30.07.2017
MARINE CLAIMS — A GUIDE FOR THE HANDLING AND PREVENTION OF MARINE CLAIMS

A truly excellent text dealing mainly with almost each type of marine claims and showing how exactly specific marine claims can arise and what could be done to prevent them, and also how the claims shall be handled. The maritime shipping industry of today required the highest level of professionalism as the modern technologies request the required data to be available at once. The authors of the present volume have made every attempt to provide the immediately available and easily accessible information plus the expert comment.

The original release of the volume did identify the requirement for the accurate information and technical expertise. The requirement for these is constantly growing and is not expected to ever diminish, and this fact has been exemplified in this second release of the title, giving readers the comfort and making them confident when performing their professional duties; the content will definitely be highly appreciated and well met by all categories of the readers working in every field of the shipping industry, including ship operators, P&I managers, correspondents, average adjusters, lawyers and brokers, and marine surveyors. Prepared using the valuable contribution provided by the recognized industry experts, this title will be practically useful to all participants of the maritime activities.

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29.07.2017
HOW TO REDUCE BUNKER CLAIMS AND ASSOCIATED COSTS

The P&I publication addressing the reduction of the potential claims and costs associated with the bunkering. It is intended to provide the crew members and other interested parties with the information that would help them with reducing of the risks of both quality and quality claims and also with minimization of the associated costs.

Commonly, the disputed related to the quality and quantity of the fuel are difficult to resolve; the satisfactory outcome would mainly rely on the evidence that is provided by the crew. The correct and duly detailed documentation is considered vitally important. The steps demonstrated in the present publication shall be followed as necessary in order to assist with prevention of the associated problems and also to provide the basic reference should the claim arise.

The quantity claims commonly arise during the delivery and can actually get minimized - to reach this, the correct procedures shall be followed. If a cargo shortage cannot be identified and if the correct actions have not been undertaken during the delivery then it would be next to impossible to recover any potential losses.

The publication provides explanations of several advisable pre-delivery checks including the segregation of the new bunkers from the pre-existing fuels - it is recommended to load into empty tanks in order to avoid any incompatibility problems and make the measurements easier plus reduce the chances of spills etc...

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29.07.2017
HOW TO PREVENT TANKER SHORTAGE CLAIMS

This informative publication is addressing the most important aspects of the prevention of the cargo shortage claims in case of transportation by tankers and contains the information relating to the main causes of such claims and ways to avoid them at different stages, i.e. pre-loading of tankers, their loading and subsequent unloading.

The book starts with the information about the pre-loading of the tankers addressing the suitability of the vessels for the nominated cargo. The charterers shall provide full details of the cargo together with the reference to its quality and quantity as well as carriage/discharge information - all of that information shall be provided prior to the commencement of the loading.

The cargo lines and tanks shall be duly prepared for the loading of the nominated cargo and verified to be completely empty of any fresh water of traces of the last carried cargo. The vessel shall be verified as being capable to load, transport and discharge the nominated quantity of the cargo in a safe manner and be compliant with all applicable instructions for the segregation of the cargo provided by the charterers and the vapor side of each parcel  shall be segregated throughout the whole voyage; in addition, the RVP, standing for the Reid vapor pressure shall be within the capacity of the vessel in order to avoid significant vapor losses...

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29.07.2017
HOW TO PREVENT TANKER CARGO CONTAMINATION CLAIMS

The publication dedicated to the prevention of the claims associated with the contamination of the tanker cargo. The booklet starts with the information about the recognition of the main contamination causes both shoreside and shipboard.

The shoreside causes would typically include the residues of the previous cargoes of the tanks, hoses and transfer lines, cleaning media for the tanks and lines, impurities, fresh water including one coming from the leaking tank roofs or heating coils, valve leakage, poor in-line blending, salt water coming from the leaking pipelines etc, while the shipboard causes would additionally include dirty ullaging/sounding equipment and deficiencies of the coatings, vapor via common IGS, copper leaching utilized for the manufacturing of the heating coils.

In order to make sure that the vessel means all applicable conditions related to the cargo quality, following shall be considered - have the carried products been included in the ship's IMO Certificate of Fitness and could the different types of carried cargoes by the vessel be arranged well enough for the maintenance of the required separation degree etc.

In addition, it shall be ensured that the vessel maintains the required carriage and discharge temperatures of the cargo. The coating in the tanks shall be fully suitable for the intended cargo and shall be in satisfactory technical condition. The tanks and transfer lines shall ne duly prepared for loading the cargoes...

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29.07.2017
HOW TO MONITOR COAL CARGOES FROM INDONESIA

A remarkably useful publication with the interesting and informative content prepared by the UK P&I Club experts. This one is aimed to provide readers with the clear technical explanation of how to monitor coal cargoes coming from Indonesia; it is relatively small booklet containing the checklist prepared with the intention to provide required assistance in reduction of the risks commonly associated with the self-heating of such cargoes.

Subject incidents have been quite frequent in the recent decades and this frequency continues to be constantly rising today. This problem of shipping is considered to be primarily relating to the nature of the coal cargoes and in fact may easily get exacerbated by the ways these cargoes are being handled prior to and in the course of the loading. The recommendations related to the safe coal transportation are outlined in the IMSBC Appendix I mandatory since 2011. The present checklist is mainly intended as the guidance for the ship owners, marine surveyors, shippers and charterers, crew members and all other parties engaged in the loading/discharge of subject cargoes.

Note that it shall not be considered a substitution to the Code recommendations... The coal cargoes coming from Indonesia are quite likely to contain some significant amounts of the low-rank coals falling in the lignite and sub-bituminous categories and being more susceptible to the self-heating in comparison to the high-rank coals...

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29.07.2017
HOW TO HANDLE PROJECT CARGOES

The main content of the present practical checklist has been taken from the annex to this Project Cargo Matters publication. The project cargoes commonly require specific attention at the time of their loading and transportation. The expert knowledge in the field of transportation of subject cargoes is necessary for proper planning and engineering of the safe shipment.

All associated operations shall be very carefully managed and all responsibilities, toolbox talks and risk assessments shall be agreed well in advance. These cargoes would generally require the specialized ships featuring sufficient open deck space and heavy-lift capabilities, plus some other characteristics. The best choices would be heavy-lift or multi-purpose ships. The bulk carriers are not commonly considered a good option since using these vessels has already led to the numerous cargo damage claims. A good teamwork is a pre-requisite for the successful transportation of the project cargoes.

The responsibilities of the parties involved shall be defined and prior agreed. A duly prepared method statement of transportation manual shall also be prepared and agreed. Marine warranty surveyors may also be engaged. The mandatory applicable rules include charter-party requirements, class society rules, Flag state rules, CSS Code and CTU packaging guidelines etc.

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29.07.2017
HOW TO COMPLY WITH MARPOL ANNEX V

Starting from first day of the year 2013, the amendments to the fifth annex to MARPOL Convention mean that the shippers would have some new responsibilities relating to the classification of the cargo affecting the crew's ability to discharge the cargo residues and also wash the water directly into the marine environment. They will have to take into consideration whether or not the cargo they transport and, consequently, the cargo residues would be considered HME, standing for the "harmful to the marine environment".

The present booklet was prepared and released with the ultimate intention of the authors to set out all applicable requirements plus the process and concept of classification of the different cargoes as HME cargo. The Annex V to the MARPOL Convention primarily controls the discharge of the wash waters plus any non-recoverable residues - it is classed as "garbage" and falls under the controls that have been specified in Reg. 4.1.3 & 6.1.2 of the recent MARPOL amendments.

Here are the criteria governing the discharge of the cargo residues that are commonly contained there in the wash water - no cargo residues shall be discharged less than 12 nm from the nearest land/ice shell, and no discharge within the six so-called "Special Areas" specifically defined in the text of the Convention...

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29.07.2017
GUIDANCE ON PREPARING CARGO HOLDS AND LOADING OF SOLID BULK CARGOES

The proper preparation of the cargo holds of the vessel for the intended carriage is deservedly considered one of the key elements of the bulk carrier operations. Subject preparation requires very careful and thorough planning followed by the competent execution.

It shall be understood that the lack of due preparation will not only lead to the claims relating to the cargo quality, e.g. its contamination/water ingress or shortage claims, but may also result in the different contractual claims related to the delayed or failed surveys, charter-party disputes and off-hire claims.

The process of preparation of the cargo holds commences well in advance, even before the intended cargo lands on the tank top for the first time and there are numerous factors to be considered in order to ensure that the preparation has been conducted in a correct and efficient manner. Some of the cargoes may require just sweeping out of the cargo hold plus washing, while for the other cargoes such preparation would not be considered sufficient.

It is very important to have a clear understanding of what exactly is required; note that all people on board including crew members and Master shall be aware of all processes involved. To ensure smooth voyage, careful attention shall be paid to the cargo at the time of fixing. ..

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