||International Conference on Stability of Ships and Ocean Vehicles
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This paper provides a brief description of the work the International Maritime Organization has undertaken in respect of developing international requirements and recommendations on intact and damage stability for various types of ships during the period from 1990 to 1994. This paper also includes a brief account of the current work on the subject within the Sub-Committee on Stability and Load Lines and on Fishing Vessels Safety which is the IMO's body responsible for the work of the Organization in this area. The International Maritime Organization (until 22 May 1982 the Organization was called the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization) was established by the United Nations Conference held in Geneva in 1946. In 1958 the Organization came into being as the only united Nations specialized agency solely concerned with maritime affairs. The establishment of IMO was initiated by the recognition of fact that, because of the international nature of the shipping industry, it is only through concerted efforts of States, co-ordinated on an international level, that action to enhance safety at веа would be more effective, and that a permanent body which would coordinate and promote further measures on a more continuing basis would serve well the cause of maritime safety. The main objective of IMO is to facilitate co-operation among governments in technical matters affecting shipping in order to achieve the highest practicable standards of maritime safety and navigation. since 1967, the Organization has given special emphasis to issues of pollution prevention of sea from ships and to legal matters associated with its technical work. Since its inception the membership of the Organization has risen to 149...