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Marine Science Experiments
   Seen from the shore or the deck of a boat, the ocean is an immense world, gray and mysterious. Although the sea is home to millions of species, life there is essentially hidden from our view and from our easy access. Consequently, the sea reigns as the most unexplored region of Earth. Despite this, or maybe because of it, the marine environment is a captivating place that peaks our curiosity. In recent years, extensive research, which had to wait for the requisite technology, has revealed new discoveries and shown us that many more secrets are within our reach. Marine science is multidisciplinary field that incorporates biology, chemistry, physics, geology, and environmental science. Research on the creatures in the sea is a biological science that includes the individual organisms, their interactions, and their ecosystems. The geology of the ocean examines hydrology, mineral cycles, and the seafloor. Scientists also study the watery environment's chemistry as well as the physics of waves and light. Because of global climate changes, understanding the ocean's ecology is an especially important part of marine research. Marine Science Experiments is one volume of the new Facts On File Science Experiments set. The goal of this volume is to provide science teachers with 20 original experiments that convey basic principles of both physical and biological sciences related to the ocean. Marine Science Experiments is designed to help students understand the characteristics of the ocean and the marine life beneath the gray surface. Each experiment in the book is a proven classroom activity that broadens understandings of both scientific facts and the nature of science. Appropriate for both middle and high school classes, the investigations build on students' natural curiosity about the deep.
Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 1802 | | Comments (0)

Marine and industrial biofouling
   This book describes the state of the art in antifouling measures using both conventional biocides and some advanced approaches. Related to biocides, the concept of the "Biocide Product Directive" of the European Union is presented as an example of an administrative instrument for curbing excessive use of environmentally undesirable products that may cause ecological damage. Biofouling is defined as the unwanted accumulation of biological material on man-made surfaces. This definition includes biofilm-forming microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae as well as fouling by macroorganisms like hydroids. barnacles, tubeworms and bivalves on submerged surfaces. The problem is site-, season-and substratum-specific and the control methods effective at a given geographical location may not hold good elsewhere. The definition is clearly operational, as not every biofilm or barnacle is equivalent to biofouling but only after the effect exceeds an arbitrarily given threshold of interference with a technical process. It is impossible to have an immaculately clean surface and the time has come for realization of the fact that we have to "live with biofilms and biofouling". It is for the plant managers to determine the tolerable threshold of interference, critical to plant operations, and select a biocidal dose and regime to keep biofilms/biofouling at bay.
Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 1525 | | Comments (0)

Introduction to Marine Biology
   Introduction to Marine Biology is intended for undergraduate students majoring in a variety of disciplines, and for biology students interested in learning more about the marine environment. Many such students may already be interested in the field of marine biology. Others, however, are studying marine biology to fulfill a general education requirement, and they may have a fear of science courses. Like many, these students are generally intrigued by the marine environment and especially marine organisms. Having grown up with television programs and internet sites dealing with the ocean and marine organisms, they have a natural interest in this subject area. This text strives to use this interest as a starting point for teaching biological science as it applies to marine organisms and the ecology of the marine environment. Each of the authors has been teaching marine biology for more than 30 years to both majors and nonmajors. In their lectures and field courses they stress an ecological approach to the study of marine organisms, and they have used this same approach in preparing this text.
Category: MARINE SCIENCE & OCEANOGRAPHY | Views: 8229 | | Comments (0)

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