relating to the poro-elastic and elastic types of seabed. They have also addressed numerous areas of the practical interest mainly relating to the underwater acoustic imaging, covering the ecological cleanup and surveys, means of protection of the open-water harbours, proper maintenance of the offshore oil-and-gas enterprises, together with other relevant and important areas of concern. It shall be treated as an excellent math treatise.
The book will be very useful because of the information contained - note that the waveguide inversion problems are not actually addressed in too many reference books and this book is also intended to fill the gap in the information with this regard, with particular attention paid by the authors to the forward scattering problem.
This valuable and informative plus interesting title presented today was prepared with the sole purpose to define the fundamental engineering principles relating to environmental reaction, for example design of the reactor, being applicable to the developing of the relevant processes that provide any environmental benefit.
Touching the matters of prevention of the pollution impacting the surrounding environment, the main accent was placed by Martin Abraham and Robert Hesketh - on newly presented technologies minimizing the production of various undesirable side products causing pollution; however, they have also considered the matters of application of the reaction engineering to the treatment of wastes commonly produced by other means.
The opening section of this title mainly concentrates on the environment-friendly combustion, with the three articles addressing the existing methods of reduction of the NOx and PAH formation and it also covers several combustion products sensitive to the environment.
The following section of the book includes a good collection of contributions involving the utilization of catalysts to support the reactions. Then, there section comes dedicated to the use of the fluid solvents. Remaining parts of the book contain numerous interesting documents, dealing with some novel reactor designs.
The nice and interesting publication offered here, was compiled by an excellent team made of truly recognized industry experts working in the field of marine science and has actually been dedicated to the submarine mass movements considered critically important part of the turbidity.
The opening section of the volume explains the basic nature of the submarine mass movements including the triggers and also mechanics, plus major geo-technical properties - among the issues that have been covered within present section there are advanced dynamic testing of the soil, self-organizing maps, submarine slope failure, mass wasting dynamics, micaceous sand, drag forces acting on the suspended pipelines and lines laid on the sea floor, subaqueous deposits, control of the slope destabilization, shear rupture propagation etc.
The second section is mainly focusing on the analysis of the several real-life case studies plus the assessment of hazards involved - it covers such topics as the mass-transport deposit, submarine mass transport, sediment redistribution and mass wasting in particular geographic areas, risk analysis conducted for the submarine mudslides induced by hurricane-wave effect, gas-generated pore pressure, slope instability, morphodynamic instability and numerous specific topics that would otherwise be very difficult to find in any other publication.
This interesting and rare monograph has been written by the recognized professional and experienced oceanologist; it was released with the sole intention to provide the today's industry with the correct results of the developments, as well as practical solutions worked out by the author in the course of formulating the major principles of ecological geography of the sea.
The first chapter of this monograph states the key methodological principles of visualization of ecological data for the dissemination between the users; this would result in the development of the geo-and-eco model of the sea basin. The second chapter of the document considers both ecological and geographic sides of math modeling f the marine eco-systems, together with the key features and capabilities of some relevant models. The other six chapters of the monograph have been dedicated to the history of formation of the hydrological structure, summer suffocation causes, potential impact the sea fish farms, self-purification from the pollution caused by oil spills, consequence of the various economic activities, etc.
The theoretical part of the book has been supplemented with numerous very informative examples illustrating it. The closing chapter of the monograph sheds some light on the major world problems associated with the exploitation of the marine resources.
Despite of the implications of relevant decisions made on PSSA by the IMO, subject concept has not yet received too much of academic interest. That is why the present book by Dr. Julian Roberts bringing the serious value to this issue very timely. The author is providing the industry with the introduction to the complete legal framework of the protection of the marine environment and regulation of the shipping activities; in addition, he looked into the development of the whole PSSA concept and provides a very detailed examination of the applicable requirements.
The author has also looked in detail at the way subject requirements are applied by the IMO Committees. In his work, he is developing a critique of the actual practical application of the requirements and is suggesting that the guidelines that have been developed, have sometimes been applied not logically with not enough procedural and scientific rigor.
Moreover, in this work the other regimes of protection of the marine environment have also been examined. He performs the analysis of the regional congestion areas and provides readers with the ammunition for the completely new strategic approaches in the area. The recommendations provided by the author are very practical and thoughtful.
The publication that is offered to our users today has been specifically prepared and released for the industry professionals who are working in the fields of applied maths, fluid mechanics, physical oceanography, geophysics and other related fields and also for the students learning subject disciplines. The authors have attempted to detail the significant progress that could easily be observed in the understanding of the most important physical mechanisms of the "rogue wave" phenomenon during last several years.
To discuss subject phenomenon, the authors have used the fully non-linear hydrodynamic numerical models. Throughout this interesting publication, the readers will find combinations of theoretical and empirical treatment required for the proper and complete examination of the problem. we would say that this book shall definitely be considered as a valuable and very helpful contribution to the technical literature that is covering the wave theory as well as statistics, since it helps to fill in the existing serious gap in people's knowledge of unusual waves.
The book will for sure present a great professional interest to both the engineers and scientists who are studying the physical oceanography as well as wave dynamics and other related aspects, or involved in the relevant scientific researches.
Today, the amount of the food that is thrown away every year worldwide, reaches around 1.3 billion tonnes. This book is intended to presents the major findings of an extensive piece of research on the state of the problems related to the food waste in several countries, as further stated in the book. The results obtained are showing that the scale of the problem with regard to food waste varies between each country and is limited by an insufficient number of studies performed in the area.
In almost all of the countries covered within the book, this problem is considered most prevalent in the area of food wastes that are commonly generated by the manufacturing sector, for example from inefficient utilization of the by-products. In Sweden and Germany, the main problem is a food being thrown away by the households; however, subject food could still be suitable for consumption. The values reach sixty-five and thirty-five percent, respectively.
The method of the reduction or prevention of the food wastes most often applied across the seven countries is the donation of food. In addition, Germany has initiated a large number of engagement campaigns and activities aimed at reduction of food waste, whereas, Sweden has launched projects only focused on single organizations or institutions...
The present publication is dedicated toxins in the sea water and fresh water; it is intended to present the structure of the main toxins having the aquatic origin - the reader will find information relating to the distribution of subject toxins, producing various species and vectors, some of the important toxico-kinetic properties, regulatory management aspects etc. The main species of those associated with the injuries have also been addressed in this volume.
Among the marine toxins that have been covered within this publication there are ciguatoxina, equinatoxins, brevetoxins and some others - note that all of them could be lethal. Nowadays, both sea- and fresh water environments are considered new frontiers of humanity; however, the continuing increase in economic and tourist activities is provoking some nasty encounters between people and aquatic animals. The swimmers, surfers, divers and fishermen are becoming main victims. Unfortunately, today it is still not possible to adequately identify, know and treat the envenomations that are commonly caused by the poisonous and venomous animals.
Plus, it shall be underlined as necessary that we are still not fully aware of the huge potential of the pharmacologic effects their toxins may have. That is why it does make sense to go through the chapters of this volume to have better idea of this subject quite important any marine scientist.