This short film opens the series of training videos developed by The Nautical Institute together with the Lloyd's Register. It is estimated that about eighty percent of all accidents happening at sea are the result of human or, more precise, the operator's errors. Though the operator's error may be immediate cause of the accident, but the root cause if often human influences on the design or operation of the ship's systems. So it is exactly the human factors that need some serious consideration, and in this is what we will concentrate on in the present program. The video is to supplement this Alert publication.

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Alert 11 - Integration - The Human Element Jigsaw. In this issue, we are going to consider the human elements jigsaw...This training film is supplemented with this training booklet. Some of the ship components or systems may be fully automated but they may still require some input from the seafarer - setting tolerances, for example, or responding to alarms.

Other systems require direct seafarer's input for operation and maintenance. Then, there are systems tat require humans to interact with other humans, etc. And, in all these cases seafarers have to interact and work harmoniously with one another. Integrating the human element in this complex system is a dynamic process...

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The human element is one the most critical features of all aspects of ship or system design and operation.

In order for any ship or system to operate in a safe and effective way, it must be designed to support the people who work there, without any risk to their health or safety and with no negative impact on the overall performance.

In this issue of Alert we are going to be looking at ergonomics. This video is intended to supplement this Alert issue.

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The International Safety Management Code - ISM - represents the cornerstone IMO approach towards the developing and maintaining the strong safety culture. Focus is very clearly on human element.

Some time has passed since the Code was implemented... so, where are we now and how is ISM doing, is it working at all - these are a sort of questions raised in this issue of Alert.

The fact is that, although there are many positives, it is clear that more care is to be placed on the human understanding of the system. Port State Control inspections have revealed that in some instances ship personnel are not applying the Safety Management System to operation of the ship.

Certificates not in order, senior officers not able to identify the designated person, program for the emergency drills and exercises not available - these are the non-conformances routinely identified at the PSC inspections... This video is to supplement this Alert publication.

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If you are familiar with computers, you may have heard the expression "Garbage in, garbage out" meaning that if we put inaccurate or invalid data into computer, that is we exactly what we get.

So, how does that relate to the shipping industry workers - this is exactly what we are going to find out in this issue of Alert. What we are talking about is the quality - poor quality in, poor quality out.

Most shipboard systems depend of some level of human involvement... The film is to supplement this Alert booklet.

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You know, technology has made the whole business of ship design so much simpler. Those of you who are familiar with key series of our program, know that Alert! is concerned with the human element - a critical but often overlooked feature of all aspects of ship or system design operation.

So, in any ship design plan focus should be on the people who are going to use it; and here, of course, we are talking about seafarers. So, how we get the design which focuses on making the ship and the systems usable? We do that through the process called the Human Centered Design, or HCD. The film will supplement this Alert booklet.

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Suppose the ship was completely automatic - no seafarers required, suppose the engines maintain themselves - no people required, and suppose all the cargo did load and discharge itself - untouched by human hands... Unlikely? Well, of course, it is.

Technology may be playing an increasing role in the running of the vessel, but as we all know, how safely and how efficiently the ship is run, is all about people - and so is this issue of Alert. The plight of some seafarers has already been made international headlight. Badly paid, sometimes not paid at all, poor food and accommodation, working on ships managed by people having little or no regard to health, safety and wellbeing.

The MLC 2006 is described by many as a milestone for the international maritime industry. Often referred to as the "seafarers' bill of rights", it addresses the significant issues pf minimum working age, maximum working hours, along with accommodation, health protection, food and catering, medical care, welfare and also social security matters. The Convention is also addressing the current health concerns, for example the effects of vibration and noise on seafarers, and is intended to apply worldwide, be easily understandable, and easy to update and enforce. This video supplements the Alert 18 issue.

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Issue 6 — Development and Maintenance — Competent People Make the Difference. There is little doubt that technology is revolutionizing the global maritime industry, which means that learning is crucially important.

At sea, we must have competent people; to promote this, we must have high—standard education training.

The problem is that the standards of education vary, and this is what we are going to discuss in this issue of Alert. The booklet on same topic may be used as a supplement.

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