This publication should serve as an essential book for those industry professionals who are planning to work with the carbon dioxide system in seawater. It is intended to serve as a valuable reference tool for both experienced people and students. Next to nitrogen, oxygen and argon, carbon dioxide is deservedly considered the most abundant gas in the atmosphere. And, it is also one of the critically important greenhouse gases, straight next to the water vapor. Nearly all of this gas is stored in the world ocean in the form of the dissolved organic carbon. In order to properly understand the processes taking place in the marine carbon cycle, we have to possess a thorough and deep technical knowledge of the sea-water carbonate chemistry, and this would include both equilibrium and non-equilibrium properties, for example the stable isotope fractionation. The present volume was released with the intention of its authors, D. Wolf-Gladrow an R. Zeebe, to present all interested readers with a comprehensive overview and a synthesis of the above stated subjects, and this title will be useful to everyone including enthusiasts, students and professionals in the fields of marine biology, oceanography, marine chemistry and biology, biogeochemistry and others, as all of them will find the information in this book very practical.
And here is the excellent handbook specifically designed and released for the environmental managers and policy-makers who are working for the water authorities and will also be useful for the engineering companies directly involved in various water quality programs, especially ones in the developing countries. The book will also be found suitable when used as a textbook or main/supplementary training material for the associated WQM training courses. The recent years showed the constantly increasing awareness of the water pollution and serious concern about it all around the planet. Numerous completely new approached have been introduced and developed in order to achieve the sustainable and reasonable exploitation of the various water resources. It goes without any saying that the duly worked out policy framework is a critically important element in water resource management. The opening chapter of this volume is intended to propose some of the general principles for the entire process of policy making and of the structure or relevant policy documentation. The text is supplemented with several real life examples of the policy elements supporting the sustainable management of the resources. The other chapters concentrate on the strategy formulation and outline the major guiding principles for the control of the water pollution.
Today, we are introducing the latest, fourth edition of the volume that has been significantly updated using the very recent literature. The content of the book remains basing on graduate/undergraduate university courses which the author has taught for the past forty-five years. Over the past decade numerous new and interesting large-scale oceanographic programmes have been introduced, including the GDMP, standing for the geochemical trace metal program, and climate variability program. This program is mainly intended to contribute in proper understanding the bio-geochemical cycles of trace elements in the water. The basic studies have already demonstrated the input of both Fe and Pb from the hydrothermal vents and the redox behavior of metals in waters with low content of oxygen. The above mentioned studies are expected to produce lots of valuable information related to the biogeochemistry. The constantly increasing content of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, that is resulting from the burning of various fossil fuels is continuing to affect the atmosphere as well as the oceans. The temperature of the surface waters is also increasing and is consequently causing stratification in the oceans. This all has already led to numerous areas of low oxygen in coastal ocean waters. Each year many oceanographers are doing their best to duly contribute to the rapidly expanding technical knowledge of the oceans. The author has made an excellent attempt to build and update this intro to Chemical Oceanography with new understanding and modern concepts...
The present identification guide is using composite plates of photos readers with proper identification of the offshore marine wildlife, meaning the things that you can see at sea, be they sharks, whales, dolphins, birds, sea lions, or jellyfish. Once you have a name, numerous other resources will help you learn more about the creatures that inhabit the oceans. But that all-important handle, a species name, is the first step in the cascade of knowledge. This book is an easily accessible and brief guidance covering virtually ass see mammals as well as the sea birds. The descriptions provided by the author are very clear and the photographs are clear. The reader all around the world have already this work amazingly useful since it is quite small but yet complete. The illustrations are perfect and cover all species. Great and easily understandable descriptions made this book so popular among the professionals and enthusiasts. In fact, this is the only guide to the offshore sea life having such a compact size, providing about three hundred images and the wording that is suitable even for the beginners. We recommend it to be used as a quick and very handy reference tool for the naturalists conducting the boat trips...
In the present popular and useful publication, the authors have perfectly presented a very thorough topical research in the study of the eco-systems as well as economic significance and potential threats to the environment of the Mediterranean Sea region. Among the topics that have been covered within this volume, there are the necessity for the business-oriented and economic approach to the associated ecosystem services. The publication also addresses the matters of marine pollution caused by the shipwrecks located at the bottom of the sea and various effects of the PFW, standing for the so-called "produced formation water" on the marine environment in the subject region. In addition to above, the authors have paid particular and close attention to the environmental modeling plan covering both construction and operation of the marine terminal for the re-gasifying of the LNG in the North Adriatic Sea, and they have also dealt with the study of various biologically active peptides from the venom of the cone snail conus ventricosus in the Mediterranean Sea. In short, this title is expected to be of great practical use for all people having serious interest in this geographic area, together with its ecological system and existing threats to the environment.
The plastics and polymers, as well as various composite materials are in wide use throughout the shipping industry; therefore they are commonly get exposed to the sea water. The biological fouling of the marine waters inevitably leads to the different problems for the vessels and boats, namely in the form of progressing corrosion of the hull and reduced speed of the ship, which the industry would like to prevent. Hundreds of thousand tones of plastic wastes discarded to the sea every year, reach the environment because of the various shipping activities and land run-off. Today, it is estimated that about one million of the marine animals are killer by choking on floating plastics or due to entanglement in the debris made by plastic wastes, and the main reason for that is the slow degradation of the plastic materials. The polymers applied in the shipping industry, shall not foul and shall be stable for the long periods of exposure to the marine environment. The present volume is covering the polymers' interaction with the marine environment and associated problems to the ecology, as well as their biological degradation and fouling, together with the possible solutions. That is why it is recommended to the people with the interest in utilization of these materials in the maritime industry and environment protection.
This publication was worked out by Patrick Prouzet in collaboration with Andre Monaco, with the ultimate intention to provide readers with a systemized professional view of the existing wide diversity of the impacts as well as pressures that are commonly produced by the changes in climate and by the actions by humans. The erosion of the biological diversity caused by changing of the chemistry of the ocean, ongoing intensification of the global changes are raising the serious problem of the adaptation of various living resources to the new used conditions. The land uses are inducing the eco-imbalances that, in turn, lead to the asphyxiation of the true coastal ecological systems. There is a constant necessity for the marine environments and associated food webs to assimilate more than one billion tons of the solid wastes. In addition to that, the discharges of various radioactive materials that are emitting to the atmosphere or water, is also raising the serious question of their future. The book consists of five chapters addressing the continent-sea interface, tracers of the exchanges, eutrophication of the sea environment, marine pollution caused by the debris, and radioactivity having the anthropic origin. Some of the images are there at the end of the volume to supplement the text.
The process of the exploitation of various marine resources, their recovery and economic networks generated by them have been duly addressed in this book from the perspective of continually growing environmental constraints, as well as the associated technical innovation and policy management. The latest developments in the field of marine biotechnology and marine renewable resources, show that man could develop new technologies services and property of the ocean through them. But, the above stated resources for the development necessitates taking into consideration all technical and social plus also political aspects, and this would be the actual price of both sustainability and also development of the different coastal populations together with the economic sectors, facing with the major objectives of a so-called "blue growth" and reverting to the good state of environment. The book has four major chapters. The first chapter has been mainly dedicated to the general matters of fishing in the Mediterranean area, providing some historical background and also shedding some light on the associated technical changes. The second chapter is concentrating on the microalgae and biotechnology. In turn, the third chapter of the publication addresses the pharmacology of the reef marine organisms; Marine Renewable Energies. Last chapter of the volume is dealing with the marine renewable energies.