This publication was written to provide readers with the information related to storm risk assessment; the authors have focused on sandy and cliff coasts in connection with the sea level rise caused by the change in climate and also littoral transformation. The impacts of storms have been examined through the matrixes dealing with the various physical characteristics as well as the different ecological resources, in addition to the other factors concerned.
The methodology applied by the authors of this volume has been thoroughly described and also tested in relation to the coastal areas mentioned in the title, namely Cartagena, located in the Caribbean Sea, and Cadiz on the Atlantic coast. Both of these areas have been considered important due to the huge flow of tourists.
The chapters of the book are describing the above approach and exploring three main types of variables, namely ones that contribute to the erosion induced by storm, dynamic variables determining the resilience to the erosion, and, finally, the vulnerable targets that are normally arranged in three groups. The maps that are created on the basis of the approximation will be helpful when determining the causes as well as processes and potential consequences of the processes.
The recent developments in the field of the offshore wind power engineering are one of the most important issues of today. It is driven mainly by the demand for the new efficient and eco-friendly sources of electrical power and the main idea is to avoid using fossil fuels. However, should the offshore generation of the electricity using wind turbine installations become a wide-spread reality; there will definitely be serious problems to overcome.
Among most critical aspects to considered there are reliability of such installations as well as their longevity and ready availability at the market. Then, we will need to pay close attention to the cost effectiveness that will be required in order to reach the above mentioned availability and longevity of the wind turbines forming an essential part of any wind energy installation, since it will play a critical role in improving the lifecycle costs of the turbine and eventually determine the future of this emerging sector of the energy industry. Due to the number of important areas covered in the pages of this publication it will be greatly appreciated by all people with the interest in the renewable energy, ecology and similar disciplines.
One of the most interesting and historically valuable publications on marine science and meteorology, noting the original release date, which dates back as far as to the middle of the nineteenth century, this one shall definitely be treated as a piece of classics. The meteorology has always been considered a very complex subject. Though so many books have been issued for the past century on the meteorology, the mechanical theory of storms has only been addressed in only few of them.
However, taking into account the importance of this subject, it requires close attention, and this is what the idea of the author of this publication was. The main content of the volume is arranged in six sections. The first section introduces reader to the theory of navigation, dynamical law of equilibrium, formation of vortices, Hutton's theory, Redfield's theory, and other relevant topics.
The list of topics covered in the pages of this volume is too long to be presented in this short text, we just want to recommend this book to all people interested in this subject due to the truly impressive coverage of the topics combined with the detailed and clear explanations making the learning process easy.
The coast lines of the world divide sea from land and are deservedly treated as the geo-environments absolutely unique in composition and in the processes that affect them. People have been raising constructions throughout the whole history of mankind at these intersections of the ocean and land. Even though the coastlines were originally used for the commercial and naval purposes, the past decades have shown significantly increased activity relating to the tourism and recreation.
The development of the coastlines is currently resulting in a serious conflicts with the natural processes. The present textbook on coastal engineering is intended to assist readers with getting better understanding of the above mentioned coastal processes and help them develop the effective strategies on coping with the erosion taking place at the shorelines.
The material of the book is divided in four major parts providing a general overview of the modern coastal engineering, giving a consideration of coastal zones covering the storm surges and water waves etc., containing the productive discussion of the coastal responses and depicting various applications, for example coastal armoring, proper shoreline management, mitigation of the coastline erosion and others.
The present volume contains the proceedings of the joint meeting of the geological groups, first group dealing with the marine studies and the second one engaged in petroleum geochemistry. The materials included in the publication have all been arranged in three major parts.
The first two parts of the publication are mainly addressing the environment of the rocks containing oil with the main emphasis being made on the technical concepts and established methods of working with the organic sediments that are normally generated in the course of the so-called anoxic events.
Here you will find the information about the role that the source rocks play in the exploration of petroleum, pyrite formations, characteristics of the rocks, distribution of the source rocks, formation of the deposits, organic sedimentation etc.
The third part of the book provides statistical and graphical data in connection with this and is also dealing with the organic geochemistry and geography, covering different geographical regions and all aspects considered important enough to be included in the volume by the author who compiled the book. The publication will present practical interest and use to the people involved in the offshore exploration of the hydrocarbons.
Nowadays, marine debris that are discharges from the vessels and other source, including the trash as well as the lost fishing gear, is seriously contributing to the ongoing spoiling of the beaches and fouling of the seafloor and surface waters; in addition to that, it causes significant harm to the marine mammals and other negative effects.
Regretfully, the existing domestic laws and international conventions that are intended to provide the due control of the discharge of marine debris, have not been too successful, and one of the reasons for that was that the laws provided little incentive to the changes in the behavior.
The authors of the present publication have made an attempt to properly identify the established ways of reduction of the wastes, decrease in the disposal of waste at marine ports, and also to strengthen the whole regulatory framework towards a zero-discharge in the environment of the sea. The progress in this field will mainly depend on a commitment to the sustained funding and also on the appropriate support.
The relevant authorities should target research in order to get to the sound understanding of the sources, associated fates and potential impacts of marine debris by means of the planning and prioritization of the related activities, and also provide the required support to the establishment of the rigorous protocols allowing to monitor at a broad variety of scales.
This is the very latest third edition of the "Methods...". The initial edition of the title was released about thirty-five years ago and was revised in between in order to take account of the latest interest and scientific approaches. As a result, this edition of the publication is absolutely up-to-date; the authors are making his best to to provide readers with the information on such topics relating to the studies of marine benthos as the analysis and design methods used in benthic surveys, diving systems, macro- and meiofauna techniques, sediment analysis, characterization of the seabed, sampling of the deep-sea benthos, and measurements of the energy and flow matter etc.
The book has the aims mostly similar to the ones that have been declared in the previous editions of the publication, and even retains more or less arrangement including topics covered. However, it should be noted that there are some serious changes to the content of the book - for example, the authors dropped the chapter dedicated to the vessel position fixing, and they also appropriately redistributed in several chapters the considerations of phytobethos that used to be contained in one chapter. There are some other changes made to this publication by the author
In their publication, the authors intended to review the latest developments in the field of hydrology through the experiences of the team of engineers and scientists; it addresses the study of extreme fluid flows, water resources, data handling, basin studies and instrumentation, terrestrial hydrological processes and modelling, water quality, eco-hydrology and climate change, hydrological data acquisition and exploitation, future prospects etc.
There are some images provided at the last part of the publication to supplement the text. The hydrology itself is considered truly vital to the whole civilization and to the natural ecological system; however, it became a separate science during last fifty years or so.
The publication is mainly intended to provide interested readers, both the specialists and enthusiasts, with the comprehensive technical review of the recent developments of the contemporary hydrology via the experience gained by the multi-disciplinary team of recognized professionals, including the engineers and scientists, who have actually been there at the very forefront of many of advances. We think it is needless to underline the value of the information collected and presented by the authors of this volume.