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Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers

   For over three decades, I was associated with boiler companies designing oil- and gas-fired custom package boilers and waste heat boilers that are in operation worldwide in chemical plants, refineries, cogeneration systems, and power plants. The boilers have been operating well and performing as predicted within the margin of measurement errors. As a specialist in thermal design of heat transfer equipment and out of interest, I would correlate field data from operating units with predicted performance to check the correction factors to be incorporated in heat transfer or gas pressure drop correlations that were used for designing the boilers. I would review operating data such as boiler exit gas temperature, steam generation, fuel input, gas pressure drop, evaporator, superheater performance, their tube wall temperatures, and other process-related parameters and compare the results with predicted data. Over the years this has helped me to fine-tune the calculation procedure and modify the correction factors used in the performance evaluation of various heat transfer surfaces. Through the publication of hundreds of articles during this period, I have also been sharing thermal design procedures for boilers and HRSGs with the engineering community. I have written a few books, the recent being Industrial Boilers and HRSGs, where the emphasis was on sizing and performance evaluation of steam generator and waste heat boiler components. For the past decade, since the publication of the cited book, I have been playing the role of a boiler consultant. The transformation from a boiler designer to a boiler consultant has been gratifying as I can interact with plant engineers worldwide and learn from them about various boiler performance issues and suggest modifications to solve boiler-related problems or improve their performance (the word boiler refers to a steam generator as well as a waste heat recovery unit). Many plant engineers or even consultants have no clue as to how a boiler should be evaluated before it is bought or what information should be obtained from boiler suppliers regarding its thermal performance aspects. They rely entirely on the sales pitch from boiler suppliers and buy it without giving any critical thought to its design from a thermal performance viewpoint. Purchasing a boiler is thought of as purchasing a commodity. When purchasing a steam generator or HRSG, plant engineers have to evaluate several factors keeping in mind that the life of a boiler is about 30 to 40 years and that the plant will have to face the consequence of any wrong decision for a long time...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 178 |

Marine Hydrodynamics

   The applications of hydrodynamics to naval architecture and ocean engineering have expanded dramatically in recent years. Ship design has been related increasingly to the results of scientific research, and a new field of ocean engineering has emerged from the utilization of offshore resources. The number of technical symposia and journals has increased in proportion to this expansion, but the publication of textbooks has not kept pace. This volume has been prepared to satisfy the need for a textbook on the applications of hydrodynamics to marine problems. These pages have evolved from lecture notes prepared for a first-year graduate subject in the Department of Ocean Engineering at MIT, and used subsequently for undergraduate and graduate courses at several other universities. Most of the students involved have taken an introductory course in fluid mechanics, but the necessary fundamentals are presented in a self-contained manner. A knowledge of advanced calculus is assumed, including vector analysis and complex-variable theory.

Category: NAVAL ARCHITECTURE | Views: 208 |

Sea Power - The Coalition and Iraqi Navies

   This publication was prepared by Peter Gilchrist who tried to provide an expert's insight about the navy forces which were deployed in the Persian Gulf during the famous operation called "Desert Storm". It is well known that one of the most critical aspects of subject conflicat was the sea war. The USA sent six carrier battle groups, battleships USS Wisconsin and USS Missouri and, in addition to them, numerous other vessels. The Royal Navy of the Great Britain, although with relatively smaller resources, was spectacularly successful against Iraqi ships. Australia, France and many other nations made their vital contributions. This books describes in details all ships together with their weapons systems and capabilities. Frigates, hovercraft, amphibious forces, minehunters, destroyers, hospital evacuation and support vessels and the role of naval helicopters were also discussed in depth.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 74 |

Estuarine Indicators

   The Quest for the "Perfect" Estuarine Indicator; Physical Processes that Affect Estuarine Health; Using Environmental Monitoring and Satellite Imagery to Interpret Oceanographic Influences on Coastal Waters and Estuarine; Using Multiple Response Biological Indicators to Assess the Health of Estuarine Eco-systems; Using Statistical Models to Simulate Salinity Variability in Estuaries; Microbial Biofilms as Integrative Sensors of Environmental Quality; Sediment Habitat Assessment for Targeted Near-Coastal Areas; Use and Development of Assessment Techniques for Coastal Sediments; Bacterial Communities as Indicators of Sediment and Estuarine Conditions...


Salwico NSAC-1 Fire Alarm System Users Guide

   This pack includes documents related to three products by Salwico. The first if the Salwico CS4000 Fire Detection System, the second is the Detector Range by same manufacturer, and the third file is the User's Guide for the Salwico NSAC-1 Fire Alarm System.

Warfare at Sea - 1500-1650 - Maritime Conflicts and the Transformation of Europe

   This book focuses on maritime conflicts as a part of the transformation of Europe from the end of the fifteenth century to the mid-seventeenth century. The main lines of this transformation arc well known. From a maritime perspective some parts of the process arc especially important. Long-distance trade increased and the role of capitalist entrepreneurs in society became more important in large pads of Europe. In the Mediterranean, the Spanish and the Ottoman empires became dominant during the first half of the sixteenth century. In the last decades of mat century and the early decades of the seventeenth century the economic and political power of north-western Europe rapidly rose while the Mediterranean stagnated. The importance of the territorially integrated states in Europe rose and they began to develop permanent organisations for enforcing a state monopoly of violence on land as well as at sea. Finally. Europe developed an ability to influence economy and politics on a world-wide scale by its superior competence in warfare at sea. Warfare itself was also transformed. At sea. the institutional, organisational and technical framew-orks for war and violence changed decisively betw-een 1500 and 1650. This book will emphasise change but some basic features of conflicts at sea remained unchanged. Warfare at sea is essentially a contest about me maritime lines of communication. These lines are used for trade, for projection into territories close to the sea and as a source of wealth extracted by violence or through protection from violence. Consequently, wars at sea are fought in the interest of those who use the sea for trade, for the projection of military power and for resource extraction: plunder and taxes. Wars are also fought by those who feel threatened if competing groups arc given free access to the sea for such activities. For the defender against seaborne invasion me sea is a forward area for naval operations which aim at delaying and preventing threats against his territory. Wars may have their immediate cause in accidental diplomatic breakdowns, domestic power politics or the vanity of rulers but once started they arc shaped by the practical possibilities of inflicting damage on me enemy and giving protection to friends...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 61 |

Ship of Gold on the Deep Blue Sea

   All of the characters in this story are real. I have changed no names, created no scenes from imagination, made up no dialogue. To protect proprietary information. I have minimally altered some material concerning technology and procedures. I gleaned the historical narrative from diaries of passengers aboard the Central America and hundreds of contemporary articles and interviews with the survivors of the sinking in 1857. I read several books on the California Gold Rush; particularly helpful were The Forty-Niners by William Johnson from Time-Life Books and a doctoral thesis by John Kemble titled The Panama Route. I also read Richard Henry Dana's classic, Two Years before the Mast. I referred to drawings of the Central America, a painting of the ship, and woodcuts from scenes along the Panama Route and at the wharves in San Francisco and Aspinwall. For nautical references. I used The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea and Bowditch's American Practical Navigator. To reconstruct the search for the Central America, I had the Columbus-America Discoverer Group's 1986 sonar logs, the ship captain's logs for 1987 and 1988; the pilot's flight log for 1987: other at-sea logs for 1986 and 1987. tape recordings of hostile encounters with rival ships at sea. the navigator's timed artifact recovery log for 1988. personal diaries and occasional letters written by crew members, partnership letters from the Columbus-America Discoverer Group, trial transcripts, photographs of ocean floor sites and from aboard the various work vessels, hours of video on the bottom and topside, several visits to the offices and warehouse in Columbus. Ohio, and to the staging site in Wilmington. North Carolina, and extensive interviews with over a hundred people, including the ship and tech crews, partners. lawyers. CPAs. ensineers, scientists, and families and friends of the main characters. I read half a dozen books about the evolution of submarines and submersibles and man's attempts to penetrate the deep ocean. In August 1989 and again in September 1990.1 traveled on small fishing boats out to the Arctic Discoverer to live on board the ship and observe procedures on deck and in the control room while the Columbus-America Discovery Group explored the site of the Central America. In some instances, besides the recollections of those involved. I also had audio and videotapes of the actual events from which to construct scenes and dialogue...

Category: POPULAR | Views: 62 |

The Great War at Sea

   Introduction; Ambition, arms races, and ideology; Preparing for war; Global prelude; European waters in 1914-1915; Submarine warfare - the great experiment; Combined operations in 1915; The year of Jutland - Germany's fleet sorties in 1916; Submarine warfare - the great gamble in 1917-1918; War and Revolution in 1917; Final operations; Conclusion - peace and naval disarmament.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 64 |

The Aral Sea Environment

   Introduction; History of exploration and investigation; Paleogeographical history; The Aral Sea under natural conditions; Socio-economic conditions before 1960; Reasons for the socio-economic and environmental crisis; Reginal climate variability; Syrdarya and Amudarya rivers and their deltas; Physical oceanography and chemistry of the Large Aral Sea; Satellite monitoring of the region; Sea level variability; Ice conditions from satellite and historical observations; Biological diversity; Relevance of the archaeology to water level and climate changes; Creeping environmental disasters.


Kongsberg Maritime Cruise Video

   This video shows the latest achievements in shipping industry. It sheds some light on what Kongsberg Company is ready to offer to the cruise ships in order to make the ship handling and navigation safer and more effective, care about the environment and keep the highest level of passenger comfort. It addresses bridge navigation, dynamic positioning as well as manoeuvring. Regardless of the conditions, you are always in control. The system is designed to please. It is used for planning and executing a pleasant voyage, route optomization without compromising on passengers comfort, safe manoeuvring; the Green DP allows to reduce fuel consumption...

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 192 |

Tyco Fire Protection Products Users Manuals

   This pack of six files refers to the TYCO products. It includes following documents: T1000 Marine Controller User Manual and Datasheet, Data and Specifications for the Autopulse IQ-318 Agent Releasing Control Panel, Data and Specificaions fot the Autopulse IQ-636X and IQ-636-2 Intelligent Addressable Fire Alarm Systems, Engineering Specifications for the Inergen Clean Agent Fire Suppression System with Autopulse Control System. Will be of some use for crew members dealing with the fire safety of the vessel.

The International Law of the Sea

   This book consists of two big parts. Part 1 is named "The Divided Oceans - International Law Governing Jurisdictional Zones". It covers the law of the sea in perspective, baselines and related issues, marine spaces under national jurisdiction - territorial sovereignity and sovereign rights, maritime delimitation and marine spaces beyond any national jurisdiction. The second part of the book is "Our Common Ocean - Protection of Community Interests at Sea". It addresses such important matters as conservation of marine living resources, protection of the marine environment, conservation of marine biological diversity, marine scientific research, maintenance of security at sea and international peace, geographically disadvantaged and land-locked states, peaceful settlement of international disputes.

Category: SHIPPING LAW | Views: 236 |

Ocean Life - Whales, Fish, and Other Sea Creatures

   Children and adults alike are drawn to the presence and power of the sea. Crashing waves» changing tides, and the endless expanse of sparkling water evoke emotions of awe» wonder» and excitement in even the youngest of hearts. Like the waters they live in, animals of the sea attract attention as well. Personifying grace under pressure, sea animals swim, scuttle, fly» and leap in and out of the water, carrying on their lives amid the thundering crash of waves or in the silence of their homes beneath the sea. This book is designed to help you delve into the saltwater world. As you teach your students about sea mammals, fish, reptiles, birds, and invertebrates (animals without backbones), you'll shed light on a vast and intriguing population. You'll build bridges from curiosity to knowledge, giving children a solid base of wisdom they can count on every time they set foot in an aquarium or carry on a discussion about life in the sea. Through hands-on activities, games, and discussions, your students will learn to differentiate between mammals and reptiles» invertebrates and fish. They'll look beyond the surface and realize that ocean waters are teeming with life, and that each bit of life is one part of a food chain. They will learn about the need for gills and fins and the benefits salty waters offer to the creatures that live there. In short, your students will begin to understand the nature of life in the sea.

Category: POPULAR | Views: 89 |

The Open Sea - The World of Plankton

   There is a very simple fact about the sea which makes its inhabitants seem even more remote from us than can entirely be accounted for by their being largely out of sight. To make my point allow me to imagine a world just a little different from our own. Suppose for a moment that we live in a country which is bounded on one side by a permanent bank of fog. It is a grey-green vapour, denser even than that often known as a London particular, and it has a boundary as definite as the surface of a cloud so that it is like a curtain hanging from the sky to meet the ground; we cannot enter it without special aids except for a momentary plunge and as quickly out again for breath. We can see into it for only a very little way, but what we do see is all the more tantalizing because we know it must be just a glimpse—a tiny fraction—of all that lies beyond. We find it has life in it as abundant as that of our own country-side, but so different that it might be life from another world. No insects dwell beyond the barrier, but other jointed-legged creatures take their place. Unfamiliar floating forms, like living parachutes with trailing tentacles, show their beauty and all too quickly fade from view; then sometimes at night the darkness may be spangled with moving points of light—living sparks that dart and dance before our eyes. Occasionally gigantic monsters, equal in size to several elephants rolled into one. blunder through the curtain and lie dying on our land...


Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 100 |

How Shipping Containers Are Made

   This short video will show how the shipping containers are made. The whole process is demonstrated from zero to ready product. The video was filmed and edited by Clayton Arnall, Kelowna, BC, Canada. The container box shown in this film was constructed in BigSteelBox factory in Shanghai, China. You will see how the container is constructed, welded, and then what kind of tests it has to pass in order to get approved for use.

Category: POPULAR | Views: 170 |

Power Electronics - Converters, Applications, and Design

   Overview of power electronic systems and power semiconductor switches; Review of magnetic and basic electrical circuit concepts and computer simulation of power electronic converters/systems; Line frequency diode rectifiers: ac-uncontrolled and ac-controlled dc, dc-dc switch mode converters and dc-ac inverters: dc-sinusoidal ac; Resonant converters: zero voltage/current switchings; Switching dc power supplies; Electric power conditioners and UPS; Intro to motor drives; Synchronous and induction motor drives; Industrial and residential applications; Electric utility applications; Optimizing the utility interface with PES; Semiconductor physics; Power diodes; Bipolar junction and insulation gate transistors; Gate turn off thyristors; Emerging circuits and devices; Snubber circuits; Gate/base drive circuits; Component temperature control; Heat sinks; Design of magnetic components.

Category: MARINE ELECTRICS | Views: 262 |

Maritime Governance and Policy-Making

   The purpose of this book is quite simple—to outline the significance of the problems facing maritime policy and governance across all policy jurisdictions— international supranational national regional and local; to establish likely causes and in particular if what has been observed is a consequence of an underlying policy and governance inadequacy; and to suggest some moves that might make some difference. The devil is in the detail of course, for maritime policy and governance arc ill-defined, misunderstood, and commonly deliberately misrepresented. Our story is one with roots long ago and it is necessary to accommodate much of its history if we are to begin to understand the causes of the failures which we shall examine and to make any progress in addressing their solution. Consequently, the reader will need to be patient as there are no quick fixes in the policy arena, certainly none which have substance or durability, and there isa requirement of those taking part for endurance. grit, and determination (as well as a little foresight and talent). However, our story will be lightened by tales of death and destruction, injury and corruption, disease and immorality, incarceration and violence—a case of a cornucopia of sex. drugs, rock and roll, and ships. A happy ending cannot be promised, in fact not even an ending, but it does come with a guarantee that it will make you think...

Category: SHIPPING LAW | Views: 131 |

RYA Complete Course

   This program is the 2.1 version of the Complete Competent Crew, Day Skipper and Yachtmaster Course by Royal Yachting Association. It was released by Longbow Sail Training. This training software is free and does not require any activation or installation codes. It includes following RYA materials - Teach Me Interactive Course itself, Sailing Courses, Practical Courses Notes. Manual of Seamanship by Tom Cunliffe, VHF Radio including GMDSS and Exams Short Range Certificate, Weather and Navigation Handbooks, Navigation Exercises and many others. This compilation also includes books on practical navigation covering the basic topics. In general, this course addresses such issues as nautical terminology, living aboard, safety, stability, clothing, environment, general seamanship, ropes and ropework, basic principles of sailins, signalling and communications, boat handling, anchoring, passage planning, navigating in restricted visibility, meteorology, visual and electronic aids to navigation etc. There are supplementary exercises on compass and position fixing, chart familiarization, general seamanship and terminology, dead reckoning and estimated position, pilotage, course shaping and passage planning, tidal heights and streams etc.

Category: SHIP HANDLING | Views: 296 |

What Not to Write - A Guide to the Dos and Don'ts of Good English

   This book is intended to help people having general problems with writing English being non-native speakers. All dos and don'ts have been arrangein in alphabetical order for easier navigation. coupled with a comprehensive index and cross-reference, this means you will have no difficulties finding answers. The book is also supplemented with some useful appendices like tips on writing and laying out a document, basic grammar notes etc.

Category: ENGLISH | Views: 330 |

MaK Service Information Compilation M20 - M601

   This pack of documentation released by Caterpillar includes "Engines in Service - Facts and Information on Diesel Engine Operation" releases nos. 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11 and Service Information for the following marine diesel engines: M20, M25, M32, M32C, M43, M282, M332, M332C, M453, M453C, M551, M552, M601, VM32. Such information is the must-have for marine engineers, crew members dealing with the installation, operation, maintenance and repair of ship machniery of the daily basis. It will also assist newcomers and students in marine engineering in getting familiarized with the basic aspects of machinery.

Marine Insurance Clauses

   This book was conceived in the early 1980s when two partners of Ernest Robert Lindley & Sons, International Average Adjusters, decided to acknowledge and applaud The Quiet Revolution which The London Marine Insurance Market had introduced by redrafting the traditional forms of policy for cargo and ships, bringing them up to date and easier to understand. Although the initial impetus had come from intergovernmental bodies such as UNCTAD and UNCITRAL, nobody could deny that the successful revolutionaries were clad in sober suits and plotted the new policy clauses in quiet committee rooms at Lloyd's and the Institute of London Underwriters. We have published subsequent editions to reflect numerous changes and additions to the clauses, and particularly the new style of the organisation entitled International Underwriting Association of London in 2002. This new edition will bring our readers up to date with the present complex and sometimes confusing variations in policy conditions. In contrast to experience in the hull market, the radical overhaul of Institute Cargo Clauses in 1982 was followed by nearly 30 years of stability—hardly surprising when they swept away the archaic and convoluted wording of earlier forms and brought in clear and plain English to tell the assured what he was covered for. The 2009 revision continued the process, the changes for the most part being cosmetic and reflecting terminology better suited to the times. Some areas of cover have been altered, for example the commencement and termination of risk under the Transit Clause, though the changes are modest and generally in the assured's favour. These changes and recent revisions to the Replacement Clause and War and Strikes Clauses are explained as part of the examination of clauses for all risks, restricted perils, special trades and various incidental clauses...

Category: MARINE INSURANCE | Views: 203 |

How Maritime Law is Controlled by Organizations, Flag States and Port States

   This video contains the overview of the complete lecture about the correlation between the different kind of inspectors and different organizations. Both have an influence on the safety of the ships, their personnel and environment. My name is Gilles van der Meij, I worked twenty years at sea and six years as a classification society surveyor.

Category: MISCELLANNEOUS | Views: 238 |

Port Management and Operations

   The aim of this book is to give a presentation of the basic elements of ports, covering their administration, economics, operation and management. As ports are among the oldest forms of transport infrastructure which have remained in continuous use. and have been a vital part in the social and economic growth of regions, it is necessary to consider, at least briefly, the historic development of ports in order to understand many of their facets. This book is intended to provide a complete picture of the ports industry so that those involved with ports can see their own specific field of interest in perspective and understand how the basic model of the port operates within the maritime transport industry. Maritime transport is a rapidly changing industry it is not sufficient to learn one's business by "sitting next to Nellie". Modern transport professionals must be able to adapt to, changes in the industry. Perhaps one of the most important aspects of modem management is the ability to manage change and it is hoped that this book will give an insight as to how port management has coped with change over the last century. When Gary Crook of UNCTAD was asked for a suitable title, he suggested "Ports: The misunderstood key to prosperity". Such an approach has become an integral part of most of the professional and academic courses that are concerned with shipping, ports and transport. The structure and content of this book are based on the lectures given to. and the interaction I have had with, students in London and at the World Maritime University in Malmo over the last 25 years...

Category: SHIPPING INDUSTRY | Views: 260 |

Fire Safety at Sea

   Introduction; Combustion and fires; Fire extinguishing and extinguishing media; Fire extinguishing equipment; Machinery spaces; Fire and explosions from machinery; Bunkers and bunkering; Dry cargo spaces; Structural fire protection; Automatic sprinkler systems and fire detection; Tankers; Ships under repair; Shipboard organisation, fire drills and inspections; Fire casualties and lessons learned.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 403 |

Ship and Crew - Maritime english

   This training file was produced by Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, College of Engineering and Architecture, Marine Engineering Department. It is intended to assist crew members and marine students in improving their English skills. The book includes five parts covering General Information of Ships, Vessel Types and Parts, Movements of Ships and Degree of Freedom, Crew Rules and Routines, and Engine Watchkeeping. Have a look into this book and make your English become better.

Category: ENGLISH | Views: 450 |

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