Alert Issue 22. Regulation is absolutely necessary to provide the safe and secure maritime shipping and clean oceans; it is also considered important of the setting of the commonly established and recognized standards for both design and building of the vessels and their systems, plus for the education and further training of the stakeholders plus operational procedures.

The seamen also need to be protected through the regulatory documents ensuring the secure and safe environment to work in on board their ships, conditions of life and work, fair employment terms etc. People directly engaged in the working out of the regional and also national/international regulatory instruments relating to the safety of human life as well as property at sea together with the environment protection required to take this human element into account. In IMO Res. A.947(23) the human element was defined as a complex issue affecting all above mentioned issues involving the whole spectrum of the activities performed by the crew members, management ashore, legislators, shipyards and other parties.

The associated checklist has been developed and released by IMO to be completed by all bodies of Organization prior to the approval/adoption of the required amendments to the relevant IMO tools. Continued in the Issue 23.

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We are all glad to welcome all participants of the international maritime shipping industry to the opening edition of the new Alert Bulletin released with our ultimate intention to raise the awareness of all people of the Human Element matters since they directly affect the commercial shipping. The present campaign presents a result of a three-year project run by the respected Nautical Institute under the sponsorship by Lloyds Register.

The development of the technology has actually revolutionized the way in which the vessels and the systems installed on them are designed, handled and maintained; however, there is still a serious demand for the human involvement at different stages of the process despite all automation commonly installed on the vessels. Nearly eighty percent of all accidents occurring at sea can be attributable to the human error, often referred to as operator error.

While the operator errors might be considered the immediate causes of the accidents, the root causes can be traced back to the people's influences on the design/operation of the vessels and systems. What it means is that the human element shall definitely be treated as a really critically important feature of all aspects of design/operation of the vessels and their systems. The aim of the authors of these bulletins is to capture the attention of the readers to the human element issues. This first issue of Alert is supplemented with the short video film.

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We are continuing the Human Element series with this second issue of the Alert! project, which is developed by the Nautical Institute and sponsored by the Lloyd Register, with the declared aim of it being the improvement of the awareness of the human element in the maritime industry as well as any other adjacent industry. In this release the team of authors intends to address such important matters, as the class societies' view on the issues related to the human element; Some thoughts from the sharp end - an article by the chief engineer working on the OSV and sharing his experience; Improving the application of the COLREGs (IMO Collision Prevention Regulations); Exploring Human Factors - Person - Job - Organization & Management; ISM Code and Port State Control matters; I am Afloat; Accident Investigation Reports; Various investigation reports and case studies.

Some thoughts have been shared by the expert on the container vessels, cargoes and the human element involved. Particular attention has been paid by the authors to the impact of the International Safety Management Code on marine practices and its general relevance. We have supplemented the publication with this short yet interesting and informative video film for better illustration of the articles.

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The ninth issue of the International Maritime HE Bulletin sponsored by LR and published by the Nautical Institute. This issue is dedicated to the actual ship operations at sea and to the human element involved. Among the topics discussed there are stress experienced at sea, crew claims and P&I Club's perspectives, vital importance of the communication skills to safe operations, good working practices. It is clear and obvious that no ship in the world can run without a crew on board that ship, that is the reason why it is very important to consider people who are going to be operating the ship that you are designing and building.

There are so many different and complex systems installed on any vessel for various purposes - for sure, all of them are complying with the very strict standards and installed as per allowable tolerances. However, their reliability and efficiency may be undermined in case their set-up is incorrect or if they are not monitored and maintained properly, the way they should be, and these tasks are undertaken by the human element of any system, so we are talking about seafarers... As usual, there are also some news and incident reports, and a short supplementary video film.

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The core part of this work has actually been developed based on the content of several interesting lectures and we would say it will be useful for students at all levels to serve as the set of supplementary appropriate materials related to geophysics of the sea ice together with the planetary boundary layers.

The polar geo-regions are currently undergoing quite unprecedented and fast changes, being the reason why it is considered so important to properly understand the current exchanges of momentum and heat-and-salt at the interface of ice-ocean.

The publication draws on the fundamental theoretical principles together with the results obtained during the extensively conducted observations to develop a concise yet thorough and informative description of the impacts that are caused by the stress, buoyancy plus rotation on the turbulence scales controlling the ocean-atmosphere exchanges in the iced ocean condition.

The authors have used several  valuable and truly unique observation data sets to better illustrate numerous important aspects of the interactions between ocean and ice. Definitely interesting and useful publication for any persons interested in oceanography, climate changes, environment protection and other relevant areas, from enthusiasts and students to experts.

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An excellent historical publication providing the readers interested in the naval warfare with the colorful and vivid descriptions of the aircraft carriers. These naval vessels have been first deployed at the time of the First World War by the Imperial Russian Navy forces and were treated as indispensable to the victory of the Allied forces in the Second World Was; nowadays these ships are deservedly considered the strategic centerpieces of the most powerful navy fleets of the world.

The present publication is featuring numerous perfect photographs of the most important aircraft carriers starting from the times before the First World War and till today, including many aircraft carriers that were operated or that are still being operated by the lesser-known navy fleets. The book also features a special reference section that provides readers with the basic physical details, essential design information, modifications done to the hulls and machinery of the aircraft carriers, and also a detailed service histories of more than eighty aircraft carriers.

We would recommend this title to all enthusiasts of the naval history and navy fleet. The author has surveyed the historical evolution and actual operation of the aircraft carriers and the results of that survey may now serve as a basis for any further survey in the field...

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We are presenting maybe the most popular and useful publication on air conditioning arrangements. Among the key improvements of this latest release of the volume we would definitely mention the expanded info on various relevant environmental problems, asbestos-related info, weather data and so many other improvements when compared to the previous edition.

The text part of this volume is pretty good and understandable. The explanations are pretty straightforward but, at the same time, the author does not go too deep into the theory. The minimum of math has been used. It should be noted that the publication is exploring the very fundamental technical concepts of the air conditioning and the author explains them in quite clear and manner. The main focus has been made on the problems and practical examples that are commonly found on the job. The book includes the updated info on the design, associated calculations, equipment data. Some of the chapters are covering the main scope of air conditioning and its uses.

The volume will be very useful for mechanical engineers providing consultations, professional HVAC engineers, designers of such systems, any personnel involved in the maintenance/repair of these systems, and, of course, the students and just any persons with the interest in the subject field.​

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Have a look in the new edition of the book describing the fundamental simulation models developed for the deep-well drilling utilizing the gas/air drilling fluids, including the two-phase drilling fluids plus the stable foam-based drilling fluids. Approximately one third of the wells are drilled using the air/gas drilling fluids, according to the information obtained from the US Dept of Energy Estimates.

The models that are included into this volume shall be used as the basis for the development of the systematic methods of planning the underbalanced drilling operations on the different deep wells and also for conducting the correct monitoring of the subject operations and the relevant construction projects. The document contains a good discussion of the main applications of these drilling fluids including the applications to the geo-technical industry. The discussion also touches the critically important well construction/completion matters.

The original objective was to provide the industry participants with the correct and useful technical info directly relating to the cost management control in the field of drilling and also well construction. This document contains numerous fundamental simulation equations supplemented with the examples for various drilling models and other relevant data...

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