Nowadays, marine debris that are discharges from the vessels and other source, including the trash as well as the lost fishing gear, is seriously contributing to the ongoing spoiling of the beaches and fouling of the seafloor and surface waters; in addition to that, it causes significant harm to the marine mammals and other negative effects.
Regretfully, the existing domestic laws and international conventions that are intended to provide the due control of the discharge of marine debris, have not been too successful, and one of the reasons for that was that the laws provided little incentive to the changes in the behavior.
The authors of the present publication have made an attempt to properly identify the established ways of reduction of the wastes, decrease in the disposal of waste at marine ports, and also to strengthen the whole regulatory framework towards a zero-discharge in the environment of the sea. The progress in this field will mainly depend on a commitment to the sustained funding and also on the appropriate support.
The relevant authorities should target research in order to get to the sound understanding of the sources, associated fates and potential impacts of marine debris by means of the planning and prioritization of the related activities, and also provide the required support to the establishment of the rigorous protocols allowing to monitor at a broad variety of scales.
According to the author, his original intention was that this volume would serve several different purposes, including giving readers an overall picture of the several aspects of charting and surveying and, at the same time, going a bit deeper into those of the subjects which commonly seem to require some additional attention, or are in need of a more modern approach.
Also, where deemed desirable, several completely new subjects have been introduced. In the meantime, it was considered a necessity not to overlook simpler methods and less complicated equipment, as not every survey ship possesses the modern equipment for the electronic data processing on board with all required instruments recording on-line. When writing this volume, the author hoped that it would assist hydrographic as well as all other marine surveyors facing with the difficulties when establishing an efficient hydrographic office and performing effective surveys for their country; who are often required to provide guidance to younger officers, not having readily available sophisticated data collection and further processing devices.
As declared by W. Langeraar, the author, a serious need exists for a title not only discussing the latest equipment and all associated methodologies, but which is also covering less complicated instruments and methods...
The present volume compiled by Jan Harff, Peer Hoth and Svante Bjorck, contains the results of a Special Symposium which was held some years ago and dedicated to the Baltic Sea basin with the purpose to foster the due understanding of it looking from the point of structure and genesis as well as processes and utilization issues.
The publication contains the comprehensive overview about the basin of the Baltic Sea, worked out by the scientists in the different relevant disciplines. The volume will be useful not only to the students of all levels but also to the engineers as well as to the people involved in making decisions in the industry and politics.
The authors have summarized the results obtained in the course of the investigations of the Baltic Sea basin and touched the utilization of the resources, thus enhancing the process of the development of new strategies for monitoring and design of technical devices, including various methods of satellite observation, establishing the research lab for international collaboration, etc.
In fact, the material presented in this title will be of interest for representatives of many disciplines, including marine science, marine ecology and biology, oceanography, who are working in the geographical region in question and equally useful to the people working in other areas. It combines the original studies with the review, using the inter-disciplinary approach.
This volume written by A. Kostianoy and A. Kosarev has been mainly dedicated to the environment of the Aral Sea. This work is presenting quite detailed description and systemized knowledge that have been accumulated to date and related to the marine chemistry as well as physical oceanography and marine biology of the sea in question, and with particular attention paid by the authors to the monitoring of the state and various parameters of the nature of the Aral Sea together with all its surroundings, by means of the satellite techniques.
It belongs to the popular "environmental chemistry" series. The authors have also tried to highlight the key reasons for the environmental crisis that is currently progressing in the subject area, and all associated socio-economic problems. The material contained in the book bases on the valuable observation data obtained by the authors in the course of several shore and sea expeditions, on the data collected from the archives of state institutes, and from the relevant scientific literature, supplemented with the results of numerous international and Russian national researches and projects conducted during the past decades. This publication will be mainly addressed to the pro's of marine biology and chemistry, plus physical oceanography and other relevant fields.
This volume has been released with the intention of it's editor, J. Nihoul, who prepared it trying to compile in a single volume, all proceedings of the XIX International Colloquium on the problems of ocean hydrodynamics. The program of the subject conference was focusing on the relationships existing there between large- and small-scale features, together with the associated processes and transports.
The volume presents the valuable articles covering the different methods of parameterization of small-scale turbulent mixing as applied to the numerical ocean models, the presentation of subject papers has been specifically encouraged by the editor, and the application of the subject approach has finally resulted in significant portion of the articles presented during the Colloquium, dealing with the current problems of parameterization. Note that some of the presented docs demonstrated the direct results obtained during the modeling.
The volume is well reflecting the above stated proportion and emphasizes the whole importance of the researches oh small-scale turbulence for the practical applications, such as the forecasting and ocean modeling. The book will be equally useful, practical and informative for persons willing to be in the loop of any latest happenings in the subject field.
This Handbook provides a remarkably complete and truly consistent technical overview of the methods, products and applications in marine biotechnology. We know that the large portion of the earth surface, more than seventy percent, is covered by water, and more than eighty percent of all organisms living on our planet are found there, in aquatic eco-systems.
We may thus say that the aquatic ecosystems constitute a very rich natural reservoir for the various chemical/biochemical materials and processes. This handbook has been edited by a world recognized expert and was prepared owing to more than sixty invaluable contributions provided by the world leading international scientists - this made the book a major desk reference tool for all people with the interest or working activity in marine biotechnology, bioprocessing or any other relevant fields, including professionals, scientists and students of all levels.
Se-Kwon Kim, the editor of the handbook, has divided the content into ten chapters, each of them is organized very consistently and, as a result, the publication can provide a sound intro to the marine biotechnology, starting from the historical overview and basics, over the technical descriptions of the established methods and technologies, and to the applications of these methods and technologies. Note that it is also perfect when used as a reference book. The key topics of the handbook include marine flora/fauna, genomics and microbiology, tools and methods, biofuels and bioenergy, bioproducts and so many more...
The correct understanding of the basic processes occurring at the sea-level, is really a key to the effective planning of the coastal defense arrangements. Such process would commonly include storm surges and ocean tides, rises plus all other processes that are usually caused by the climate changes.
The content of the present work mainly bases on the valuable technical materials contained there in the recognized scientific publications and researches dedicated to this subject, that were significantly expanded and incorporating all important technological advances in the relevant areas, for example the tsunami science, satellite altimetry, and analysis of the extreme sea-levels.
The duet of authors of the work, Philip Woodworth and David Pugh, have made an attempt to compile a discussion of how the measurement and survey techniques complement others in the course of providing the reliable forecasts of the forthcoming changes. This book may be treated as one of maybe the most exciting and authoritative volumes considered quite essential for the students, scientists and researchers in various fields; these fields would include marine engineering and marine biology/geology, climatology plus oceanography, as well as any other relevant disciplines. This interesting volume will also be of great use to persons who are involved in making key decisions plus coastal engineers.
As the name of the book implies, it involves the flow of the fluid, i.e. liquids and gases, through the seabed, describing the processes and features of such flow and demonstrating the vital importance of the flow to natural environments and human activities. The authors target it to all professionals and research scientists working in the field of marine environment protection.
Among the topics discussed in the book there are origins and nature of flows, seabed fluid flow around the world, migration and the contexts of the seabed flow, seabed fluid flow, biology and mineral precipitation, various impacts of the fluid flow in the seabed on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and implications for man. The initial intention of the authors of this volume, Martin Hovland and Alan Judd, was to describe the main features of the seabed fluid flow and associated processes, and also to demonstrate their significance to the human activities as well as to the natural environments.
The target group for the publication would consist of the professionals and researchers with serious interest in the field of marine environment. The content reflects the exceptional job done by the authors explaining the processes taking place in the seabed in quite well-written and easy-to-follow way, that made the book so popular.
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