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FATE AND EFFECTS OF OIL IN MARINE ECOSYSTEMS

Fate and Effects of Oil in Marine Ecosystems
 
 Author(s)                

J. Kuiper, W. J. van den Brink
 Publisher
Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
 Date
1987
 Pages
338
 Format
pdf
 Size
18.4 Mb

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   Like all living creatures man has from the very outset influenced the environment. Initially, the traces of human activity were hardly noticeable and so were their effects on the equilibrium of the ecosystem as such. However, as soon as man learned how to use tools, he was able to influence his surroundings more drastically, and to proliferate more rapidly. As a matter of fact that is the time when things went wrong, because a process was started off which was to continue with ever-increasing speed and on an ever-increasing scale. The present condition of nature as a result of the activities of mankind is generally known. Whether it is an accident with a nuclear plant or the vanishing of tropical rain forests, acid deposition or the pollution of soil, water and air, environmental disasters almost seem to be the order of the day. It is striking that with all these - more or less arbitrary - examples the provision of energy plays a role. In this respect one can add an even more important energy carrier to the list, namely: crude oil. At the slightest mishap the transport of oil over sea and offshore oil production may have serious consequences for the marine ecosystem. From the papers in this book it becomes clear that oil spills at sea continue to affect the ecosystem for a very long time. That's why it is essential that policy-makers both in government and in industry should know exactly what happens to the ecosytems in case of a mishap. In this connection the research results presented during the TNO Conference on Oil Pollution dealing with the "Fate and effects of oil in marine ecosystems" are of major interest in that they provide policy guidelines with respect to risk assessment and risk management.
Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 829 |
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