The title is first of all intended to show the readers the ways of proper application of the common principles and mostly used tools of the network economics, for instance the problems of variational inequalities and complementarily, and studying of the large natural systems being exploited, particularly marine systems, at different levels, namely regional, continental and also global levels. The systems that have been addressed in this book, are actually being exposed to the changes in climate and to the globalization of the economy, i.e. the phenomenon first defined by O'Brien and Leichenko as the "double exposure".

The present volume has been organized in four major parts. The first part of the book is introducing the issues, discussing the marine ecosystems that are subject to the above mentioned double exposure, providing the required intro to the network theories, with particular attention being paid to the relationship between functions and structures, diversity of the terms and formalisms, as well as applications, and arbitrariness of the graphical representations, discussing the equilibrium vs dynamics issue, presenting the math instruments forming the necessary background for application of the network economics approach; they also introduce the notations and principles, convex optimization, and so many other important aspects. 

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The authors of this publication have made an excellent attempt to describe the major commercial trends, together with all associated security implications with the aim to assist all policy makers plus the people from outside of the shipping industry in understanding all vulnerabilities of the industry central to the global economy and security.

The maritime commerce of today in the geographical areas addressed in this volume, i.e. in the Indian Ocean, is considered vital to the global trade - both in volume and in the critically important resources and goods it moves. The significance of the East-Asian and Indian, Australian and South African economies that are steadily growing, shall also be considered, as necessary. It should also be taken into account that, the economic shocks that occurred in the past several years and resulted in the downturn in the trade volumes, have added even more uncertainty about the future destiny of the investments being made.

Nowadays, the relationship between two main factors, i.e. security and commerce - may be presented in numerous forms. The present report is actually a treasury of the research and logical analysis, that have been compiled in a very user-friendly and readable volume.​

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An excellent introduction to the activities relating to the ship management. Take some time going through the material presented in this publication and you will for sure have much better understanding of the shipping industry and its impact on the other areas. The author of the book mainly addressed the major demands of the contemporary ship management with the main focus made on the people managing the ships as well as theory and practice of the management.

It was very important for the author to change the content and arrangement of the subject matter; the intention was not to make the book same as all other publication but rather to engage the users and ask them some questions - to make them able to evaluate how the shipping companies operate and compare with what is stated in the book. Of course, none of the books available at the market today can provide a perfect answers to all the questions; however, this one aims to encourage all ship managers to question how the SMS, i.e. safety management system, of their shipping company operates and see whether there is any room for improvement.

It goes without saying that the main aspect of the ship management process is the involved personnel - they all must very clearly understand ship management model employed by the company and apply it properly.

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An excellent and very useful guidance prepared and officially released by GARD professionals with the purpose to serve as a handy and practical reference tool to be used to assist the Master of the ship in avoiding various problems and pitfalls. It is also hoped that the other readers, i.e. not necessarily ship Masters, will find the publication useful.

The book has been written using a very simple language and clear terminology to make it reader-friendly even for the people who are not native speakers of English language. The present guidance is intended to explain what exactly a bill of lading can and what this document is used for, the Master's obligation in connection with the bills of lading, and also various consequences of things done wrong, what should be done or considered before signing such document or authorizing someone else to sign, how exactly delivery against BOL shall be made and how to deal with the problems that may possibly arise.

The theoretical part of the book is supplemented with the examples for better understanding. The authors have tried to make the structure of the publication as logical and practical, as possible. The guidance provided to the readers of the booklet is mainly based on English law; however, in the cases where other laws apply, different guidance might be applicable.  

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The second release of this truly comprehensive guidance to the maritime law in particular relation to the contract forms/terms that are developed by the ship operators and trade associations as well as various international bodies, e.g. UN (United Nations), and that are considered a basis for various trading conditions by the logistics suppliers and freight forwarders, container operators plus operators of the combined/multi-modal transport.

The original intention of the author of the book was to examine the very latest editions of contract terms and forms where their subject is the procurement/supply of multi-modal carriage, and also in the cases where there directly relating to the utilization of the combined transportation equipment, such as containers.

In addition to that, thorough research and examination have been performed of the very latest releases of the above mentioned conditions that are used by the principal container and multi-modal transport operators, logistics and forwarding professionals in United Kingdom. We do recommend this reference source to everyone involved in the maritime law issues and not only to the professional lawyers but also to all other participants of the shipping industry, especially taking into account the amount and importance of the information provided.

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Nowadays, the details of the international trade including shipping is growing very complex from year to year - what it actually means is that even the proven industry professionals may sometimes need guidance. The present guidance book was released to supply readers with a clear view of the whole import and export processes and explain all important ins and outs of the international trade as well as the associated insurance matters.

The content of the publication is covering such the important aspects of the business as the  organization of the import and export operations, various documentation and processes relating to the exporting, preliminary considerations, sales and other export documents, export licenses and controls, importing - associated documentation and procedures, preliminary considerations, purchase documentation, import documentation and process, global customs considerations; the readers will also get to know how to determine the proper classification of a particular product, its proper value to be declared and proper country of origin; moreover, specialized importing and exporting are also addressed together with the Incoterms diagram and ISA, i.e. International Sales Agreement; the last chapter of the publication provides users with some of the most popular export and import related internet resources.

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This is one of the most popular books on commercial shipping. The author of this volume tried to achieve the three main objectives, namely the competent handling of shipping contracts, accurate calculation of the transportation costs and effective commercial communication. It has been recognized and proven useful as a very handy reference tool and a sort of guide bridging the gap that is there in the knowledge between the office personnel and the ship's crew.

It will be equally useful when used for education or as a reference book for everyday work. Should you face a problem, just check the index and the chapters of the book and we are sure that you will find some explanation. The volume opens with a review of the basic shipping terms and ship characteristics, and then the author proceeds to the optimization of cargo capacity. The following chapters address the costs of voyage, liquid cargo measurement, draft survey of the dry cargo, bunker management, finance planning applied to shipping, computerization and other important aspects of commercial shipping.

Two separate chapters have been specifically dedicated to the bills of lading and charter parties. And, finally, the last one addresses the disputes. Apart from the theoretical part, the publication is full of real practical advice adding to its value as a reference source. In addition, there is some supplementary information included in the appendices, e.g. terminology used in charter parties, abbreviations, sample calculations, guidelines for invoicing and other useful information.

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The Masters of the ships carry the huge responsibility. While in the distant past their vessels were relatively small-sized and could only carry some limited amounts of cargo, nowadays the Masters are in command of the passenger vessels, VLCCs, large container ships, Panamax-size bulk carriers controlling huge capital assists with the cargoes worth dozens of millions.

Such responsibility assumes great importance as the today's community demands much higher standards and, consequently, the P&I Clubs make the larger provision for the liability insurance. The Masters have a crucial role in managing the risks associated with the marine transportation. In order to be effective as commercial managers, the Masters shall have a thorough knowledge of the trading terminology and detailed appreciation of all provisions that are expressed and also implied in the shipping contracts; in addition, they shall be confident during the communications with the contracting parties in order for the best results to be achiever for their companies.

For sure, today the job of the Master is much more complicated that it used to be say a decade back. While the modern communication equipment allows much quicker information exchange, this enables the shipping companies to control their subcontractors in new ways. This often results in the Master having to handle quite a complex relationships and making decisions relating to the conflicts of interest to support the owners...

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