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Merchant Marine Survivors of World War II

   The ship loomed ahead at a Hudson River pier as I made my way slowly southward in the morning mist along New York City's West Side Highway. With its flush-deck profile, characteristically capped stack, and wartime gun tubs still in place, the ship was unmistakably a Liberty, a merchant cargo ship type built in unprecedented numbers in the United States during World War II. This was early 1978—more than 32 years after the end of the war—and by then a Liberty ship was already a rare sight to behold, as most had been scrapped, relegated to a few "boneyard" reserve fleets, or converted by ignominious fate into such things as stationary fish processing plants. A few others were still tramping around the world, no doubt, under foreign flag, but they were few and far between, their days certainly also numbered. She was, I soon found out, the SS John W. Brown, a veteran of many wartime voyages. She was then being used, as she had since soon after the war ended, as a stationary school ship for teaching the maritime trades. Her days were numbered too for such use, and I learned she had already become the focus of a preservation effort spearheaded by the fledgling Project Liberty Ship under the aegis of the National Maritime Historical Society. My involvement in that project, as editor of its first newsletter, assistant director, and then director, proved ultimately successful, but not until a dedicated group had taken the helm and initiative in Baltimore to return the ship to that city, where she had been launched in 1942. As so often happens, one thing led to another, and it was through my involvement with Project Liberty Ship, and other work in New York that actually paid a salary, that seeds were sown for this oral history of the U.S. Merchant Marine in World War II...

Category: POPULAR | Views: 74 |

English Grammar in Use Extra

   Here is the second of the three parts of the worlds most popular and best selling English grammar title. This fourth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. However, the authors made it retain all key features of easy accessibility and clarity that made this course so popular all around the world. The CD edition contains so many additional exercises and is ideal for work in the classroom as well as for self-study.

Category: ENGLISH | Views: 115 |

Warship 2009 - Airpower at Sea

   RINA International Conference - Warships 2009. Here are some of the topics discussed during the conference - Aircraft tie-down points for the affordable aircraft carrier - Introduction - Significance - Design approach - Cost savings - Meeting the requirements - Conclusions; Development, propeller and rudder design and hydrodynamic design ot the Queen Elizabeth class aircraft carriers; Optimising the ship/air vehicle interface by means of simulation; Future proofing frigate aviation; Real option reasoning in defence acquisition; The ship design challange of naval unmanned aerial vehicles...

Category: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES | Views: 60 |

Super Rigs - EVA-4000 & Spar Platform

   A floating steel island, twenty-three storeys tall, operating in water five thousand feet deep, drilling six miles into the earth... This is the engineering marvel that satisfies the world's urge for fuel. It is thirty million pounds of men and machine. But when a monster hurricane pounds through the Gulf knocking out rigs, shutting down the quarter of US oil production, it is up to this crew to get the huge machine back out to sea...

Category: OFFSHORE INDUSTRY | Views: 74 |

The Ship

   This is the debute novel by Antonia Honeywell. The book was published this year and has already become one of the most popular novels among readers all around the world. In fact, it is an excellent fable with huge power to disturb and haunt. The concept of the book is brilliant and real. The idea is innovative and very fresh. You will definitely enjoy the reading this thought-provoking and enjoyable tale..

Category: NAVAL FICTION | Views: 76 |

A Nice Quiet Life - The life of a Merchant Seaman Through Two World Wars

   Alfred was born in Sunderland on 15" July 1884. He grew up living with his parents, and his younger brother William who was born three years later, in 1897. Their home was a modest terraced house in a fairly decent area of the town, and for his early education, he attended a "Penny-a-Week" School. Sunderland and Newcastle, at the time together formed the biggest ship building area in the world, and his father worked in the ship yards as a boiler inspector, checking the safety of boilers on the ships, and he was also a collector and dealer of machinery parts. We don't know much more about Alfred's childhood except this tale of a summer holiday. When he was nine years old, he went by himself to visit his grandparents during his summer holidays. His grandfather John Learmond was head of the Customs in Cork, Ireland. Alfred was put on a train at Sunderland, under the care of the Guard, and transferred to the ferry to cross to Ireland, then took another train from Belfast to Cork. During this holiday he also travelled to Blarney Castle and kissed the famous Blarney Stone to give him good luck. He certainly had that. After he left school, at the age of 14, he followed the family tradition and became an apprentice. He also became a choirboy in his local church, and later played the organ for the church services. Perhaps it was this experience that gave him a yearning to enter the church, because alter completing his apprenticeship he leit the world of engineering went on to a religious school - Kelham College, in Newark to study for the Priesthood. His fellow students and the lecturers at the College thought he was a very serious young man and not able to lighten up, so one day the students, as a prank, rolled him up in a corridor mat, which ended up outside the Principals door. Alfred laughed so much the Principal came out of his office to see what was going on. He looked down at Alfred sternly, but then broke into a smile and said "Well Burlinson, I'm pleased to see you laughing at last". After that, he became accepted by the other students and life became more enjoyable, but the pressure of trying to master Greek and Latin was too much and sadly he was forced to give up this ambition. He returned to engineering, and using his apprenticeship qualifications he signed up with a merchant ship in 1908, as a junior engineer...

Category: POPULAR | Views: 65 |

Lifeboat Training Course

   The overall objectives of this computer-based training course developed by Marlins are to provide necessary instruction, training and explanation about all aspects of lifeboat operation, maintenance and certification, to explain the main compnents of typical lifeboat systems, to highlight the regulations and the requirements, to provide explanations of abandon ship drill and procedures, provide a means to reinforce familiarisation of equipment onboard, to test senior officers and crew on their understanding of lifeboat arrangement, operations and inspection/maintenance. The course for Support level covers overview of lifebat training, typical arrangement, operating procedure, lifeboat maintenance, and common incidents...

Category: SHIP HANDLING/MANAGEMENT | Views: 115 |

Mediterranean Sea - Ecosystems, Economic Importance and Environmental Threats

   The author of the present book, Terrence Huhes, tried to shed some light on the topical researches in the study of the ecosystems, economic importance as well as various environmental threats to the Mediterranean Sea. Among the topics discussed in the book there are some addressing the need for the business and economic oriented approach to ecosystem services in the area, the effects of PFW, i.e. produced formation water and marine pollution resulting from the shipwrecks in the Mediterrarean, control of water quality, an environmental modeling plan, study of biologically active peptides etc.

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 55 |

Shell and Tube Type Heat Exchanger

   Here is a very short but still very useful training video explaining the basic principles of the shell and tube heat exchanger. In fact, it is the animation which allows to see the whole process of exchanging heat starting from the point where sea water enters the heat exchanger. It will definitely be of some interest for the students of marine engineering and any persons dealing with the day to day operation, maintenance or repair of the subject machinery piece on board ships.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 102 |

Risk Focus - Loss of Power

   UK P&I Club publication - Risk Focus - Loss of Power. Industry has noted an increasing number of blackouts and main engine failures - Blackouts - Main engine manoeuvring failures - Low sulphur fuel problems - Loss of power - the ‘Bowtie approach’...

Category: P & I PUBLICATIONS | Views: 84 |

Environmental Awareness Course

   The aims of the Environmental Awareness computer-based training course are to consider some of the environmental problems caused by pollution in general, examine types and sources of pollution at sea, highlight international rules and regulations adopted to reduce/prevent pollution, and outline good practice procedures to prevent/reduce pollution at sea. There are five sections in this course - Introduction to Pollution, Pollution Types and Sources, Oil Pollution Prevention, Pollution Prevention - Rules and Regulations, Environmental Management Systems - supplemented with a Glossary and Test bank...

Category: SHIP HANDLING/MANAGEMENT | Views: 94 |

Recovery from the Indian Ocean Tsunami

   Ten years have passed since the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. For a recovery program, it is difficult to say with justification whether 10 years is a long or short duration. For the affected people, sometimes time passes very quickly. For some communities or families whose members lost their lives, time remains stagnant during the disaster period. From the recovery perspective. 10 years is a good time within which to complete physical recovery. It is also a good time during which to achieve socio-economic recovery. For psychosocial recovery, however, more time may possibly be needed. These past 10 years have taught us many important lessons. In a post-disaster scenario, the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) was adopted in 2005. We have seen implementation of the HFA over these 10 years and how it influenced the recover}' program in different ways: institutionalization or legal framework of risk reduction, different levels of risk assessment, several education-related programs, looking at risk reduction as a part of development of initiative, enhanced response through early warning systems, and so on. The past decade has also seen a demand for greater education in risk reduction. Specific targets and measurements of progress have been incorporated. Recover)' lessons are never completed. This is an on-going process, and 10 years is a good time in which to review the past achievements and progress and to design future agenda. Thus, while the HFA 2 process is under way and we are preparing for the next world conference in Sendai. Japan, it is an important juncture from which to look back and see different recovery lessons and to contribute to future actions. This book is a modest attempt at that process...

Category: MISCELLANEOUS | Views: 53 |

CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines

   Problems where the forces on rotating or oscillating bodies in a fluid are to be predicted are common in engineering applications and result in fluid-structure interaction situations. Examples are flows around isolated rotating bodies and foils, turbo machinery applications, insect flight aerodynamics, unmanned air vehicles and, more recently, flows through renewable energy devices, e.g. wind and tidal turbines. A particularly challenging problem is presented by cross-flow wind and tidal turbines for power generation. These types of turbine consist of foil shaped blades that generate lift forces so as to rotate a shaft to which the blades are connected. Therefore azimuthal changes in blade aerodynamics are common, resulting in complex flow phenomena such as stalled flows, vortex shedding and blade-vortex interactions. Cross-Row Turbines are sometimes referred to as vertical-axis turbines, however the term cross-flow turbine is preferred since the absolute turbine position is omitted and the relative flow-axis geometry is emphasised through this terminology. To date, this type of turbine configuration has had limited use within the wind energy sector, where the three bladed axial flow turbine has been widely adopted. However, it is thought that CFT configurations can be advantageous for new emergent markets as offshore wind and tidal energy production and also for installation in urban environments. A brief review of some of the arguments in favour and against this type of configuration follows. On the one hand, the main drawback is that CFT are generally less efficient than axial flow turbines since the downstream half of the turbine produces less torque due to the shadowing from the upstream blades. Furthermore, since for part of the cycle the blade moves parallel to the flow, the lift force powering the blades, being proportional to the incident flow speed squared, is reduced...

Category: OFFSHORE INDUSTRY | Views: 90 |

Davit Launched Liferaft Training

   As the title implies, this short video film is intended to provide some basic training on the launching of the marine inflatable liferafts, namely ones requiring the daviits for launching. Such liferafts are the the important part of the lifesaving appliances set of any vessel. The number and capacity of the liferafts is governed by SOLAS Convention. The proper training is very important since the qualified crew will be one of the security blankets providing safe launching and subsequent survival of the ship personnel and passengers in case of disaster.

Category: SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEA | Views: 110 |

RINA Marine CFD 2008

   The effect of an internal pump tower on fluid sloshing in a rectangular container; Sloshing and Liquefied Natural Gas carriers; LNG tank layout; LNG carrier pump tower; Sloshing problem; Tank with pump tower; Computational model; Pump tower; Wall pressures; Pump tower force; Impact with air entrapment; Blend Factor: Pre-Impact... Enhancement of marine craft design through the CFMS programme; Use of CFD for the design of hull and appendages on an OPV and wake focussing effect identifiction; Floating vessels resistance - prediction; Diffeent methods and practical aspects of tight and lose coupling of CFD and CAD... and many more interesting articles and topics all presented in the course of the international conference in 2008...

Category: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCES | Views: 77 |

Ship Design - Methodologies of Preliminary Design

   The present book elaborates on combination of the basic theoretical approaches and common practices of the preliminary ship design. The intention of the author was to support the introductory training courses to ship design as a textbook. Taking this into account, we may consider the book as very useful one to college and/or university students of naval architecture and all related disciplines. It actually might serve as a perfect reference book for practicing naval architects, ship officers, engineers of related disciplines and anyone interested in ship design theory and practical methodologies for the estimation of the vessel's main properties and dimensions, as well as the other elements of design...

Category: SHIP DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION | Views: 276 |

Seaforth World Naval Review 2015

   The strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they must1 wrote the Athenian general, historian and philosopher Thueydides m his History of the Peloponnesian War. regarded as one of the earliest surviving works of history. A stem reminder of tins enduring lesson of ~realpolitik" was provided in March 2014 when Russian forces seized control of the Crimean peninsula from the Ukraine in an almost bloodless operation. Russia's military action a response to the February 2014 revolution in Ukraine that had seen the installation of a pro-European government in Kiev, lias been subject to considerable international criticism and the imposition of limited sanctions by the European Union and the United States. However, as was the case with respect to its invasion of Georgia in 2008, Russia's willingness to flex its military muscle lias allowed it to achieve its key objectives, in this case the security of its Black Sea Fleet's main naval base at Sevastopol and the protection of Crimea's ethnic Russian population. The inability of the United States - and of its European allies - to respond decisively to Russia's actions in the Ukraine lias come at a time when the limitations of its global influence have started to become more apparent. For example, the Obama administration's failure to act on its previous 'red line" and undertake action against the Syrian chemical weapons attacks on regime opponents lias significantly weakened its regional credibility* at a time when key regional allies such as Saudi Arabia have become disconcerted about a possible rapprochement with ban. There lias inevitably been much criticism of the administration's lack of action from political opponents, as well as from some more independent commentators. However, its stance arguably reflects the reality of limited public support for further overseas military adventures after the long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as the need to prioritise defence resources in an era of lower military budgets. Against this backdrop, the United States" hard-headed focus on protecting its Asia-Pacific interests through the Pivot to the Pacific' is undoubtedly correct...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 86 |

SHIPSURE v1.5.3

   ShipSure is an in house designed application, specifically built for the Shipping Industry. It is constructed as a modular system. Clients can choose which modules they wish to implement – depending on the nature of their business. ShipSure has been designed to run on-ship and on-shore. Using the ship-based modules allows the Master, Chief engineer and other sea staff to enter information directly into the system – with obvious advantages. Databases on board ship and in the shore offices are synchronised using a unique combination of industry-standard messaging systems and ship-board communications systems, including Satcom A, B, mM & F. This System allows data entry to be carried out at both ship and office (or in multiple offices) in the knowledge that all users will see the same data once the system has run its scheduled synchronisation processes. Details of vessel particulars are stored including regulatory information, flag requirements and technical information. Vessel certificates are recorded, updated and at a glance out of date certificates are displayed. The vessel reporting module incorporates: Noon reports, port reports and position list Vessel performance monitoring and analysis Running Hours and consumption figures.

Category: SHIP HANDLING/MANAGEMENT | Views: 98 |

Speedy - The Construction of a Model - Naval Cutter 1828

   This book by Bill Shoulder will be useful for people interested in ship modeling. It explains the construction aspects of the world famous naval cutter "Speedy". Hull construction section covers tools, materials, the building board, the hull core, wales and sheer strakes, the deck, deck clamps, deck beams, lining the bulwarks, the channels, the catheads, sheerplank moulding, covering boards at the stem, cathead bracket and doubling, and the rail. Fitting out the hull section addresses cleats, pin rails, the windlass, the guns, the rudder, gunport lids, deadeyes on the channels.The chapter called Fitting covers pumps, miscellaneous deck fittings, windlass, anchors, gratings, blocks and deadeyes, guns. Mast and spars section - the mast, the mast cap, the topmast, the bowsprit, the yards, the main boom and gaff. Rigging - rope, blocks, thimbles, lower mast, backstay pendants, bowsprit, the sling to the yard, the fore stay, setting up, ratlines, the shrouds, topmast stay, topmast shrouds, rigging the topmast, the squaresail yard, sling for the yard, cluelines, lift, bowlines, braces, fore braces, foresail halliards, jib halliards, etc.

Category: SHIP MODELING | Views: 76 |

Heat Exchanger Principles

   IHRDC Video Library for Production Operators. The training video explains the basic principles of heat exchanger operation... You know, when the engines are running, they can really get hot. So, in order to keep it running, we need a way to remove the heat. That is where the radiator comes in. As the engine runs, the coolant stored in the radiator, circulates through the engine, picks up heat and then returns to the radiator...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 66 |

The Royal Navy and the Capital Ship in the Interwar Period   At times like this, when the world seems to be moving into an era in which there are many risks but few out-and-out adversaries and defence budgets are coining under increasing strain, there has been something of a revival of interest in the so-called 'intenvar period' between the end of the Fust World War and the beginning of the Second. This interest is due less to the hope that scholarly investigations of the issues then confronting defence planners will somehow provide 'answers' for their contemporary successors, than that they will help frame the questions that should be asked. This volume, written by someone actively engaged in today's naval business, demonstrates the value of such open-minded enquiry very clearly. Joseph Moretz concentrates his attention on the role and perceived importance of the battleship. This is a subject that has been covered many times before, but what is completely new about this is its focus on the operational level of war. Neither the nitty-gritty tactical business of battleship construction, nor the role of navies at the grand-strategic level — but a business-like concentration on what battleships actually did at this tune and what they were expected to do in war. The author has uncovered a great deal of new information, which demonstrates the extent to which the battleship remained at the heart of naval policy and planning concerns ui this period. Thinking about the battleship both helped determine, and in due course reflected, policy on virtually all other aspects of naval policy — naval aviation, the submarine service, amis-control policy, the fleet construction programme and. of course, strategy and tactics. The point is that the battleship needs to be put into context, to be seen more as the most important part of a balanced battlefleet. and less as a weapon system in its own right, than has often been the case in previous analyses. The role of the battleship is therefore a huge topic but one which needs to be reviewed as a whole. In so douig. Joseph Moretz addresses one of the great issues in military history — the question of "military conservatism'. He makes a major contribution to an evolving school now reacting against the once near-universal view that duuder-headed military types habitually prepare to re-fight the last war and are institutionally, even congenitally. unable to respond to new technological challenges effectively. And this too is a conclusion with much contemporary relevance...

Category: NAVAL HISTORY | Views: 66 |

Intraseasonal Variability in the Atmosphere-Ocean Climate System

   In the Preface to the First Edition of this book, we wrote about the goal to provide a one-stop reference text on intraseasonal variability to bridge the gap between weather forecasts, and climate predictions. We seek to further this goal in the Second Edition. The years since the publication of the First Edition have seen significant advances in our understanding of the physical processes, multiscale interactions, and predictability associated with intraseasonal variability in the tropical ocean-atmosphere system. These advances have been achieved by the scientific community at large through the increased capabilities in high-resolution global modeling and data assimilation, in-depth theoretical studies, and improved diagnostics mostly from new global satellite observations and improved reanalysis products. At present, a realistic simulation of the Madden and Julian Oscillation is considered a prerequisite for climate models to produce reliable predictions of inter-annual variability and longer term projections of regional impacts and extreme events from climate change. Common metrics for MJO prediction and diagnostics have been developed and adopted by the scientific community so that model validations and empirical forecasts of the MJO can be compared and evaluated. Operational forecast centers such as the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Prediction Center, the U.K. Meteorological Office, and the European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecasts, among many others, are producing routine forecasts of the MJO. Predictions of onsets and breaks in major monsoon regions around the world are now focused on the propagation and evolution of regional intraseasonal oscillations. International and national organizations such as the World Climate Research Programme and the World Weather Research Programme have joined to sponsor working groups and task forces to organize international projects and workshops to facilitate and coordinate research on the MJO and ISOs. The science community has now coined the term "seamless prediction" to address the continuum of temporal and spatial scales linking weather and climate. Indeed, the MJO and associated regional ISOs represent critical linkages between global weather forecasts and regional climate predictions. Another critical factor spurring the recent rapid advance in our understanding of the MJO and ISO phenomena was the advent of a series of NASA Earth-observing satellites launched between the early 2000s and the present. As a result, the scientific community has access to unprecedented information regarding propagation, horizontal and vertical structures of rainfall, clouds, moisture, and temperature. Such information is essential to define the characteristics of the MJO and associated regional ISOs and their far-field impacts. Other derived quantities such as latent heating profiles and cloud microphysics derived from satellite data and field campaigns are setting the stage for the next level of understanding and improved model fidelity associated with the MJO and ISOs. Studies documenting the influence of the MJO on ozone, aerosols, and carbon dioxide fluctuations in the atmosphere and in ocean productivity are emerging, further demonstrating the far-reaching importance of the MJO and ISOs not only in the physical domain but also in the biogeochemical component of the climate system. Given these momentous recent developments, the Second Edition of the book seems opportune...

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 72 |

Bunker Master v3.2

   This is the latest 3.2 version of the popular Bunker Master program by DNV Petroleum Services. As it was with the previous versions of the subject software, it offers users the information updates, applications and tools necessary for the fuel management. The key features of the program include calculation of the fuel change-over and blending, determination and conversion of the fuel quantity and energy content.

Category: SHIP HANDLING/MANAGEMENT | Views: 140 |

US Bodily Injury News - Summer 2015

   UK P&I Club - US Bodily Injury News - Summer 2015 release. ISM Code doesn’t expand shipowners’ Scindia duties - The objectives of the ISM Code and implementation of the ISM Code in the Unietd States - Shipowners’ Scindia duties are quite narrow - Implications for shipowners. Heavy weather injuries - Man overboard - Unsecured empty cans on deck - Communication failure - Slippery when wet - Breach of turnover duty? - Active control - Intervention. Longshore injury suit dismissed - Medical consolidation companies – do they really deliver? - Franza ruling troubles cruise line operators.

Category: P & I PUBLICATIONS | Views: 39 |

Officer in Charge of an Engineering Watch - Model Course 7.04

   The present model course 7.04 aims to meet the mandatory minimum requirements for knowledge, understanding and proficiency as outlined in Table A-lll/1 of STCW 2010. This syllabus covers the requirements of the Chapter III, Sec. A-111/1 of 2010 STCW Convention. In general, the purpose of related model courses developed by the IMO is to assist maritime students and teaching staff in introducing and properly organizing new training courses as well as updating and supplemented already existing training materials where their quality may need some improvement.

Category: MARINE REGULATIONS & GUIDES | Views: 93 |

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