The content of this compact yet quite comprehensive and of course very practical publication was specifically designed to provide seamen with the check sheet to be used when preparing their vessels for the forthcoming PSC inspections and reduce the risk of the associated detention. Thousands of the crew members and passengers were either killed or missed from the lost vessels.

Moreover, the number of the fatalities and accidents occurring at the time of the routing lifeboat drills and inspections is constantly rising. That's why it is essential that the crew members of the vessels receive appropriate training in the field of the inspection, maintenance and operation of the equipment and that subject equipment is operationally ready at any time. The specialists of the UK P&I Club have performed a thorough analysis of the available data related to the LSA, including the deficiencies that have been found by the PSC officers.

Their efforts have eventually resulted in this practical re-usable check sheet highlighting the most frequently found deficiencies and listing them in several convenient sections. Subject officers usually commence their surveys from the Master's office. It is therefore critically important that all certification paperwork is updated and valid, including all relevant records and other mandatory documents. The Master shall notify the port authorities about any broken/missing equipment prior to entering the port...

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Leadership in Action - 2015 Review. The content of the present formal publication has actually been intended to let the interested readers be in the loop with the major happenings that took place in 2015. The document starts with the introductory article followed by the description of the general financial picture of subject year and statement by the Chairman.

Then there are critically important financial highlights plus the information related to the underwriting discipline. The other parts of the document cover the fleet profile and claims, major shipping industry issues, reinsurance and risk management, investments and capital management, insurance regulation and the governance. The so-called investment portfolio of the Club members produced a healthy five percent return.

The surplus increased the total volume of the free reserves to approximately half-billion US dollars with a further nearly hundred million being held in a form of the hybrid capital. The amount of business is constantly growing and the financial strength of the Club is providing a good basis for the confidence which the shipping market has in the Club. Please note that the underwriting discipline continues to be considered paramount in determination for the due protection of the Club in both long- and medium terms...

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The COLREGs are considered the basics upon which the safe navigation of the vessels and their conduct are built. Specifically designed and released to be used on the navigational bridges of the vessels, this publication is expected to provide the necessary guidance and practical advice to the watchkeepers, starting from the cadets and up to the inspecting officers and Masters, on the most important collision avoidance rules.

The content of the volume has also been intended to be used as a basis to discussed during the training sessions and on-board meetings. Twelve collision avoidance rules have been discussed in the pages of this excellent guidebook - they have been specifically selected as these are the rules most commonly misinterpreted and breached. The book is also demonstrating of the readers how the collision avoidance rules are fitting together and also how exactly the proper interpretation and correct application of these rules could be influenced by the huge amount of information that is readily available today from the electronic aids.

The content of the guide concludes with a perfectly selected series of the collision cases and plotting sheets that can be used by the readers for the illustration of the developing situations on watch. Both questions included in the book and the case studies have been designed to serve as a starting point for the discussions on the various important aspects of the ship collision avoidance...

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Prepared by the experienced specialists of the LR, i.e. Lloyds Register in conjunction with the experts of INTERTANKO and United Kingdom P&I Club, this publication addresses critically important matters of the carriage of solid bulk cargoes by sea. It is covering the general technical requirements that are applicable for their carriage, explaining three cargo groups as per the IMSBC Code and clearly describing all hazards involved.

Two appendices concluding this book will explain IMSBC Code section-by-section and present the IMO guidance plus regulations relating to solid bulk cargo transportation. The content of the this useful and practical guide is actually expected to provide the required assistance for the shipping industry workers who are willing to understand the key requirements of the above mentioned Code and to become much more confident when managing the risks that are commonly associated with the transportation of the various solid bulk cargoes.

The topics of the booklet outline the major precautions required to be followed to perform the safe loading/discharge and also details the hazards related to each of the cargo types transported. A "quick reference checklist" plus the flow chart have also been included in this title for summarizing the main steps that should be followed.

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The present paper was specifically worked out to familiarize the readers with the Loss Prevention Programme of the Club. This risk management programme is combining various effective practical solutions addressing the real life demands s of the Club members plus their professional experience with the research into the broader issues that are directly impacting on the insurance and exposure to claims.

The Club is deals with huge number of claims annually, utilizing the professional experience with knowledge of the claims handlers, lawyers and former seafarers. The insight that has been gained from numerous claims has enabled the Club to develop and subsequently implement a structured approach to the risk analysis, engaging both company managers and crew members of the ships to take part in and prioritize the risk management processes on board their vessels. Subject methodology is aimed to demonstrate how exactly the major hazards may occur and what measures can be taken in order to prevent them.

The development of the data diagrams of the incident causes and their consequences with the crews, management and Club helps is very beneficial. The transparency of such approach will definitely enable the risk management to be prioritized, reducing all associated risks in the tough financial times of today...

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The present briefing is intended to provide all interested parties with the general thoughts and required guidance relating to the dealing with the discrepancies between vessel and shore figures at a port of loading and on the utilization of the protest letters in such circumstances. The content of the publication comprises of the practical guidance followed by the fundamental theoretical information.

The practical guidance starts with the explanation of the insistence on the shore figures by the shippers and charterers. The major issue for the Masters when their vessel and shore figures are not matching during the loading of the liquid cargo is to make a decision on whether he could issue a truly honest bill of lading, i.e. the one not deceiving the receivers of the cargo into thinking that they are getting something that the vessel is not actually able to deliver.

The vitally important decision for the Master in these cases is to decide if the discrepancy lies within the acceptable margin. If so, then either of the figures can be correct. Issuing the bill of lading with the figures known to be false or the ones where the Master does not believe in their truth, would mean issuing a dishonest bill of lading. And, the definition of the acceptable margin varies from one loading to another, according to the particular circumstances and facts...

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The content of this booklet is arranged in two big parts - the first part provides necessary instructions for the carriage of the refrigerated cargoes and the second part is dedicated to the transportation of the frozen fish by reefers. The refrigerated cargoes are commonly perishable to some degree and their safe transportation mainly depends on maintaining the proper storage conditions in the course of the transportation.

This equally applies to all transportation modes and all refrigerated cargoes, though the conditions are considered much more critical for the long journeys and perishable commodities. These cargoes would normally include chilled and frozen goods, including fresh fruits/vegetables. The frozen goods generally will not suffer in case of over-cooling while chilled goods can easily get damaged by the low temperature. Successful transportation of the chilled and frozen goods seriously depends on the correct carriage instructions, defining the technical conditions for the transportation.

Should the carriage instructions be wrong, inadequate, incomplete or contradictory then the problems can definitely be expected, including the risk of cargo loss and subsequent claims. The way of stowing the cargo is also very important for the safe and successful transportation, however this volume is mainly concentrated on the carriage instructions themselves...

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The correct, satisfactory and adequate securing and stowage of the cargo are of critical importance for the overall safety of the ship's crew, the ship, and the cargo itself. If the cargo is not properly stowed and secured, taking into account the time of the year and the intended voyage, subject cargo may easily get shifted from its original position and start moving, potentially sustaining serious damage and also causing the damage to the vessel and even endanger the human lives.

The content of the present LP Guide is intended to take the readers through some fundamental practical rules that shall be remembered by all people involved in cargo operations during each loafing and securing of the cargo; it clearly describes where they can found all relevant rules and regulations, general industry recommendations and required guidance, as well as the recommended established methods that shall be used for specific cargo items; it also provides readers with the necessary guidance related to the points to remember during the planning of the passage and during the passage itself.

The authors of the volume has set out the fundamentals and give the references to the documents providing the rules to follow. The Guide contains lot of the useful information, e.g. relating to the calculation of the lashings, taken from the relevant Codes, but only those considered essential to make the text clearly understood...

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