This excellent title has been released to present a good overview of the knowledge relating specifically to the Red Sea, and covering everything from the geological formation of this sea and oceanographic development, straight to the influences on the environment and ecology. The team of authors of the volume have gathered the valuable contributions from the world popular and respected researchers interested in the geophysics, oceanography, geology and environment of the region; in the meantime the publication provides readers with the comprehensive and thoroughly updated data.
The book will be very interesting to all researchers involved in the study of the Red Sea together with its surroundings, and to the professionals dealing with managing and planning of the sea, its resources and environment. The Red Sea is considered a truly unique area. The book starts with the introductory chapter providing some general information on the Red Sea, its structure, origin and environment. Then some historical background is given, depicting the geological evolution of the region. Numerous chapters of this book address lineaments in gravity data, seismicity, seismo-tectonic setting, salt flows and volcanic eruptions, sea-level changes, hydrothermal activity, heat balance, impacts of climate change, corals, and so many other valuable information.
Suppose for a minute, what if you have been assigned the task to perform the mapping of the general circulation in some completely unfamiliar ocean. The ocean is sub-divided into several basins as well as marginal seas which, in turn, are connected with each others by means of the sea straits. Taking into consideration the possible budget limits for this task, you would most probably choose the sea straits as the starting points for the observation.
To start with, the ocean currents that flow between the basins, over the wide paths that can also be time-varying, are commonly confined to the relatively stable and narrow routes within those straits. Such confinement could result in the profound dynamical consequences, one of them being the choking/hydraulic control; subject process is quite similar to a process by which a dams are regulating the flows from the reservoirs.
Geometry of the funneling may lead to the significantly increased velocities and enhanced tidal modulation, which would in turn lead to the local instabilities, internal bores, plus jumps and mixing, and other events. Shortly, the straits shall be treated as the choke points being dynamically and observationally strategic and containing a broad range of physical processes, all of them being addressed within this book.
This publication was worked out by Patrick Prouzet in collaboration with Andre Monaco, with the ultimate intention to provide readers with a systemized professional view of the existing wide diversity of the impacts as well as pressures that are commonly produced by the changes in climate and by the actions by humans. The erosion of the biological diversity caused by changing of the chemistry of the ocean, ongoing intensification of the global changes are raising the serious problem of the adaptation of various living resources to the new used conditions.
The land uses are inducing the eco-imbalances that, in turn, lead to the asphyxiation of the true coastal ecological systems. There is a constant necessity for the marine environments and associated food webs to assimilate more than one billion tons of the solid wastes. In addition to that, the discharges of various radioactive materials that are emitting to the atmosphere or water, is also raising the serious question of their future. The book consists of five chapters addressing the continent-sea interface, tracers of the exchanges, eutrophication of the sea environment, marine pollution caused by the debris, and radioactivity having the anthropic origin. Some of the images are there at the end of the volume to supplement the text.
The water-waves theory is considered a fascinating and interesting topic, including a really broad range of various natural phenomena, and covering the most important general aspects of the motion of waves, including the waves' behavior prediction in the presence of various obstacles.
However, even the simple problems sometimes appear to be quite difficult to be tacked mathematically unless you make some simplified assumption. The present interesting title has been mainly dedicated to the advanced mathematical work directly relating to the scattering of the water waves.
The main emphasis as been laid by the author on the computational and mathematical techniques that are commonly necessary in order to perform the mathematical study of these problems. The main content of this title is made up of nine chapters with the first chapter being pure introductory while the second one addresses the wave scattering that involves the rigid plates.
The following two parts cover the scattering by a rectangular trench utilizing the Galerkin technique, and scattering by a dock utilizing the Carleman equation. The fifth chapter touches several problems including the upper surface discontinuities. Remaining chapters of the work deal with the energy identities, scattering of the two-layer fluids and various wave scattering problems...
And here is the excellent handbook specifically designed and released for the environmental managers and policy-makers who are working for the water authorities and will also be useful for the engineering companies directly involved in various water quality programs, especially ones in the developing countries. The book will also be found suitable when used as a textbook or main/supplementary training material for the associated WQM training courses.
The recent years showed the constantly increasing awareness of the water pollution and serious concern about it all around the planet. Numerous completely new approached have been introduced and developed in order to achieve the sustainable and reasonable exploitation of the various water resources. It goes without any saying that the duly worked out policy framework is a critically important element in water resource management. The opening chapter of this volume is intended to propose some of the general principles for the entire process of policy making and of the structure or relevant policy documentation.
The text is supplemented with several real life examples of the policy elements supporting the sustainable management of the resources. The other chapters concentrate on the strategy formulation and outline the major guiding principles for the control of the water pollution.
This book by Edward Bryant describes very comprehensively the nature and process of tsunamis; the author outlined field evidence for detecting past tsunami events, and describes ones linked to the earthquakes, submarine landslides, volcanoes and impacts of meteorites. It is aimed to be the information source for researchers and students, though will be very useful for the general public interested in this sort of natural hazard.
The main focus of this publication is formation of landscape features by tsunami; it is a really needed and up-to-date work with worldwide coverage. The lists of relevant figures, tables and symbols are included in the content of the book, together with acronyms and abbreviations used. The book starts with the introduction, supplemented with real-life stories and followed with the causes, characteristics and wave theory of tsunamis; the second chapters is dedicated to the landscapes formed by the tsunamis, including the depositional and erosional signatures.
This chapter is followed with one addressing the evolution of the coastal landscape. The remaining chapters deal with the volcanic eruptions, comets and asteroids, great landslides, risk and avoidance. The stories forming the foundation of the description of tsunamis and associated discussions are based on the materials of the live examples.
The book opens with the introductory chapter providing some general information, followed by the chapters that have been dedicated to the movement of the sea water and plants forming the plankton. Then there are several chapters dealing with the seasons at sea, various animals of the plankton etc. Separate chapters have been included addressing the vertical migration, marine life in the sea depths, photophores, fisheries and other aspects.
Numerous plates are there at the end of the title, including both black-and-white and color, accompanied by the comprehensive glossary of terms that have been used throughout the document. The author, A. Hardy, has expressed his wish to draw the careful attention of the readers of this volume, especially of non-professionals and non-scientists, to the glossary, because of the simple, concise and easily understandable explanations of the specific terminology that the author had to use.
Talking about the zoologists, the author would like to emphasize that the book will be very useful due to the amount of the information that is very difficult to find in other publications. That is the reason why this volume is so popular among the people involved in the field of marine science and we recommend it to everyone.
As it is clear from the title, the book is dedicated to the ecology of the sea shores. It has been specifically designed to be used by the students at graduate students as well as the students at upper-graduate level plus the professionals who are engaged in the management and research related to the coastal zones.
The content of the book has been arranged in seven parts; the first part provides readers with some introduction to the ecology of the sea shores, and it also sets the scene for the remaining chapters of the publication. The second chapter of the book is dealing with the zonation patterns and the basic causes, together with the key components of the marine fauna, special habitats and other relevant matters.
The following chapter is covering the physicochemical environment and general biota. Then, there are two large sections of the volume dealing with the microbial ecology, detritus and nutrient cycles in the eco-systems in question. The remaining parts of the title address the existing ecological niches , maintenance/establishment of various zonation patterns, predation, disturbance and other factors determining the distribution and diversity, plus production of consumers, energy flow and flood webs, examples of the models of ecosystems, new network analysis techniques, comparison of the ecosystems etc.