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How to Talk Like a Local

   When I first told friends that I was embarking on a project collecting British dialect, their first thought was often that I would meet a lot of lonely people. I confess I feared they might be right. The speakers whose gems I was looking for were sure to be the last ones standing, bearers of vanishing vocabularies that would never be replaced. For the word 'dialect' has become synonymous with decline, just as English, we are told, is destined to become monolithic, bland, and peppered with universal lines absorbed from TV and Internet chat rooms. It has been one of the nicest surprises of my career to learn just how wrong we were. That English is far from losing its edge I already knew — its golden age may even lie ahead of us still — but I accepted without question that it was different for dialect. Like most people I know; I believed that our local vocabularies are being ironed out at the same electric pace as new words are being coined, and for a much bigger audience than a particular neighbourhood. That what we now have is a general lexicon from which everyone, north and south, young and old, draws for expression. What I've discovered in the course of writing this book is that dialect is alive, well, and kicking hard. It's just doing so in new and different ways. Of course, thousands of beautiful and unmistakably local words are dying out; many have already done so. They are just as surely to be missed as the new* are to be celebrated. For the most part they belonged to a world now lost to us — one populated with horse-drawn ploughs, dockers and cotton workers, collieries and tin-mines. The lexicons of these and other industries are still there if you look hard enough, but as the need for them diminishes, so do the aural snapshots of the life they once so brilliantly described. Yet, over the 1,500 years of English's history, it was ever thus — words have come and gone (and often come back again) throughout, but the footprints they leave remain as telline as ever...

Category: ENGLISH | Views: 171 |

The Extreme Life of the Sea

   This book emerged, as many things do, from a gap in the teeth of the established order. The sea is our world's most fertile stage, populated by wonderfully colorful characters acting out their lives in a daily drama. But too often writing about the sea, or any natural habitat, follows this script: detail the native diversity, catalogue species to awe and amaze, and then toll the bell of doom as you explain the man-made calamities unfolding in these habitats. This is the gap in the established order. A gap in character development. And a gaping need for a simple sense of guiltless wonder about how wonderful the ocean's life actually is. Humans have done sufficient damage to every habitat that the bells can always be heard, but we seek to place emphasis elsewhere. How can an audience focus on a drama's denouement until they're invested in the players? Where they live? Who they live with? The conflict and beauty of their lives? Hence our focus on the characters in the oceans, the lives they lead, and the tactics they use to thrive. We have tried, in our chapters, to bring these characters to life by combining a novel's narrative flair with the scientific accuracy that these subjects demand. And we chose the sea's most extreme life to show what life is fully capable of. We apologize for inaccuracies that may still be present: despite a worldwide network of friends and colleagues, a survey comprising more than 200 topics will never be perfectly accurate while research is ongoing and new results are arriving. Throughout, we used the scientific literature as the foundation of fact on which our narrative is built—but good storytellers also try to show their subjects in living color, in dynamic movement, and in life and death. And for these elements we sometimes constructed scenes that are fully consistent with the data but may not yet have been witnessed...

Category: POPULAR | Views: 89 |

Siemens Energy - Basics of Electrical Products

   Introduction; Siemens Energy and Automation, Inc.; Electric Power; Residential Applications; Commercial Applications; Industrial Applications; Manufacturing Applications; Discrete Parts Manufacturing; Assemble Processes; Batch and Continuous Processes; Pictorial Glossary; Review Answers; Final Exam; QuickStep Online Courses.


Sea-Level Science

   Introduction; Sea level measuring system; Tidal forces and dynamics; Tidal prediction and analysis; Coastal and shallow water; Meteotsunamis, storm surges, and some other meteorological effects on sea level; Tsunamis; Spatial variations in sea level; Mean sea-level changes in time and changes in time to do with the solid Earth; Sea-level applications; Sea level and life; Basic hydrodynamic and hydrostatic equations; Currents; Low and high water heights and times from harmonic constituents; Theoretical tidal dynamics; Legal definitions in the coastal zone; Glossary.

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 138 |

Stern Tube Air Seal - Interactive Course

   An interactive instruction which will help students understand the basics of the air sealing. It will explain the working principles, working parameters, daily parameters to be controlled, fault finding and troubleshooting. To start the application, launch the OP.exe file. The rest is self-explanatory. The Menu is on the left side of the user interface. The software is completely free and requires no installation on your computer. It is compatible with all MS Windows releases. Checked for viruses. No activation required.

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 275 |

Handbook of Electric Power Calculations

   This Handbook is intended to provide quite detailed step-by-step calculation procedures that are commonly encountered in the field of electrical engineering. The book contains a wide array of topics; each of the topicswas prepared by a competent authority on the subject. The treatment throughout the whole publication is practical with very little emphasis on theory. Algebra and arithmetic are employed in the solution of the majority of the problems. The section sof the book cover such matters as instrumentation, basic network analysis, transformers, direct current generators and motors, three phase induction motors, electric power generatio, synchronous machines, single phase motors, underground cables and overhead transmission lines, system grounding, powre systems control, short circuit computations, load flow analysis in electric power systems, power system stability and protection, stationary batteries, cogeneration, lighting design and electric energy economic methods.

Category: MARINE ELECTRICS | Views: 299 |

Taking the Sea - Perilous Waters, Sunken Ships, and the True Story of the Legendary Wrecker Captains

   Early years; The tragedy of Merritt;s Circassian, San Francisco Bay times; Dynamite Johny and the Umatilla; The wrecker chronicles; Failures follow accomplishment; Used parts, scrap, and a new bow; Midwest and coastal operations; No rewards without risks; Success, sealing, and the Artctic; The roaring twenties; The decade of the Great War; The change of eras.

Category: POPULAR | Views: 102 |

International Maritime Law, the history

   Hello, welcome to this video which is produced by Maritime-Mea. My name is Gilles van der Meij. I have sailed on fifty ships and visited a few hundreds as a class surveyor. In this video I will brief you on the history of the rules and regulations on a ship. The starting point is the first classification society. I will show you how disasters at sea ended up in regulations. I will explain how the different governments collaborate and end in the modern time where disasters still happen.

Category: MISCELLANNEOUS | Views: 140 |

SABROE SMC-TSMC 100MK4 Reciprocating Compressors Service Manual and Users Manual

   This technical documentation pack consists of two filess - Service Manual & User's Manual for SABROE SMC-TSMC 100MK4 reciprocating compressors. The first manual covers warnings and signs, safety precautions, technical data and description, settings, operating and maintenance instructions, fault-finding and service instructions, part list, drawings, and final disposal, with some appendices. The second document has following chapters - air conditioning plant, plant control, superheat control, operator display, compressor capacity control, alarm and set point list, troubleshooting manual.


An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea

   Introduction; The water in seawater; Conductivity, density, chlorinity, and salinity; Major constituents of seawater; Salts in solution; Simple gases; CO2; Nutrients; Trace metals and other minor elements; Radioactive clocks; Organic matter in the sea and anoxic marine environments; Chemical extraction of useful substances from the sea; Exchanges at the boundaries; Geochemical history of the oceans; The chemical elements; Units, symbols, and nomenclature; Physical properties of seawater; Gases; Dissociation constants and PH scales; Solubility of calcium carbonate; Effects of pressure; Radioactive decay; Geochemical reservoirs, and some rates; Sound absorption; Glossary.

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 120 |

English Business Letters

   We compiled this work on Business English having in mind the need of the students who have already mastered basic grammar, acquired a fair vocabulary with some idiom, and who now wish to apply his knowledge to the study of writing business letters in English. Therefore, we have given many examples of letters written in a clear, friendly, direct and positive style, keeping in mind needs of the students who require English for correspondence with English-speaking countries, and whose interest therefore lies mainly in import-export matters. In the present edition we have given 150 specimen letters as well as some 740 phrases and extracts from letters. No book of commercial correspondence could reproduce specimen letters in every style of expression used in commercial writing, but the carefully classified groups of phrases given will enable the student to build his own letters on the pattern of the specimens. Many of the letters have been presented in a very attractive and realistic style.

Category: ENGLISH | Views: 260 |

Struggle for the Middle Sea - The Great Navies at War in the Mediterranean Theatre, 1940-1945

   Enrico Ricciardi was a young midshipman fresh from the Livorno Naval Academy serving aboard the lieht cruiser Eugenio di Savoia, flagship of Rear Admiral Luigi Sansonetti's 7th (Cruiser) Division. Eugenio di Savoia was about to fight in Italy's first fleet engagement against Great Britain. Ricciardi. stationed on the flae bridse. remembered his admiral's reaction when combat commenced: "When we saw the first salvo, even before the sound reached us. Admiral Sansonetti excitedly placed his hand on mv shoulder and said to me these exact words. 'Take a log sheet and note this down: at 1520 on 9 July 1940 on the Ionian Sea an Italian battle fleet fired its first gunshots against the English.' He added, 'This is a historic moment, and you. young man. should be proud to be living it.'" Aboard the British warships, similar excitement reigned when the signal "Enemy battle fleet in sight" fluttered up HMS Neptune's halyards. The British commander. Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham, noted this was the first time such a signal had been seen in the Mediterranean since the time of Nelson. Italv declared war on 10 June 1940. nine months into the conflict that became World War II. The Action off Calabria, as this engagement is known in English histories, was the war's first fleet clash and Britain's first attempt to establish sea control in the central Mediterranean. Accordingly expectations ran high, but rather than leading to a crushing naval victory, like Trafalgar. Calabria proved to be just the opening round in a protracted and bitter campaign that ultimately enmeshed five of the world's six great navies and dragged on to the very end of the European war...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 67 |

Shark Life - True Stories About Sharks and the Sea

   Here is a very popular book about sharks. Nowadays, their attacks are natural news leaders. The sharks are the perfect showstopping spectacle: horror, blood and guts, and mystery. In addition to that, they are highly videogenic. Even in the case when the camera cannot get a proper shot of shark or its victim, it can still pan the empty beach, the forbidding ocean, focus on the warning signs like "Danger: Sharks" or "Beach Closed". Such attacks usually dominate the news in the summertime. Magazines, newspapers, magazines, TV and radio news, internet websites keep count of the numerous incidents of supposed carnage. Experts speculate on the meanings and causes of this assault on humanity. The truth is that such hysteria is not justified by statistics or other facts. Though shark attacks seemed to occur more frequently as the twentieth century went on, they leveled off during the 1990s. 60-80 attacks are reported all over the world each year.

Category: POPULAR | Views: 58 |

Seawater Corrosion Handbook

   Here is a practical book that will help anyone encountering the insidious corrosion problems that can be caused by seawater. The book constitutes a review containing carefully excerpted and collated data from diverse and difficult-to-locate sources. The technological information to be found here is based on studies by research teams from U.S. Naval Research Laboratories and other research teams under the auspices of various government agencies. The first chapter is really an overview and deals with the general aspects concerning the corrosion of metals in marine environments: MCIC Report 78-37 entitled Corrosion of Metals in Marine Environments by W.K. Boyd and F.W. Fink, Metals and Ceramics Information Center, Columbus, Ohio, March 1978. The second chapter deals with the corrosion at various depths and is from Technical Report R834: Corrosion of Metals and Alloys in the Deep Ocean by F.M. Reinhart, Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory, Port Hueneme CA, Feb. 1976. The third chapter treats the effects of microorganisms. Material for this chapter was elaborated from three reports. The first original report is a preprint of a scientific paper entitled Biofouling and Effects of Organic Compounds and Microorganisms on Corrosion Processes by S.M. Gerchakov and B. Sallman, Dept. of Microbiology, University of Miami School of Medicine, Sept. 1977. The second report is entitled Corrosion at 4500 Foot Depth in Tongue-of-the-Ocean by E. Fischer and S. Finger, U.S. Naval Applied Science Laboratory, Brooklyn, NY, March 1966. The third original report is entitled Influence of Marine Organisms on the Life of Structural Steels in Seawaterby C.R. Southwell et al.. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C, March 1974. The fourth chapter is an annotated bibliography containing meaningful abstracts referring to the corrosion of metals- It stems from a paper by L.A. Beaubien found in NRL Report No. 7447 entitled Behavior of Materials in a Subsurface Ocean Environment by L.A. Beaubien et al., Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C, July 1972. This chapter has its own author and materials index. The fifth chapter treats the possible deterioration of nonmetalltc materials when immersed or in contact with seawater and is also based on NRL Report No. 7447 cited for the fourth chapter. Advanced composition and production methods developed by Noyes Data are employed to bring these durably bound books to you in a minimum of time. Special techniques are used to close the gap between "manuscript" and "completed book." Technological progress is so rapid that time-honored, conventional typesetting, binding and shipping methods are no longer suitable. We have bypassed the delays in the conventional book publishing cycle and provide the user with an effective and convenient means of reviewing up-to-date information in depth.

Category: SHIPBUILDING & REPAIR | Views: 159 |

Chinas Strategic Interests in the South China Sea

   The present publication is intended to explore the strategic interests of the Republic of China in the South China Sea, and it makes specific emphasis on resource security and power projection. China's regional actions/reactions are reshaping power dynamics in South-East and East Asia, while geopolitical and economic futures depend on the outcomes of these complex and iterative relationships with neighbouring countries and the United States. The Introduction assesses China's internal and external influences and dynamics, examines China's search for resources and energy, and looks at China's oil security through the lenses of economics and diplomacy. The Country Case Studies explore China's relationships with the United States of America, Japan, Vietnam, the Philippines, with regards to claims, conflicts, disputes, and strategic interests in the South China Sea. The Conclusion incorporates insights and builds on a number of factors and issues to produce a better understanding of the incentives, motivations and rationales that propel China to project power and secure resources in the South China Sea.

Category: MISCELLANEOUS | Views: 70 |

Biology of European Sea Bass

   This book is dedicated to the European sea bass, or Dicentrachus labrax, which has always attracted the attention of so many people: scientists, fish farmers, fishermen and others. Since very ancient times, this sort of species has been considered a very valuable table fish, and it is still considered a delicacy in many restaurants today. This fish has many different names - for example, in France, it is called "loup de mer", in the Iberian Peninsula they call it "robalo" or "lubina", in Italv sea bass is referred to as "spigola" or "branzino", while the Greeks and Turks call it "lavraki" and "levrek", correspondingly. European sea bass was historically cultured in coastal lagoons and tidal reservoirs, so it is not surprising that this fish species was one of the first marine fish to be farmed in Europe using modern aquaculture techniques. In fact, in Italy sea bass and seabream are the most consumed fish species. The book consists of two basic sections: "General Biology and Ecology" and "Physiology, Behaviour, and Pathology".

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 79 |

Steam Generators and Waste Heat Boilers

   For over three decades, I was associated with boiler companies designing oil- and gas-fired custom package boilers and waste heat boilers that are in operation worldwide in chemical plants, refineries, cogeneration systems, and power plants. The boilers have been operating well and performing as predicted within the margin of measurement errors. As a specialist in thermal design of heat transfer equipment and out of interest, I would correlate field data from operating units with predicted performance to check the correction factors to be incorporated in heat transfer or gas pressure drop correlations that were used for designing the boilers. I would review operating data such as boiler exit gas temperature, steam generation, fuel input, gas pressure drop, evaporator, superheater performance, their tube wall temperatures, and other process-related parameters and compare the results with predicted data. Over the years this has helped me to fine-tune the calculation procedure and modify the correction factors used in the performance evaluation of various heat transfer surfaces. Through the publication of hundreds of articles during this period, I have also been sharing thermal design procedures for boilers and HRSGs with the engineering community. I have written a few books, the recent being Industrial Boilers and HRSGs, where the emphasis was on sizing and performance evaluation of steam generator and waste heat boiler components. For the past decade, since the publication of the cited book, I have been playing the role of a boiler consultant. The transformation from a boiler designer to a boiler consultant has been gratifying as I can interact with plant engineers worldwide and learn from them about various boiler performance issues and suggest modifications to solve boiler-related problems or improve their performance (the word boiler refers to a steam generator as well as a waste heat recovery unit). Many plant engineers or even consultants have no clue as to how a boiler should be evaluated before it is bought or what information should be obtained from boiler suppliers regarding its thermal performance aspects. They rely entirely on the sales pitch from boiler suppliers and buy it without giving any critical thought to its design from a thermal performance viewpoint. Purchasing a boiler is thought of as purchasing a commodity. When purchasing a steam generator or HRSG, plant engineers have to evaluate several factors keeping in mind that the life of a boiler is about 30 to 40 years and that the plant will have to face the consequence of any wrong decision for a long time...

Category: MARINE ENGINEERING | Views: 239 |

Marine Hydrodynamics

   The applications of hydrodynamics to naval architecture and ocean engineering have expanded dramatically in recent years. Ship design has been related increasingly to the results of scientific research, and a new field of ocean engineering has emerged from the utilization of offshore resources. The number of technical symposia and journals has increased in proportion to this expansion, but the publication of textbooks has not kept pace. This volume has been prepared to satisfy the need for a textbook on the applications of hydrodynamics to marine problems. These pages have evolved from lecture notes prepared for a first-year graduate subject in the Department of Ocean Engineering at MIT, and used subsequently for undergraduate and graduate courses at several other universities. Most of the students involved have taken an introductory course in fluid mechanics, but the necessary fundamentals are presented in a self-contained manner. A knowledge of advanced calculus is assumed, including vector analysis and complex-variable theory.

Category: NAVAL ARCHITECTURE | Views: 286 |

Sea Power - The Coalition and Iraqi Navies

   This publication was prepared by Peter Gilchrist who tried to provide an expert's insight about the navy forces which were deployed in the Persian Gulf during the famous operation called "Desert Storm". It is well known that one of the most critical aspects of subject conflicat was the sea war. The USA sent six carrier battle groups, battleships USS Wisconsin and USS Missouri and, in addition to them, numerous other vessels. The Royal Navy of the Great Britain, although with relatively smaller resources, was spectacularly successful against Iraqi ships. Australia, France and many other nations made their vital contributions. This books describes in details all ships together with their weapons systems and capabilities. Frigates, hovercraft, amphibious forces, minehunters, destroyers, hospital evacuation and support vessels and the role of naval helicopters were also discussed in depth.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 88 |

Estuarine Indicators

   The Quest for the "Perfect" Estuarine Indicator; Physical Processes that Affect Estuarine Health; Using Environmental Monitoring and Satellite Imagery to Interpret Oceanographic Influences on Coastal Waters and Estuarine; Using Multiple Response Biological Indicators to Assess the Health of Estuarine Eco-systems; Using Statistical Models to Simulate Salinity Variability in Estuaries; Microbial Biofilms as Integrative Sensors of Environmental Quality; Sediment Habitat Assessment for Targeted Near-Coastal Areas; Use and Development of Assessment Techniques for Coastal Sediments; Bacterial Communities as Indicators of Sediment and Estuarine Conditions...

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 63 |

Salwico NSAC-1 Fire Alarm System Users Guide

   This pack includes documents related to three products by Salwico. The first if the Salwico CS4000 Fire Detection System, the second is the Detector Range by same manufacturer, and the third file is the User's Guide for the Salwico NSAC-1 Fire Alarm System.


Warfare at Sea - 1500-1650 - Maritime Conflicts and the Transformation of Europe

   This book focuses on maritime conflicts as a part of the transformation of Europe from the end of the fifteenth century to the mid-seventeenth century. The main lines of this transformation arc well known. From a maritime perspective some parts of the process arc especially important. Long-distance trade increased and the role of capitalist entrepreneurs in society became more important in large pads of Europe. In the Mediterranean, the Spanish and the Ottoman empires became dominant during the first half of the sixteenth century. In the last decades of mat century and the early decades of the seventeenth century the economic and political power of north-western Europe rapidly rose while the Mediterranean stagnated. The importance of the territorially integrated states in Europe rose and they began to develop permanent organisations for enforcing a state monopoly of violence on land as well as at sea. Finally. Europe developed an ability to influence economy and politics on a world-wide scale by its superior competence in warfare at sea. Warfare itself was also transformed. At sea. the institutional, organisational and technical framew-orks for war and violence changed decisively betw-een 1500 and 1650. This book will emphasise change but some basic features of conflicts at sea remained unchanged. Warfare at sea is essentially a contest about me maritime lines of communication. These lines are used for trade, for projection into territories close to the sea and as a source of wealth extracted by violence or through protection from violence. Consequently, wars at sea are fought in the interest of those who use the sea for trade, for the projection of military power and for resource extraction: plunder and taxes. Wars are also fought by those who feel threatened if competing groups arc given free access to the sea for such activities. For the defender against seaborne invasion me sea is a forward area for naval operations which aim at delaying and preventing threats against his territory. Wars may have their immediate cause in accidental diplomatic breakdowns, domestic power politics or the vanity of rulers but once started they arc shaped by the practical possibilities of inflicting damage on me enemy and giving protection to friends...

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 78 |

Ship of Gold on the Deep Blue Sea

   All of the characters in this story are real. I have changed no names, created no scenes from imagination, made up no dialogue. To protect proprietary information. I have minimally altered some material concerning technology and procedures. I gleaned the historical narrative from diaries of passengers aboard the Central America and hundreds of contemporary articles and interviews with the survivors of the sinking in 1857. I read several books on the California Gold Rush; particularly helpful were The Forty-Niners by William Johnson from Time-Life Books and a doctoral thesis by John Kemble titled The Panama Route. I also read Richard Henry Dana's classic, Two Years before the Mast. I referred to drawings of the Central America, a painting of the ship, and woodcuts from scenes along the Panama Route and at the wharves in San Francisco and Aspinwall. For nautical references. I used The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea and Bowditch's American Practical Navigator. To reconstruct the search for the Central America, I had the Columbus-America Discoverer Group's 1986 sonar logs, the ship captain's logs for 1987 and 1988; the pilot's flight log for 1987: other at-sea logs for 1986 and 1987. tape recordings of hostile encounters with rival ships at sea. the navigator's timed artifact recovery log for 1988. personal diaries and occasional letters written by crew members, partnership letters from the Columbus-America Discoverer Group, trial transcripts, photographs of ocean floor sites and from aboard the various work vessels, hours of video on the bottom and topside, several visits to the offices and warehouse in Columbus. Ohio, and to the staging site in Wilmington. North Carolina, and extensive interviews with over a hundred people, including the ship and tech crews, partners. lawyers. CPAs. ensineers, scientists, and families and friends of the main characters. I read half a dozen books about the evolution of submarines and submersibles and man's attempts to penetrate the deep ocean. In August 1989 and again in September 1990.1 traveled on small fishing boats out to the Arctic Discoverer to live on board the ship and observe procedures on deck and in the control room while the Columbus-America Discovery Group explored the site of the Central America. In some instances, besides the recollections of those involved. I also had audio and videotapes of the actual events from which to construct scenes and dialogue...

Category: POPULAR | Views: 77 |

The Great War at Sea

   Introduction; Ambition, arms races, and ideology; Preparing for war; Global prelude; European waters in 1914-1915; Submarine warfare - the great experiment; Combined operations in 1915; The year of Jutland - Germany's fleet sorties in 1916; Submarine warfare - the great gamble in 1917-1918; War and Revolution in 1917; Final operations; Conclusion - peace and naval disarmament.

Category: NAVY FLEET | Views: 82 |

The Aral Sea Environment

   Introduction; History of exploration and investigation; Paleogeographical history; The Aral Sea under natural conditions; Socio-economic conditions before 1960; Reasons for the socio-economic and environmental crisis; Reginal climate variability; Syrdarya and Amudarya rivers and their deltas; Physical oceanography and chemistry of the Large Aral Sea; Satellite monitoring of the region; Sea level variability; Ice conditions from satellite and historical observations; Biological diversity; Relevance of the archaeology to water level and climate changes; Creeping environmental disasters.

Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 43 |

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