Cargo Handling

16.05.2021
SHIP TO SHIP TRANSFERS — CONSIDERATIONS APPLICABLE TO REVERSE LIGHTERING OPERATIONS

The present publication developed and officially reversed by one of the most respected entities in the modern international maritime shipping industry, will provide all necessary instructions for the ship-to-ship, or STS, operations including valuable guidelines related to the reverse lightering, or topping-off. This is the operation where a laden ship, which would usually be an Aframax or Suezmax tanker, is being brought close to the partially laden vessel, normally ULCC or VLCC to transfer the cargo from smaller vessel to a larger one.

This is what differs the reverse lightering from the other ship to ship transfer operation where the maneuvering ship is ballasted. It is very important to pay all due attention to the fender selection as it becomes critical for the provision of the safety of STS operations. In addition to that, all aspects shall be thoroughly considered including, but not limited to the stand-off distances and energy absorption.

The publication is quite compact but it contains all necessary information. First two sections are covering the procedures to be followed when selecting the fender, and characteristics of the energy absorption by the fender. Three other sections are dealing with the approach velocities, availability of the equipment used in the course of the operations, and stand-off distances mentioned above.

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16.05.2021
BULK CARRIER MANUAL

As we know, every bulk carrier shall be in possession of the designated shipboard manual covering the ship operations. For this purpose, the “Bulk Carrier Practice” publication officially released by The Nautical Institute shall be used as necessary. The notes that are contained in the pages of this supplementary document will be particularly useful when applied as a sort of additional manual for the crew, providing the guidelines to the safe and proper procedures to be followed when conducting the shipboard operations, including the cargo operations, ballasting/de-ballasting, and cleaning the holds.

You are encouraged to keep both of the above mentioned documents on board your vessel at all times to ensure their availability. The present manual shall also be read together with the safety manual of the company. The first chapters of the manual provide the introductory notes and the definitions of the terms used, followed with the information about the ballasting operations, loading and discharge, draught surveys, hatch covers etc. After that, the information on the cargoes is provided, covering the alumina and coal, grain and sulphur, ore and iron, and many other types of cargo commonly carried on board modern bulk carriers.

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16.05.2021
CARGO WORK AND MAINTENANCE

An excellent publication that will be greatly appreciated by the people assigned cargo handling related responsibilities on board seagoing ships. The content of the document presents a perfectly selected collection of the most important topics for the cargo work as well as the ship operations. Written by the professional ship captain, the publication starts with the chapter devoted to the bulk carrier operations where all important aspects have been covered and necessary information provided.

Here the readers will also find the useful ship/shore safety checklist to be used during the cargo operations, procedure for the draught survey, etc. the second chapter addresses the grain loading together with the associated calculations including the cleaning of the cargo holds, the hazard of shifting cargo within them, planning of loading, heeling moments, compensation for the vertical shifting of the center of gravity, and other information critical for the safe transportation of the grain cargo by sea.

The marine carriage of timber is the topic of the third chapter of the document, giving the main provisions of the Code of safe practice for the vessels engaged in transportation of the timber deck cargo. All of the cargo lifting appliances normally used on board ship have been covered in detail.

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16.05.2021
NOTES ON CARGO WORK

This fifth edition of the publication was prepared to be used as a classic introduction to the cargo work that could be equally valuable for the newcomers and experienced workers. We all understand that the practical real-life experience is critically important for the successful transportation of any cargo and believe that this volume will contribute and supplement the experience you would gain from the work at sea.

The particular attention was paid by the authors to the safety aspects - all latest rules and changes in the international regulations have been reflected in the pages of this document. The main content of the book is arranged in eight sections, starting with the one dealing with the general principles you will need to be familiarized with before you proceed any further. Then, there are five sections dealing with the bulk, general, refrigerated, tanker and deck cargoes carried by sea.

The cargoes that normally require special care have been discussed in a separate chapter. The closing chapter of the book covers the calculations and cargo stowage factors. The book is a real must-have publication to anyone engaged in the cargo handling operations and willing to improve their skills.

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16.05.2021
OCIMF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANIFOLDS OF REFRIGERATED LNG CARRIERS FOR CARGOES FROM O°C TO -104°C

This is another guidebook issued by the OCIMF and providing valuable industry recommendations to anyone involved in the marine transportation of the LNG cargoes and their handling. The arrangement of the material in this publication is similar to the one in the general OCIMF Recommendations for Manifolds of Refrigerated LNG Carriers. There are twelve chapters in this compact yet quite comprehensive volume.

The book opens with some introductory information and list of definitions provided with explanations, followed by the chapters on ship size categories and cargo manifold position. The other chapters are covering the specifications and spillage requirements, service lines and bunker connections, lighting of the manifold area and support of the cargo hose at the vessel's side.

There are several tables and figures supplementing the main text of the document and providing some additional information, such as the size of flanges and their spacing, forces acting on the flanges, cargo and bunker reducers and presentation flanges, SWL of the lifting equipment etc. this document will be of practical use to those willing to perform their day to day activities in correct, safe and efficient manner.

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16.05.2021
OCIMF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MANIFOLDS FOR REFRIGERATED LNG CARRIERS

This is the second edition of the very practically useful publication released by the recognized and authoritative OCIMF organization. The recommendations contained in the present volume were developed with the intention to promote conformity in the manifold arrangements on board LNG carriers and contribute to the operational efficiency. It will also help to better plan the loading and discharge positions on the newly introduced jetties.

The specification contained herein was prepared on the basis of the practical experience of the many operators and berth specialists, shipbuilders and naval architects, manufacturers of the equipment and other people engaged in the handling and transportation of the liquid natural gas. The content of the guidebook has already been very well met by the owners of the LNG vessels as well as the builders and they do not imply the alteration of any existing carrier.

In fact, these recommendations should be considered applicable to some of the LNG transporting vessels featuring the midship arrangement of the manifold. Eight chapters of the document cover the ship volume categories, cargo manifold position and specifications, bunker fuel connections and other important areas.

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16.05.2021
MARINE CARGO OPERATIONS — A GUIDE TO STOWAGE

The safe and cost-effective transportation of cargoes is an ongoing mission. The present edition of the title was released to help the people involved in the shipping industry by giving them in a single volume all major techniques and principles of cargo operations duly explained. The publication is also intended to acquaint the marine officers with the fundamental principles of cargo stowage.

The content of the volume bases on the huge practical experience of the author who has provided a detailed descriptions of the most practical and effective procedures and methods. The containerization has been paid particular attention in the pages of this edition together with the responsibilities normally assigned to the merchant ship officers for the transportation.

The author has made a good attempt to discuss all important tasks, facts and concepts that affect marine cargo transportation operations as he could encompass within a single book. Eight chapters of the book provide valuable information about the innovations in the field of maritime transportation, cargo responsibility matters, handling and stowage of materials, general and hazardous cargoes, planning, preparation of the cargo spaces, and other important aspects, making this book a must-have one for all people involved in subject operations.

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16.05.2021
LASHING HANDBOOK FOR MARINE MOVEMENTS

The official document released by the Transportation Engineering Agency. The intention of the authors of the present publication was to provide industry with the correct lashing and lifting techniques and methods to be used for loading both general and military cargoes and securing them on board seagoing ships. The content of the volume includes important equipment characteristics.

The main body of the document is arranged in seven chapters with the first one being introductory. The other sections provide necessary tips and explain the commonly made mistakes, and give all required instructions on lashing hardware and wheeled vehicles, trailers and tracked vehicles, and containers. Note that the general technical guidance provided in the second half of the book have some limitations but are still applicable.

The main portion of the book is dealing with the lifting of the cargoes in the course of the port operations. There are also three appendices providing information about the development and implementation of the cargo restraint criteria applicable to the marine transport, explain the deck strength calculations, and address the procedures for the blocking and bracing considered effective and recommended.

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