The crude oil is maybe the most important cargo of those transported by sea over the last century. It provides people with the energy necessary to drive virtually everything. The present book was written by Captain P. Armitage with the ultimate intention to serve as a mandatory training for the second officers willing to move up to the position of Chief Officer - in fact it will be useful to every single ship officer working on a tanker and standing a cargo watch.

The content of this volume is covering absolutely everything starting from the fundamentals of the crude oil chemistry and up to the economics of today's oil market. Loading and discharge operations are deservedly treated as the critically important activities. When carrying out loading and discharge of the shipboard cargo, the accidents may seriously compromise the safety of the crew members, the ship herself as well as the environment.

Well developed and carefully reviewed plans supplemented with the standing instructions and established emergency procedures will significantly contribute to the success of the cargo operations and provide additional flexibility to the commercial operators. This volume puts decades of the practical experience into a quite concise format which is technical but still reader friendly. A copy of this book shall be in the library of every tanker officer for easy and ready reference at all times.

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This is the official training course developed by the specialists of the JUMBO company to cover the heavy cargo handling matters. The material of the course is arranged in three major sections. The first section is dealing with the stability of the ship while the second section has been devoted to lifting heavy cargoes. the last section of the training volume addresses seafastening of the cargo carried on board JUMBO ships.

The booklet opens with the summary of the information related to the ship's stability theory including all associated calculations; the loading and discharging checklist has also been provided. Another issue covered in this section is the incorrect use of the stability pontoons for anti-heeling, and the so-called Kahn Rule for determining the stability when lifting heavy loads.

The second section contains information about stability of lifted cargoes, the stability moment and range, using lifting beams, asymmetric lifting systems, forces in lifting wires and shackles, spreader beams including those connected by means of shackles... This is not even the half of the topics covered in the pages of this useful training booklet. We would definitely recommend this volume to all persons engaged in transportation of the heavy cargoes on board marine vessels, and particularly on JUMBO ships.

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An excellent and very useful guide providing the information to be appreciated by all people engaged in cargo handling. The booklet is mainly intended to raise awareness of the people including FTA members and other participants such as haulers and shippers whose day to day work is connected with maritime container operations. Since the early days of so-called containerization subject concept of transportation freight has eventually turned into a truly global industry.

All links forming a worldwide supply chain are suing containers at one time or another. The use of the containers has resulted in the reduction of the freight handling costs. From the other side, the variety of different specialist containers has also grown. However, a regular general-purpose container is still considered best suiting a widest range of the items to transport.

The authors of the present booklet strongly hope that it will enable the participants of the shipping industry to discuss commonly used practices when using containers and this will significantly contribute into the overall safety of the maritime container shipping environment. This compact document not only covers general practices of cargo handling but also addresses the associated risks.

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The so-called "heavy indivisible loads" are commonly defined as the weights which cannot be handled by means of the normal gear normally available on board vessels or on the quay, due to their mass or shape. Since the traditional ships are usually equipped with five-ton or maybe even ten-ton cranes or derricks, the handling of a standard twenty-foot container may be treated as heavy lift.

In the meantime, same container on ships equipped with specialist gear, for instance container feeders, will be handled swiftly and as merely routine. So, the definition of "heavy lift" will therefore mainly depend The definition of heavy lift is therefore very much depend on the type of the vessel and the gear installed on board as well as the facilities available on the quayside. The present publication will cover all important aspects of heavy load lifting.

The authors start with the description of the ship types and shipboard cranes and derricks, and then proceed to the stability calculation giving readers brief introduction. Lashing equipment used for heavy lift is dealt with in a separate section. The other sections of the volume are dealing with the loading and lifting operations, lashing cargo and securing it, and associated documentation, such as the Cargo Securing Manual.

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Container Operations

Computerized Container Operations

The organization and efficient execution of the loading and unloading operations of a containership is a complex task. Careful coordination and planning of both manpower and equipment is required to obtain the most economical results. Because of its complexity, computer-based data processing and handling technology is of great assistance to the human operator in the efficient execution of this task.

Certain programs were created and installed on the General Electric Mark III Network for use by U.S. Flag operators in the United States. In addition, communication satellites provide U.S. operators access to the same programs and data banks from many maritime jurisdictions including Puerto Rico, Australia, Hong Kong, Japan, and Western Europe. The only user equipment required is an interactive computer terminal, a telephone, and a GE user's number.

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Another Standard Club publication providing valuable information and guidelines on handling different kinds of cargo. This one is dealing with the preparation and cleaning of the bulk cargo holds. The intention of the authors of the whole Standard Cargo series of papers is to focus on the best practices to be applied when transporting cargo by sea.

The document is aimed to provide required assistance to the masters and cargo officers of the ships as well as to the chartering managers and shore support personnel including superintendents, to get better understanding of the preparation of the cargo holds prior to loading. Note that preparation of the holds is one of the most important parts of the process. It is not only concerned with the sweeping and cleaning of the holds or washing them.

There are numerous other matters to be considered. Failure to follow good practice and recommendations may eventually result in serious claims. Another problem can be lack of knowledge and this is something the present publication will help you with - the booklet covers use of chemicals and drying cargo holds, inspection of holds, bilge wells and line testing, cleaning equipment, master's duties and many other aspects. Apart from the general information, the document also contains several case studies analyzed and included for illustrating the content.

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This compact but very informative booklet was prepared and released by the Standard Club to address some issues related to the liquefaction of the bulk cargo transported on board marine vessels. the content of the publication covers nickel ore and iron ore fines. The booklet is focusing on the subject highlighted by numerous sinkings of the bulk carrier ships, i.e. cargo liquefaction.

The volume has a main emphasis on the iron ore fines carried from India as well as on the nickel ores from the Philippines and Indonesia; however it shall be noted that the advise provided in the pages off this small booklet will be equally applicable to the other cargoes commonly susceptible to liquefaction. Liquefaction actually affects bulk carrier ships of all designs and sizes but it can also affect vessels transporting bulk ores, and this would include dry general cargo vessels loading bulk cargo in parcels.

The liquefaction of cargo has been treated as a very serious concern for the seafarers for more than a century and that is why it is quite shocking to find this appearing and causing losses of human lives. Apart from the general information this document covers three real life case studies illustrating the material, test procedures, and other aspects.

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The present training booklet together with the accompanying video film shall serve as an excellent and very informative introduction to the hatch covers giving the overall view. It will be best when used in conjunction with the hatch cover operating manual of the particular vessel as this would allow crew members to get specific assistance with the inspection of the hatch covers, their operation and periodical maintenance.

The content of the booklet opens with two chapters dealing with the properties, type and structures of the hatch covers including operating systems and component parts. There the chapters come devoted to the inspection and maintenance of the hatch covers, their safe operation including operation in extreme weather such as hot and cold weather, high winds and heavy rains, methods of testing the hatch covers for water- and weather-tightness including hose testing an ultrasound testing, air and choke test, and hatch covers at sea issues like use of sealing tapes and high expansion foams.

The assessment questions have been provided and supplemented with the correct answers to track the learning progress. There are also two appendixes, the first one lists IMO regulations governing hatch covers while the second one provides the hatch cover inspection list. Absolutely recommended training for all crew members of the vessels equipped with hatch covers.

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