Today, the amount of the food that is thrown away every year worldwide, reaches around 1.3 billion tonnes. This book is intended to presents the major findings of an extensive piece of research on the state of the problems related to the food waste in several countries, as further stated in the book. The results obtained are showing that the scale of the problem with regard to food waste varies between each country and is limited by an insufficient number of studies performed in the area.
In almost all of the countries covered within the book, this problem is considered most prevalent in the area of food wastes that are commonly generated by the manufacturing sector, for example from inefficient utilization of the by-products. In Sweden and Germany, the main problem is a food being thrown away by the households; however, subject food could still be suitable for consumption. The values reach sixty-five and thirty-five percent, respectively.
The method of the reduction or prevention of the food wastes most often applied across the seven countries is the donation of food. In addition, Germany has initiated a large number of engagement campaigns and activities aimed at reduction of food waste, whereas, Sweden has launched projects only focused on single organizations or institutions...
The publication that is offered to our users today has been specifically prepared and released for the industry professionals who are working in the fields of applied maths, fluid mechanics, physical oceanography, geophysics and other related fields and also for the students learning subject disciplines. The authors have attempted to detail the significant progress that could easily be observed in the understanding of the most important physical mechanisms of the "rogue wave" phenomenon during last several years.
To discuss subject phenomenon, the authors have used the fully non-linear hydrodynamic numerical models. Throughout this interesting publication, the readers will find combinations of theoretical and empirical treatment required for the proper and complete examination of the problem. we would say that this book shall definitely be considered as a valuable and very helpful contribution to the technical literature that is covering the wave theory as well as statistics, since it helps to fill in the existing serious gap in people's knowledge of unusual waves.
The book will for sure present a great professional interest to both the engineers and scientists who are studying the physical oceanography as well as wave dynamics and other related aspects, or involved in the relevant scientific researches.
The really multi-disciplinary nature of the marine science has been reflected in this volume. The book contains nearly two thousand of keywords listed in alphabetical orders and supplemented with the colorful and informative illustrations included with the intention to provide the students and teachers, as well as scientists with a time-saving and very helpful aid to be used in the course of studying the specific literature.
It also provides all interested parties with the brief yet comprehensive technical explanations of the basic concepts, fundamental terminology and established methods and this all makes the book even more valuable to the readers than just a pure dictionary. It is relatively small but truly wonderful book and maybe the only one of its size, completely covering such a wide topic area. The content of the book reflects an excellent job done by the team of authors.
Many terms in the book has been cross-referenced and such approach provides even better understanding of the terminology. In short, we guarantee that the present encyclopedia will be very useful to any person with the interest in marine science as they will get a thorough and proper understanding of the most important aspects of marine environment, such as the exploration and exploitation, management and other aspects.
This excellent volume is providing the informative insights into several important aspects of the marine faunal communities in the Indian region. Subject communities are considered extremely diversed, taking into account both climatic and geo-morphologic variations that can be observed along the coast of India. The publication consists of thirty chapters written based on the valuable contributions provided by the world recognized experts in the relevant fields.
The editors have divided the main content of the book into two major parts, with the first half covering the tropical marine faunal communities, and the second part addressing the problems of the ecology and conservation. The first part is mainly intended to provide readers with the highlight of the distribution and biological diversity of Foraminifera, echinoderms, oysters, fishes and crabs, horseshoe and Polychaets, various sponges commonly associated with the sea grass, various fish parasites and other representatives of marine fauna.
In turn, the second half of the publication includes the current status and relevant environmental parameters of benthos, together with the coral reefs, snowflake coral invasion, conservation and management of the biological diversity in the region, protected areas, methods of recovery of the bleached corals etc. The editors hope that the volume will be of some use for marine scientists and environmental managers, as well as to the policy makers.
The world ocean covers more than seventy percent of the Earth's surface, so-called "the blue planet". More than ninety percent of the living space of the Earth is accumulated in the ocean waters and until half-billion years back, literally all forms of life existed there. The global health of our planet together with all its inhabitants seriously depends on the water cycling and nutrients and minerals carried by the water.
The oceans of the world have always influenced the weather and climate patterns. The relationship between the sea and the human began in ancient times when lack of technology significantly limited people's ability to explore the ocean waters. There are many economically valuable resources that are acquired from the seas, and the scientists in the field of marine science and oceanography have also revealed the insight into the very origin of life to study the reproduction and development of the organisms and various geological processes.
The term "marine biology" covers numerous sciences all relating to the sea, for example marine biology and oceanography, marine chemistry and others. The present title tells the readers about the prominent people who made the marine science, from Sir C. Wyville Thomson to Robert D. Ballard. In addition to the chapters dedicated to these people, there is also a glossary of terms.
This book written by famous scientist and professional astronomer J. B. Zirker is dedicated to the ocean waves, including tsunamis, stormy ocean waves and ripples, and the book is aimed at any interested persons including surfers and ocean scientists. The book is very hard to put down. It presents a very fascinating reading for them and is considered a great one for the oceanography classes, especially at undergraduate level.
The author has provided an up-to-date and quite comprehensive account of the matters whose complexity is commonly very hardly appreciated by non-professionals in the field and non-scientists. The deep insights, comprehensive narratives and historic perspectives included to the publication do not contain any single equation and presence of graphics has been kept to a minimum, making the volume very reader-friendly and being the reason why the title has been recognized as a very remarkable achievement.
We would say that this book may already be used as a standard textbook for the ocean as well as weather forecasters, scientists, plus climate modelers and students. The author has applied a very fresh look to the ocean waves and also provided the theory with numerous illustrations to make the content more accessible for everyone.
This "Marine Protected Areas: Tools for Sustaining Ocean Ecosystems" is a report produced by OSB (Ocean Studies Board) representing the culmination of a long, two-year examination of this approach to marine resource management.
This publication is aimed to be a sound basis for all future efforts to implement and design protected areas and marine reserves as it provides necessary recommendations about how to use the knowledge we possess and also a description of what we need to improve the effectiveness of it.
The authors of the volume have performed the comparison of the traditional approaches used in case of the marine resource management to augment the associated strategies with the protected area systems and are actually arguing that the proper implementation of the marine protected areas shall definitely be adaptive and incremental...
The energy of ocean waves and of the renewable energy resources provides quite small but still significant proportion of the future energy needs without adding to global warming and also pollution of the environment. The present concise and very practical reference book prepared by John Brook describes several alternative methods of application, and also sheds the light on the technical concepts standing behind the conversion of the waves energy; the author has also investigated the wave power activities all around the world.
The volume presents the exploration of the potential of the energy that can be obtained from the ocean waves - historically, this source of energy is well known for its great destructive power and strength. However, as you will see from this book, this source of energy can and shall be converted into useful work. Of course, some of the methods of conversion are still under development but there is some significant progress and subject systems will most probably be introduced soon.
The issue is that the cost of energy obtained using these methods, remains relatively high; however, they are expected to come down quite considerably, bearing in mind that the experience is growing. It is anticipated that this type of energy eventually replace or at least supplement significant portion of conventionally generated energy...