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31.03.2020
THE GUIDELINES ON CYBER SECURITY ONBOARD SHIPS

Nowadays, the vessels and the whole international maritime shipping industry is very vulnerable to a new threat – the cyber-attacks, considered serious since they can possibly affect all critical systems on any vessel. That is why we shall all be aware of this sort of hazard and make sure that both the crew members and supporting shore-based personnel are duly prepared to protect the ship against it.

The present publication was developed by the industry professionals in order to establish the due awareness of the important safety aspects and also make people familiarized with the security and commercial risks commonly presenting because of the wrong or non-timely measures taken. It is highly recommended for all people engaged in the industry to go through the content of this volume to make sure they can better protect the shipboard computer systems and all associated equipment from the outside impact.

Seven chapters of the book cover such aspects of cyber-security as safety management, identification of threats and vulnerabilities, assessment of the risk, contingency planning, response to the incidents, and development of the detection/protection measures. Four appendixes provide additional information and include a glossary of terms.

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31.03.2020
Operation and Maintenance of Shipboard Hatch Covers

Hatch covers play a vital role in ensuring that the ship is in fact both seaworthy and cargo-worthy. In a recent study it was found that more than forty percent of all dry bulk cargo insurance claims are directly due to leaking hatch covers and some ships lost at sea under certain circumstances are suspected to have taken water on board in heavy weather due to badly maintained hatch covers. It is very important that the officers and crew are fully aware of the significance of operating the hatch covers correctly and safely.

If costly losses are to be avoided, it is essential that the personnel responsible for operating such equipment must be familiar with its use. Incorrect use and inadequate maintenance will result in a rapid deterioration of hatch cover metal-to-metal contacts, compression bars, rubber seals, particularly cross joint seals, leaving a cargo hold unprotected against the ingress of water. A little water will ruin the cargo; a lot of water can badly affect the stability of the ship which could lead to the loss of lives and the vessel.

We are going to look at the folding type hatch covers and the side rolling hatch covers. The principles of safe Oper. and Maint. of Shipb. Hatch Covers 2operation and correct maintenance are fortunately common for most systems. Prior to opening, the chains should be inspected to ensure they are of the same length at each side of hatch cover. The wheels should also be inspected and lubricated to ensure that they will run freely and without obstruction. This applies equally to eccentric wheels whose function is to support the hatch covers after lifting from their closed position prior to opening.

In the case of hydraulically operated folding covers the hydraulic system should also be inspected for leaking and damaged pipes and joints. The hydraulic oil must be kept spotlessly clean at all times. With rack-and-pinion operated systems the gear should be free of dirt and well lubricated. The system must be in good order throughout to achieve both correct opening and closing. In the case of chain or wire-operated systems, the correct tension should be checked.

 

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30.03.2020
SEAMANSHIP NOTES

This is a great reference and one of the most popular and successful books on seamanship. Most of the fundamental knowledge can be obtained from this brilliant book, presented in a clear and understandable format. The contents of the volume will help trainees preparing for their officer of the watch examinations. It is mainly a collection of the carefully selected crib sheet containing the essential information specifically designed to help students and cadets jog their memory.

The practicing mariners, in turn, will benefit from the bullet point style format of the volume. There are three main sections in the book. The first section deals with the navigation, covering all relevant topics from voyage planning and up to the heavy weather sailing.

The second section of the book addresses the response to emergencies, including actions to be taken in the event of collision, flooding and grounding incidents, equipment in use, pyrotechnics, lifesaving appliances and everything else you will need to be aware of in such cases. The closing section covers the shipboard operations including all associated regulatory framework, such as the ISM and ISPS Codes, MARPOL and STCW Conventions, IALA buoyage systems etc.

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30.03.2020
VESSEL COLLISION CASE STUDIES

This is a good collection made of the four real-life vessel collision case studies. The training set shall be used as a good supplementary visual tool when learning the essentials of the ship collision prevention. Each of the cases included in the set has been provided with the very detailed and understandable explanation. Moreover, when performing the analysis of the situations that led to the incidents, reference was made to the relevant provisions of the applicable rules and regulations, such as the COLREG

The incident happened in the Gulf of Mexico in an area south of Louisiana. The incident occurred at night, in good visibility and moderate weather. Two ships, a bulk carrier E and a tanker J were both proceeding outbound at full sea speed and heading of 180 degrees. Additionally, a lash carrier A was proceeding inbound at full sea speed and heading of 326 degrees toward the south-west sea buoy. At a time of twelve minutes before collision, ship A observed the red side light and mast head lights of the two vessels and ship E observed green lights and mast head lights of ship A on a bearing of forty degrees port side. The vessels were in a crossing situation. Meanwhile, ship J has overtaken ship E on her own starboard side….

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28.03.2020
SEAMANSHIP TRAINING MANUAL

These useful and practical notes have been compiled in order to provide required assistance to the cadets and ship staff in need for the readily available reference source as applied to the official training syllabus. There are eleven chapters in this book covering absolutely everything they should know. The opening chapter is dealing with the general sea terminology for the parts of the ship and navigation.

The second chapter will tell you about the general ropework including different types of the ropes, their construction and characteristics. The next two chapters address the bends and hitches commonly used on the ships together with the whipping and splicing techniques. Once the trainees have been familiarized with the above information, they can proceed to the fifth chapter dealing with the rigging.

The sail making and decorative sail work and basic boat work have been covered in the next four chapters. The last two chapters of the volume are devoted to the chartwork and navigation. Some of the supplementary information is contained in the four appendixes, where the readers will find some additional info about the rigging equipment an regulatory framework, such as the COLREG.

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27.03.2020
RECOGNISING SUSPICIOUS BEHAVIOUR

The maritime world has changed. There was a time when attacks on ships and port facilities were rare events. That is no longer so. But the industry has responded as it had to if it was to reduce the chances of ships being attacked and the lives of the seafarers and port workers being put at risk. In 2002 the IMO brought in the new ISPS Code; it is about preventing hostile acts against ships, crew, ports and port personnel, and it works.

All the evidence shows that the people who intent to commit crime put off if they see that a ship or port security and level of vigilance are good. If they know they have been spotted and that people are prepared to take appropriate action, many criminals will simply abandon their plans and move on. They know that they do not need the undue risks. Sadly, there are enough ships and ports with port security for them to attack instead. So it is vital for your own safety, safety of your work mates, and safety of your ship or port that you learn and understand basic security techniques.

And remember that regular drills in which you can test your knowledge of the security techniques are a great way to practice skills and build confidence. And you shall remember at all times that this knowledge can mean the difference between your ship or port being targeted or not.

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27.03.2020
THE ELECTRONIC CHART FUNDAMENTALS, FUNCTIONS, DATA AND OTHER ESSENTIALS

Electronic marine navigation has passed a critical waypoint – the vast majority of all vessels navigating the seas and engaged in the international maritime shipping have the ECDIS installed on board. This landmark shall be treated as one of the most important milestone in the long journey.

There are so many procedures that have been established during the past decades relating to the electronic navigation and that shall be used by the practicing ship navigators, developers and suppliers of the navigation charts, hydrographic offices and others.

As a result, the ECDIS was first accepted by the IMO as the substitute to the traditional paper charts. Moreover, there are many regulations developed by the IMO in this respect and the provisions of subject rules and regulations shall be complied with at all times. This fourth and latest edition of the publication features the completely revised contents.

The authors have provided the descriptions of the essentials for the development of the shipboard electronic navigation systems together with the recommendations for their use covering the associated technical functions and limitations imposed. The general guidance have been provided on the use of these systems as well as training and certification aspects.

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27.03.2020
THE ELEMENTS OF NAVIGATION

This classic publication was originally designed to be used by the officers of naval militia as well as by the yachtsmen and all future mariners and it did gain the success and popularity among all professionals of the coast services in many countries of the world. Every effort was made by the author to keep the size of the book compact to make it convenient for the everyday use.

However, it contains all information about the practical navigation you may need. The book was published long time ago and managed to stand the test of more than a century. Note that despite the year of original release, the material presented in the publication is still valid and useful since the basics of the marine navigation have not changed – of course, the latest technological advances in the field of navigational equipment could not be covered, by the essentials remained same.

The instructions prepared by the author are as concise as possible but the clearness of the explanations is still there, making the contents understandable to all categories of readers. The use of high mathematics has been avoided wherever possible and this is another reason why the publication can be recommended to the broader readership.

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